Year 2021, Volume 21 , Issue , Pages 199 - 229 2021-05-15

Ankara’nın Doğusunda Kilise İnşası ve Şarap Yapımı Erken Bizans Dönemi’nde Orta Anadolu’nun Bölgesel Yönleri
Church Building and Wine Making East of Ankara. Regional Aspects of Central Anatolia in the Early Byzantine Period

Stephen MİTCHELL [1] , Philipp NIEWÖHNER [2] , Ali VARDAR [3] , Levent Egemen VARDAR [4]


Bu makale Galatia’daki Ankara/Ankyra’nın doğusudaki komşu alanlarda yapılmış bir arkeo-lojik yüzey araştırmasıyla saptanmış Erken Bizans Devri’ne ait taş oyma eserler ve yazıtları hakkındadır. Bazı dilimli sütun başlıkları Erken Hristiyan kiliselerinin törensel (litürjik) dü-zenlemelerinin özelliklerinden olabilir. Aynı biçimde bazı şarap sıkma gereçlerinin ağırlık taş-ları da Hristiyan simge ve yazıtlarla bezenmiştir. Kalecik/Malos’ta saptanan bir küme buluntu Ankyra’lı Aziz Theodotos dönemi olan dördüncü yüzyıl yaşamını yansıtır. Dolanmış yılan sembolünün işaret ettiği Asklepios ve Mısır Tanrıçası Isis’le bağlantılı antik tedavi yönteminin Hristiyanlık Dönemi’nde de sürdürüldüğü görülmektedir. Buluntular genel olarak bölgenin ünlü antik ve modern şarap üretim geleneğini ve sağlık kürlerinin burada sağlandığını kanıt-lamaktadır. Oymaların biçimsel repertuvar ve üslûbu Erken Bizans İmparatorluğu’nun diğer kesimlerindeki örneklerden farklılıklar göstermekte olup bu ek özgünlük Orta Anadolu’ya kendi başına bir Erken Hristiyan ‘Kunstlandschaft’ı (sanat bölgesi) olma hakkını vermektedir. Yazıtların çevirisi şöyledir:
s. 202, üst: Orogenes kızı Kale’nin adağını gerçekleştirmek için.
s. 202, alt: Gezgin (rahip) Eusebios’un adağını gerçekleştirmek için.
s. 210: Kutsal, kutsal, kutsal Efendi Sabaoth! Gökler senin şanınla dolu. Ey efendi, esirge! Hayat, ışık!
s. 211, üst: Kutsal Kudretli!
s. 211, alt: Immanuel!
s. 212: Tanrı kutsaldır!
s. 214: Ey Aziz Theodotos!, onların yardımına koş, zanaatkâr Antoninus ve Theodotos’un (yar-dımına), sağlıkla!
s. 218: İyi talihle! Sentius oğlu Lucius, Efendi Isis için adağın yerine getirilmesi vesilesi ile.
s. 221: Aglaometis tüm ‘Sınava Dayanıklı Şehit Kilisesi’ni süsledi.

This paper reports early Byzantine carvings and inscriptions that were found in a survey of the eastern vicinity of Ankara/Ancyra in Galatia. Some fluted column capitals can be attributed to liturgical furnishings of early Christian churches. Some weights for wine presses are likewise decorated with Christian symbols and inscriptions. A cluster of finds from Kalecik/Malos echoes the fourth-century Life of St Theodotus of Ancyra. The symbol of a coiled snake refers to an ancient healing tradition that was originally associated with Asklepios, but appears to have continued in Christian times. Overall, the finds confirm the area’s ancient, and modern, reputation for wine making and show that healing cures were also provided. The formal repertoire and style of the carvings differ from other parts of the early Byzantine empire and lend additional distinction to central Anatolia as an early Christian Kunstlandschaft in its own right.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-9623-0983
Author: Stephen MİTCHELL (Primary Author)
Institution: British Institute at Ankara
Country: Germany


Author: Philipp NIEWÖHNER
Institution: Georg-August Universität
Country: Germany


Orcid: 0000-0002-0100-2548
Author: Ali VARDAR
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-3857-3763
Author: Levent Egemen VARDAR
Institution: Kültür ve Turizm Bakanlığı Kültür Varlıkları ve Müzeler Genel Müdürlüğü
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution British Institute at Ankara (Ingiliz Arkeoloji Enstitüsü);
Dates

Application Date : February 5, 2021
Acceptance Date : March 23, 2021
Publication Date : May 15, 2021

Bibtex @research article { gephyra875328, journal = {Gephyra}, issn = {1309-3924}, eissn = {2651-5059}, address = {}, publisher = {Nalan Eda AKYÜREK ŞAHİN}, year = {2021}, volume = {21}, pages = {199 - 229}, doi = {10.37095/gephyra.875328}, title = {Church Building and Wine Making East of Ankara. Regional Aspects of Central Anatolia in the Early Byzantine Period}, key = {cite}, author = {Mitchell, Stephen and Nıewöhner, Philipp and Vardar, Ali and Vardar, Levent Egemen} }
APA Mitchell, S , Nıewöhner, P , Vardar, A , Vardar, L . (2021). Church Building and Wine Making East of Ankara. Regional Aspects of Central Anatolia in the Early Byzantine Period . Gephyra , 21 , 199-229 . DOI: 10.37095/gephyra.875328
MLA Mitchell, S , Nıewöhner, P , Vardar, A , Vardar, L . "Church Building and Wine Making East of Ankara. Regional Aspects of Central Anatolia in the Early Byzantine Period" . Gephyra 21 (2021 ): 199-229 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/gephyra/issue/60294/875328>
Chicago Mitchell, S , Nıewöhner, P , Vardar, A , Vardar, L . "Church Building and Wine Making East of Ankara. Regional Aspects of Central Anatolia in the Early Byzantine Period". Gephyra 21 (2021 ): 199-229
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Church Building and Wine Making East of Ankara. Regional Aspects of Central Anatolia in the Early Byzantine Period AU - Stephen Mitchell , Philipp Nıewöhner , Ali Vardar , Levent Egemen Vardar Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.37095/gephyra.875328 DO - 10.37095/gephyra.875328 T2 - Gephyra JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 199 EP - 229 VL - 21 IS - SN - 1309-3924-2651-5059 M3 - doi: 10.37095/gephyra.875328 UR - https://doi.org/10.37095/gephyra.875328 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Gephyra Church Building and Wine Making East of Ankara. Regional Aspects of Central Anatolia in the Early Byzantine Period %A Stephen Mitchell , Philipp Nıewöhner , Ali Vardar , Levent Egemen Vardar %T Church Building and Wine Making East of Ankara. Regional Aspects of Central Anatolia in the Early Byzantine Period %D 2021 %J Gephyra %P 1309-3924-2651-5059 %V 21 %N %R doi: 10.37095/gephyra.875328 %U 10.37095/gephyra.875328
ISNAD Mitchell, Stephen , Nıewöhner, Philipp , Vardar, Ali , Vardar, Levent Egemen . "Church Building and Wine Making East of Ankara. Regional Aspects of Central Anatolia in the Early Byzantine Period". Gephyra 21 / (May 2021): 199-229 . https://doi.org/10.37095/gephyra.875328
AMA Mitchell S , Nıewöhner P , Vardar A , Vardar L . Church Building and Wine Making East of Ankara. Regional Aspects of Central Anatolia in the Early Byzantine Period. GEPHYRA. 2021; 21: 199-229.
Vancouver Mitchell S , Nıewöhner P , Vardar A , Vardar L . Church Building and Wine Making East of Ankara. Regional Aspects of Central Anatolia in the Early Byzantine Period. Gephyra. 2021; 21: 199-229.
IEEE S. Mitchell , P. Nıewöhner , A. Vardar and L. Vardar , "Church Building and Wine Making East of Ankara. Regional Aspects of Central Anatolia in the Early Byzantine Period", Gephyra, vol. 21, pp. 199-229, May. 2021, doi:10.37095/gephyra.875328