Year 2019, Volume 43 , Issue 3, Pages 339 - 346 2019-09-01

Bazı bitki ekstraktlarının Aphis gossypii Glover, 1877 (Hemiptera: Aphididae) üzerine toksik in vitro anti-asetilkolinesteraz ve anti-karboksil esteraz enzim etkisi
Toxic and in vitro anti-acetylcholinesterase and anti-carboxylesterase effects of various plant extracts on Aphis gossypii Glover, 1877 (Hemiptera: Aphididae)

Selçuk ULUSOY [1] , Okan ÖZGÜR [2] , Yasin Nazım ALPKENT [3]


Pestisitlerle karşılaştırıldığında çevre dostu, tarımsal olarak sürdürülebilir, bitki orjinli ve GRAS statüsünde yeni aktif maddelerin keşfedilmesinin önemi her geçen gün artmaktadır. Bu amaçla, Adana ilinden 2018 yılında Daphne odora L., Dieffenbachia amoena L., Eucalyptus camaldulensis L., Ficus carica L., Lantana camara L., Matricaria chamomilla L., Mentha pulegium L. ve Nerium oleander L. bitkileri toplanmıştır. Bu bitkilere ait yaprakların sulu ekstraktlarının tarımsal alanlarda önemli bir polifag zararlı olan Aphis gossypii Glover, 1877 (Hemiptera: Aphididae) üzerinde toksik, in vitro anti-asetilkolinesteraz (AChE) ve anti-karboksilesteraz (CE) enzim aktiviteleri incelenmiştir. En hızlı ve en yüksek toksik etki %75.6 ölüm oranı ile 3. günde F. carica bitkisinin %20 konsantrasyonunda gözlemlenmiştir. Bunu %71.6 ölüm oranıyla N. oleander, %62.1 ölüm oranıyla D. odora bitkisinde gözlenmiştir. Aphis gossypii in vitro anti-AcHe ve anti-CE aktiviteleri en yüksek test edilen bitki ekstraktlarının %10 konsantrasyonunda görülürken, engelleme seviyeleri sırasıyla F. carica için %51.8-82.5, D. odora için %40.9-54.9, E. camaldulensis için %40.2-82.5 olarak belirlenmiştir. Sonuç olarak, D. odora, E. camaldulensis, F. carica ve N. oleander bitki ekstraktları A. gossypii mücadelesinde ve zararlılarla mücadelede potansiyel ksenobiyotiklerin keşfinde yapılacak sonraki çalışmalar için ümit var sonuçlar ortaya koymaktadır.

The significance of discovering new active substances that are environment friendly when compared to pesticides, agriculturally sustainable, plant-based, and in the status of GRAS (generally regarded as safe) has been increasing every day. For this purpose, leaves of Daphne odora L., Dieffenbachia amoena L., Eucalyptus camaldulensis L., Ficus carica L., Lantana camara L., Matricaria chamomilla L., Mentha pulegium L. and Nerium oleander L. were collected from Adana in 2018. Toxic and in vitro anti-acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and anti-carboxylesterase (CE) activities of aqueous leaf extracts of these species on the important polyphagous pest, Aphis gossypii Glover, 1877 (Hemiptera: Aphididae), were determined after 24 and 72 h. The fastest and greatest toxic effect was obtained with 20% F. carica extract giving 75.6% mortality. This was followed by N. oleander with 71.6% and D. odora with 62.1% mortality. Aphis gossypii in vitro anti-AcHe and anti-CE activities were highest at 10% concentration of the plant extracts and inhibition levels were 51.8-82.5% with F. carica extract, 40.9-54.9% with D. odora extract and 40.2-82.5% with E. camaldulensis extract. In conclusion, D. odora, E. camaldulensis, F. carica and N. oleander extracts gave promising results for future studies on the discovery of potential xenobiotics against A. gossypii and for pest control.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-2278-8471
Author: Selçuk ULUSOY (Primary Author)
Institution: Biyolojik Mücadele Arş.Enst.Müdr. ADANA
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-4678-8089
Author: Okan ÖZGÜR
Institution: Biyolojik Mücadele Arş.Enst.Müdr. ADANA
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-1501-1223
Author: Yasin Nazım ALPKENT
Institution: Zirai Mücadele Merkez Arş. Ens. Müdr. Ankara
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : September 1, 2019

Bibtex @research article { entoted506727, journal = {Turkish Journal of Entomology}, issn = {1010-6960}, eissn = {2536-491X}, address = {}, publisher = {Türkiye Entomoloji Derneği}, year = {2019}, volume = {43}, pages = {339 - 346}, doi = {10.16970/entoted.506727}, title = {Toxic and in vitro anti-acetylcholinesterase and anti-carboxylesterase effects of various plant extracts on Aphis gossypii Glover, 1877 (Hemiptera: Aphididae)}, key = {cite}, author = {Ulusoy, Selçuk and Özgür, Okan and Alpkent, Yasin Nazım} }
APA Ulusoy, S , Özgür, O , Alpkent, Y . (2019). Toxic and in vitro anti-acetylcholinesterase and anti-carboxylesterase effects of various plant extracts on Aphis gossypii Glover, 1877 (Hemiptera: Aphididae) . Turkish Journal of Entomology , 43 (3) , 339-346 . DOI: 10.16970/entoted.506727
MLA Ulusoy, S , Özgür, O , Alpkent, Y . "Toxic and in vitro anti-acetylcholinesterase and anti-carboxylesterase effects of various plant extracts on Aphis gossypii Glover, 1877 (Hemiptera: Aphididae)" . Turkish Journal of Entomology 43 (2019 ): 339-346 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/entoted/issue/46265/506727>
Chicago Ulusoy, S , Özgür, O , Alpkent, Y . "Toxic and in vitro anti-acetylcholinesterase and anti-carboxylesterase effects of various plant extracts on Aphis gossypii Glover, 1877 (Hemiptera: Aphididae)". Turkish Journal of Entomology 43 (2019 ): 339-346
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Toxic and in vitro anti-acetylcholinesterase and anti-carboxylesterase effects of various plant extracts on Aphis gossypii Glover, 1877 (Hemiptera: Aphididae) AU - Selçuk Ulusoy , Okan Özgür , Yasin Nazım Alpkent Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.16970/entoted.506727 DO - 10.16970/entoted.506727 T2 - Turkish Journal of Entomology JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 339 EP - 346 VL - 43 IS - 3 SN - 1010-6960-2536-491X M3 - doi: 10.16970/entoted.506727 UR - https://doi.org/10.16970/entoted.506727 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Türkiye Entomoloji Dergisi Toxic and in vitro anti-acetylcholinesterase and anti-carboxylesterase effects of various plant extracts on Aphis gossypii Glover, 1877 (Hemiptera: Aphididae) %A Selçuk Ulusoy , Okan Özgür , Yasin Nazım Alpkent %T Toxic and in vitro anti-acetylcholinesterase and anti-carboxylesterase effects of various plant extracts on Aphis gossypii Glover, 1877 (Hemiptera: Aphididae) %D 2019 %J Turkish Journal of Entomology %P 1010-6960-2536-491X %V 43 %N 3 %R doi: 10.16970/entoted.506727 %U 10.16970/entoted.506727
ISNAD Ulusoy, Selçuk , Özgür, Okan , Alpkent, Yasin Nazım . "Toxic and in vitro anti-acetylcholinesterase and anti-carboxylesterase effects of various plant extracts on Aphis gossypii Glover, 1877 (Hemiptera: Aphididae)". Turkish Journal of Entomology 43 / 3 (September 2019): 339-346 . https://doi.org/10.16970/entoted.506727
AMA Ulusoy S , Özgür O , Alpkent Y . Toxic and in vitro anti-acetylcholinesterase and anti-carboxylesterase effects of various plant extracts on Aphis gossypii Glover, 1877 (Hemiptera: Aphididae). TED. 2019; 43(3): 339-346.
Vancouver Ulusoy S , Özgür O , Alpkent Y . Toxic and in vitro anti-acetylcholinesterase and anti-carboxylesterase effects of various plant extracts on Aphis gossypii Glover, 1877 (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Turkish Journal of Entomology. 2019; 43(3): 339-346.
IEEE S. Ulusoy , O. Özgür and Y. Alpkent , "Toxic and in vitro anti-acetylcholinesterase and anti-carboxylesterase effects of various plant extracts on Aphis gossypii Glover, 1877 (Hemiptera: Aphididae)", Turkish Journal of Entomology, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 339-346, Sep. 2019, doi:10.16970/entoted.506727