Year 2020, Volume 5 , Issue 3, Pages 310 - 327 2020-09-14

Implementation of plyometric exercises to improve throwing velocity of male youth baseball players
Implementation of Plyometric Exercises to Improve Throwing Velocity of Male Youth Baseball Players

Dinçer CÜRE [1] , David GRIFFITHS [2] , Anthony J STERLACE [3]


The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a six-week upper-extremity plyometric exercise program on throwing velocity of male youth baseball players. This study utilized a quasi-experimental design in which comparisons were made between an upper-extremity plyometric group and a comparison group. 12 players were randomly recruited from two select level teams (12-15 each team) as a sample of convenience. Of those 12 players, 6 were randomly assigned to an experimental group and the other 6 were assigned to a comparison group. The experimental group participated in a supervised upper-extremity plyometric strength training program two times per week for 6 weeks, as well as a parent supervised home exercise program to be performed at home once per week. The comparison group completed their usual practice routine. All statistical analyses were conducted using SPSS (version 16.0; Inc., Chicago IL). And independent t-test, a Mann-Whitney test, and two Wilcoxon signed ranks tests were utilized to attempt to identify within, and between, group differences for the variables that were studied. After 6 weeks of training, the experimental group experienced an increase of 2.44 mph in throwing velocity which yielded statistically significant results when compared to the comparison group’s increase of 0.59 mph which was not statistically significant. The researchers, nonetheless, concluded that exercises using biomechanical principles identified in the SAID principle might prove beneficial to training athletes in overhand throwing sports.
Bu araştırmanın amacı altı haftalık üst ekstremite plyometrik egzersiz programının erkek genç beyzbol oyuncularının atış hızına etkilerini incelemekti. Bu çalışmada, üst ekstremite plyometrik grubu ile karşılaştırma grubu arasında karşılaştırma yapılan yarı-deneysel bir metod kullanılmıştır. Bir elverişlilik örneği olarak, iki belirli seviye takımdan rastgele 12 oyuncu (her takımdan 12-15) seçildi. Bu 12 oyuncunun 6'sı rastgele bir deney grubuna ve diğer 6'sı da bir karşılaştırma grubuna atandı. Deney grubu 6 hafta boyunca haftada iki kez yazarlardan en az birinin bizzat bulunduğu üst ekstremite plyometrik kuvvet antrenman programına ve haftada bir kez evde yapılacak ve bir velinin hazır bulunduğu ev egzersiz programına katıldı. Karşılaştırma grubu da kendi rutin antrenman programlarını tamamladılar. Tüm istatistiksel analizler SPSS (versiyon 16.0; Inc., Chicago IL) kullanılarak yapıldı. Araştırmanın üzerinde yapıldığı değişkenler için grup içi ve gruplar arası farklılıkları tespit etmek amacıyla bağımsız t-testi, Mann-Whitney testi ve iki adet Wilcoxon signed ranks testi kullanılmıştır. 6 hafta sonunda, karşılaştırma grubunun 0.59 mph’lik hızartışının, deney grubunun istatistiksel anlamda anlamlı sonuçlar veren 2.44 mph’lik hız artışıyla karşılaştırıldığında istatistiksel anlamda anlamlı sonuçlar vermediği görülmektedir. Araştırmacılar, SAID prensibinde tanımlanan biyomekanik prensipleri kullanarak yapılan egzersizlerin, sporcuları kolun yukarıdan aşağı doğru inen atış sporlarında eğitmek için faydalı olabileceği sonucuna varmışlardır.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Sport Sciences
Journal Section Hareket ve Antrenman Bilimleri
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-6746-5070
Author: Dinçer CÜRE (Primary Author)
Institution: Podotürk Ayak Sağlığı Merkezi
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-8027-8592
Author: David GRIFFITHS
Institution: Griffiths Performance Physiotherapy
Country: Canada


Orcid: 0000-0001-8228-3005
Author: Anthony J STERLACE
Institution: Brierwood Physical Therapy, PC
Country: United States


Dates

Publication Date : September 14, 2020

Bibtex @research article { gaunjss764381, journal = {Gaziantep Üniversitesi Spor Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {2536-5339}, eissn = {2536-5339}, address = {}, publisher = {Gaziantep University}, year = {2020}, volume = {5}, pages = {310 - 327}, doi = {10.31680/gaunjss.764381}, title = {Implementation of plyometric exercises to improve throwing velocity of male youth baseball players}, key = {cite}, author = {Cüre, Dinçer and Grıffıths, David and Sterlace, Anthony} }
APA Cüre, D , Grıffıths, D , Sterlace, A . (2020). Implementation of plyometric exercises to improve throwing velocity of male youth baseball players . Gaziantep Üniversitesi Spor Bilimleri Dergisi , 5 (3) , 310-327 . DOI: 10.31680/gaunjss.764381
MLA Cüre, D , Grıffıths, D , Sterlace, A . "Implementation of plyometric exercises to improve throwing velocity of male youth baseball players" . Gaziantep Üniversitesi Spor Bilimleri Dergisi 5 (2020 ): 310-327 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/gaunjss/issue/55783/764381>
Chicago Cüre, D , Grıffıths, D , Sterlace, A . "Implementation of plyometric exercises to improve throwing velocity of male youth baseball players". Gaziantep Üniversitesi Spor Bilimleri Dergisi 5 (2020 ): 310-327
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Implementation of plyometric exercises to improve throwing velocity of male youth baseball players AU - Dinçer Cüre , David Grıffıths , Anthony Sterlace Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.31680/gaunjss.764381 DO - 10.31680/gaunjss.764381 T2 - Gaziantep Üniversitesi Spor Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 310 EP - 327 VL - 5 IS - 3 SN - 2536-5339-2536-5339 M3 - doi: 10.31680/gaunjss.764381 UR - https://doi.org/10.31680/gaunjss.764381 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Gaziantep Üniversitesi Spor Bilimleri Dergisi Implementation of plyometric exercises to improve throwing velocity of male youth baseball players %A Dinçer Cüre , David Grıffıths , Anthony Sterlace %T Implementation of plyometric exercises to improve throwing velocity of male youth baseball players %D 2020 %J Gaziantep Üniversitesi Spor Bilimleri Dergisi %P 2536-5339-2536-5339 %V 5 %N 3 %R doi: 10.31680/gaunjss.764381 %U 10.31680/gaunjss.764381
ISNAD Cüre, Dinçer , Grıffıths, David , Sterlace, Anthony . "Implementation of plyometric exercises to improve throwing velocity of male youth baseball players". Gaziantep Üniversitesi Spor Bilimleri Dergisi 5 / 3 (September 2020): 310-327 . https://doi.org/10.31680/gaunjss.764381
AMA Cüre D , Grıffıths D , Sterlace A . Implementation of plyometric exercises to improve throwing velocity of male youth baseball players. GUJSS. 2020; 5(3): 310-327.
Vancouver Cüre D , Grıffıths D , Sterlace A . Implementation of plyometric exercises to improve throwing velocity of male youth baseball players. Gaziantep Üniversitesi Spor Bilimleri Dergisi. 2020; 5(3): 310-327.