Year 2020, Volume , Issue 19, Pages 946 - 959 2020-08-31

The Effect of Using Different Magnet Structures and Different Magnet Materials on the Design of the Spherical Motor
Farklı Mıknatıs Yapıları ve Farklı Mıknatıs Malzemeleri Kullanımının Küresel Motorun Tasarımına Etkisi

Umut Yusuf GÜNDOĞAR [1] , Sibel ZORLU PARTAL [2]


Today, with the advances in technology, the need for motors capable of multi-degree of freedom in robotic systems, medicine, automotive industry and industrial applications is increasing. For this reason, in this study, a permanent magnet spherical motor design with multi-axis motion ability has been designed and electromagnetic analysis has been done with ANSYS Maxwell software using the finite element method. In the analysis, motor designs were made by considering different types of magnets in the rotor and different lamination types in the stator and rotor cores with different magnet structures. Electromagnetic analyzes were performed for each model created using steel_1008, M43_24G, JFE_Steel_50JNE300 materials in stator and rotor structures and NdFe30, NdFe35, SmCo28 materials as magnets with embedded straigt magnet, embedded V-type magnet, surface magnet structures.For each design, magnetic saturation problem of magnetic flux density distribution is examined, moment and force values are calculated and results are given comparatively.

Günümüzde teknolojideki gelişmelere paralel olarak, robotik sistemlerde, tıp alanında, otomotiv sektöründe ve endüstriyel uygulamalarda çok serbestlik dereceli hareket yapabilen motorlara ihtiyaç giderek artmaktadır. Bu sebeple bu çalışmada, çok eksenli hareket kabiliyetine sahip bir sabit mıknatıslı küresel motor tasarımı yapılmış ve ANSYS Maxwell yazılımıyla sonlu elemanlar yöntemiyle elektromanyetik analizleri gerçekleştirilmiştir. Analizlerde, motorun rotorunda yer alan farklı mıknatıs türleri ve mıknatıs yapılarının yanında, stator ve rotor nüvelerindeki farklı laminasyon türleri de dikkate alınarak motor tasarımları yapılmıştır. Mıknatıs olarak NdFe30, NdFe35, SmCo28 malzemeleri; mıknatıs yapısı olarak gömülü düz mıknatıs, gömülü V-tipi mıknatıs, yüzey mıknatıs; stator ve rotor yapılarındaki laminasyonlar için de steel_1008, M43_24G, JFE_Steel_50JNE300 malzemeleri kullanılarak oluşturulan her bir model için ayrı ayrı elektromanyetik analizler gerçekleştirilmiştir. Her bir tasarım için manyetik akı yoğunluğu dağılımının manyetik doyum problemi incelenmiş, moment ve kuvvet değerleri hesaplanmış ve sonuçlar karşılaştırmalı olarak verilmiştir.
  • Williams, F., Laithwaite, E. and Piggot, L., “Brushless variable speed induction motor”, IEEE Proceedings, 2097U, 102-118, (1956).
  • Williams, F., Laithwaite, E. And Eastham, G.F., “Development of design of spherical induction motor”, IEEE Proceedings, 3036U, 471-484, (1959).
  • Laithwaite, E., “Design of spherical motors”, Electrical Times, (9), 921-925, (1960).
  • Öner, Y.,“Sabit Mıknatıslı Küresel Motorun Bilgisayar Destekli Üç Boyutlu Manyetik Analizi,Tasarımı Ve Uygulaması”, Doktora Tezi, Gazi Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ankara, (2004).
  • Kazuaki Takahara, Katsuhiro Hirata, Noboru Niguchi, Yusuke Nishiura, and Yo Sakaidani, “Experimental Evaluation of the Static Characteristics of Multi-Degree-of-Freedom Spherical Actuators”, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS, VOL. 53, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2017, (2017).
  • Bin Li, Zhitian Li, and Guidan Li, “Magnetic Field Model for Permanent Magnet Spherical Motor With Double Polyhedron Structure”, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS, VOL. 53, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2017, (2017).
  • Xuerong Li, Shaoping Bai, Member, Weihai Chen, and Jingmeng Liu, “Torque Modelling and Current Optimization of a Spherical Actuator Built as an Electro-magnets Driven Spherical Parallel Manipulator”, 2017 IEEE 8th International Conference on CIS & RAM, Ningbo, China, (2017).
  • Fangfang Zhou,Guoli Li, Rui Zhou, Lufeng Ju, Guang Ma and Xuejing Cao, “Structural parameters optimization of permanent magnet spherical motor based on BP neural network model”, 2017 12th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications (ICIEA), (2017).
  • K. El-Khalafawy and Noha H. El-Amary, “Spherical Actuator Design and Operation Based on Magnetic Profile”, 2017 IEEE PES Asia-Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conference (APPEEC), (2017).
  • Hongfeng Li and Tianmeng Li, “End-Effect Magnetic Field Analysis of the Halbach Array Permanent Magnet Spherical Motor”, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS, VOL. 54, NO. 4, APRIL 2018, (2018).
  • Saman Ahmadi, Javad S. Moghani and Mojtaba Mirsalim, “Simulation and Analysis of a Novel PM Spherical 3-DOF Actuator with E-Shaped Stator and Blade-Shaped Rotor Structure”, 2018 9th Annual Power Electronics, Drives Systems and Technologies Conference (PEDSTC), (2018).
  • Liang Yan1, Zihao Duan, Qiongfang Zhang, Hongkai Qiao, Christopher Gerada, “Development and Structure of Multi-DOF Spherical Induction Motor”, 2018 13th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications (ICIEA)), (2018).
  • Sooyoung Cho, Jong-Suk Lim, Ye Jun Oh, Geochul Jeong, Dong-Woo Kang, and Ju Lee, “A Study on Output Characteristics of the Spherical Multi-DOF Motor According to the Number of Phases and Pole Pitch Angles”, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS, VOL. 54, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2018, (2018).
  • Zheng Li, Qiushuo Chen, Feihong Yue and Yan Zhang, “Modal Analysis of Electromagnetic Resonance for Multi-degree-of-freedom Spherical Motor”, 2018 21st International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems (ICEMS) October 7-10, 2018 Jeju, Korea, (2018).
  • Yiping Rong, Qunjing Wang, Siliang Lu, Guoli Li, Yin Lu and Jiazi Xu, “Improving attitude detection performance for spherical motors using a MEMS inertial measurement sensor”, IET Electr. Power Appl., 2019, Vol. 13 Iss. 2, pp. 198-205 © The Institution of Engineering and Technology 2018, (2018).
  • Zheng Li, Qing Chen, and Qunjing Wang, “Analysis of Multi-Physics Coupling Field of Multi-Degree-of-Freedom Permanent Magnet Spherical Motor”, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS, VOL. 55, NO. 6, JUNE 2019, (2019).
Primary Language tr
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-5245-275X
Author: Umut Yusuf GÜNDOĞAR (Primary Author)
Institution: Yıldız Teknik Üniversitesi Elektrik-Elektronik Fakültesi Elektrik Mühendisliği Bölümü
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-1309-2090
Author: Sibel ZORLU PARTAL
Institution: Yıldız Teknik Üniversitesi Elektrik-Elektronik Fakültesi Elektrik Mühendisliği Bölümü
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : August 31, 2020

APA Gündoğar, U , Zorlu Partal, S . (2020). Farklı Mıknatıs Yapıları ve Farklı Mıknatıs Malzemeleri Kullanımının Küresel Motorun Tasarımına Etkisi . Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi , (19) , 946-959 . DOI: 10.31590/ejosat.770998