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Benzin-metanol (M5-M10) karışımlarının SI motorundaki performans üzerine deneysel bir araştırması

Year 2021, Volume 9, Issue 1, 30 - 41, 31.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.52702/fce.939775

Abstract

Metanol, kıvılcım ateşlemeli motorlar için gelecek vaat eden alternatif yakıtlardan biridir. Motor ayar parametrelerini etkileyen oktan sayısını artıran yüksek oktan sayısına sahiptir. Ateşleme zamanlaması ve enjeksiyon süresi, yanma sürecini ve kıvılcım ateşlemeli motorun emisyonunu etkileyen iki motor ayarı parametresidir ve bu nedenle üzerinde çalışılması büyüleyici. Bu çalışmanın temel amacı, ateşleme zamanlaması ve enjeksiyon süresi gibi motor çalışma parametrelerinin optimizasyonu ile gerçekleştirilen kıvılcım ateşlemeli bir motorda benzin-metanol karışımlarının performansını artırmaktı. Bu çalışmada ölçülen performans parametreleri motor torku, güç ve spesifik yakıt tüketimiydi. Yanma sürecini değerlendirmek için karbon dioksit, karbon monoksit ve yanmamış hidrokarbonlar gibi bir emisyon parametresi ölçüldü. Test sonuçları, standart ve optimize edilmiş ayarlarında motorun performans ve emisyon parametreleri karşılaştırılarak analiz edildi. Optimize edilmiş ateşleme zamanlaması ve enjeksiyon süresinin, ürünleri sırasıyla% 12.99 ve% 1.72'ye varan motor torku ve gücünde bir artışa ve aynı şeyi kullanan standart ayarlı motora göre özgül yakıt tüketiminde% 7.29 azalmaya neden olduğu elde edildi. yakıt karışımı. Ayrıca egzoz emisyonunda karbon monoksit azaldı ve yanmamış hidrokarbon biraz arttı.

References

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  • [4] S. Aghahossein Shirazi, B. Abdollahipoor, J. Martinson, B. Windom, T. D. Foust, and K. F. Reardon, “Effects of dual-alcohol gasoline blends on physiochemical properties and volatility behavior,” Fuel, vol. 252, no. April, pp. 542–552, 2019.
  • [5] V. F. Andersen, J. E. Anderson, T. J. Wallington, S. A. Mueller, and O. J. Nielsen, “Vapor pressures of alcohol-gasoline blends,” Energy and Fuels, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 3647–3654, 2010.
  • [6] M. Amine and Y. Barakat, “Properties of gasoline-ethanol-methanol ternary fuel blend compared with ethanol-gasoline and methanol-gasoline fuel blends,” Egypt. J. Pet., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 371–376, 2019.
  • [7] H. Liu, Z. Wang, Y. Long, S. Xiang, J. Wang, and S. W. Wagnon, “Methanol-gasoline Dual-fuel Spark Ignition (DFSI) combustion with dual-injection for engine particle number (PN) reduction and fuel economy improvement,” Energy, vol. 89, pp. 1010–1017, 2015.
  • [8] S. Verhelst, J. W. Turner, L. Sileghem, and J. Vancoillie, “Methanol as a fuel for internal combustion engines,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci., vol. 70, pp. 43–88, 2019.
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  • [10] H. Zhao et al., “Effects of different mixing ratios on emissions from passenger cars fueled with methanol/gasoline blends,” J. Environ. Sci., vol. 23, no. 11, pp. 1831–1838, 2011.
  • [11] C. Gong, Z. Li, Y. Chen, J. Liu, F. Liu, and Y. Han, “Influence of ignition timing on combustion and emissions of a spark-ignition methanol engine with added hydrogen under lean-burn conditions,” Fuel, vol. 235, no. June 2018, pp. 227–238, 2019.
  • [12] R. J. Pearson, J. W. G. Turner, A. Bell, S. De Goede, C. Woolard, and M. H. Davy, “Iso-stoichiometric fuel blends: Characterisation of physicochemical properties for mixtures of gasoline, ethanol, methanol and water,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. Part D J. Automob. Eng., vol. 229, no. 1, pp. 111–139, 2015.
  • [13] R. Feng et al., “Experimental study on SI engine fuelled with butanol-gasoline blend and H2O addition,” Energy Convers. Manag., vol. 74, pp. 192–200, 2013.
  • [14] L. Tunka and A. Polcar, “Effect of various ignition timings on combustion process and performance of gasoline engine,” Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun., vol. 65, no. 2, pp. 545–554, 2017.
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  • [16] B. Wu, L. Wang, X. Shen, R. Yan, and P. Dong, “Comparison of lean burn characteristics of an SI engine fueled with methanol and gasoline under idle condition,” Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 95, pp. 264–270, 2016.
  • [17] J. Li, C. M. Gong, Y. Su, H. L. Dou, and X. J. Liu, “Effect of injection and ignition timings on performance and emissions from a spark-ignition engine fueled with methanol,” Fuel, vol. 89, no. 12, pp. 3919–3925, 2010.
  • [18] C. S. Wibowo, F. Adian, M. Masuku, Y. Nugroho, and B. Sugiarto, “The Optimization Performance of Mixed Fuel Gasoline RON 88 , 92 , 98 with Bioethanol on Spark Ignition Engine,” vol. 9, no. 09, pp. 989–992, 2020.
  • [19] C. Wibowo, F. Adian, Y. Nugroho, and B. Sugiarto, “The optimization of the relationship between octane number of gasoline-ethanol blend fuels in various settings of the engine control module,” Evergreen, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 587–592, 2020.
  • [20] O. I. Awad et al., “Alcohol and ether as alternative fuels in spark ignition engine: A review,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 82, no. January, pp. 2586–2605, 2018.
  • [21] G. Martini et al., Effect of oxygenates in gasoline on fuel consumption and emissions in three Euro 4 passenger cars Contact information. 2013.
  • [22] K. Kar, W. Cheng, and K. Ishii, “Effects of ethanol content on gasohol PFI engine wide- open-throttle operation The MIT Faculty has made this article openly available . Please share Citation SAE International Publisher Version Accessed Citable Link Terms of Use Detailed Terms Effects of,” SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr., vol. 2, pp. 895–901, 2009.
  • [23] C. S. Wibowo et al., “The Performance of a Spark Ignition Engine using 92 RON Gasoline with Varying Blends of Bioethanol (E40, E50, E60) Measured using a Dynamometer Test,” Int. J. Technol., vol. 11, no. 7, pp. 1380–1387, 2020.
  • [24] T. G. Leone et al., “The Effect of Compression Ratio, Fuel Octane Rating, and Ethanol Content on Spark-Ignition Engine Efficiency,” Environ. Sci. Technol., vol. 49, no. 18, pp. 10778–10789, 2015.
  • [25] J. E. Anderson et al., “High octane number ethanol-gasoline blends: Quantifying the potential benefits in the United States,” Fuel, vol. 97, pp. 585–594, 2012.
  • [26] R. J. Pearson, J. W. G. Turner, A. Bell, S. De Goede, C. Woolard, and M. H. Davy, “Iso-stoichiometric fuel blends: Characterisation of physicochemical properties for mixtures of gasoline, ethanol, methanol and water,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. Part D J. Automob. Eng., vol. 229, no. 1, pp. 111–139, 2015.
  • [27] J. W. G. Turner, R. J. Pearson, E. Dekker, B. Iosefa, K. Johansson, and K. ac Bergström, “Extending the role of alcohols as transport fuels using iso-stoichiometric ternary blends of gasoline, ethanol and methanol,” Appl. Energy, vol. 102, pp. 72–86, 2013.

An experimental investigation of gasoline-methanol (M5-M10) blends on performance in SI engine

Year 2021, Volume 9, Issue 1, 30 - 41, 31.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.52702/fce.939775

Abstract

Methanol is one of the promising alternative fuels for spark-ignition engines. It has a high octane number, increasing the octane number of gasoline that influence engine setting parameters. Ignition timing and injection duration are two engine setting parameters that influence the combustion process and emission of spark-ignition engine, which are therefore fascinating to be studied. The main objective of this work was to improve the performance of gasoline-methanol blends in a spark-ignition engine, which was carried out by optimization of engine operational parameters, which were ignition timing and injection duration. Performance parameters measured in this study were engine torque, power, and specific fuel consumption. An emission parameter such as carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and unburnt hydrocarbons was measured to evaluate the combustion process. Test results were analyzed by comparing performance and emission parameters of the engine on its standard and optimized settings. The result obtained that optimized ignition timing and injection duration sets products in an increase in engine torque and power, which are up to 12.99% and 1.72%, respectively, and 7.29% decrease in specific fuel consumption than engine with standard-setting using the same fuel blend. In addition, there was a decrease of carbon monoxide in exhaust emission, and unburnt hydrocarbon was slightly increased.

References

  • [1] I. M. Yusri et al., “Alcohol based automotive fuels from first four alcohol family in compression and spark ignition engine: A review on engine performance and exhaust emissions,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 77, no. October 2015, pp. 169–181, 2017.
  • [2] A. A. Yusuf and F. L. Inambao, “Progress in alcohol-gasoline blends and their effects on the performance and emissions in SI engines under different operating conditions,” Int. J. Ambient Energy, vol. 0, no. 0, pp. 1–17, 2018.
  • [3] T. Miller, T. Beer, T. Grant, D. Batten, D. Lamb, and D. Trimm, “Methanol as an alternative transport fuel,” Proc. 14th Int. Union Air Pollut. Prev. Environ. Prot. Assoc. World Congr. 2007, 18th Clean Air Soc. Aust. New Zeal. Conf., no. 4000096701, 2007.
  • [4] S. Aghahossein Shirazi, B. Abdollahipoor, J. Martinson, B. Windom, T. D. Foust, and K. F. Reardon, “Effects of dual-alcohol gasoline blends on physiochemical properties and volatility behavior,” Fuel, vol. 252, no. April, pp. 542–552, 2019.
  • [5] V. F. Andersen, J. E. Anderson, T. J. Wallington, S. A. Mueller, and O. J. Nielsen, “Vapor pressures of alcohol-gasoline blends,” Energy and Fuels, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 3647–3654, 2010.
  • [6] M. Amine and Y. Barakat, “Properties of gasoline-ethanol-methanol ternary fuel blend compared with ethanol-gasoline and methanol-gasoline fuel blends,” Egypt. J. Pet., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 371–376, 2019.
  • [7] H. Liu, Z. Wang, Y. Long, S. Xiang, J. Wang, and S. W. Wagnon, “Methanol-gasoline Dual-fuel Spark Ignition (DFSI) combustion with dual-injection for engine particle number (PN) reduction and fuel economy improvement,” Energy, vol. 89, pp. 1010–1017, 2015.
  • [8] S. Verhelst, J. W. Turner, L. Sileghem, and J. Vancoillie, “Methanol as a fuel for internal combustion engines,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci., vol. 70, pp. 43–88, 2019.
  • [9] S. Iliev, “A comparison of ethanol and methanol blending with gasoline using a 1-D engine model,” Procedia Eng., vol. 100, no. January, pp. 1013–1022, 2015.
  • [10] H. Zhao et al., “Effects of different mixing ratios on emissions from passenger cars fueled with methanol/gasoline blends,” J. Environ. Sci., vol. 23, no. 11, pp. 1831–1838, 2011.
  • [11] C. Gong, Z. Li, Y. Chen, J. Liu, F. Liu, and Y. Han, “Influence of ignition timing on combustion and emissions of a spark-ignition methanol engine with added hydrogen under lean-burn conditions,” Fuel, vol. 235, no. June 2018, pp. 227–238, 2019.
  • [12] R. J. Pearson, J. W. G. Turner, A. Bell, S. De Goede, C. Woolard, and M. H. Davy, “Iso-stoichiometric fuel blends: Characterisation of physicochemical properties for mixtures of gasoline, ethanol, methanol and water,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. Part D J. Automob. Eng., vol. 229, no. 1, pp. 111–139, 2015.
  • [13] R. Feng et al., “Experimental study on SI engine fuelled with butanol-gasoline blend and H2O addition,” Energy Convers. Manag., vol. 74, pp. 192–200, 2013.
  • [14] L. Tunka and A. Polcar, “Effect of various ignition timings on combustion process and performance of gasoline engine,” Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun., vol. 65, no. 2, pp. 545–554, 2017.
  • [15] D. Rio and B. Syaka, “PENGARUH PERUBAHAN IGNITION TIMING TERHADAP KINERJA MESIN SEPEDA MOTOR AUTOMATIC 115CC Ragil Sukarno , Darwin Rio Budi Syaka , Adhitya Randa Asier Program Studi Pendidikan Teknik Mesin , Fakultas Teknik - Universitas Negeri Jakarta Email : ragil-sukarno@u,” no. April, pp. 45–50, 2017.
  • [16] B. Wu, L. Wang, X. Shen, R. Yan, and P. Dong, “Comparison of lean burn characteristics of an SI engine fueled with methanol and gasoline under idle condition,” Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 95, pp. 264–270, 2016.
  • [17] J. Li, C. M. Gong, Y. Su, H. L. Dou, and X. J. Liu, “Effect of injection and ignition timings on performance and emissions from a spark-ignition engine fueled with methanol,” Fuel, vol. 89, no. 12, pp. 3919–3925, 2010.
  • [18] C. S. Wibowo, F. Adian, M. Masuku, Y. Nugroho, and B. Sugiarto, “The Optimization Performance of Mixed Fuel Gasoline RON 88 , 92 , 98 with Bioethanol on Spark Ignition Engine,” vol. 9, no. 09, pp. 989–992, 2020.
  • [19] C. Wibowo, F. Adian, Y. Nugroho, and B. Sugiarto, “The optimization of the relationship between octane number of gasoline-ethanol blend fuels in various settings of the engine control module,” Evergreen, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 587–592, 2020.
  • [20] O. I. Awad et al., “Alcohol and ether as alternative fuels in spark ignition engine: A review,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 82, no. January, pp. 2586–2605, 2018.
  • [21] G. Martini et al., Effect of oxygenates in gasoline on fuel consumption and emissions in three Euro 4 passenger cars Contact information. 2013.
  • [22] K. Kar, W. Cheng, and K. Ishii, “Effects of ethanol content on gasohol PFI engine wide- open-throttle operation The MIT Faculty has made this article openly available . Please share Citation SAE International Publisher Version Accessed Citable Link Terms of Use Detailed Terms Effects of,” SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr., vol. 2, pp. 895–901, 2009.
  • [23] C. S. Wibowo et al., “The Performance of a Spark Ignition Engine using 92 RON Gasoline with Varying Blends of Bioethanol (E40, E50, E60) Measured using a Dynamometer Test,” Int. J. Technol., vol. 11, no. 7, pp. 1380–1387, 2020.
  • [24] T. G. Leone et al., “The Effect of Compression Ratio, Fuel Octane Rating, and Ethanol Content on Spark-Ignition Engine Efficiency,” Environ. Sci. Technol., vol. 49, no. 18, pp. 10778–10789, 2015.
  • [25] J. E. Anderson et al., “High octane number ethanol-gasoline blends: Quantifying the potential benefits in the United States,” Fuel, vol. 97, pp. 585–594, 2012.
  • [26] R. J. Pearson, J. W. G. Turner, A. Bell, S. De Goede, C. Woolard, and M. H. Davy, “Iso-stoichiometric fuel blends: Characterisation of physicochemical properties for mixtures of gasoline, ethanol, methanol and water,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. Part D J. Automob. Eng., vol. 229, no. 1, pp. 111–139, 2015.
  • [27] J. W. G. Turner, R. J. Pearson, E. Dekker, B. Iosefa, K. Johansson, and K. ac Bergström, “Extending the role of alcohols as transport fuels using iso-stoichiometric ternary blends of gasoline, ethanol and methanol,” Appl. Energy, vol. 102, pp. 72–86, 2013.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Engineering, Mechanical
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Ravi Farkhan PRATAMA This is me
IPB University
Indonesia


Cahyo Setyo WİBOWO This is me
Research and Development Centre for Oil and Gas Technology "LEMIGAS"
Indonesia


Nur Allif FATHURRAHMAN> (Primary Author)
Research and Development Centre for Oil and Gas Technology
Indonesia


Edy HARTULİSTİYOSO This is me
IPB University
Indonesia

Thanks Thanks to Research Team in LEMIGAS, University of Indonesia, and IPB University Thanks to FCE'21 Committee
Publication Date December 31, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 9, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @research article { fce939775, journal = {Uluslararası Yakıtlar Yanma Ve Yangın Dergisi}, issn = {2564-6435}, address = {Sakarya Üniversitesi, m7 binası, Esentepe Kampüsü, Sakarya}, publisher = {Hakan Serhad SOYHAN}, year = {2021}, volume = {9}, number = {1}, pages = {30 - 41}, doi = {10.52702/fce.939775}, title = {An experimental investigation of gasoline-methanol (M5-M10) blends on performance in SI engine}, key = {cite}, author = {Pratama, Ravi Farkhan and Wibowo, Cahyo Setyo and Fathurrahman, Nur Allif and Hartulistiyoso, Edy} }
APA Pratama, R. F. , Wibowo, C. S. , Fathurrahman, N. A. & Hartulistiyoso, E. (2021). An experimental investigation of gasoline-methanol (M5-M10) blends on performance in SI engine . Uluslararası Yakıtlar Yanma Ve Yangın Dergisi , 9 (1) , 30-41 . DOI: 10.52702/fce.939775
MLA Pratama, R. F. , Wibowo, C. S. , Fathurrahman, N. A. , Hartulistiyoso, E. "An experimental investigation of gasoline-methanol (M5-M10) blends on performance in SI engine" . Uluslararası Yakıtlar Yanma Ve Yangın Dergisi 9 (2021 ): 30-41 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/fce/issue/60446/939775>
Chicago Pratama, R. F. , Wibowo, C. S. , Fathurrahman, N. A. , Hartulistiyoso, E. "An experimental investigation of gasoline-methanol (M5-M10) blends on performance in SI engine". Uluslararası Yakıtlar Yanma Ve Yangın Dergisi 9 (2021 ): 30-41
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - An experimental investigation of gasoline-methanol (M5-M10) blends on performance in SI engine AU - Ravi FarkhanPratama, Cahyo SetyoWibowo, Nur AllifFathurrahman, EdyHartulistiyoso Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.52702/fce.939775 DO - 10.52702/fce.939775 T2 - Uluslararası Yakıtlar Yanma Ve Yangın Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 30 EP - 41 VL - 9 IS - 1 SN - 2564-6435- M3 - doi: 10.52702/fce.939775 UR - https://doi.org/10.52702/fce.939775 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Fuels, Fire and Combustion in Engineering Journal An experimental investigation of gasoline-methanol (M5-M10) blends on performance in SI engine %A Ravi Farkhan Pratama , Cahyo Setyo Wibowo , Nur Allif Fathurrahman , Edy Hartulistiyoso %T An experimental investigation of gasoline-methanol (M5-M10) blends on performance in SI engine %D 2021 %J Uluslararası Yakıtlar Yanma Ve Yangın Dergisi %P 2564-6435- %V 9 %N 1 %R doi: 10.52702/fce.939775 %U 10.52702/fce.939775
ISNAD Pratama, Ravi Farkhan , Wibowo, Cahyo Setyo , Fathurrahman, Nur Allif , Hartulistiyoso, Edy . "An experimental investigation of gasoline-methanol (M5-M10) blends on performance in SI engine". Uluslararası Yakıtlar Yanma Ve Yangın Dergisi 9 / 1 (December 2021): 30-41 . https://doi.org/10.52702/fce.939775
AMA Pratama R. F. , Wibowo C. S. , Fathurrahman N. A. , Hartulistiyoso E. An experimental investigation of gasoline-methanol (M5-M10) blends on performance in SI engine. FCE Journal. 2021; 9(1): 30-41.
Vancouver Pratama R. F. , Wibowo C. S. , Fathurrahman N. A. , Hartulistiyoso E. An experimental investigation of gasoline-methanol (M5-M10) blends on performance in SI engine. Uluslararası Yakıtlar Yanma Ve Yangın Dergisi. 2021; 9(1): 30-41.
IEEE R. F. Pratama , C. S. Wibowo , N. A. Fathurrahman and E. Hartulistiyoso , "An experimental investigation of gasoline-methanol (M5-M10) blends on performance in SI engine", Uluslararası Yakıtlar Yanma Ve Yangın Dergisi, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 30-41, Dec. 2021, doi:10.52702/fce.939775