Research Article
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Drawing Orders: Lines with/out Bodies

Year 2020, Volume 3, Issue 1, 51 - 73, 28.01.2020
https://doi.org/10.37246/grid.589369

Abstract

An investigation of architectural drawing offers a textual analysis of architecture and a critical perspective to discuss the architectural qualities established with(in) the drawing. Historically, drawing becomes prevalent as a disciplinary tool for architectural practice and research as long as it is limitations are acknowledged and challenged. This paper recognizes fluctuating dispositions architectural paradigm from drawing to withdrawing Orders. It traces the displacement of drawings constructed by lines with bodies with the drawings of lines without bodies to illustrate these dispositions. The study constructs a critical reading of the shifting meanings of “order” based on theoretical and practical approaches to drawing. The drawings are used not merely as visual representations of architecture but rather as texts to provide a reading of lines as tools of constructing and destructing orders in architecture. By drawing(s), how lines with/out bodies conceptualized order for different architectures and significantly determined their historiographies become visible.

References

  • Ackerman, J. (2002). Origins, Imitation, Conventions: Representation in the Visual Arts. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
  • Agrest, D. ([1976] 1998). Design versus Non-Design. In K. Michael Hays (ed.), Architecture Theory since 1968 (pp. 198-213). Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
  • Alberti, L. B. ([1452] 1988). On the Art of Building in Ten Books. Translated by Joseph Rykwert et. al. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
  • Anderson, S. (1987). On Criticism. Places 4(1), 7-8.
  • Benovolo, L. (1971). History of Modern Architecture. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
  • Colquhoun, A. (1981). Displacement of Concepts in Le Corbuiser. In Essays in Architectural Criticism: Modern Architecture and Historical Change (pp. 51-66). Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
  • Durand. J.N.L. ([1802] 2000). Précis des leçons d'architecture données à l’École royale polytechnique / Précis of the Lectures on Architecture. Introduction by Antoine Picon, translated by David Britt. Los Angeles: CA: Getty Publications.
  • Eisenman, P. (1970a). Notes on Conceptual Architecture: Towards a Definition. Design Quarterly 78/79, 1-5.
  • Eisenman, P. (1970b). From Object to Relationship: the Casa del Fascio by Terragni. Casabella, 344 (January), 38-41.
  • Eisenman, P. (1971). From Object to Relationship II: Giuseppe Terragni, Casa Giuliani Frigerio. Perspecta 13/14, 36-65.
  • Eisenman, P. et al. (1975). Five architects: Eisenman, Graves, Gwathmey, Hejduk, Meier. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Eisenman, P. (1987). Houses of Cards. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Eisenman, P.(1991). Strong Form, Weak Form. In Peter Noever and Regina Haslinger (eds.), Architecture in Transition: Between Deconstruction and New Modernism (pp. 32-43). Munich: Prestel.
  • Eisenman, P. (1999). Diagram Diaries. New York: Universe Publishing.
  • Eisenman, P. (2006). The Formal Basis of Modern Architecture. Lars Müller Publishers.
  • Evans, R. (1989). Architectural Projection. In Eve Blau and Edward Kaufman (eds.), Architecture and Its Image: Four Centuries of Architectural Representation: Works from the Collection of the Canadian Centre for Architecture (pp. 19-35). Montreal: Centre Canadien d'Architecture/Canadian Centre for Architecture; Cambridge, Mass.: Distributed by the MIT Press.
  • Evans, R. (1995). The Projective Cast: Architecture and Its Three Geometries. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
  • Evans, R. ([1984] 1998). In Front of Lines that Leave Nothing Behind. In K. Michael Hays (ed.), Architecture Theory since 1968 (pp. 480-489). Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
  • Frampton, K. (1981). Preface. In Essays in Architectural Criticism: Modern Architecture and Historical Change (pp. 1-10). Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
  • Hays, M. (1984). Critical Architecture: Between Culture and Form. Perspecta, 21, 14-29.
  • Le Corbusier. 1990. Oeuvre complète vol. I 1910-1929. Basel; Boston: Birkhäuser.
  • Le Corbuiser. ([1923] 2007). Vers Une Architecture / Toward an Architecture. Introduction by Jean-Louis Cohen, translated by John Goodman. Los Angeles, CA: Getty Research Institute.
  • Lotz, W. (1977). Studies in Italian Renaissance Architecture. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
  • Marolois, S. (1629). La Perspective contenant la théorie, practique et instruction fondamentale d’icelle. Amsterdam.
  • Palladio, A. (1570). I quattro libri dell’architectura. Venice.
  • Perrault, C. ([1683] 1993). Ordonnance for the Five Kinds of Columns after the Method of the Ancients. Intro. Alberto Pérez-Gómez. Trans. Indra Kagis McEwen. Santa Monica, CA: The Getty Center Publications.
  • Rykwert, J. et al. (1988). Glossary. On the Art of Building in Ten Books (420-428). Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
  • Serlio, S. (1584). Tutte l’opere d’architettura et prospettiva. Venice.
  • Somol, R. E. (1999). Dummy Text, or the Diagrammatic Basis of Contemporary Architecture. In Diagram Diaries (pp. 6-25). New York: Universe Publishing.
  • Summerson, J. (1963). The Classical Language of Architecture. London: BBC.
  • Türkay, Seray. (2011). The Orthographic Set: Making Architecture Visible. Unpublished Masters Thesis, METU.
  • Vitruvius, M. P. ([1st Century BC] 1960). Ten Books on Architecture. Translated by Morris Hicky Morgan. New York: Dover Publicaitons.
  • Wittkower, R. (1973). Architectural Principles in the Age of Humanism, New York: Van Nostrad Academy Editions: St. Martin Press.

Düzenlerin Çizimi | Çizimin Düzenleri: Bedenli / Bedensiz Çizgiler

Year 2020, Volume 3, Issue 1, 51 - 73, 28.01.2020
https://doi.org/10.37246/grid.589369

Abstract

Mimari çizim araştırması, mimarlık ve mimari çizimle birlikte tanımlanmış olan mimari niteliklerin üzerine eleştirel çözümlemeler sunar. Kısıtları tanınıp sorgulandığı takdirde çizim, mimarlık disiplini içerisinde araştırma ve uygulamanın tarihsel olarak en geçerli aracına dönüşmektedir. Bu çalışma, Düzenlerin çiziminden Düzenlerden çekilmeye doğru mimari paradigmalarda dalgalanan eğilimleri teşhis eder ve bu eğilimleri görselleştirmek için bedenli çizgilerle inşa edilen çizimlerin bedensiz çizgilerle yerinden edilmesinin izini sürer. Mimari çizime yönelik kuramsal ve uygulamalı yaklaşımlara dayanarak “düzen” kavramının değişen anlamları üzerine eleştirel bir okuma sunan araştırma, çizimleri mimarlığın salt görsel temsilleri olarak ele almaz. Çizimler, düzenleri kurmanın ve sökmenin araçları haline gelen çizgilerin okunabildiği metinler olarak kullanılmıştır. Bir diğer deyişle çizimler, düzenin farklı mimarlıklar için nasıl kavramsallaştırıldığını ve tarihselliklerinin nasıl tanımlandığını görünür kılar.

References

  • Ackerman, J. (2002). Origins, Imitation, Conventions: Representation in the Visual Arts. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
  • Agrest, D. ([1976] 1998). Design versus Non-Design. In K. Michael Hays (ed.), Architecture Theory since 1968 (pp. 198-213). Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
  • Alberti, L. B. ([1452] 1988). On the Art of Building in Ten Books. Translated by Joseph Rykwert et. al. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
  • Anderson, S. (1987). On Criticism. Places 4(1), 7-8.
  • Benovolo, L. (1971). History of Modern Architecture. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
  • Colquhoun, A. (1981). Displacement of Concepts in Le Corbuiser. In Essays in Architectural Criticism: Modern Architecture and Historical Change (pp. 51-66). Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
  • Durand. J.N.L. ([1802] 2000). Précis des leçons d'architecture données à l’École royale polytechnique / Précis of the Lectures on Architecture. Introduction by Antoine Picon, translated by David Britt. Los Angeles: CA: Getty Publications.
  • Eisenman, P. (1970a). Notes on Conceptual Architecture: Towards a Definition. Design Quarterly 78/79, 1-5.
  • Eisenman, P. (1970b). From Object to Relationship: the Casa del Fascio by Terragni. Casabella, 344 (January), 38-41.
  • Eisenman, P. (1971). From Object to Relationship II: Giuseppe Terragni, Casa Giuliani Frigerio. Perspecta 13/14, 36-65.
  • Eisenman, P. et al. (1975). Five architects: Eisenman, Graves, Gwathmey, Hejduk, Meier. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Eisenman, P. (1987). Houses of Cards. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Eisenman, P.(1991). Strong Form, Weak Form. In Peter Noever and Regina Haslinger (eds.), Architecture in Transition: Between Deconstruction and New Modernism (pp. 32-43). Munich: Prestel.
  • Eisenman, P. (1999). Diagram Diaries. New York: Universe Publishing.
  • Eisenman, P. (2006). The Formal Basis of Modern Architecture. Lars Müller Publishers.
  • Evans, R. (1989). Architectural Projection. In Eve Blau and Edward Kaufman (eds.), Architecture and Its Image: Four Centuries of Architectural Representation: Works from the Collection of the Canadian Centre for Architecture (pp. 19-35). Montreal: Centre Canadien d'Architecture/Canadian Centre for Architecture; Cambridge, Mass.: Distributed by the MIT Press.
  • Evans, R. (1995). The Projective Cast: Architecture and Its Three Geometries. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
  • Evans, R. ([1984] 1998). In Front of Lines that Leave Nothing Behind. In K. Michael Hays (ed.), Architecture Theory since 1968 (pp. 480-489). Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
  • Frampton, K. (1981). Preface. In Essays in Architectural Criticism: Modern Architecture and Historical Change (pp. 1-10). Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
  • Hays, M. (1984). Critical Architecture: Between Culture and Form. Perspecta, 21, 14-29.
  • Le Corbusier. 1990. Oeuvre complète vol. I 1910-1929. Basel; Boston: Birkhäuser.
  • Le Corbuiser. ([1923] 2007). Vers Une Architecture / Toward an Architecture. Introduction by Jean-Louis Cohen, translated by John Goodman. Los Angeles, CA: Getty Research Institute.
  • Lotz, W. (1977). Studies in Italian Renaissance Architecture. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
  • Marolois, S. (1629). La Perspective contenant la théorie, practique et instruction fondamentale d’icelle. Amsterdam.
  • Palladio, A. (1570). I quattro libri dell’architectura. Venice.
  • Perrault, C. ([1683] 1993). Ordonnance for the Five Kinds of Columns after the Method of the Ancients. Intro. Alberto Pérez-Gómez. Trans. Indra Kagis McEwen. Santa Monica, CA: The Getty Center Publications.
  • Rykwert, J. et al. (1988). Glossary. On the Art of Building in Ten Books (420-428). Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
  • Serlio, S. (1584). Tutte l’opere d’architettura et prospettiva. Venice.
  • Somol, R. E. (1999). Dummy Text, or the Diagrammatic Basis of Contemporary Architecture. In Diagram Diaries (pp. 6-25). New York: Universe Publishing.
  • Summerson, J. (1963). The Classical Language of Architecture. London: BBC.
  • Türkay, Seray. (2011). The Orthographic Set: Making Architecture Visible. Unpublished Masters Thesis, METU.
  • Vitruvius, M. P. ([1st Century BC] 1960). Ten Books on Architecture. Translated by Morris Hicky Morgan. New York: Dover Publicaitons.
  • Wittkower, R. (1973). Architectural Principles in the Age of Humanism, New York: Van Nostrad Academy Editions: St. Martin Press.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Architecture
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Seray TÜRKAY COŞKUN> (Primary Author)
TED Üniversitesi
0000-0003-1696-7921
Türkiye

Publication Date January 28, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume 3, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @research article { grid589369, journal = {GRID - Architecture Planning and Design Journal}, eissn = {2619-9556}, address = {Çankaya Üniversitesi Mimarlık Fakültesi, Balgat Kampüsü, Öğretmenler Caddesi, No: 14, 06530 Balgat/ANKARA/TÜRKİYE}, publisher = {Cankaya University}, year = {2020}, volume = {3}, number = {1}, pages = {51 - 73}, doi = {10.37246/grid.589369}, title = {Drawing Orders: Lines with/out Bodies}, key = {cite}, author = {Türkay Coşkun, Seray} }
APA Türkay Coşkun, S. (2020). Drawing Orders: Lines with/out Bodies . GRID - Architecture Planning and Design Journal , 3 (1) , 51-73 . DOI: 10.37246/grid.589369
MLA Türkay Coşkun, S. "Drawing Orders: Lines with/out Bodies" . GRID - Architecture Planning and Design Journal 3 (2020 ): 51-73 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/grid/issue/52111/589369>
Chicago Türkay Coşkun, S. "Drawing Orders: Lines with/out Bodies". GRID - Architecture Planning and Design Journal 3 (2020 ): 51-73
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Drawing Orders: Lines with/out Bodies AU - SerayTürkay Coşkun Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.37246/grid.589369 DO - 10.37246/grid.589369 T2 - GRID - Architecture Planning and Design Journal JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 51 EP - 73 VL - 3 IS - 1 SN - -2619-9556 M3 - doi: 10.37246/grid.589369 UR - https://doi.org/10.37246/grid.589369 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 GRID - Architecture Planning and Design Journal Drawing Orders: Lines with/out Bodies %A Seray Türkay Coşkun %T Drawing Orders: Lines with/out Bodies %D 2020 %J GRID - Architecture Planning and Design Journal %P -2619-9556 %V 3 %N 1 %R doi: 10.37246/grid.589369 %U 10.37246/grid.589369
ISNAD Türkay Coşkun, Seray . "Drawing Orders: Lines with/out Bodies". GRID - Architecture Planning and Design Journal 3 / 1 (January 2020): 51-73 . https://doi.org/10.37246/grid.589369
AMA Türkay Coşkun S. Drawing Orders: Lines with/out Bodies. GRID. 2020; 3(1): 51-73.
Vancouver Türkay Coşkun S. Drawing Orders: Lines with/out Bodies. GRID - Architecture Planning and Design Journal. 2020; 3(1): 51-73.
IEEE S. Türkay Coşkun , "Drawing Orders: Lines with/out Bodies", GRID - Architecture Planning and Design Journal, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 51-73, Jan. 2020, doi:10.37246/grid.589369