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Determination of Fusarium resistance in registered chickpea cultivars

Year 2019, Volume 23, Issue 2, 218 - 225, 18.06.2019
https://doi.org/10.29050/harranziraat.461816

Abstract

The soil-borne fungus Fusarium oxysporum has a broad host range. Fusarium oxysporum Schlect Fr. f.sp. ciceris (FOC) was first described in 1940 in India. This agent causes wilting and yellowing of chickpea. The use of resistant cultivars is the most economic and effective method to combat with the disease. In addition, the use of resistant cultivars as an integrated management strategy may increase the effectiveness of control measures of the other diseases. In this study, it is aimed to evaluate the resistance of registered chickpea cultivars and lines to fusarium wilt. More than 60% of the materials used in the study were died with wilting and yellowing from the third week.

References

  • Al-Taae, A., K., Hadwan, H., A., Al-Jobory, S., A., E., 2013. Physiological races of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris in Iraq. Journal of Life Sciences 7: 1070-1075.
  • Anonim, 2017. www.tarim.gov.tr/TAGEM, Nohut Entegre Mücadele Teknik Talimatı. Tarımsal Araştırmalar ve Politikalar Genel Müdürlüğü Ankara.
  • Bayraktar, H., Dolar, F. S., 2012. Pathogenic variability of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris isolates from chickpea in Turkey. Pak. J. Bot., 44: 821-823.
  • Cabrera de la Colina, J., Trapero-Casas, A., Jimenez-Diaz, R.M., 1985. Races of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp.ciceris in Andalucia, Southern Spain. International Chickpea Newsletter, 13: 24-26.
  • Cabrera, J., Colina, D., L., Trapero-Casas, A,. Jimenz-Diaz, R., M., 1989. Races of Foc in Andalusia, South Spain. International Chickpea Newsletter, 13: 24-26.
  • Demirci , E., Eken , C., Kantar , 1999. Pathogenicity of Wilt and Root Rot Pathogens of Chickpea cv.Aziziye-94 . J. Turk. Phytopath., Vol. 28 (1-2):25-32.
  • Dolar, F., S. 1995. Evaluation of Some Chickpea Cultivars for Resistance to Ascochyta rabiei ( Pass .) Labr., Fusarium oxysporum and Fusarium solani in Türkiye . J. Turk. Phytopath., 24 (1):15-22.
  • Dolar, F., S., 1997. Determination of the races of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris in Ankara province of Turkey. Journal of Turkish Phytopathogy 26: 11-15.
  • Dolar, F., S., 2006. Nohutlarda solgunluga neden olan Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. ciceris’ in Türkiye’dekimevcut patotiplerinin Random Amplified Polymorfic DNA (RAPD) yöntemi ile saptanması. Ankara Üniversitesi Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri. Kesin Raporu.
  • Farahani, S., Morid, B., Maleki, M., Saberi, S., 2015. Using SCAR Molecular Marker to Detect Resistance Genes to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. Ciceris in Chickpea Cultivars and Lines. Biological Forum – An International Journal 7(1): 1369-1376.
  • Halila, M. H., Strange, R.N. 1996. Identification of the causal agent of wilt of chickpea in Tunisia as Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris race 0. Phytopathology, 86: 67-74.
  • Halila, H., M., Strange, R., N., 1996. Identification of the causal agent of wilt of chickpea in Tunisia as Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris race 0. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 35: 67-74.
  • Haware, M.P., Nene, Y.L., 1982. Races of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris. Plant Dis. 66: 809-810.
  • Haware , M.P., Jimenez-Diaz, A., K,S ;Phillips, J.C., Halila, H., 1990. Interegrated Management of Wilt and Root Rot , of Chickpea . ICRISAT Conference Paper no . CP 561.
  • Infantino, A., Kharrat, M., Riccioni, L., Coyne, C., J., Mcphee K., E., Grünwald, N., J., 2006. Screening techniques and sources of resistance to root diseases in cool season food legumes. Euphytica, 147: 201–221
  • Jiménez-Díaz, R., M., Alcalá-Jiménez, A., R., Hervás, A., Trapero-Casas J., L., 1993. Pathogenic variability and hosts resistance in the Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris / Cicer arietinum pathosystem. In: Proc. 3rd Eur. Semin. Fusarium Mycotoxins, Taxonomy, Pathogenicity and Host Resistance, Hodowsla Ròslin Aklimatyazacja i Nasiennictwo. Plant Breeding and Acclimatization Institute, Radzikóv, Poland, p. 87-94
  • Jiménez-Gasco, M., M., Perez-Artes, E., Jimenez-Diaz, R.,M., 2001. Identification of pathogenic races 0 1B/C, 5 and 6 of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris with random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD). Eur J Plant Pathol, 51: 72-77.
  • Jiménez-Díaz, R., M.; Castillo, P., B.,Jimenez-Gasco, M., M.; Landa, B., B., Navas-Cort, J., A., 2015. Fusarium wilt of chickpeas: Biology, ecology and management. Crop Protection, 73;16-27
  • Kaiser, W.J., Alcala-Jimenaz, A.R., Hervas-Vargas, A., Trapero-Casas, J.L. Ve Jimenaz-Diaz, R.M. 1994. Screnning of wild Cicer species for resistance to race 0 and 5 of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. ciceris. Plant Disease, 78:962-967
  • Landa, B., Navas-Cortes, J.A. & Jimenez-Diaz, R.M. 2004. Integrated management of Fusarium wilt of chickpea with sowing date, host resistance and biological control. Phytopathology. 94: 946-960.
  • Maden, S., 1987. Seed-borne fungal diseases of chickpea in Turkey. Journal of Turkish Phytopathology, 16, 1-8.
  • Martin, A., 2004. Yerli nohut çeşitlerinin Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. ciceris ırklarına karşı reaksiyonları. Ankara Üniversitesi, Ziraat Fakültesi Bitki koruma Bölümü, Yüksek Lisans Tezi.
  • Millán T, Rubio J, Iruela M, Daly K, Cubero Jı, Gil J., 2003. Markers associated with Ascochyta blight resistance in chickpea and their potential in markerassisted selection. Field Crops Res., 84:373–384
  • Nene, Y.L., Haware, M.P. (1980). Screening chickpea for resistance to wilt. Plant Dis., 64: 379-380.
  • Nene, Y., L., Haware, M., P., and Reddy, M., V. 1981. Chıckpea Dıseases. Resistance - Screening Techniques. ICRISAT Information Bulletin, No. 10.
  • Pandey, S., Gan, Y., Pathak, M. And Yadav, S. S., 2007. Integrated crop production and management technology of chickpea. Chickpea Breeding and Management. pp. 268-290.
  • Padwick, G.W. 1940 .The genus Fusarium.A critical study of the fungus causing wilt of gram ( Cicer arietinum L.) and the related species of the subsection Orthocera with special relation to the variability of key characteristics. Indian J. Agric. Sci., 10:241-284.
  • Patra, S., Biswas, M., K., 2017. Studies on cultural, morphological and pathogenic variability among the isolates of fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceri causing wilt of chickpea. International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences, 7 (1).
  • Phillips J. C., (1988) A distinct race of chickpea wilt in California. International Chickpea Newsletters,18: 19–20.
  • Rahman, M., L., Haware, M.,P., Mian, I., H.,, Akanda, A.,.M., 1998. Races of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris causing chickpea wilt in India. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Pathology, 14: 33–36
  • Sharma, M., Varshney, R., K., Rao, J., N., Kannan, S., Hoisington, D., Pande, S.,2009. Genetic diversity in Indian isolates of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris, chickpea wilt pathogen. African Journal of Biotechnology ,8 (6), 1016-1023.
  • Sharma, M., Nagavardhini, A., Thudi, M., Ghosh, R., Pande, S., Varshney, R., K., 2014. Development of DArT markers and assessment of diversity in Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris, wilt pathogen of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Sharma ve ark. BMC Genomics, 15:454.
  • Tanksley, S., D., 1993. Mapping polygenes. Annu. Rev. Genet. 27:205-23
  • Tanksley, S.D., Ganal, M.W., Prince, J.P., De Vicente, M.C., Bonierbale, M.W., Broun, P., Fulton, T.M., Givannoni, J.J., Martin, S., Messeguer, .B., Miller, R.J.C., Paterson, A.H., Pineda, O., Ro, M.S., Wing, R.A., Wu, W. & Young, N.D., 1992. High density molecular linkage maps of the tomato and potato genomes. Genetics, 132: 1141-1160.
  • Tekeoğlu, M., Santra, D., K., Kaiser, W., J., Muehlbauer, F., J., 2000. Ascochyta blight resistance in three chickpea recombinanat inbred line populations, Crop Sience 40:1251-1256.
  • Tekeoğlu, M., Özkılınç, H., Tunalı, B., Küsmenoğlu, İ., Chen, W., 2017. Molecular identification of Fusarium spp. causing wilt of chickpea and the first report of Fusarium redolens in Turkey. Medıterranean Agrıcultural Scıences, 30(1): 27-33
  • Trapero-Casas, A. & R.M. Jim´Enez-Diaz, 1985. Fungal wilt and root rot diseases of chickpea in southern Spain. Phytopatholog,y 75: 1146–1151.
  • Yücel, S., Domates Fusarium Solgunluğuna (Fusarium oxsyporum Schlecht. F. sp. lycopersici (sacc) Snyd. Hans. ) Karşı Biyolojik Kontrolde Antagonistlerin ve Toprak Solarizasyon Uygulamasının karşılıklı Etkileşimlerinden yaralanma olanakları üzerine araştırmalar. Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknik Araştırma Kurumu, Tarım ve Ormancılık Araştırma Grubu Proje Raporu. Proje No 543.

Tescilli nohut çeşitlerinde Fusarium dayanıklılığının belirlenmesi

Year 2019, Volume 23, Issue 2, 218 - 225, 18.06.2019
https://doi.org/10.29050/harranziraat.461816

Abstract

Toprak kökenli bir fungus olan Fusarium oxysporum geniş bir konukçu aralığına sahiptir. Nohut bitkisine özelleşmiş olan Fusarium oxysporum Schlect Fr. f.sp. ciceris (FOC) bitkide sararma ve solgunluğa sebep olmaktadır. Dayanıklı çeşit kullanımının nohutta Fusarium solgunluğu hastalığı ile mücadelede en etkin ve ekonomik yöntemdir. Türkiye’deki tescilli nohut çeşitlerinin Fusarium hastalığına dayanıklılığı ile ilgili yeterli bilgi bulunmamaktadır. Bu çalışmada 34 tescilli nohut çeşidinde Fusarium solgunluğuna karşı dayanıklılığın belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Tescilli çeşit materyallerinde dayanıklılık tespit edilmemiştir. Dahası çalışmada kullanılan materyallerin 20’si üçüncü haftadan itibaren solgunluk ve sararma ile birlikte ölüm gerçekleştiği görülmüştür.

References

  • Al-Taae, A., K., Hadwan, H., A., Al-Jobory, S., A., E., 2013. Physiological races of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris in Iraq. Journal of Life Sciences 7: 1070-1075.
  • Anonim, 2017. www.tarim.gov.tr/TAGEM, Nohut Entegre Mücadele Teknik Talimatı. Tarımsal Araştırmalar ve Politikalar Genel Müdürlüğü Ankara.
  • Bayraktar, H., Dolar, F. S., 2012. Pathogenic variability of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris isolates from chickpea in Turkey. Pak. J. Bot., 44: 821-823.
  • Cabrera de la Colina, J., Trapero-Casas, A., Jimenez-Diaz, R.M., 1985. Races of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp.ciceris in Andalucia, Southern Spain. International Chickpea Newsletter, 13: 24-26.
  • Cabrera, J., Colina, D., L., Trapero-Casas, A,. Jimenz-Diaz, R., M., 1989. Races of Foc in Andalusia, South Spain. International Chickpea Newsletter, 13: 24-26.
  • Demirci , E., Eken , C., Kantar , 1999. Pathogenicity of Wilt and Root Rot Pathogens of Chickpea cv.Aziziye-94 . J. Turk. Phytopath., Vol. 28 (1-2):25-32.
  • Dolar, F., S. 1995. Evaluation of Some Chickpea Cultivars for Resistance to Ascochyta rabiei ( Pass .) Labr., Fusarium oxysporum and Fusarium solani in Türkiye . J. Turk. Phytopath., 24 (1):15-22.
  • Dolar, F., S., 1997. Determination of the races of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris in Ankara province of Turkey. Journal of Turkish Phytopathogy 26: 11-15.
  • Dolar, F., S., 2006. Nohutlarda solgunluga neden olan Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. ciceris’ in Türkiye’dekimevcut patotiplerinin Random Amplified Polymorfic DNA (RAPD) yöntemi ile saptanması. Ankara Üniversitesi Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri. Kesin Raporu.
  • Farahani, S., Morid, B., Maleki, M., Saberi, S., 2015. Using SCAR Molecular Marker to Detect Resistance Genes to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. Ciceris in Chickpea Cultivars and Lines. Biological Forum – An International Journal 7(1): 1369-1376.
  • Halila, M. H., Strange, R.N. 1996. Identification of the causal agent of wilt of chickpea in Tunisia as Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris race 0. Phytopathology, 86: 67-74.
  • Halila, H., M., Strange, R., N., 1996. Identification of the causal agent of wilt of chickpea in Tunisia as Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris race 0. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 35: 67-74.
  • Haware, M.P., Nene, Y.L., 1982. Races of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris. Plant Dis. 66: 809-810.
  • Haware , M.P., Jimenez-Diaz, A., K,S ;Phillips, J.C., Halila, H., 1990. Interegrated Management of Wilt and Root Rot , of Chickpea . ICRISAT Conference Paper no . CP 561.
  • Infantino, A., Kharrat, M., Riccioni, L., Coyne, C., J., Mcphee K., E., Grünwald, N., J., 2006. Screening techniques and sources of resistance to root diseases in cool season food legumes. Euphytica, 147: 201–221
  • Jiménez-Díaz, R., M., Alcalá-Jiménez, A., R., Hervás, A., Trapero-Casas J., L., 1993. Pathogenic variability and hosts resistance in the Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris / Cicer arietinum pathosystem. In: Proc. 3rd Eur. Semin. Fusarium Mycotoxins, Taxonomy, Pathogenicity and Host Resistance, Hodowsla Ròslin Aklimatyazacja i Nasiennictwo. Plant Breeding and Acclimatization Institute, Radzikóv, Poland, p. 87-94
  • Jiménez-Gasco, M., M., Perez-Artes, E., Jimenez-Diaz, R.,M., 2001. Identification of pathogenic races 0 1B/C, 5 and 6 of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris with random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD). Eur J Plant Pathol, 51: 72-77.
  • Jiménez-Díaz, R., M.; Castillo, P., B.,Jimenez-Gasco, M., M.; Landa, B., B., Navas-Cort, J., A., 2015. Fusarium wilt of chickpeas: Biology, ecology and management. Crop Protection, 73;16-27
  • Kaiser, W.J., Alcala-Jimenaz, A.R., Hervas-Vargas, A., Trapero-Casas, J.L. Ve Jimenaz-Diaz, R.M. 1994. Screnning of wild Cicer species for resistance to race 0 and 5 of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. ciceris. Plant Disease, 78:962-967
  • Landa, B., Navas-Cortes, J.A. & Jimenez-Diaz, R.M. 2004. Integrated management of Fusarium wilt of chickpea with sowing date, host resistance and biological control. Phytopathology. 94: 946-960.
  • Maden, S., 1987. Seed-borne fungal diseases of chickpea in Turkey. Journal of Turkish Phytopathology, 16, 1-8.
  • Martin, A., 2004. Yerli nohut çeşitlerinin Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. ciceris ırklarına karşı reaksiyonları. Ankara Üniversitesi, Ziraat Fakültesi Bitki koruma Bölümü, Yüksek Lisans Tezi.
  • Millán T, Rubio J, Iruela M, Daly K, Cubero Jı, Gil J., 2003. Markers associated with Ascochyta blight resistance in chickpea and their potential in markerassisted selection. Field Crops Res., 84:373–384
  • Nene, Y.L., Haware, M.P. (1980). Screening chickpea for resistance to wilt. Plant Dis., 64: 379-380.
  • Nene, Y., L., Haware, M., P., and Reddy, M., V. 1981. Chıckpea Dıseases. Resistance - Screening Techniques. ICRISAT Information Bulletin, No. 10.
  • Pandey, S., Gan, Y., Pathak, M. And Yadav, S. S., 2007. Integrated crop production and management technology of chickpea. Chickpea Breeding and Management. pp. 268-290.
  • Padwick, G.W. 1940 .The genus Fusarium.A critical study of the fungus causing wilt of gram ( Cicer arietinum L.) and the related species of the subsection Orthocera with special relation to the variability of key characteristics. Indian J. Agric. Sci., 10:241-284.
  • Patra, S., Biswas, M., K., 2017. Studies on cultural, morphological and pathogenic variability among the isolates of fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceri causing wilt of chickpea. International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences, 7 (1).
  • Phillips J. C., (1988) A distinct race of chickpea wilt in California. International Chickpea Newsletters,18: 19–20.
  • Rahman, M., L., Haware, M.,P., Mian, I., H.,, Akanda, A.,.M., 1998. Races of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris causing chickpea wilt in India. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Pathology, 14: 33–36
  • Sharma, M., Varshney, R., K., Rao, J., N., Kannan, S., Hoisington, D., Pande, S.,2009. Genetic diversity in Indian isolates of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris, chickpea wilt pathogen. African Journal of Biotechnology ,8 (6), 1016-1023.
  • Sharma, M., Nagavardhini, A., Thudi, M., Ghosh, R., Pande, S., Varshney, R., K., 2014. Development of DArT markers and assessment of diversity in Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris, wilt pathogen of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Sharma ve ark. BMC Genomics, 15:454.
  • Tanksley, S., D., 1993. Mapping polygenes. Annu. Rev. Genet. 27:205-23
  • Tanksley, S.D., Ganal, M.W., Prince, J.P., De Vicente, M.C., Bonierbale, M.W., Broun, P., Fulton, T.M., Givannoni, J.J., Martin, S., Messeguer, .B., Miller, R.J.C., Paterson, A.H., Pineda, O., Ro, M.S., Wing, R.A., Wu, W. & Young, N.D., 1992. High density molecular linkage maps of the tomato and potato genomes. Genetics, 132: 1141-1160.
  • Tekeoğlu, M., Santra, D., K., Kaiser, W., J., Muehlbauer, F., J., 2000. Ascochyta blight resistance in three chickpea recombinanat inbred line populations, Crop Sience 40:1251-1256.
  • Tekeoğlu, M., Özkılınç, H., Tunalı, B., Küsmenoğlu, İ., Chen, W., 2017. Molecular identification of Fusarium spp. causing wilt of chickpea and the first report of Fusarium redolens in Turkey. Medıterranean Agrıcultural Scıences, 30(1): 27-33
  • Trapero-Casas, A. & R.M. Jim´Enez-Diaz, 1985. Fungal wilt and root rot diseases of chickpea in southern Spain. Phytopatholog,y 75: 1146–1151.
  • Yücel, S., Domates Fusarium Solgunluğuna (Fusarium oxsyporum Schlecht. F. sp. lycopersici (sacc) Snyd. Hans. ) Karşı Biyolojik Kontrolde Antagonistlerin ve Toprak Solarizasyon Uygulamasının karşılıklı Etkileşimlerinden yaralanma olanakları üzerine araştırmalar. Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknik Araştırma Kurumu, Tarım ve Ormancılık Araştırma Grubu Proje Raporu. Proje No 543.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Agriculture
Published Date 2019
Journal Section Araştırma Makaleleri
Authors

Ümran AKGÜN YILDIRIM (Primary Author)
GAP Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü, Şanlıurfa
0000-0003-3843-1343
Türkiye


Mehmet Ertuğrul GÜLDÜR
Harran Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Bitki Koruma Bölümü
0000-0002-3374-5602
Türkiye

Publication Date June 18, 2019
Application Date October 20, 2018
Acceptance Date May 3, 2019
Published in Issue Year 2019, Volume 23, Issue 2

Cite

Bibtex @research article { harranziraat461816, journal = {Harran Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {2148-5003}, eissn = {2587-1358}, address = {}, publisher = {Harran University}, year = {2019}, volume = {23}, pages = {218 - 225}, doi = {10.29050/harranziraat.461816}, title = {Tescilli nohut çeşitlerinde Fusarium dayanıklılığının belirlenmesi}, key = {cite}, author = {Akgün Yıldırım, Ümran and Güldür, Mehmet Ertuğrul} }
APA Akgün Yıldırım, Ü. & Güldür, M. E. (2019). Tescilli nohut çeşitlerinde Fusarium dayanıklılığının belirlenmesi . Harran Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi , 23 (2) , 218-225 . DOI: 10.29050/harranziraat.461816
MLA Akgün Yıldırım, Ü. , Güldür, M. E. "Tescilli nohut çeşitlerinde Fusarium dayanıklılığının belirlenmesi" . Harran Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi 23 (2019 ): 218-225 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/harranziraat/issue/45625/461816>
Chicago Akgün Yıldırım, Ü. , Güldür, M. E. "Tescilli nohut çeşitlerinde Fusarium dayanıklılığının belirlenmesi". Harran Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi 23 (2019 ): 218-225
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Tescilli nohut çeşitlerinde Fusarium dayanıklılığının belirlenmesi AU - Ümran Akgün Yıldırım , Mehmet Ertuğrul Güldür Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.29050/harranziraat.461816 DO - 10.29050/harranziraat.461816 T2 - Harran Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 218 EP - 225 VL - 23 IS - 2 SN - 2148-5003-2587-1358 M3 - doi: 10.29050/harranziraat.461816 UR - https://doi.org/10.29050/harranziraat.461816 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Harran Journal of Agricultural and Food Science Tescilli nohut çeşitlerinde Fusarium dayanıklılığının belirlenmesi %A Ümran Akgün Yıldırım , Mehmet Ertuğrul Güldür %T Tescilli nohut çeşitlerinde Fusarium dayanıklılığının belirlenmesi %D 2019 %J Harran Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi %P 2148-5003-2587-1358 %V 23 %N 2 %R doi: 10.29050/harranziraat.461816 %U 10.29050/harranziraat.461816
ISNAD Akgün Yıldırım, Ümran , Güldür, Mehmet Ertuğrul . "Tescilli nohut çeşitlerinde Fusarium dayanıklılığının belirlenmesi". Harran Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi 23 / 2 (June 2019): 218-225 . https://doi.org/10.29050/harranziraat.461816
AMA Akgün Yıldırım Ü. , Güldür M. E. Tescilli nohut çeşitlerinde Fusarium dayanıklılığının belirlenmesi. Harran Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi. 2019; 23(2): 218-225.
Vancouver Akgün Yıldırım Ü. , Güldür M. E. Tescilli nohut çeşitlerinde Fusarium dayanıklılığının belirlenmesi. Harran Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi. 2019; 23(2): 218-225.
IEEE Ü. Akgün Yıldırım and M. E. Güldür , "Tescilli nohut çeşitlerinde Fusarium dayanıklılığının belirlenmesi", Harran Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 218-225, Jun. 2019, doi:10.29050/harranziraat.461816

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