Year 2018, Volume 9 , Issue 24, Pages 122 - 146 2018-12-31

Endüstri 4.0: Yeni Üretim Tarzını Anlamak
Industry 4.0: Understanding the New Production Style

Erdem BAĞCI [1]


Bilimsel bilginin sahip olduğu olgusal, mantıksal, genelleyici ve nesnel yaklaşım özellikleri sayesinde iletişim ve bilişim teknolojileri hızla gelişimini sürdürmektedir. Bu gelişmeler insanlık yaşamını her yönüyle ciddi düzeyde etkilemektedir. Bu etkilerden biri de üretim süreçleri ve biçiminin değişmesidir. Endüstri 4.0 devrimi olarak ifade edilen gelişmeler neticesinde, 2050’li yıllara vardığımızda üretim yapısı ve süreçleri bugünkü yapıdan çok farklı olacaktır. Bu süreç, küresel ekonomik büyüme açısından yeni bir ivme sağlayacaktır. Bu bağlamda, sorulacak asıl soru, küresel ekonomik büyümenin sağlayacağı bu hasıladan hangi ülkeler faydalanacaktır. Özellikle de, ucuz emek gücüyle doğrudan yatırımlar çeken bu sayede kısmen de olsa küresel ekonomik büyümeden pay alan ülkeler açısından endüstri 4.0 devrimi ne anlam taşımaktadır. Bu bağlamda, bu çalışma endüstri 4.0 devriminin doğuracağı fırsatlardan yararlanmak ve/veya tehditlerden korunmak için firmalar ve ülkeler tarafından nasıl bir hazırlık süreci izlendiği ve bu sürecin doğuracağı etkiler irdelenmektedir.

Communication and information technologies continue to evolve rapidly, thanks to the factual, logical, generic and objective approach features of scientific knowledge. These developments are seriously affecting every aspect of human life. One of these effects is the change of production processes and form. When we reach the 2050s on the basis of developments expressed as 4.0 industrial revolution, the production structure and processes will be very different from today's structure. This process will provide new momentum for global economic growth. In this context, the main question to be asked is which countries will benefit from the output of this global economic growth. In particular, what is the meaning of the industry 4.0 revolution in terms of the countries that are part of the global economic growth, partly on the one that attracts direct investment with cheap labor power. In this context, this study examines the process by which firms and countries follow the process of preparation and the effects that this process will bring in order to take advantage of opportunities and / or to protect against threats of the industry 4.0 revolution.

 

  • Baysal, İ. (2015), “Endüstri 4.0”, 14. Çözüm Ortaklığı Platformu, Dijital Dönüşümü Anlamak, https://www.okul.pwc.com.tr/images/uploadfile/content/635863141496551266.pdf (04.03.2018)
  • Bedo, J.S., Strinati, E.C., Castellvi, S., Cherif, T., Frascolla, M.V., Haerick, W., Korthals, I., Lazaro, O., Sutedjo, E., Usatorre, L. ve Wollschlaeger, M.(2015), “5G and the Factories of the Future”, Editörler: Haerick, Wouter ve Gupta, Milon, White Paper, https://5g-ppp.eu/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/5G-PPP-White-Paper-on-Factories-of-the-Future-Vertical-Sector.pdf (06.04.2018)
  • Council for Science and Technology (2010), “Japan’s Science and Technology Policy Report”. http://www8.cao.go.jp/cstp/english/basic/4th-BasicPolicy.pdf (04.03.2018)
  • Deloitte. (2017), “The New Frontier Of Manufacturing Systems”, https://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/insights/us/articles/4051_The-smart-factory/DUP_The-smart-factory.pdf (04.03.2018)
  • EFFRA (2013), “Factories Of The Future, Multi‑Annual Roadmap For The Contractual PPP Under Horizon 2020”, https://ec.europa.eu/research/industrial_technologies/pdf/ppp-factories-of-the-future-strategic-multiannual-roadmap-info-day_en.pdf (10.05.2018)
  • Florian, E. ve Frische, P.(2015), “Industry 4.0/Industrial Internet of Things – Related Technologies and Requirements For a Successful Digital Transformation : An Investigation Of Manufacturing Businesses” Worldwide, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2698137 (10.05.2018)
  • Flynn, D., McCaffrey, P. ve Sejal, M. (2013), “The future of manufacturing: international perspectives - workshop report, Evidence Paper, Foresight”, Government Office for Science. https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/277151/ep1-international-workshops.pdf (10.05.2018)
  • IEC, (2015), “Factory of The Future”, White paper. http://www.iec.ch/whitepaper/pdf/iecWP-futurefactory-LR-en.pdf (12.04.2018)
  • Kang, H. S., Lee, J. Y., Choi, S., Kim, H., Park, J. H., Son, J. Y., Kim, B.H., ve Noh, S. D. (2016), “Smart Manufacturing: Past Research, Present Findings, And Future Directions”, International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing-Green Technology, 3(1), 111–128. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs40684-016-0015-5 (10.05.2018)
  • Kurtulmuş, B. (2014), “Endüstri 4.0: Yapay Zeka Teknolojileri”, http://kergun.baun.edu.tr/20172018Guz/YZ_Sunumlar/Endustri_4_0_Belginar_Kurtulmus.pdf (12.04.2018)
  • Lee, E. A. (2006), “Cyber-Physical Systems - Are Computing Foundations Adequate?”, Department of EECS, UC Berkeley, Position Paper for NSF Workshop On Cyber-Physical Systems: Research Motivation, Techniques and Roadmap October 16 - 17, 2006 Austin, TX.
  • Oesterreich, T. D., ve Teuteberg, F. (2016), “Understanding The Implications Of Digitisation And Automation In The Context Of Industry 4.0: A Triangulation Approach And Elements Of A Research Agenda For The Construction Industry, Computers In Industry”, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166361516301944?via%3Dihub (10.04.2018)
  • PWC, (2017), “Digital Factories 2020: Shaping Future Of Manufacturing ”. https://www.pwc.com/gx/en/industries/industrial-manufacturing/publications/digital-factories-2020.html(12.04.2018)
  • Geissbauer, R., Schrauf, S., Berttram,P., ve Cheraghi, F. (2017), “Digital Factories 2020: Shaping The Future Of Manufacturing, Published By Pricewaterhousecoopers”. https://www.pwc.de/de/digitale-transformation/digital-factories-2020-shaping-the-future-of-manufacturing.pdf (10.05.2018)
  • Ridgway, K., Clegg, C.W. ve Williams, D. J.(2013), “The Factory Of The Future”, Published By The National Metals Technology Centre, University Of Sheffield AMRC The National Metals Technology Centre, University of Sheffield AMRC, Wallis Way, Rotherham, S60 5TZ
  • T.C. Bilim, Sanayi ve Teknoloji Bakanlığı, “Türkiye Yazılım Sektörü Stratejisi ve Eylem Planı (2017-2019)” https://www.sanayi.gov.tr/handlers/DokumanGetHandler.ashx?dokumanId=663ce026-f803-4802-9267-73e84dbef61c (10.04.2018)
  • Tilley, J.(2017), “Automation, Robotics, And The Factory Of The Future”. https://www.mckinsey.com/business-functions/operations/our-insights/automation-robotics-and-the-factory-of-the-future (12.05.2018)
  • TOBB. (2016), “Akıllı Fabrikalar Geliyor”, http://haber.tobb.org.tr/ekonomikforum/2016/259/016_027.pdf (10.04.2018)
  • TUSIAD. (2016), “Türkiye’nin Küresel Rekabetçiliği İçin Bir Gereklilik Olarak Sanayi 4.0: Gelişmekte Olan Ekonomi Perspektifi”, Yayın No: TÜSİAD-T/2016-03/576
  • TÜBİTAK,(2016), “Yeni Sanayi Devrimi Akıllı Üretim Sistemleri Teknoloji Yol Haritası”, https://www.tubitak.gov.tr/tr/haber/yeni-sanayi-devrimi-akilli-uretim-sistemleri-teknoloji-yol-haritasi, (10.04.2018)
  • Türk, A., Kartoğlu, C., Kırcı, B., Tos, K., Çabuk, G., Pırnal, S.C., Kurum, E. (2014), “Akıllı Yeni Dünya: Dördüncü Sanayi Devrimi”, https://issuu.com/avrupaisletmeleragi/docs/endustri_4.0_ekoiq_kitapcik_een/6 (10.04.2018)
  • Walport, M. ve Lapthorne, R. (2013), “Future Of Manufacturing: A New Era Of Opportunity and Challenge For The UK”, https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/future-of-manufacturing/future-of-manufacturing-a-new-era-of-opportunity-and-challenge-for-the-uk-summary-report (06.04.2018)
  • Wang, S., Wan, J.,Li, D., ve Zhang, C. (2016), “Implementing Smart Factory of Industrie 4.0: An Outlook”. International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks, 2016. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1155/2016/3159805 (10.04.2018)
Primary Language tr
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-1856-3517
Author: Erdem BAĞCI (Primary Author)
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : December 31, 2018

APA Bağcı, E . (2018). Endüstri 4.0: Yeni Üretim Tarzını Anlamak . Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Elektronik Dergisi , 9 (24) , 122-146 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/gumus/issue/40078/433164