Year 2017, Volume 11 , Issue 21, Pages 245 - 259 2017-12-14

Turkey’s Foreign Policy towards the Middle East in the 1950’s and Its Impact On Turco-Arab Relations

Mustafa Sıtkı Bilgin [1]


Turkey’s Middle Eastern policy was inaugurated by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk whose policy

reached its zenith with the establishment of the Pact of Sadabad in 1937. Thereafter this political

activism in the Middle East was abandoned by forthcoming Turkish leader, President

İnönü. İnönü adopted a rather passive policy in the regional affairs in order to follow a balanced

policy between Arabs and Jews for geopolitical reasons. When Democrat party came to

power in 1950 they re-embarked Turkey’s engagement in the Middle Eastern politics. Their

idea was to set up a kind of Arab-NATO under Turkey’s leadership. Their idea was first to

revive and develop the Sadabad Pact with which their efforts convert this pact into the Baghdad

Pact in 1955. Then their second aim was to secure Western especially American security

and economic aid. Apart from security imperatives, they believed that their political activism

against to the spread of communism in the Middle East could result western involvement in

the regional affairs and hence could result for more economic aid. Though Turkey to a greater

extend obtained their economic and political objectives vis a vis the West their policies with the

Arab states resulted in a failure. This was because there were fundamental differences in the

interests of Turkey and the Arab states.

This article is based on abundant archival documents available in Turkey and abroad.

It also consulted the available existing literature.

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Adnan Menderes, Democrat Party, USA, Turkey, Britain, Iraq, Egypt, Middle East, NATO, Baghdad Pact
  • Archival Documents Unpublished Documents PREM 11/568 . FO 371/21836. FO 371/23194. FO 371/59316. FO 371/18699. FO 371/48765. FO 195/2487/401. FO 371/87935. FO 371/87948. FO 624/128. Published Documents Foreign Relations of the United States (cited as FRUS), 1946, (Washington, 1969), Vol.VII, FRUS, 1947 Vol.V, The Near East and Africa. FRUS,1951, Vol.III, part 1, (Washington DC,1981) FRUS,1952-54, Vol IX, part 1,The Near East and Middle East FRUS, 1952-54, Vol IX, part1. FRUS, 1955-57, Vol XIII, Near East: Jordan, Yemen.
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Mustafa Sıtkı Bilgin

Dates

Publication Date : December 14, 2017

Bibtex @research article { gav379629, journal = {Gazi Akademik Bakış}, issn = {1307-9778}, eissn = {1309-5137}, address = {}, publisher = {Hale ŞIVGIN}, year = {2017}, volume = {11}, pages = {245 - 259}, doi = {10.19060/gav.379629}, title = {Turkey’s Foreign Policy towards the Middle East in the 1950’s and Its Impact On Turco-Arab Relations}, key = {cite}, author = {Bilgin, Mustafa Sıtkı} }
APA Bilgin, M . (2017). Turkey’s Foreign Policy towards the Middle East in the 1950’s and Its Impact On Turco-Arab Relations . Gazi Akademik Bakış , 11 (21) , 245-259 . DOI: 10.19060/gav.379629
MLA Bilgin, M . "Turkey’s Foreign Policy towards the Middle East in the 1950’s and Its Impact On Turco-Arab Relations" . Gazi Akademik Bakış 11 (2017 ): 245-259 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/gav/issue/34361/379629>
Chicago Bilgin, M . "Turkey’s Foreign Policy towards the Middle East in the 1950’s and Its Impact On Turco-Arab Relations". Gazi Akademik Bakış 11 (2017 ): 245-259
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Turkey’s Foreign Policy towards the Middle East in the 1950’s and Its Impact On Turco-Arab Relations AU - Mustafa Sıtkı Bilgin Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.19060/gav.379629 DO - 10.19060/gav.379629 T2 - Gazi Akademik Bakış JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 245 EP - 259 VL - 11 IS - 21 SN - 1307-9778-1309-5137 M3 - doi: 10.19060/gav.379629 UR - https://doi.org/10.19060/gav.379629 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Gazi Akademik Bakış Turkey’s Foreign Policy towards the Middle East in the 1950’s and Its Impact On Turco-Arab Relations %A Mustafa Sıtkı Bilgin %T Turkey’s Foreign Policy towards the Middle East in the 1950’s and Its Impact On Turco-Arab Relations %D 2017 %J Gazi Akademik Bakış %P 1307-9778-1309-5137 %V 11 %N 21 %R doi: 10.19060/gav.379629 %U 10.19060/gav.379629
ISNAD Bilgin, Mustafa Sıtkı . "Turkey’s Foreign Policy towards the Middle East in the 1950’s and Its Impact On Turco-Arab Relations". Gazi Akademik Bakış 11 / 21 (December 2017): 245-259 . https://doi.org/10.19060/gav.379629
AMA Bilgin M . Turkey’s Foreign Policy towards the Middle East in the 1950’s and Its Impact On Turco-Arab Relations. Gazi Akademik Bakış. 2017; 11(21): 245-259.
Vancouver Bilgin M . Turkey’s Foreign Policy towards the Middle East in the 1950’s and Its Impact On Turco-Arab Relations. Gazi Akademik Bakış. 2017; 11(21): 245-259.
IEEE M. Bilgin , "Turkey’s Foreign Policy towards the Middle East in the 1950’s and Its Impact On Turco-Arab Relations", Gazi Akademik Bakış, vol. 11, no. 21, pp. 245-259, Dec. 2017, doi:10.19060/gav.379629