Research Article
PDF EndNote BibTex RIS Cite

EPISTEMIC MIGRATION AFTER 1933 AND CONFLICTS OF COMMUNITIES: AN EVALUATION IN TERMS OF ANKARA UNİVERSITY AND VIENNA UNIVERSITY

Year 2019, Issue 27, 377 - 392, 23.05.2019

Abstract

Tragically, the crime against humanity offered Turkey the unforeseen opportunity to transform the poor quality institution, in to the western-style university. In other words, fleeing Jewish scientist from the Nazi-persecution became a windfall for Atatürk’s determination to modernize Turkey. The select group of Germans and later Austrians with a record of leading-edge contributions to their respective disciplines came to Turkey to transform Turkey’s higher education system and the new Turkey entire infrastructure. According to me, these Jewish professors and their multi-faceted impact on Turkish science, medicine, law and education may was discussed with focus on Atatürk’s university reforms, the realization of which was attributed to the
emigres from German Speaking Europa. My purpose is discussing the impact of forced emigration of Jewish scholars and scientists after the Nazi tookover in 1933 in terms of both Vienna and Ankara.

References

  • Ankara University. (2016). Ankara university, faculty of educational sciences. Retrieved December 2, 2016, from http://wbee-euproject.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=52&lang=e
  • Ash, M. (2003). Forced migration or scientific change after 1933: Steps towards a new overview.
  • Ash, M., & Sollner, A. (2002). Forced Migration and Scientific Change. Retrieved from http://catdir.loc.gov/catdir/samples/cam031/95024894.pdf
  • Ash, M. G., & Söllner, A. (2002). Forced migration and scientific change: Emigré German-Speaking scientists. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Ash, M., & Sollner, A. (1996). Forced Migration and Scientific Change - German speaking scholars and scientists after 1933. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved from http://catdir.loc.gov/catdir/samples/cam031/95024894.pdfForced Migration Organization. (2012, January 27). What is forced migration? — forced migration online. Retrieved November 26, 2016, from http://www.forcedmigration.org/about/whatisfm
  • Gedo, J. (2002). The enduring scientific contributions of Sigmund Freud. Perspectives in biology and medicine., 45(2), 200–11. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11919379
  • Hanukoglu, I. (1999). Brief history of Turkish Jews. Retrieved December 2, 2016, from http://www.science.co.il/hi/Turkish/
  • Harris, C. (2002). The rejection of modern science: Retrieved December 2, 2016, from http://fch.fiu.edu/FCH-2002/Harris-The%20Rejection%20of%20Modern%20Science-2002.htm
  • Harwood, J. (1998). Mitchell G. Ash and Alfons Söllner (eds.), forced migration and scientific change: Emigré German-Speaking scientists and scholars after 1933. Cambridge: Cambridge university press, 1996. Pp. Xviii+301. ISBN 0-521-49741-8. £35.00, $59.95. - | the British j. The British Journal for the History of Science, 31(1), 102–63. doi:10.1017/S0007087497513203
  • Holocaust Museum. (1933). German Jewish refugees, 1933–1939. Retrieved November 26, 2016, from https://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005468
  • Keim, W. (2013). Lessons learned from German sociology, 1933–45: contexts and content. Social Science in Context. Historical, Sociological, and Global Perspectives, 95-114.
  • Mutlu, Y. (2009). Turkey’s Experience Of Forced Migration After 1980s And Social Integration: A Comparative Analysis Of Diyarbakır And İstanbul (Doctoral dissertation, Middle East Technical University).
  • Mughal, F. (2014, October 8). The Turkish Jewish community is a part of history and the future of turkey and they must be protected Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/fiyaz-mughal/turkish-jewish-community_b_5950466.html
  • Reisman, A. (2008). They Helped Modernize Turkey's Medical Education and Practice: Refugees from Nazism 1933-1945. Gesnerus, 65(1), 56.
  • Reisman, A. (2009). Turkey’s invitations to Nazi-Persecuted intellectuals circa 1933: A Bibliographic essay on history’s blind spot. Retrieved November 26, 2016, from http://www.covenant.idc.ac.il/en/vol3/issue1/turkeys_invitations_to_nazi-persecuted.html
  • Reisman, A. (2011). Nazizmden Kaçanlar ve Atatürk’ün Vizyonu (Turkey’s Modernization: Refugess from Nazizm and Atatürk’s Vision), çev.: Gül Çağalı Güven, İstanbul, Türkiye İş Bankası Kültür Yayınları.
  • Stadler, F. (2003). Intellectual Migration and Cultural Transformation: Refugees from National Socialism in the English-Speaking World, The Wiener Kreis in Great Britain: Emigrationand Interaction in the Philosophy of Science, 155-181.
  • Stahnisch, F. W., & Russell, G. (2016). New perspectives on forced migration in the history of twentieth-century neuroscience. Journal of the History of the Neurosciences, 25(3), 219–226. doi:10.1080/0964704x.2015.1121694
  • Stahsnisch, F. W., Stortz, P., Zimmerman, D., & Zeidman, L. (2016, November 6). “Great minds in despair ‒ the forced migration of German-speaking neuroscientists to north America, 1933‒1963.” Retrieved November 26, 2016, from https://www.researchgate.net/project/Great-minds-in-despair-the-forced-migration-of-German-speaking-neuroscientists-to-North-America-1933-1963
  • Tachau, F. (2002). Jews, Turks, Ottomans: A Shared History, Fifteenth Through The Twentieth Century, German Jewish Emigres in Turkey, 233-246.
  • Weindling, P. (1935). The impact of German medical scientists on British medicine: A case study of Oxford, 1933–45. Forced migration and scientific change. Emigré German-speaking scientists and scholars after, 86-114.
  • Weis, E. (1998). The impact of the intellectual migration on the United States and eastern Europe. Retrieved November 26, 2016, from http://www.vanderbilt.edu/AnS/physics/brau/H182/Term%20Papers/Eric%20Weiss.html
  • Widmann, H. (1999). Atatürk ve Üniversite Reformu, İstanbul, Kabalcı yayınevi.
  • Zamet, J. S. (2006). Aliens or colleagues? Refugees from Nazi oppression 1933-1945: Abstract: British dental journal. British Dental Journal, 201(6), 397–407. doi:10.1038/sj.bdj.4814062

1933 Sonrası Epistemik Göç ve Toplulukların Çatışması: Ankara Üniversitesi ve Viyana Üniversitesi Açısından Bir Değerlendirme

Year 2019, Issue 27, 377 - 392, 23.05.2019

Abstract

İnsanlığa karşı işlenen suç trajik olarak, Türkiye’ye eğitim açısından zayıf kurumları batı tarzı bir üniversiteye dönüştürmek için öngörülemeyen bir fırsat sundu. Bir başka deyişle, Atatürk’ün Türkiye’yi modernize etme kararlılığı, Nazi zulmünden kaçan Yahudi bilim insanları için bir şans haline geldi. Kendi disiplinlerine öncü katkıları olan seçili bir grup Alman ve Avusturyalı bilim insanları, Türkiye’nin yüksek öğretim sistemini ve yeni Türkiye’nin tüm altyapısını dönüştürmek için Türkiye’ye geldi. Bana göre, bu Yahudi profesörler ve onların Türk bilimi, tıbbı, hukuku ve eğitimi üzerindeki çok yönlü etkileri, Atatürk’ün üniversite reformlarını gerçekleştiren AlmancaKonuşan-Avrupa’dan gelen göçmenlere odaklanarak tartışılabilir. Amacım, Nazi egemenliğinden sonra, 1933’te Yahudi bilim adamlarının ve akademisyenlerinin zorunlu göçlerinin hem Viyana hem de Ankara açısından etkisini tartışmaktır.

References

  • Ankara University. (2016). Ankara university, faculty of educational sciences. Retrieved December 2, 2016, from http://wbee-euproject.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=52&lang=e
  • Ash, M. (2003). Forced migration or scientific change after 1933: Steps towards a new overview.
  • Ash, M., & Sollner, A. (2002). Forced Migration and Scientific Change. Retrieved from http://catdir.loc.gov/catdir/samples/cam031/95024894.pdf
  • Ash, M. G., & Söllner, A. (2002). Forced migration and scientific change: Emigré German-Speaking scientists. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Ash, M., & Sollner, A. (1996). Forced Migration and Scientific Change - German speaking scholars and scientists after 1933. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved from http://catdir.loc.gov/catdir/samples/cam031/95024894.pdfForced Migration Organization. (2012, January 27). What is forced migration? — forced migration online. Retrieved November 26, 2016, from http://www.forcedmigration.org/about/whatisfm
  • Gedo, J. (2002). The enduring scientific contributions of Sigmund Freud. Perspectives in biology and medicine., 45(2), 200–11. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11919379
  • Hanukoglu, I. (1999). Brief history of Turkish Jews. Retrieved December 2, 2016, from http://www.science.co.il/hi/Turkish/
  • Harris, C. (2002). The rejection of modern science: Retrieved December 2, 2016, from http://fch.fiu.edu/FCH-2002/Harris-The%20Rejection%20of%20Modern%20Science-2002.htm
  • Harwood, J. (1998). Mitchell G. Ash and Alfons Söllner (eds.), forced migration and scientific change: Emigré German-Speaking scientists and scholars after 1933. Cambridge: Cambridge university press, 1996. Pp. Xviii+301. ISBN 0-521-49741-8. £35.00, $59.95. - | the British j. The British Journal for the History of Science, 31(1), 102–63. doi:10.1017/S0007087497513203
  • Holocaust Museum. (1933). German Jewish refugees, 1933–1939. Retrieved November 26, 2016, from https://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005468
  • Keim, W. (2013). Lessons learned from German sociology, 1933–45: contexts and content. Social Science in Context. Historical, Sociological, and Global Perspectives, 95-114.
  • Mutlu, Y. (2009). Turkey’s Experience Of Forced Migration After 1980s And Social Integration: A Comparative Analysis Of Diyarbakır And İstanbul (Doctoral dissertation, Middle East Technical University).
  • Mughal, F. (2014, October 8). The Turkish Jewish community is a part of history and the future of turkey and they must be protected Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/fiyaz-mughal/turkish-jewish-community_b_5950466.html
  • Reisman, A. (2008). They Helped Modernize Turkey's Medical Education and Practice: Refugees from Nazism 1933-1945. Gesnerus, 65(1), 56.
  • Reisman, A. (2009). Turkey’s invitations to Nazi-Persecuted intellectuals circa 1933: A Bibliographic essay on history’s blind spot. Retrieved November 26, 2016, from http://www.covenant.idc.ac.il/en/vol3/issue1/turkeys_invitations_to_nazi-persecuted.html
  • Reisman, A. (2011). Nazizmden Kaçanlar ve Atatürk’ün Vizyonu (Turkey’s Modernization: Refugess from Nazizm and Atatürk’s Vision), çev.: Gül Çağalı Güven, İstanbul, Türkiye İş Bankası Kültür Yayınları.
  • Stadler, F. (2003). Intellectual Migration and Cultural Transformation: Refugees from National Socialism in the English-Speaking World, The Wiener Kreis in Great Britain: Emigrationand Interaction in the Philosophy of Science, 155-181.
  • Stahnisch, F. W., & Russell, G. (2016). New perspectives on forced migration in the history of twentieth-century neuroscience. Journal of the History of the Neurosciences, 25(3), 219–226. doi:10.1080/0964704x.2015.1121694
  • Stahsnisch, F. W., Stortz, P., Zimmerman, D., & Zeidman, L. (2016, November 6). “Great minds in despair ‒ the forced migration of German-speaking neuroscientists to north America, 1933‒1963.” Retrieved November 26, 2016, from https://www.researchgate.net/project/Great-minds-in-despair-the-forced-migration-of-German-speaking-neuroscientists-to-North-America-1933-1963
  • Tachau, F. (2002). Jews, Turks, Ottomans: A Shared History, Fifteenth Through The Twentieth Century, German Jewish Emigres in Turkey, 233-246.
  • Weindling, P. (1935). The impact of German medical scientists on British medicine: A case study of Oxford, 1933–45. Forced migration and scientific change. Emigré German-speaking scientists and scholars after, 86-114.
  • Weis, E. (1998). The impact of the intellectual migration on the United States and eastern Europe. Retrieved November 26, 2016, from http://www.vanderbilt.edu/AnS/physics/brau/H182/Term%20Papers/Eric%20Weiss.html
  • Widmann, H. (1999). Atatürk ve Üniversite Reformu, İstanbul, Kabalcı yayınevi.
  • Zamet, J. S. (2006). Aliens or colleagues? Refugees from Nazi oppression 1933-1945: Abstract: British dental journal. British Dental Journal, 201(6), 397–407. doi:10.1038/sj.bdj.4814062

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Philosophy
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Tuba UYMAZ> (Primary Author)
KASTAMONU ÜNİVERSİTESİ, FEN-EDEBİYAT FAKÜLTESİ
Türkiye

Publication Date May 23, 2019
Application Date February 28, 2019
Acceptance Date May 21, 2019
Published in Issue Year 2019, Volume , Issue 27

Cite

Chicago Uymaz, T. "EPISTEMIC MIGRATION AFTER 1933 AND CONFLICTS OF COMMUNITIES: AN EVALUATION IN TERMS OF ANKARA UNİVERSITY AND VIENNA UNIVERSITY". FLSF Felsefe ve Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi (2019 ): 377-392