Year 2019, Volume 18 , Issue 72, Pages 1776 - 1796 2019-10-15

THE NEW INSIGHTS ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DEMOCRACY AND INCOME: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM ADVANCED ECONOMIES
THE NEW INSIGHTS ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DEMOCRACY AND INCOME: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM ADVANCED ECONOMIES

Onur ÖZDEMİR [1]


Bu makale, Acemoglu vd. (2008)’nin veri setini kullanarak gelir seviyesi ve demokrasi düzeyi arasındaki ilişkiyi 1960-2000 dönemi için gelişmiş ülkeler açısından araştırmaktadır. Çalışma Acemoglu vd. (2008)’nin önsel çıkarımlarını sistem-GMM ve gelirin demokrasi üzerindeki etkisi adına esnek – doğrusal olmayan – spesifikasyon kullanımına olanak sağlayarak ekonometrik yöntemler açısından genişletmektedir. Ampirik sonuçlar, ülkeye-özgü etkilerin hesaba katıldığı durumlarda bile, gelişmiş ekonomiler için gelirden demokrasiye doğru pozitif ve doğrusal olmayan bir etkinin varlığına dair çıktılar sunmaktadır. Ayrıca Acemoglu vd. (2008) tarafından kullanılan aynı veri seti çerçevesinde, Acemoglu vd. (2008)’nin sonuçlarına karşıt olarak, kişi başına gelirin logaritmik katsayısının sistem-GMM yöntemi kullanımı aracılığıyla çoğu spesifikasyon için pozitif ve istatistiksel olarak anlamlı çıktığına ulaşılmıştır. Buna ek olarak, ilgi çekici sonuç kişi başına gelirin logaritmik katsayı karesinin negatif ve istatistiksel olarak anlamlı çıkmasıdır. Bu çıktı kişi başına düşen GSYH’deki artışın ilk aşamalarının demokrasi üzerinde olumlu bir etkisi olmasına karşın, toplumdaki gelir bölüşümündeki gücün değişen dinamiklerine büyük oranda bağlı olarak ileri aşamalarında negatif bir duruma dönüştüğünü göstermektedir.

This paper replicates the data set of Acemoglu et al. (2008) to investigate the relationship between the level of income and the degree of democracy in terms of advanced economies over the period 1960-2000. The study extends the initial findings of Acemoglu et al. (2008) in terms of econometric procedures by using the system-GMM and allowing for more flexible – non-linear – specifications for the effect of income on democracy. The empirical results provide evidence of positive and non-linear effect from income to democracy for advanced economies even after controlling for country-specific effects. In addition, with the same data set that of Acemoglu et al. (2008), we find that the coefficients of log GDP per capita are positive and statistically significant in most specifications by way of using the system-GMM method, in contrast to the results provided by Acemoglu et al. (2008). Furthermore, an interesting result is the square term of log GDP per capita which is negative and statistically significant. This outcome indicates that while the initial stages of an increase in log GDP per capita have a positive impact on democracy, the latter stages show that this positive correlation turns into a negative possibly due to the changing dynamics of the power of income segments in the society.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Economics
Published Date Güz
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-3804-0062
Author: Onur ÖZDEMİR (Primary Author)
Institution: İSTANBUL GELİŞİM ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : October 15, 2019

Bibtex @research article { esosder554336, journal = {Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi}, issn = {1304-0278}, address = {}, publisher = {Özel Akademi}, year = {2019}, volume = {18}, pages = {1776 - 1796}, doi = {10.17755/esosder.554336}, title = {THE NEW INSIGHTS ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DEMOCRACY AND INCOME: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM ADVANCED ECONOMIES}, key = {cite}, author = {ÖZDEMİR, Onur} }
APA ÖZDEMİR, O . (2019). THE NEW INSIGHTS ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DEMOCRACY AND INCOME: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM ADVANCED ECONOMIES. Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 18 (72) , 1776-1796 . DOI: 10.17755/esosder.554336
MLA ÖZDEMİR, O . "THE NEW INSIGHTS ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DEMOCRACY AND INCOME: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM ADVANCED ECONOMIES". Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 18 (2019 ): 1776-1796 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/esosder/issue/47063/554336>
Chicago ÖZDEMİR, O . "THE NEW INSIGHTS ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DEMOCRACY AND INCOME: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM ADVANCED ECONOMIES". Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 18 (2019 ): 1776-1796
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - THE NEW INSIGHTS ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DEMOCRACY AND INCOME: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM ADVANCED ECONOMIES AU - Onur ÖZDEMİR Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.17755/esosder.554336 DO - 10.17755/esosder.554336 T2 - Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1776 EP - 1796 VL - 18 IS - 72 SN - 1304-0278- M3 - doi: 10.17755/esosder.554336 UR - https://doi.org/10.17755/esosder.554336 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi THE NEW INSIGHTS ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DEMOCRACY AND INCOME: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM ADVANCED ECONOMIES %A Onur ÖZDEMİR %T THE NEW INSIGHTS ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DEMOCRACY AND INCOME: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM ADVANCED ECONOMIES %D 2019 %J Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi %P 1304-0278- %V 18 %N 72 %R doi: 10.17755/esosder.554336 %U 10.17755/esosder.554336
ISNAD ÖZDEMİR, Onur . "THE NEW INSIGHTS ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DEMOCRACY AND INCOME: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM ADVANCED ECONOMIES". Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 18 / 72 (October 2019): 1776-1796 . https://doi.org/10.17755/esosder.554336
AMA ÖZDEMİR O . THE NEW INSIGHTS ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DEMOCRACY AND INCOME: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM ADVANCED ECONOMIES. Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi. 2019; 18(72): 1776-1796.
Vancouver ÖZDEMİR O . THE NEW INSIGHTS ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DEMOCRACY AND INCOME: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM ADVANCED ECONOMIES. Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi. 2019; 18(72): 1796-1776.