Research Article
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Investigation of Morphological, Anatomical and Micromorphological Characteristics of Centaurea cheirolopha (Fenzl) Wagenitz and Centaurea lycopifolia Boiss. & Kotschy (Asteraceae) Taxa

Year 2019, Volume 12, Issue 3, 1341 - 1355, 31.12.2019
https://doi.org/10.18185/erzifbed.515623

Abstract

With this study, C. lycopifolia and C. cheirolopha which are close species with their anatomical, palynological and achene micro morphological traits were presented in detail. The anatomical researches have been carried out by paraffin method or using handmade sections. In the anatomical structures of taxa, it was observed that C. cheirolopha contains sclerenchymatic cells and that two species differed from each other. The cross sections taken from stems were reflected the typical dicotyledonous stem anatomical structure and were determined that species have cortex parenchyma with cylindrical shaped and collenchymatic cells. The rows of vascular bundles in stem are two in C. lycopifolia as one in C. cheirolopha. Mesophyll were detected as equifacial in both species in leaves. The numbers of vascular bundles in midrib are variable between studied species and were three in C. cheirolopha and one in C. lycopifolia. The studied taxa have monad, isopolar, prolate-spheroidal and tricolporate pollen grains. For two examined species, exine sculpture were observed as scabrate-perforate. Both of examined species have brown-straw color achene but C. cheirolopha has also distinct cream lines. The shapes of pappus of spines were observed distinctly different in species. As a conclusion, the characteristics of anatomical, palynological and micro morphological in C. lycopifolia and C. cheirolopha have been revealed supporting the separation of species.

References

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  • Anderberg, A.A. ve Elden, P. 2007. “Tribe Inuleae Cass.”, The families and genera of flowering plants, Springer, Berlin, 374-391.Armağan, M. ve Uysal, T. 2018. “Centaurea kirmacii (Asteraceae), a new species from Southwestern Anatolia, Turkey”, Phytotaxa, 362(2), 233-238.
  • Bean, A. 2001. “Pappus morphology and terminology in Australian and New Zealand thistles (Asteraceae, tribe Cardueae)”, Austrobaileya, 6(1), 139-152.Behçet, L., İlçim, A. ve Yapar, Y. 2017. “Centaurea bingoelensis (Asteraceae), a new species from Turkey”, Turkish Journal of Botany, 41, 180-188.
  • Behjou, A. M., Sonboli, A., Riahi, H. ve Osaloo, S. K. 2016. “Achene micromorphology in Tanacetum (Asteraceae-Anthemideae) and its taxonomic and phylogenetic implications”, Flora-Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants, 222, 37-51.
  • Bona, M. 2015. “Centaurea goksivriensis (Asteraceae), a new species from Turkey”, Phytotaxa, 203(1),
  • Candan, F., Uysal, T., Tugay, O., Bozkurt, M., Ertuğrul, K. ve Demirelma, H. 2016. “The examinations of achene ultrastructural features of section Acrolophus (Centaurea, Asteraceae) via scanning electron microscopy”, Turkish Journal of Botany, 40, 147-163.
  • Coşkunçelebi, K., Makbul, S. ve Okur, S. 2016. “Studies on the achene morphology of Turkish species of Scorzonera L. (Asteraceae) using light and scanning electron microscopy”, Phytotaxa, 247, 1-26.
  • Çelik, S., Uysal, I. ve Menemen, Y. 2005. “Centaurea species in Turkey (A): Centaurea odyssei Wagenitz (Asteraceae) in Kazdagi (Mt. Ida) National Park”, International Journal of Biodiversity Science and Management, 1, 113-120.
  • Çeter, T., Pınar, N. M., İnceer, H., Hayırlıoğlu-Ayaz, S. ve Yaprak, A. E. 2013. “The comparative pollen morphology of genera Matricaria L. and Tripleurospemum Sch. Bip. (Asteraceae) in Turkey”, Plant systematics and evolution, 299, 959-977.
  • Cronquist, A. 1977. “The compositae revisited”, Brittonia, 29, 137-153.
  • Dittrich, M. 1968. “Karpologische Untersuchungen zur Systematik von Centaurea und verwandten Gattungen”, Botanische Jahrbücher, 88, 70-122.
  • Erdtman, G. 1960. “The acetolysis method-a revised description”, Sven Bot Tidskr, 54, 516-564.
  • Erkara, İ. P., Köse, Y. B., Osoydan, K. ve Yücel, E. 2012. “Pollen morphology of some endemic Turkish Centaurea L. (Asteraceae, section Phalolepis) and their taxonomic value”, Plant systematics and evolution, 298, 1111-1117.
  • Ertuğrul, K., Uysal, T., Garcia-Jacas, N., Susanna, A. ve Garnatje, T. 2004. “The systematic position of Centaurea ensiformis and Centaurea isaurica from Turkey and the evolution of some characters in Centaurea”, Israel Journal of Plant Sciences, 52, 257-263.
  • Haque, M. ve Godward, M. 1984. “New records of the carpopodium in Compositae and its taxonomic use”, Botanical journal of the Linnean Society, 89, 321-340.
  • İnceer, H., Bal, M., Çeter, T. ve Pınar, N. M. 2012. “Fruit structure of 12 Turkish endemic Tripleurospermum Sch. Bip.(Asteraceae) taxa and its taxonomic implications”, Plant systematics and evolution, 298, 845-855.
  • Johansen, D.A. (1940). “Plant microtechnique” McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York.
  • Kaya, Z., Orcan, N. ve Binzet, R. 2010. “Morphological, anatomical and palynological study of Centaurea calcitrapa L. ssp. cilicica (Boiss. & Bal.) Wagenitz and Centaurea solstitialis L. ssp. carneola (Boiss.) Wagenitz endemic for Turkey”, Pakistan Journal of Botany, 42, 59-69.
  • Karanović, D., Zorić, L., Zlatković, B., Boža, P. ve Luković, J. 2016. “Carpological and receptacular morpho-anatomical characters of Inula, Dittrichia, Limbarda and Pulicaria species (Compositae, Inuleae): Taxonomic implications”, Flora-Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants, 219, 48-61.
  • Kodak, E., Pınar, N. M., Adıgüzel, N. ve Acar, A. 2012. “Pollen morphology of some taxa of genus Tanacetum L.(Asteraceae) in Turkey”, Mellifera, 12, 2-10.
  • Kültür, Ş., Bona, M. ve Nath, E.Ö. 2016. “A new species of Centaurea (Asteraceae) from East Anatolia, Turkey”, Phytotaxa, 247(1), 85-91.
  • Mesfin, T., Crawford, D. J. ve Smith, E. B. 1995. “Pollen morphology of North American Coreopsis (Compositae—Heliantheae)”, Grana, 34, 21-27.
  • Mukherjee, S. K. ve Nordenstam, B. 2004. “Diversity of carpopodial structure in the Asteraceae and its taxonomic significance”, Comp. Newsl, 41, 29-41.
  • Pınar, N. M. ve İnceoğlu, Ö. 1996. “A comparative study on the pollen morphology of Centaurea triumfettii All. Groups. A, B and C with light and electron microscopy”, Turkish Journal of Botany, 20, 395-399.
  • Pınar, N. M. ve Dönmez, E. O. 2000. “Pollen morphology of some Turkish endemic Helichrysum Gaertner species (Compositae)”, Pakistan Journal of Botany, 32, 295-301.
  • Pınar, N. M., Coşkunçelebi, K., Şimşek, D., Okur, S., Makbul, S. ve Acar, A. 2016. “Pollen morphology of Scorzonera (Asteraceae) in Turkey”, Phytotaxa, 252, 233-262.
  • Punt, W. Ve Hoen, P. 2009. “The Northwest European Pollen Flora, 70: Asteraceae-Asteroideae”, Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 157, 22-183.
  • Stix, E. 1960. “Pollenmorphologische untersuchungen an Compositen”, Grana, 2, 41-104.
  • Skvarla, J. J., Turner, B. L., Patel, V. C. ve Tomb, A. S. 1977. “Pollen morphology in the Compositae and in morphologically related families”, The Biology and chemistry of the Compositae, Eds: Heywood, V. H., Harborne, J. B., ve Turner, B. L., London, 141-248.
  • Salgado-Labouriau, M. 1982. “On cavities in spines of Compositae pollen”, Grana, 21, 97-102.
  • Takhtajan, A. 1997. “Diversity and classification of flowering plants”, Columbia University Press, New York.
  • Thome, R. F. 1983. “Proposed new realignments in the angiosperms”, Nordic Journal of Botany, 3, 85-117.
  • Uysal, I., Çelik, S. ve Menemen, Y. 2005. “Morphology, anatomy, ecology, pollen, and achene features of Centaurea polyclada DC. (Sect. Acrolophus) in Turkey”, Journal of Biological Sciences, 5, 176-180.
  • Uysal, T. 2006. “Türkiye Centaurea (Asteraceae) cinsi Cheirolepis (Boiss.) O. Hoffm. seksiyonunun morfolojik, karyolojik ve moleküler revizyonu”, Doktora Tezi, Selçuk Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Konya, 184.
  • Uysal, T. 2012. “Centaurea L.”, Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). Eds: Güner, A., Aslan, S., Ekim, T., Vural, M. ve Babaç, M.T., İstanbul, Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını, 127–140.
  • Uysal, T., Hamzaoğlu, E., Ertuğrul, K. ve Bozkurt, M. 2016. “A New Species of Centaurea (Asteraceae) From Turkey”, Phytotaxa, 275, 149–158.
  • Uysal, T. ve Hamzaoğlu, E. 2017. “A new Centaurea L. (Asteraceae) species from Turkey”, Plant Biosystems-An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology, 151, 813–821.
  • Uysal, T., Dural, H. ve Tugay, O. 2017. “Centaurea sakariyaensis (Asteraceae), a new species from Turkey”, Plant Biosystems - An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology, 151:126–130.
  • Yentür, S. 2003. “Bitki Anatomisi”. İstanbul Üniversitesi Fen Fakültesi Yayını, İstanbul.
  • Yüzbaşıoğlu, S., Bona, M. ve Genç, İ. 2015. “A new species of Centaurea sect. Pseudoseridia (Asteraceae) from north-eastern Turkey”, Phytokeys, 53, 27-38.
  • Wagenitz, G. 1955. “Pollenmorphologie und Systematik in der Gattung Centaurea L. s. 1”, Flora oder Allgemeine Botanische Zeitung, 142, 213-279.
  • Wagenitz, G. 1976. “Systematics and phylogeny of the Compositae (Asteraceae)”, Plant systematics and evolution, 125(1), 29-46.
  • Wodehouse, R.P. 1935. “Pollen grains”, Mcgraw-Hill Book Company, New York, London.

Centaurea cheirolopha (Fenzl) Wagenitz ve Centaurea lycopifolia Boiss. & Kotschy (Asteraceae) Taksonlarının Anatomik ve Mikromorfolojik Karakterlerinin İncelenmesi

Year 2019, Volume 12, Issue 3, 1341 - 1355, 31.12.2019
https://doi.org/10.18185/erzifbed.515623

Abstract

Bu araştırma ile Türkiye’de yayılış gösteren Centaurea cinsine ait morfolojik olarak birbirine oldukça yakın karakterlere sahip C. lycopifolia ve C. cheirolopha taksonlarının anatomik, palinolojik ve aken mikromorfolojik özellikleri ayrıntılı olarak ortaya konulmuştur. Anatomik araştırmalar, parafin yöntemi ya da el ile alınan kesitlerin kullanılmasıyla gerçekleştirilmiştir. Türlerin anatomik yapılarında, kök korteksinde C. cheirolopha’nın sklerenkimatik hücreler ihtiva etmesi ile iki türün birbirinden farklılık gösterdiği gözlenmiştir. Gövdelerden alınan enine kesitler, tipik dikotiledon anatomik yapısını yansıtmış olup, türlerin silindirik yapıda korteks tabakası ile kollenkimatik hücreler ihtiva ettiği tespit edilmiştir. Gövdedeki iletim demetlerinin sıra sayısı C. lycopifolia’da iki iken, C. cheirolopha’da tektir. Yaprak anatomisinde mezofil dokusu her iki takson içinde ekvifasiyal olarak tespit edilmiştir. Midripteki iletim demet sayısı yine türler arasında farklılık göstermekte olup, C. cheirolopha’da üç, C. lycopifolia’da tektir. İncelenen türler, monad, izopolar, prolat-sferoidal ve trikolporat polen tanelerine sahiptir. Her iki takson için ekzin skülptürü skabrat-perforat olarak gözlenmiştir. Araştırılan taksonların her ikisi de kahverengi-saman renkli akenlere sahip fakat C. cheirolopha’da belirgin krem çizgiler mevcuttur. Pappustaki kılçık şekillerinin taksonlar arasında açık şekilde farklılık gösterdiği gözlemlenmiştir. Sonuç olarak, C. lycopifolia ve C. cheirolopha taksonlarının anatomik, palinolojik ve mikromorfolojik karakterlerinin taksonların ayrımına destek sağladığı ortaya konulmuştur.

References

  • Abid, R. ve Qaiser, M. 2009. “Taxonomic significance of the cypsela morphology in the tribe Anthemideae (Asteraceae) from Pakistan and Kashmir”, Pakistan Journal of Botany, 41, 555-579.
  • Anderberg, A.A. ve Elden, P. 2007. “Tribe Inuleae Cass.”, The families and genera of flowering plants, Springer, Berlin, 374-391.Armağan, M. ve Uysal, T. 2018. “Centaurea kirmacii (Asteraceae), a new species from Southwestern Anatolia, Turkey”, Phytotaxa, 362(2), 233-238.
  • Bean, A. 2001. “Pappus morphology and terminology in Australian and New Zealand thistles (Asteraceae, tribe Cardueae)”, Austrobaileya, 6(1), 139-152.Behçet, L., İlçim, A. ve Yapar, Y. 2017. “Centaurea bingoelensis (Asteraceae), a new species from Turkey”, Turkish Journal of Botany, 41, 180-188.
  • Behjou, A. M., Sonboli, A., Riahi, H. ve Osaloo, S. K. 2016. “Achene micromorphology in Tanacetum (Asteraceae-Anthemideae) and its taxonomic and phylogenetic implications”, Flora-Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants, 222, 37-51.
  • Bona, M. 2015. “Centaurea goksivriensis (Asteraceae), a new species from Turkey”, Phytotaxa, 203(1),
  • Candan, F., Uysal, T., Tugay, O., Bozkurt, M., Ertuğrul, K. ve Demirelma, H. 2016. “The examinations of achene ultrastructural features of section Acrolophus (Centaurea, Asteraceae) via scanning electron microscopy”, Turkish Journal of Botany, 40, 147-163.
  • Coşkunçelebi, K., Makbul, S. ve Okur, S. 2016. “Studies on the achene morphology of Turkish species of Scorzonera L. (Asteraceae) using light and scanning electron microscopy”, Phytotaxa, 247, 1-26.
  • Çelik, S., Uysal, I. ve Menemen, Y. 2005. “Centaurea species in Turkey (A): Centaurea odyssei Wagenitz (Asteraceae) in Kazdagi (Mt. Ida) National Park”, International Journal of Biodiversity Science and Management, 1, 113-120.
  • Çeter, T., Pınar, N. M., İnceer, H., Hayırlıoğlu-Ayaz, S. ve Yaprak, A. E. 2013. “The comparative pollen morphology of genera Matricaria L. and Tripleurospemum Sch. Bip. (Asteraceae) in Turkey”, Plant systematics and evolution, 299, 959-977.
  • Cronquist, A. 1977. “The compositae revisited”, Brittonia, 29, 137-153.
  • Dittrich, M. 1968. “Karpologische Untersuchungen zur Systematik von Centaurea und verwandten Gattungen”, Botanische Jahrbücher, 88, 70-122.
  • Erdtman, G. 1960. “The acetolysis method-a revised description”, Sven Bot Tidskr, 54, 516-564.
  • Erkara, İ. P., Köse, Y. B., Osoydan, K. ve Yücel, E. 2012. “Pollen morphology of some endemic Turkish Centaurea L. (Asteraceae, section Phalolepis) and their taxonomic value”, Plant systematics and evolution, 298, 1111-1117.
  • Ertuğrul, K., Uysal, T., Garcia-Jacas, N., Susanna, A. ve Garnatje, T. 2004. “The systematic position of Centaurea ensiformis and Centaurea isaurica from Turkey and the evolution of some characters in Centaurea”, Israel Journal of Plant Sciences, 52, 257-263.
  • Haque, M. ve Godward, M. 1984. “New records of the carpopodium in Compositae and its taxonomic use”, Botanical journal of the Linnean Society, 89, 321-340.
  • İnceer, H., Bal, M., Çeter, T. ve Pınar, N. M. 2012. “Fruit structure of 12 Turkish endemic Tripleurospermum Sch. Bip.(Asteraceae) taxa and its taxonomic implications”, Plant systematics and evolution, 298, 845-855.
  • Johansen, D.A. (1940). “Plant microtechnique” McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York.
  • Kaya, Z., Orcan, N. ve Binzet, R. 2010. “Morphological, anatomical and palynological study of Centaurea calcitrapa L. ssp. cilicica (Boiss. & Bal.) Wagenitz and Centaurea solstitialis L. ssp. carneola (Boiss.) Wagenitz endemic for Turkey”, Pakistan Journal of Botany, 42, 59-69.
  • Karanović, D., Zorić, L., Zlatković, B., Boža, P. ve Luković, J. 2016. “Carpological and receptacular morpho-anatomical characters of Inula, Dittrichia, Limbarda and Pulicaria species (Compositae, Inuleae): Taxonomic implications”, Flora-Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants, 219, 48-61.
  • Kodak, E., Pınar, N. M., Adıgüzel, N. ve Acar, A. 2012. “Pollen morphology of some taxa of genus Tanacetum L.(Asteraceae) in Turkey”, Mellifera, 12, 2-10.
  • Kültür, Ş., Bona, M. ve Nath, E.Ö. 2016. “A new species of Centaurea (Asteraceae) from East Anatolia, Turkey”, Phytotaxa, 247(1), 85-91.
  • Mesfin, T., Crawford, D. J. ve Smith, E. B. 1995. “Pollen morphology of North American Coreopsis (Compositae—Heliantheae)”, Grana, 34, 21-27.
  • Mukherjee, S. K. ve Nordenstam, B. 2004. “Diversity of carpopodial structure in the Asteraceae and its taxonomic significance”, Comp. Newsl, 41, 29-41.
  • Pınar, N. M. ve İnceoğlu, Ö. 1996. “A comparative study on the pollen morphology of Centaurea triumfettii All. Groups. A, B and C with light and electron microscopy”, Turkish Journal of Botany, 20, 395-399.
  • Pınar, N. M. ve Dönmez, E. O. 2000. “Pollen morphology of some Turkish endemic Helichrysum Gaertner species (Compositae)”, Pakistan Journal of Botany, 32, 295-301.
  • Pınar, N. M., Coşkunçelebi, K., Şimşek, D., Okur, S., Makbul, S. ve Acar, A. 2016. “Pollen morphology of Scorzonera (Asteraceae) in Turkey”, Phytotaxa, 252, 233-262.
  • Punt, W. Ve Hoen, P. 2009. “The Northwest European Pollen Flora, 70: Asteraceae-Asteroideae”, Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 157, 22-183.
  • Stix, E. 1960. “Pollenmorphologische untersuchungen an Compositen”, Grana, 2, 41-104.
  • Skvarla, J. J., Turner, B. L., Patel, V. C. ve Tomb, A. S. 1977. “Pollen morphology in the Compositae and in morphologically related families”, The Biology and chemistry of the Compositae, Eds: Heywood, V. H., Harborne, J. B., ve Turner, B. L., London, 141-248.
  • Salgado-Labouriau, M. 1982. “On cavities in spines of Compositae pollen”, Grana, 21, 97-102.
  • Takhtajan, A. 1997. “Diversity and classification of flowering plants”, Columbia University Press, New York.
  • Thome, R. F. 1983. “Proposed new realignments in the angiosperms”, Nordic Journal of Botany, 3, 85-117.
  • Uysal, I., Çelik, S. ve Menemen, Y. 2005. “Morphology, anatomy, ecology, pollen, and achene features of Centaurea polyclada DC. (Sect. Acrolophus) in Turkey”, Journal of Biological Sciences, 5, 176-180.
  • Uysal, T. 2006. “Türkiye Centaurea (Asteraceae) cinsi Cheirolepis (Boiss.) O. Hoffm. seksiyonunun morfolojik, karyolojik ve moleküler revizyonu”, Doktora Tezi, Selçuk Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Konya, 184.
  • Uysal, T. 2012. “Centaurea L.”, Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). Eds: Güner, A., Aslan, S., Ekim, T., Vural, M. ve Babaç, M.T., İstanbul, Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını, 127–140.
  • Uysal, T., Hamzaoğlu, E., Ertuğrul, K. ve Bozkurt, M. 2016. “A New Species of Centaurea (Asteraceae) From Turkey”, Phytotaxa, 275, 149–158.
  • Uysal, T. ve Hamzaoğlu, E. 2017. “A new Centaurea L. (Asteraceae) species from Turkey”, Plant Biosystems-An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology, 151, 813–821.
  • Uysal, T., Dural, H. ve Tugay, O. 2017. “Centaurea sakariyaensis (Asteraceae), a new species from Turkey”, Plant Biosystems - An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology, 151:126–130.
  • Yentür, S. 2003. “Bitki Anatomisi”. İstanbul Üniversitesi Fen Fakültesi Yayını, İstanbul.
  • Yüzbaşıoğlu, S., Bona, M. ve Genç, İ. 2015. “A new species of Centaurea sect. Pseudoseridia (Asteraceae) from north-eastern Turkey”, Phytokeys, 53, 27-38.
  • Wagenitz, G. 1955. “Pollenmorphologie und Systematik in der Gattung Centaurea L. s. 1”, Flora oder Allgemeine Botanische Zeitung, 142, 213-279.
  • Wagenitz, G. 1976. “Systematics and phylogeny of the Compositae (Asteraceae)”, Plant systematics and evolution, 125(1), 29-46.
  • Wodehouse, R.P. 1935. “Pollen grains”, Mcgraw-Hill Book Company, New York, London.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Makaleler
Authors

Burcu YILMAZ ÇITAK (Primary Author)
SELÇUK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, FEN FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0003-3703-7731
Türkiye


Hüseyin DURAL
SELÇUK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, FEN FAKÜLTESİ


Rahim AYDIN This is me

Publication Date December 31, 2019
Published in Issue Year 2019, Volume 12, Issue 3

Cite

APA Yılmaz Çıtak, B. , Dural, H. & Aydın, R. (2019). Centaurea cheirolopha (Fenzl) Wagenitz ve Centaurea lycopifolia Boiss. & Kotschy (Asteraceae) Taksonlarının Anatomik ve Mikromorfolojik Karakterlerinin İncelenmesi . Erzincan University Journal of Science and Technology , 12 (3) , 1341-1355 . DOI: 10.18185/erzifbed.515623