Year 2021, Volume , Issue 21, Pages 473 - 485 2021-01-31

Towards Adoption of Blockchain Technology for Enhancing Communication in Smart Transportation
Akıllı Ulaşımda İletişimin Geliştirilmesi için Blockchain Teknolojisinin Benimsenmesi

Büşra ÖZDENİZCİ KÖSE [1]


Today, IoT (Internet of Things) revolution and V2X (Vehicle-to-Everything) paradigm are collaboratively making a deep impact on a wide range of industrial areas, especially on transportation and automotive industry. Efficient and value added business models are highly appreciated to revolutionize transportation services and environments over the world; and to establish autonomous transport systems without the need of minimum possible human intervention. On the other hand; currently transportation ecosystem stakeholders are facing some problems including data integrity, non-repudiation, and trust. Data manipulation, missing information, and inconsistencies are examples of serious problems in the context of automated mobility and heterogeneity. This study aims to explore the potential of Blockchain technology in smart transportation. In this context, a communication model is presented for smart transportation ecosystems that provides solutions to problems, and also ensures data integrity, non-repudiation and trust by utilizing Blockchain technology. The proposed smart contract based model allows trustless users to negotiate on immutable and transparent data without the need for a trusted third party which can provide further innovative services. The proposed model is evaluated in aspects of appropriateness of technology, technical features, and adoption and diffusion of technology. Taking all this into account, it is possible to point out that the proposed model, not only have the potential of supporting development of V2X and smart transportation ecosystems, but also is feasible to other various smart environments having high heterogeneity and mobility.
Günümüzde IoT (Nesnelerin İnterneti) devrimi ve V2X (Vehicle-to-Everything) paradigması, özellikle ulaşım ve otomotiv endüstrisi olmak üzere, çeşitli endüstriyel alanlar üzerinde işbirliği içinde derin bir etki yaratmaktadır. Verimli ve katma değerli iş modelleri, ulaştırma hizmetlerinde devrim yaratmak ve insan müdahalesine ihtiyaç duymadan otonom ulaşım sistemleri kurmak için büyük ilgi görmektedir. Diğer yandan; şu anda ulaşım ekosistemi paydaşları hareketlilik ve heterojenlik bağlamında veri bütünlüğü, inkar etmeme ve güven gibi bazı sorunlarla karşı karşıyadır. Veri manipülasyonu, eksik bilgiler ve tutarsızlıklar ciddi sorunlara örnektir. Bu çalışma, akıllı ulaşımda Blockchain teknolojisinin potansiyelini keşfetmeyi amaçlamaktadır. Bu bağlamda, akıllı ulaşım ekosistemleri için olası sorunlara çözümler sağlayacak ve aynı zamanda Blockchain teknolojisini kullanarak veri bütünlüğü, inkar etmeme ve güven sağlayacak bir iletişim modeli sunulmaktadır. Önerilen akıllı sözleşme tabanlı veri alışverişi modeli, birbirine güvenmeyen kullanıcıların, güvenilir bir üçüncü tarafa ihtiyaç duymadan daha fazla yenilikçi hizmetler sağlayabilecek, değişmez ve şeffaf veriler üzerinde pazarlık yapmasına olanak tanır. Modelin -teknolojinin uygunluğu, teknik özellikleri, teknolojinin benimsenmesi ve yayılması yönlerinde- değerlendirilmesi, önerilen modelin yüksek heterojenliğe ve hareketliliğe sahip diğer çeşitli akıllı ortamlar için uygun olduğunu göstermektedir; V2X ve akıllı ulaşım ekosistemlerinin gelişimini destekleyecek potansiyele sahiptir.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-8414-5252
Author: Büşra ÖZDENİZCİ KÖSE (Primary Author)
Institution: GEBZE TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : January 31, 2021

APA Özdenizci Köse, B . (2021). Towards Adoption of Blockchain Technology for Enhancing Communication in Smart Transportation . Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi , (21) , 473-485 . DOI: 10.31590/ejosat.823102