Year 2021, Volume , Issue 21, Pages 160 - 171 2021-01-31

Nesnelerin İnternetinde Kullanılan Kablosuz Algılayıcı Cihazlar için Bilgi Merkezli Ağ Mimarisinin Uygulanabilirliği Araştırması

Çiğdem ERİŞ [1] , Pinar BOLUK [2]


Bilgi merkezli ağlar, (ICN – Information Centric Networks), istemci-sunucu arasında uçtan uca iletişimin kurulmadığı, kullanıcıların içerik talebini farklı sunuculardan karşılayabildiği bir ağ mimarisidir. Bu mimari, talep edilen verinin kaynak haricinde ağdaki ara düğümlerin önbelleğine kaydedilmesi ile, veriye hızlı ve kolay erişim sağlamaktadır. Ayrıca bu şekilde ağda yayılan veri, içeriğini sertifikalandırması sayesinde güvenli olarak temin edilebilmektedir. Bu nedenle ICN mimarisi, sadece geleneksel Internet uygulamaları için değil, bunun ötesinde Nesnelerin Internet’i (IoT) uygulamalarında da cazip hale gelmektedir. Nesnelerin İnternet’i kullanıcı ve çevresinin web uygulamaları ve servisleri ile bütünleşmesini amaçlamaktadır. Bu amaç doğrultusunda kablosuz algılayıcılar, internete bağlı cihazlara duyusal bir uzantı sağlayarak “nesne” olarak tanımlanabilmekte, çok sayıda uygulama ve servis bu nesnelerin çevreleri ile ilgili ürettiği içeriklerden faydalanabilmektedir. Dolayısıyla IoT uygulamalarının çoğunluğunda içerik, üretildiği konum veya cihaza kıyasla daha ön plana çıkmaktadır. Bu kapsamda IoT kavramının en önemli bileşeni olan, farklı donanım ve haberleşme teknolojilerine sahip düşük maliyetli kablosuz algılayıcı ağların, mevcut internet altyapısına dahil edilmeleri ve birbirleriyle ürettikleri içerikleri paylaşması gerekmektedir. Ancak kablosuz algılayıcı cihazların işlemci gücü, bellek kapasitesi ve enerji kaynakları sınırlıdır. Bu cihazların, mevcut haberleşme standartlarını kullanarak internete entegre olmaları maliyetli olabilmektedir. Kaynakları kısıtlı olan kablosuz algılayıcı cihazların, küresel bir iletişim ağının parçası haline gelmesi uygulama ve ağ katmanında çözülmesi gereken pek çok yeni problemi ortaya çıkarmaktadır. Bu doğrultuda kablosuz algılayıcı cihazlar yer aldıkları uygulamanın gereksinimleri ve kullanım alanlarına bağlı olarak, bağlantı merkezli (uçtan uca) veya bilgi merkezli ağ mimarilerinden faydalanabileceklerdir. Bu çalışmada, bilgi merkezli ağ mimarisinin kablosuz algılayıcı cihazlar için uygulanabilirliği, sunacağı avantajlar ve mevcut eksikleri literatürde yapılan çalışmalar göz önüne alınarak irdelenmiştir.
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Primary Language tr
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-2799-9251
Author: Çiğdem ERİŞ (Primary Author)
Institution: BAHÇEŞEHİR ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-8274-8423
Author: Pinar BOLUK
Institution: BAHÇEŞEHİR ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : January 31, 2021

APA Eriş, Ç , Boluk, P . (2021). Nesnelerin İnternetinde Kullanılan Kablosuz Algılayıcı Cihazlar için Bilgi Merkezli Ağ Mimarisinin Uygulanabilirliği Araştırması . Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi , (21) , 160-171 . DOI: 10.31590/ejosat.739400