Year 2021, Volume 50 , Issue 1, Pages 9 - 16 2021-04-29

Nevşehir İli Fasulye Alanlarında Kök Çürüklüğüne Neden Olan Patojenlerin Saptanması
Determination of Fungal Pathogens Causing Root-Rot on Bean Plants in Bean Production Areas of Nevşehir Province, Turkey

Abdullahi Isaq OMAR [1] , Ali ERKILIÇ [2] , Mohammed A. MOHAMMED [3]


Nevşehir ilinindeki (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Yazıhüyük ve Suvermez köylerinde fasulye bitkisinde kök çürüklüğüne neden olan fungal patojenlerin saptanması amacıyla 2018 yılında survey çalışmaları gerçekleştirilmiştir. Fasulye yetiştirme alanlarından elde edilen en yüksek izolatlar Fusarium’dur (%62.5). Bunu takiben Rhizoctonia (%27.5), Rhizopus (%4.8), Alternaria (%2.4), Penicillium (%2.1) ve Epicoccum (%0.7) elde edilmiştir. En yüksek virülensliğe sahip izolatların (Y1A, Y1B ve Y8) patojenite testinde kullanılan F. oxysporum, F. solani ve R. solani izolatlarına sırasıyla ait olduğu bulunmuştur. Patojenite testlerinin sonuçları olarak, tüm fasulye çeşitlerinde, F. oxysporum’un hastalık şiddeti oranı %48.3 ile %91.7 arasında değişen olarak belirlenmiştir. F. oxysporum izolatının tüm fasulye çeşitlerinde ortalama hastalık şiddeti oranı %72.8 olarak hesaplanmıştır. F. solani izolatı, hastalık şiddeti oranları %33.3 ile %95.0 arasında değişen olarak belirlenmiştir. Tüm fasulye çeşitlerinde F. solani izolatının ortalama hastalık şiddeti oranı %70.6 olarak hesaplanmıştır. R. solani AG-4 izolatı, test edilen tüm fasulye çeşitlerinde ortalama %49.4 hastalık şiddeti oranı ile en düşük olarak hesaplanmıştır.
The current study was conducted with the aim of determining fungal pathogens that cause root-rot disease on bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in Yazıhüyük and Suvermez districts, Nevşehir province, Turkey. Field surveys, molecular characterizations, and pathogenicity tests were carried out during the growing season of 2018. The most prevalent isolates obtained from the bean cultivation areas were Fusarium (62.5%) followed by Rhizoctonia (27.5%) and Rhizopus (4.8%). The lowest mean frequency rates were found for Epicoccum (0.7%), Penicillium (2.1%), and Alternaria (2.4%). Fusarium oxysporum (Y1A) had the highest virulence followed by Fusarium solani (Y1B) and Rhizoctonia solani AG-4 (Y8). The pathogenicity test on all bean varieties revealed that the disease severity rates of F. oxysporum, F. solani and R. solani AG-4 were ranging from 48.3%–91.7%, 33.3%–95.0%, and 26.7%–50%, respectively. Overall, the Adzuki bean cultivar was the most susceptible to the three pathogens followed by İspir, Gezin/Elazığ-1 and Kidney Bean cultivars.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-7679-6189
Author: Abdullahi Isaq OMAR (Primary Author)
Institution: CUKUROVA UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-0159-2039
Author: Ali ERKILIÇ
Institution: ÇUKUROVA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-9200-3409
Author: Mohammed A. MOHAMMED
Institution: ÇUKUROVA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution Cukurova University
Project Number FYL-2019-11541
Dates

Publication Date : April 29, 2021

Bibtex @research article { fitopatoloji852589, journal = {The Journal of Turkish Phytopathology}, issn = {0378-8024}, address = {}, publisher = {Türkiye Fitopatoloji Derneği}, year = {2021}, volume = {50}, pages = {9 - 16}, doi = {}, title = {Determination of Fungal Pathogens Causing Root-Rot on Bean Plants in Bean Production Areas of Nevşehir Province, Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {Omar, Abdullahi Isaq and Erkılıç, Ali and Mohammed, Mohammed A.} }
APA Omar, A , Erkılıç, A , Mohammed, M . (2021). Determination of Fungal Pathogens Causing Root-Rot on Bean Plants in Bean Production Areas of Nevşehir Province, Turkey . The Journal of Turkish Phytopathology , 50 (1) , 9-16 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/fitopatoloji/issue/62034/852589
MLA Omar, A , Erkılıç, A , Mohammed, M . "Determination of Fungal Pathogens Causing Root-Rot on Bean Plants in Bean Production Areas of Nevşehir Province, Turkey" . The Journal of Turkish Phytopathology 50 (2021 ): 9-16 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/fitopatoloji/issue/62034/852589>
Chicago Omar, A , Erkılıç, A , Mohammed, M . "Determination of Fungal Pathogens Causing Root-Rot on Bean Plants in Bean Production Areas of Nevşehir Province, Turkey". The Journal of Turkish Phytopathology 50 (2021 ): 9-16
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Determination of Fungal Pathogens Causing Root-Rot on Bean Plants in Bean Production Areas of Nevşehir Province, Turkey AU - Abdullahi Isaq Omar , Ali Erkılıç , Mohammed A. Mohammed Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - DO - T2 - The Journal of Turkish Phytopathology JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 9 EP - 16 VL - 50 IS - 1 SN - 0378-8024- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 The Journal of Turkish Phytopathology Determination of Fungal Pathogens Causing Root-Rot on Bean Plants in Bean Production Areas of Nevşehir Province, Turkey %A Abdullahi Isaq Omar , Ali Erkılıç , Mohammed A. Mohammed %T Determination of Fungal Pathogens Causing Root-Rot on Bean Plants in Bean Production Areas of Nevşehir Province, Turkey %D 2021 %J The Journal of Turkish Phytopathology %P 0378-8024- %V 50 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Omar, Abdullahi Isaq , Erkılıç, Ali , Mohammed, Mohammed A. . "Determination of Fungal Pathogens Causing Root-Rot on Bean Plants in Bean Production Areas of Nevşehir Province, Turkey". The Journal of Turkish Phytopathology 50 / 1 (April 2021): 9-16 .
AMA Omar A , Erkılıç A , Mohammed M . Determination of Fungal Pathogens Causing Root-Rot on Bean Plants in Bean Production Areas of Nevşehir Province, Turkey. The Journal of Turkish Phytopathology. 2021; 50(1): 9-16.
Vancouver Omar A , Erkılıç A , Mohammed M . Determination of Fungal Pathogens Causing Root-Rot on Bean Plants in Bean Production Areas of Nevşehir Province, Turkey. The Journal of Turkish Phytopathology. 2021; 50(1): 9-16.
IEEE A. Omar , A. Erkılıç and M. Mohammed , "Determination of Fungal Pathogens Causing Root-Rot on Bean Plants in Bean Production Areas of Nevşehir Province, Turkey", The Journal of Turkish Phytopathology, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 9-16, Apr. 2021