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Removal of Phenol and 4-Chlorophenol from Aqueous Environment with Modified Nanobentonite

Year 2020, Issue 20, 760 - 768, 31.12.2020
https://doi.org/10.31590/ejosat.774567

Abstract

In recent years, chemicals and drugs used in industry and agriculture have started to be harmful to all living things in the environments in which they are discharged. With the regulations prepared by environmental protection agencies and municipalities, hazardous chemicals are classified and minimum concentrations in wastewater are determined. Purification and purification processes have become mandatory for wastewater outside these limit values. In our study, the removal of phenol (P) and 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) with modified alkyl ammonium nanobentonite (MANB) from the aqueous solution was investigated. Balance time, concentration, pH effect, adsorban dosage effect and desorption were investigated in P and 4-CP adsorption. Adsorbed amount; 4.69 mg/g for P and 6.18 mg/g for 4-CP. Balance time 45 min. and the adsorbent desorption was performed in 30% (v/v) ethyl alcohol medium. Adsorption experiments were carried out at different temperature ranges of 25, 35 and 45C. Chemical structure, thermal and morphological characterization of samples were performed at the beginning and after adsorption. The suitability of the initial concentrations of the studied substances to the MANB microspheres was investigated for Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherm models. 

References

  • Ahmaruzzaman Md. (2008). Adsorption of phenolic compounds on low-cost adsorbents: Areview. Advances in Colloid and Interface Science, 143: 48-67
  • Akçay M. (2006) Characterization and adsorption properties of tetrabutyl ammonium montmorillonite (TBAM) clay: Thermodynamic and kinetic calculations, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 296:16–21.
  • Aksu, Z. Yener, J. (2001). Comparative adsoption/biosorption study of monochlorinated phenols onto various sorbents. Waste Management, 21:695-702.
  • Atia, A.A. (2008). Adsorption of chromate and molybdate by cetylpyridinium bentonite. Applied Clay Science, 41:73–84.
  • Banat, F. A., Al-Bashir, B., Al-Asheh, S., Hayajneh, O. (2000). Adsorption of phenol by bentonite. Environmental Pollution, 107:391-398.
  • Bors, J., Patzko, A., Dekany, I. (2001). Adsorption behavior of radioiodides in hexadecylpyridiniumhumate complexes, Applied Clay Science, 19: 27-37.
  • Dabrowski, A., Podkoscielny, P., Hubicki, Z., Barczak, M. (2005). Adsorption of phenolic compounds by actived carbon-a critical review. Chemosphere 58:1049-1070
  • Dann, S.E. (2002) Reactions and Characterization of Solids (Basic Concepts In Chemistry), Royal Society of Chemistry, Chambridge, 201.
  • Denizli, A., Özkan G. and Uçar M., (2002), Dye-affinity microbeads for removal of phenol and nitrophenols from aquatic systems. Journal of Applied Polymer Science., 83 (11), 2411-2418.
  • Denizli, A., Özkan G and Uçar M, (2001). Removal of Chlorophenols from Aquatic Systems with Dye-affinity Microbeads. Separation and Purification Technology, 24: 255-262
  • Dultz, S., Riebe, B., Bunnenberg, C. (2005). Temperature effects on iodine adsorption on organo-clay minerals II. Structural effects, Applied Clay Science, 28:17– 30.
  • Evcin Atilla, Uçar Mustafa, Kayıran Dilek, Selimoglu Münevver, 4 Klorofenolün Hidroksiapatit ile Sulu Ortamdan Uzaklaştırılması. AKÜ FEMÜBİD 14 (2014) OZ5737 (233-237)
  • Garmia D., Zaghouane-Boudiaf H., Viseras Ibbora C., Preparation and characterization of new low cost adsorbent beads based on activated bentonite encapsulated with calcium alginate for removal of 2,4-dichlorophenol from aqueous medium, International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, Volume 115, 2018, Pages 257-265, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2018.04.064.
  • Hernández-Hernández, Karina & Illescas, Javier & Díaz-Nava, C. & Martínez-Gallegos, Sonia & Muro, Claudia & Ortega-Aguilar, Rosa & Rodríguez-Alba, Efraín & Rivera, Ernesto. (2018). Preparation of nanocomposites for the removal of phenolic compounds from aqueous solutions. Applied Clay Science. 157. 10.1016/j.clay.2018.01.020.
  • İpekoğlu, B., Kurşun, İ., Bilge, Y., Barut, A. (1997). Türkiye Bentonit Potansiyeline Genel Bir Bakış. 2. Endüstriyel Hammaddeler Sempozyumu, 16-17 Ekim İzmir, 51-57.
  • Kara, M. (1999). Toksik Ağır Metal İyonlarının Sepiyolit Üzerine Adsorpsiyon Mekanizması. Dr. Tezi, İTÜ, İstanbul, 247 sayfa.
  • Kozak, M., Domka, L. (2004) Adsorption of the quaternary ammonium salts on montmorillonite, Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 65:441–445.
  • Kuleyin A. (2007). Removal of Phenol and 4-Chlorophenol by Surfactant- Modified Natural Zeolite. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 144:307 – 315.
  • Kuśmierek, K. The removal of chlorophenols from aqueous solutions using activated carbon adsorption integrated with H2O2 oxidation. Reac Kinet Mech Cat 119, 19–34 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11144-016-1039-0
  • Majdan, M., Maryuk, O., Gladysz-Plaska, A., Pikus, S., Kwiatkowski, R. (2008). Spektral characteristics of the bentonite loaded with benzyldimethyloctadecyl ammonium chloride, hexadecyltrimethyl ammonium bromide and dimethyldioctadecyl ammonium bromide, Journal of Molecular Structure, 874: 101–107.
  • Nourmoradi H., Avazpour M, Ghasemian N, Heidari M, Moradnejadi K., KhodarahmiF., Javaheri M., Mohammadi Moghadam F., Surfactant modified montmorillonite as a low cost adsorbent for 4-chlorophenol: Equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic study, Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers,Volume 59, 2016, Pages 244-251, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtice.2015.07.030.
  • Olaniran AO, Igbinosa EO (2011) Chlorophenols and other related derivatives of environmental concern: properties, distribution and microbial degradation processes. Chemosphere 83:1297–1306
  • Pera-Titus M, Garcia-Molina V, Ban˜os MA, Gimenez J, Esplugas S (2004) Degradation of chlorophenols by means of advanced oxidation processes: a general review. Appl Catal B Environ 47:219–256
  • Oruçoğlu, E. ve Hacıyakupoğlu, S. (2010). Organo-bentonitler ve karakterizasyonlarında kullanılan yöntemler. İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi, Maden Fakültesi, Enerji Enstitüsü, Ayazağa Kampüsü, İstanbul
  • Sarıgök, Ü. (1987). Anorganik Endüstriyel Kimya, Güryay Matbaacılık, İstanbul.
  • Sanjay P, K., Priti A, M., Amit K, B., Sadhana S, R. (2008). Adsorption of phenol and o- chlorophenol on surface altered fly ash based moleculer sieves. Chemical Engineering Journal, 138:73-83.
  • Soto ML, Moure A, Dominguez H, Parajo JC (2011) Recovery, concentration and purification of phenolic compounds by adsorption: a review. J Food Eng 105:1–27
  • Şenel S, Kara A, Alsancak G, Denizli A, J. Hazardous Materials, (2006). B138:317-324.
  • Şentürk H.B., Özdeş D., Gündoğdu A., Duran C., Soylak M. (2009). Removal of Phenol from Aqueous Solutions by Adsorption Onto Organomodified Tirebolu Bentonite: Equilibrium, Kinetic and Thermodynamic Study, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 172: 353–362.
  • Uçar S. (2009). Sulu Ortamda Bulunan Fenol ve Klorofenollerin Aktive Edilmiş Klinoptilolit Kullanılarak Uzaklaştırılması. Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Afyonkarahisar.
  • Uçar Mustafa, Evcin Atilla, Kayıran Dilek, Ünverdi Haydar, Klorofenolün Al2O3 Katkılı Hidroksiapatit Ile Sulu Ortamdan Uzaklaştırılması. AKÜ FEMÜBİD 14 (2014) OZ5737 (225-232)
  • Uçar Songül, Evcin Atilla, Uçar Mustafa, Alibeyli Rafig, Majdan Marek (2015). Aktive Edilmis Klinoptilolit Kullanılarak Sulu Ortamdan Fenol ve Klorofenollerin Uzaklastırılması. Hacettepe Journal of Biology and Chemistry, 43(3), 235-249., Doi: 10.15671/HJBC.20154314246
  • Uçar Mustafa, Adsorption Science & Technology, 2019, Volume 37, pp 664-679; doi:10.1177/0263617419870671
  • Xie, W., Gao, Z., Liu, K., Pan, W.P., Vaia, R., Hunter, D., Singh, A. (2001a) Thermal characterization of organically modified montmorillonite, Thermochimica Acta, 367-368: 339-350.
  • Xie, W., Gao, Z., Pan, W.P., Hunter, D., Singh, A., Vaia, R. (2001b) Thermal degradation chemistry of alkyl quaternary ammonium montmorillonite, Chemistry of Materials, 13: 2979-2990.
  • Yariv, S. (2004) The role of charcoal on DTA curves of organo-clay complexes: an overview, Applied Clay Science, 24, 225– 236.
  • Yıldız, N., Gönülşen, R., Çalımlı, A. (2006) Tek ve çift katyonlu organobentonitlerin hazırlanması ve karakterizasyonu, Kibited, 1, 2, 93-105.
  • Zhu, L. And Chen, B. (2000). Sorption Behavior of p-nitrophenol on the Interface between Anion-Cation Organobentonite and Water. Env.Sci. and Tech. 32: 3374- 3378.
  • Zhu, L., Zhu, R. (2007). Simultaneous sorption of organic compounds and phosphate to inorganic–organic bentonites from water, Separation and Purification Technology, 54: 71–76.

Modifiye Nanobentonitle Sulu Ortamdan Fenol ve 4-Klorofenolün Giderilmesi

Year 2020, Issue 20, 760 - 768, 31.12.2020
https://doi.org/10.31590/ejosat.774567

Abstract

Son yıllarda endüstri ve tarımda kullanılan kimyasal ve ilaçlar deşarj edildikleri ortamlarda tüm canlılar için zararlı olmaya başlamıştır. Çevre koruma ajansları ve belediye gibi kurumların bu konudaki hazırladıkları yönetmeliklerle zararlı kimyasallar sınıflandırılmış ve atık sulardaki bulunabilecekleri minimum derişimler belirlenmiştir. Bu sınır değerler dışında kalan atık sular için saflaştırma ve arıtma prosesleri zorunlu hale gelmiştir. Çalışmamızda fenol (P) ve 4-klorofenolün (4-CP) modifiye alkil amonyum nanobentonit (MANB) ile kesikli sistemde, sulu çözeltiden giderimi araştırılmıştır. P ve 4-CP adsorplanmasında denge zamanı, konsantrasyon, pH etkisi, adsorbent dozaj etkisi ve desorpsiyonu incelenmiştir. Adsorplanan miktarı; P için 4,69 mg/g, 4-CP için 6,18 mg/g olarak elde edilmiştir. Denge zamanı 45 dak. olup adsorbentin desorpsiyonu % 30 (v/v)’ luk etil alkol ortamında yapılmıştır. Adsorpsiyon deneyleriı 25, 35 ve 45C değişik sıcaklık aralıklarında yapılmıştır. Örneklerin kimyasal yapı, termal ve morfolojik karakterizasyonu başlangıçta ve adsorpsiyondan sonra yapılmıştır. Çalışılan maddelerin başlangıç derişiminin MANB mikrokürelerin Langmuir ve Freundlich adsorpsiyon izoterm modellerine uygunluğu incelenmiştir. Deneysel bulguların Freundlich izoterm adsorpsiyon modeline uygun olduğu saptanmıştır.

References

  • Ahmaruzzaman Md. (2008). Adsorption of phenolic compounds on low-cost adsorbents: Areview. Advances in Colloid and Interface Science, 143: 48-67
  • Akçay M. (2006) Characterization and adsorption properties of tetrabutyl ammonium montmorillonite (TBAM) clay: Thermodynamic and kinetic calculations, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 296:16–21.
  • Aksu, Z. Yener, J. (2001). Comparative adsoption/biosorption study of monochlorinated phenols onto various sorbents. Waste Management, 21:695-702.
  • Atia, A.A. (2008). Adsorption of chromate and molybdate by cetylpyridinium bentonite. Applied Clay Science, 41:73–84.
  • Banat, F. A., Al-Bashir, B., Al-Asheh, S., Hayajneh, O. (2000). Adsorption of phenol by bentonite. Environmental Pollution, 107:391-398.
  • Bors, J., Patzko, A., Dekany, I. (2001). Adsorption behavior of radioiodides in hexadecylpyridiniumhumate complexes, Applied Clay Science, 19: 27-37.
  • Dabrowski, A., Podkoscielny, P., Hubicki, Z., Barczak, M. (2005). Adsorption of phenolic compounds by actived carbon-a critical review. Chemosphere 58:1049-1070
  • Dann, S.E. (2002) Reactions and Characterization of Solids (Basic Concepts In Chemistry), Royal Society of Chemistry, Chambridge, 201.
  • Denizli, A., Özkan G. and Uçar M., (2002), Dye-affinity microbeads for removal of phenol and nitrophenols from aquatic systems. Journal of Applied Polymer Science., 83 (11), 2411-2418.
  • Denizli, A., Özkan G and Uçar M, (2001). Removal of Chlorophenols from Aquatic Systems with Dye-affinity Microbeads. Separation and Purification Technology, 24: 255-262
  • Dultz, S., Riebe, B., Bunnenberg, C. (2005). Temperature effects on iodine adsorption on organo-clay minerals II. Structural effects, Applied Clay Science, 28:17– 30.
  • Evcin Atilla, Uçar Mustafa, Kayıran Dilek, Selimoglu Münevver, 4 Klorofenolün Hidroksiapatit ile Sulu Ortamdan Uzaklaştırılması. AKÜ FEMÜBİD 14 (2014) OZ5737 (233-237)
  • Garmia D., Zaghouane-Boudiaf H., Viseras Ibbora C., Preparation and characterization of new low cost adsorbent beads based on activated bentonite encapsulated with calcium alginate for removal of 2,4-dichlorophenol from aqueous medium, International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, Volume 115, 2018, Pages 257-265, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2018.04.064.
  • Hernández-Hernández, Karina & Illescas, Javier & Díaz-Nava, C. & Martínez-Gallegos, Sonia & Muro, Claudia & Ortega-Aguilar, Rosa & Rodríguez-Alba, Efraín & Rivera, Ernesto. (2018). Preparation of nanocomposites for the removal of phenolic compounds from aqueous solutions. Applied Clay Science. 157. 10.1016/j.clay.2018.01.020.
  • İpekoğlu, B., Kurşun, İ., Bilge, Y., Barut, A. (1997). Türkiye Bentonit Potansiyeline Genel Bir Bakış. 2. Endüstriyel Hammaddeler Sempozyumu, 16-17 Ekim İzmir, 51-57.
  • Kara, M. (1999). Toksik Ağır Metal İyonlarının Sepiyolit Üzerine Adsorpsiyon Mekanizması. Dr. Tezi, İTÜ, İstanbul, 247 sayfa.
  • Kozak, M., Domka, L. (2004) Adsorption of the quaternary ammonium salts on montmorillonite, Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 65:441–445.
  • Kuleyin A. (2007). Removal of Phenol and 4-Chlorophenol by Surfactant- Modified Natural Zeolite. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 144:307 – 315.
  • Kuśmierek, K. The removal of chlorophenols from aqueous solutions using activated carbon adsorption integrated with H2O2 oxidation. Reac Kinet Mech Cat 119, 19–34 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11144-016-1039-0
  • Majdan, M., Maryuk, O., Gladysz-Plaska, A., Pikus, S., Kwiatkowski, R. (2008). Spektral characteristics of the bentonite loaded with benzyldimethyloctadecyl ammonium chloride, hexadecyltrimethyl ammonium bromide and dimethyldioctadecyl ammonium bromide, Journal of Molecular Structure, 874: 101–107.
  • Nourmoradi H., Avazpour M, Ghasemian N, Heidari M, Moradnejadi K., KhodarahmiF., Javaheri M., Mohammadi Moghadam F., Surfactant modified montmorillonite as a low cost adsorbent for 4-chlorophenol: Equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic study, Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers,Volume 59, 2016, Pages 244-251, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtice.2015.07.030.
  • Olaniran AO, Igbinosa EO (2011) Chlorophenols and other related derivatives of environmental concern: properties, distribution and microbial degradation processes. Chemosphere 83:1297–1306
  • Pera-Titus M, Garcia-Molina V, Ban˜os MA, Gimenez J, Esplugas S (2004) Degradation of chlorophenols by means of advanced oxidation processes: a general review. Appl Catal B Environ 47:219–256
  • Oruçoğlu, E. ve Hacıyakupoğlu, S. (2010). Organo-bentonitler ve karakterizasyonlarında kullanılan yöntemler. İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi, Maden Fakültesi, Enerji Enstitüsü, Ayazağa Kampüsü, İstanbul
  • Sarıgök, Ü. (1987). Anorganik Endüstriyel Kimya, Güryay Matbaacılık, İstanbul.
  • Sanjay P, K., Priti A, M., Amit K, B., Sadhana S, R. (2008). Adsorption of phenol and o- chlorophenol on surface altered fly ash based moleculer sieves. Chemical Engineering Journal, 138:73-83.
  • Soto ML, Moure A, Dominguez H, Parajo JC (2011) Recovery, concentration and purification of phenolic compounds by adsorption: a review. J Food Eng 105:1–27
  • Şenel S, Kara A, Alsancak G, Denizli A, J. Hazardous Materials, (2006). B138:317-324.
  • Şentürk H.B., Özdeş D., Gündoğdu A., Duran C., Soylak M. (2009). Removal of Phenol from Aqueous Solutions by Adsorption Onto Organomodified Tirebolu Bentonite: Equilibrium, Kinetic and Thermodynamic Study, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 172: 353–362.
  • Uçar S. (2009). Sulu Ortamda Bulunan Fenol ve Klorofenollerin Aktive Edilmiş Klinoptilolit Kullanılarak Uzaklaştırılması. Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Afyonkarahisar.
  • Uçar Mustafa, Evcin Atilla, Kayıran Dilek, Ünverdi Haydar, Klorofenolün Al2O3 Katkılı Hidroksiapatit Ile Sulu Ortamdan Uzaklaştırılması. AKÜ FEMÜBİD 14 (2014) OZ5737 (225-232)
  • Uçar Songül, Evcin Atilla, Uçar Mustafa, Alibeyli Rafig, Majdan Marek (2015). Aktive Edilmis Klinoptilolit Kullanılarak Sulu Ortamdan Fenol ve Klorofenollerin Uzaklastırılması. Hacettepe Journal of Biology and Chemistry, 43(3), 235-249., Doi: 10.15671/HJBC.20154314246
  • Uçar Mustafa, Adsorption Science & Technology, 2019, Volume 37, pp 664-679; doi:10.1177/0263617419870671
  • Xie, W., Gao, Z., Liu, K., Pan, W.P., Vaia, R., Hunter, D., Singh, A. (2001a) Thermal characterization of organically modified montmorillonite, Thermochimica Acta, 367-368: 339-350.
  • Xie, W., Gao, Z., Pan, W.P., Hunter, D., Singh, A., Vaia, R. (2001b) Thermal degradation chemistry of alkyl quaternary ammonium montmorillonite, Chemistry of Materials, 13: 2979-2990.
  • Yariv, S. (2004) The role of charcoal on DTA curves of organo-clay complexes: an overview, Applied Clay Science, 24, 225– 236.
  • Yıldız, N., Gönülşen, R., Çalımlı, A. (2006) Tek ve çift katyonlu organobentonitlerin hazırlanması ve karakterizasyonu, Kibited, 1, 2, 93-105.
  • Zhu, L. And Chen, B. (2000). Sorption Behavior of p-nitrophenol on the Interface between Anion-Cation Organobentonite and Water. Env.Sci. and Tech. 32: 3374- 3378.
  • Zhu, L., Zhu, R. (2007). Simultaneous sorption of organic compounds and phosphate to inorganic–organic bentonites from water, Separation and Purification Technology, 54: 71–76.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Mustafa UÇAR> (Primary Author)
AFYON KOCATEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-1445-3361
Türkiye


Dilek KAYIRAN This is me
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi
0000-0002-2282-1374
Türkiye


Atilla EVCİN>
AFYON KOCATEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-0163-5097
Türkiye

Publication Date December 31, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume , Issue 20

Cite

Bibtex @research article { ejosat774567, journal = {Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi}, eissn = {2148-2683}, address = {}, publisher = {Osman SAĞDIÇ}, year = {2020}, number = {20}, pages = {760 - 768}, doi = {10.31590/ejosat.774567}, title = {Modifiye Nanobentonitle Sulu Ortamdan Fenol ve 4-Klorofenolün Giderilmesi}, key = {cite}, author = {Uçar, Mustafa and Kayıran, Dilek and Evcin, Atilla} }
APA Uçar, M. , Kayıran, D. & Evcin, A. (2020). Modifiye Nanobentonitle Sulu Ortamdan Fenol ve 4-Klorofenolün Giderilmesi . Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi , (20) , 760-768 . DOI: 10.31590/ejosat.774567
MLA Uçar, M. , Kayıran, D. , Evcin, A. "Modifiye Nanobentonitle Sulu Ortamdan Fenol ve 4-Klorofenolün Giderilmesi" . Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi (2020 ): 760-768 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ejosat/issue/56357/774567>
Chicago Uçar, M. , Kayıran, D. , Evcin, A. "Modifiye Nanobentonitle Sulu Ortamdan Fenol ve 4-Klorofenolün Giderilmesi". Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi (2020 ): 760-768
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Removal of Phenol and 4-Chlorophenol from Aqueous Environment with Modified Nanobentonite AU - MustafaUçar, DilekKayıran, AtillaEvcin Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.31590/ejosat.774567 DO - 10.31590/ejosat.774567 T2 - Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 760 EP - 768 VL - IS - 20 SN - -2148-2683 M3 - doi: 10.31590/ejosat.774567 UR - https://doi.org/10.31590/ejosat.774567 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 European Journal of Science and Technology Modifiye Nanobentonitle Sulu Ortamdan Fenol ve 4-Klorofenolün Giderilmesi %A Mustafa Uçar , Dilek Kayıran , Atilla Evcin %T Modifiye Nanobentonitle Sulu Ortamdan Fenol ve 4-Klorofenolün Giderilmesi %D 2020 %J Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi %P -2148-2683 %V %N 20 %R doi: 10.31590/ejosat.774567 %U 10.31590/ejosat.774567
ISNAD Uçar, Mustafa , Kayıran, Dilek , Evcin, Atilla . "Modifiye Nanobentonitle Sulu Ortamdan Fenol ve 4-Klorofenolün Giderilmesi". Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi / 20 (December 2020): 760-768 . https://doi.org/10.31590/ejosat.774567
AMA Uçar M. , Kayıran D. , Evcin A. Modifiye Nanobentonitle Sulu Ortamdan Fenol ve 4-Klorofenolün Giderilmesi. EJOSAT. 2020; (20): 760-768.
Vancouver Uçar M. , Kayıran D. , Evcin A. Modifiye Nanobentonitle Sulu Ortamdan Fenol ve 4-Klorofenolün Giderilmesi. Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi. 2020; (20): 760-768.
IEEE M. Uçar , D. Kayıran and A. Evcin , "Modifiye Nanobentonitle Sulu Ortamdan Fenol ve 4-Klorofenolün Giderilmesi", Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi, no. 20, pp. 760-768, Dec. 2020, doi:10.31590/ejosat.774567