Year 2015, Volume 39 , Issue 3, Pages 229 - 237 2015-04-21

Efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes against the Tomato leafminer, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in tomato field
Entomopatojen nematodların Domates güvesi Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)’ya karşı domates tarlasındaki etkinliği

Çiğdem GÖZEL [1] , İsmail KASAP [2]


The tomato leafminer, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) is a very challenging pest that causes economical losses in tomato production. This devastating pest originated from South America was the first time detected in İzmir province of Turkey in August 2009. The efficacy of the infective juveniles (IJs) of four native entomopathogenic nematode (EPN) species, Steinernema affine (Bovien) (isolate 46), S. carpocapsae (Weiser) (isolate 1133), S. feltiae (Filipjev) (isolate 879) and Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (Poinar) (isolate 1144) was investigated against the larvae of T. absoluta in the field during the tomato production seasons of 2012-2013 in Çanakkale. Individuals of T. absoluta were collected from infested tomato fields in Çanakkale and mass produced on tomato plants in a climate controlled room. EPNs were isolated from different parts of Turkey and mass produced by using Galleria mellonella larvae in the laboratory. The tomato leaf miners were exposed to each nematode species at the rate of 50 IJs/cm2 on tomato plants in cages. T. absoluta were susceptible to all EPNs tested but the degree of susceptibility of the larvae to EPN infection varied according to the species. The most effective nematode species on T. absoluta larvae was S. feltiae (isolate 879) with 90.7% and 94.3% mortality in 2012 and 2013, respectively, whereas the least effective species was S. affine (isolate 46) with 39.3% and 43.7% mortality in 2012 and 2013, respectively. EPNs can be potential canditates to control tomato leafminer, so the integration possibility of these biological agents into the T. absoluta management programme is discussed. 

Domates güvesi, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) domates üretiminde ekonomik kayıplara neden olan, mücadelesi zor bir zararlıdır. Tahrip gücü yüksek bu zararlı Güney Amerika orijinli olup, ülkemizde ilk olarak 2009 Ağustosu’nda İzmir’de tespit edilmiştir. Dört yerel entomopatojen nematod türü; Steinernema affine (Bovien) (izolat 46), S. carpocapsae (Weiser) (izolat 1133), S. feltiae (Filipjev) (izolat 879) ve Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (Poinar) (izolat 1144)’nın T. absoluta’ya karşı etkinliği tarlada 2012-2013 Çanakkale domates üretim sezonu süresince araştırılmıştır. T. absoluta bireyleri Çanakkale’deki bulaşık domates tarlalarından toplanmış ve iklim odasında domates bitkileri üzerinde kitle üretimi yapılmıştır. EPN’ler ise ülkemizin farklı bölgelerinden elde edilmiş ve laboratuarda Galleria mellonella larvalarında kitle üretimi yapılmıştır. Her bir nematod türü domates güvesine kafeslerdeki domates bitkileri üzerinde 50 IJs/cm2 olacak şekilde uygulanmıştır. T. absoluta’nın, denemede kullanılan tüm EPN’lere karşı duyarlı olduğu tespit edilmiş, ancak larvaların infeksiyona karşı gösterdiği duyarlılık nematod türüne bağlı olarak değişiklik göstermiştir. S. feltiae (izolat 879) 2012 ve 2013 yıllarında sırası ile meydana getirdiği %90.7 ve %94.3 ölüm oranları ile en etkili tür olarak tespit edilmişken, S. affine (izolat 46) 2012 ve 2013 yıllarında sırası ile meydana getirdiği %39.3 ve %43.7 ölüm oranları ile en az etkili tür olarak tespit edilmiştir. EPN’ler domates güvesini kontrol etmek için potansiyel adaylar olabilir, bu nedenle bu biyolojik ajanların T. absoluta’nın mücadele programına dahil edilme olasılığı üzerinde durulmalıdır. 

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Primary Language tr
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Çiğdem GÖZEL

Author: İsmail KASAP

Dates

Publication Date : April 21, 2015

Bibtex @ { entoted76324, journal = {Turkish Journal of Entomology}, issn = {1010-6960}, eissn = {2536-491X}, address = {}, publisher = {Türkiye Entomoloji Derneği}, year = {2015}, volume = {39}, pages = {229 - 237}, doi = {10.16970/ted.84972}, title = {Entomopatojen nematodların Domates güvesi Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)’ya karşı domates tarlasındaki etkinliği}, key = {cite}, author = {GÖZEL, Çiğdem and KASAP, İsmail} }
APA GÖZEL, Ç , KASAP, İ . (2015). Entomopatojen nematodların Domates güvesi Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)’ya karşı domates tarlasındaki etkinliği. Turkish Journal of Entomology , 39 (3) , 229-237 . DOI: 10.16970/ted.84972
MLA GÖZEL, Ç , KASAP, İ . "Entomopatojen nematodların Domates güvesi Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)’ya karşı domates tarlasındaki etkinliği". Turkish Journal of Entomology 39 (2015 ): 229-237 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/entoted/issue/5709/76324>
Chicago GÖZEL, Ç , KASAP, İ . "Entomopatojen nematodların Domates güvesi Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)’ya karşı domates tarlasındaki etkinliği". Turkish Journal of Entomology 39 (2015 ): 229-237
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Entomopatojen nematodların Domates güvesi Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)’ya karşı domates tarlasındaki etkinliği AU - Çiğdem GÖZEL , İsmail KASAP Y1 - 2015 PY - 2015 N1 - doi: 10.16970/ted.84972 DO - 10.16970/ted.84972 T2 - Turkish Journal of Entomology JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 229 EP - 237 VL - 39 IS - 3 SN - 1010-6960-2536-491X M3 - doi: 10.16970/ted.84972 UR - https://doi.org/10.16970/ted.84972 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Türkiye Entomoloji Dergisi Entomopatojen nematodların Domates güvesi Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)’ya karşı domates tarlasındaki etkinliği %A Çiğdem GÖZEL , İsmail KASAP %T Entomopatojen nematodların Domates güvesi Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)’ya karşı domates tarlasındaki etkinliği %D 2015 %J Turkish Journal of Entomology %P 1010-6960-2536-491X %V 39 %N 3 %R doi: 10.16970/ted.84972 %U 10.16970/ted.84972
ISNAD GÖZEL, Çiğdem , KASAP, İsmail . "Entomopatojen nematodların Domates güvesi Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)’ya karşı domates tarlasındaki etkinliği". Turkish Journal of Entomology 39 / 3 (April 2015): 229-237 . https://doi.org/10.16970/ted.84972
AMA GÖZEL Ç , KASAP İ . Entomopatojen nematodların Domates güvesi Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)’ya karşı domates tarlasındaki etkinliği. TED. 2015; 39(3): 229-237.
Vancouver GÖZEL Ç , KASAP İ . Entomopatojen nematodların Domates güvesi Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)’ya karşı domates tarlasındaki etkinliği. Turkish Journal of Entomology. 2015; 39(3): 237-229.