Carbon composite thermoplastic electrodes (TPEs) were fabricated using graphite, thermoplastic binder and solvent. TPEs were used due to their outstanding properties such as high conductivity, good electron transfer kinetics, inexpensive, easy patterning and reusability. TPEs were modified with aryl diazonium salts using p-nitroaniline for the first time. An in-situ modification method based on diazonium ion synthesis was developed for thermoplastic electrodes. A mixture of aryl amine, p-toluenesulfonic acid, and sodium nitrite in aquous phase was prepared and grinded together in order to synthesize diazonium salts. A color change (from green to yellow) of the synthesized paste occurred upon reaction, which indicated diazonium ion formation. 4-nitroaniline was used to synthesize and graft diazonium ion. In-situ generated nitrophenyl monodiazonium cations were electrochemically reduced to aminophenyl groups on the surface of the thermoplastic electrode. The presence of aminophenyl groups on the surface of the electrode was confirmed via electrochemistry. After electrochemical reduction in aqueous acidic media, the electrochemical behavior of a 4-aminophenyl modified thermoplastic electrode was investigated in the presence of ferricyanide. Characteristic peaks were obtained due to the formation of grafted groups on the electrode surface by cyclic voltammetry. The reduction of the 4-aminophenyl resulted in the product of amino groups at about -0.4 V versus Ag/AgCl reference electrode. A scan rate study was performed by modified TPEs and a linear dependence of the anodic peak current was observed up to 100 mV/s indicating that the electroactive species were grafted at the TPE surface. Furthermore, incubation time of synthesized diazonium salt on the electrode surface was optimized and found as 5 min.
|Thanks||Prof. Dr. Charles S. Henry'e araştırma sırasında yaptığı katkılardan dolayı teşekkür ederim.|
Publication Date : December 31, 2020
|APA||Özer, T . (2020). Diazonyum Tuzu Kullanılarak Elektrokimyasal Olarak Modifiye Edilmiş Karbon Kompozit Elektrot . Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi , (20) , 287-292 . DOI: 10.31590/ejosat.776369|