Research Article
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The Study of Reliability and Validity of the Affective Style Questionnaire in Emerging Adulthood

Year 2021, Volume 11, Issue 1, 49 - 55, 30.04.2021

Abstract

The Affective Style Questionnaire was developed by Hofmann ve Kashdan (2010) to determine the affective styles of individuals. The
purpose of this study is to adapt “The Affective Style Questionnaire” in Turkish culture and to perform a validity and reliability study
on a sample consisting of university students who are in appearing adulthood period in Turkey. The study group consisted of 343 (192
female and 151 male) students attending to various departments of the Faculty of Education at Dokuz Eylül University. The validity of the
questionnaire was determined by construct validity, concurrent validity and language validity studies. Confirmatory factor analysis was
performed to test construct validity. The original three-factor structure of the questionnaire has been verified. As a result of concurrent
validity it was found a positive and significant correlation between the scores of The Affective Style Questionnaire and The Emotion
Regulation Questionnaire. Similary, in the language validity study, a positive and significant correlation was obtained between two
applications. In addition, the internal consistency and test-retest reliability coefficients supported the reliability of the questionnaire. The
results show that “The Affective Style Questionnaire” will be used as a valid and reliable measurement tool.

References

  • Aldao, A. (2013). The future of emotion regulation research capturing context. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 8(2), 155–172. .doi.org/10.1177/ 1745691612459518.
  • Arnett, J. J. (2000). Emerging adulthood: A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties. American Psychologist. 55(5),469-480. doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.55.5.469.
  • Arnett, J. J. (2004). Emerging Adulthood: The winding road from the late teens through the twenties. (First edition). (s.87-88).Oxford University Press: New York.
  • Arnett, J. J. (2007) Emerging adulthood: What is it, and what is it good for? Child Development Perspectives, 1 (2), 68-73. doi: 10.1111/j.1750-8606.2007.00016.x.
  • Bingöl, D. (2017). Duygu stilleri ve duygusal zekanın yordayıcısı olarak bağlanma stilleri. Yayınlanmamış yüksek lisans tezi. İstanbul Arel Üniversitesi, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, İstanbul.
  • Brewer, S. K., Zahniser, E. ve Conley, C. S. (2016). Longitudinal of emotion regulation on emerging adults: Variable- and person-centered approaches. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 47, 1-12. doi.org/10.1016/j.appdev.2016.09.002
  • Byrd, K. M. (2016). Binge drinking in and out of college: An examination of social control and differential association on binge drinking behaviors between college students and their non-college peers. Sociological Spectrum, 36(4), 191-207. doi.org/10.1080/02732173.2016.1155516.
  • Conley, C. S., Kirsch, A. C., Dickson, D. A. ve Bryant, F. B. (2014). Negotiating the transition to college: Developmental trajectories and gender differences in psychological func-tioning, cognitive-affective strategies, and social well-being. Emerging Adulthood, 2, 195–210. doi.org/10.1177/2167696814521808.
  • de Girolamo G1, Dagani J, Purcell R, Cocchi A ve McGorry PD. (2012). Age of onset of mental disorders and use of mental health services: needs, opportunities and obstacles. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences 21(1),47-57.doi: 10.1017/S2045796011000746.
  • Dennis, T. A. (2007). Interactions between emotion regulation strategies and affective style: Implications for trait anxiety versus depressed mood. Motivation and Emotion, 31, 200 –207.
  • Eshbaugh, E. M. (2008). Brief report: Gender, social support, and loneliness among residence hall students. The Journal of College and University Student Housing, 35(2), 24-33.
  • Furr, S. R., Westefeld, J. S., McConnell, G. N.ve Jenkins, J. M. (2001). Suicide and depression among college students: A decade later. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 32(1), 97. doi.org/10.1037/0735-7028.32.1.97.
  • Gross, J. J. (1998). The emerging field of emotion regulation: An integrative review. Review of General Psychology, 2(3), 271–299.doi.org/10.1037/1089- 2680.2.3.271. Graser, J., Bohn, C., Kelava, A., Schreiber, F.,Hofmann, S. G. ve Stangier, U. (2012).Der “Affective Style Questionnaire (ASQ)”: Deutsche adaption und validitäten. Diagnostica, 58(2), 100–111. doi.org/10.1026/0012-1924/a000056.
  • Gross, J. J. (2015). Emotion regulation: Current status and future prospects. Psychological Inquiry, 26(1), 1–26.doi.org/10.1080/1047840X.2014.940781.
  • Grob, A. ve Smolenski, C. (2005). Fragebogen zur erhebung der emotionsregulation bei Kindern und Jugendlichen (FEEL-KJ). Bern: Huber Verlag.
  • Gross, J. J. ve John, O. P. (2003). Individual differences in two emotion regulation pro- cesses: Implications for affect, relationships, and well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85(2), 348–362.doi.org/10.1037/0022- 3514.85.2.348.
  • Gruber, J., Mauss, I. B. ve Tamir, M. (2011). A dark side of happiness? How, when, and why happiness is not always good. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 6(3), 222–233. doi.org/10.1177/1745691611406927.
  • Haigh, E. A. P., Moore, M. T., Kashdan, T. B. ve Fresco, D. M. (2011). Examination of the factor structure and concurrent validity of the Langer Mindfulness/Mindlessness Scale. Assessment, 18(1), 11-26.
  • Hofmann, S. G. ve Kashdan, T. B. (2010). The affective style questionnaire: Development and psychometric properties. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 32(2), 255–263. doi.org/10.1007/s10862-009-9142-4.
  • Hofmann, S. G., Sawyer, A. T., Fang, A. ve Asnaani, A. (2012). Emotion dysregulation model of mood and anxiety disorders. Depression and Anxiety, 29(5),409–416. doi.org/10.1002/da.21888.
  • Huggins, S. P., Rooney, M. E. ve Chronis-Tuscano, A. (2015). Risky sexual behavior among college students with ADHD: Is the mother-child relationship protective? Journal of Attention Disorders, 19(3), 240-250.
  • Ito, M. ve Hofmann, S. G. (2014). Culture and affect: The factor structure of the affective style questionnaire and its relation with depression and anxiety among Japanese. BMC Research Notes, 7(1), 590.doi.org/10.1186/1756-0500-7-590.
  • Kesen, N., F. (2014). Üniversite öğrencilerinin duygu stillerinin beş faktör kişilik özellikleri depresyon, anksiyete ve strese göre incelenmesi. Yayınlanmamış doktora tezi, Konya Necmettin Erbakan Üniversitesi, Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Konya.
  • Lougheed, J. P. & Hollenstein, T. (2012). A limited repertoire of emotion regulation strategies is associated with internalizing problems in adolescence. Social Development, 21(4), 704–721.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9507.2012.00663.x.
  • Munro, B.,H. (2005) .Statistical methods for health care research (s.351-76). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  • O'Connor, M., Sanson, A., Hawkins, M. T., Letcher, P., Toumbourou, J. W., Smart, D.ve Olsson, C. A. (2011). Predictors of positive development in emerging adulthood. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 40(7), 860–874. doi.org/10.1007/s10964-010-9593-7.
  • Rokach, A. (2000). Loneliness and the life cyle. Psychological Reports, 86,629-642. doi.org/10.2466/pr0.2000.86.2.629.
  • Roisman, G. I. Masten,A. S., Coatsworth. D, J. ve Tellegen, A.(2004). Salient and emerging developmental tasks in the transition to adulthood. Child Development 75(1),123-33 doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2004.00658.x.
  • Rottenberg, J., Gross, J., 2003. When emotion goes wrong: realizing the promise of affective science. Clin. Psychol. Sci. Pract. 10, 227–232 .doi.org/10.1093/ clipsy.bpg012.
  • Schulenberg, J. E., Sameroff, A. J. ve Cicchetti, D. (2004). The transition to adulthood as a critical juncture in the course of psychopathology and mental health. Development and Psychopathology, 16(4), 799–806. doi.org/10.1017/S0954579404040015.
  • Şimşek, F. (2007). Yapısal eşitlik modellemesine giriş, temel ilkeler ve LİSREL Uygulamaları (s. 4-22). Ankara: Ekinoks.
  • Thompson, R. A. (1994). Emotion regulation: A theme in search of definition. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 59(2-3), 25-52. doi.org/10.2307/1166137.
  • Thompson, R. A. ve Meyer, S. (2007). Socialization of emotion regulation in the family. in J. J. Gross (Ed.), Handbook of emotion regulation (s. 249-268). New York, NY,US: The Guilford Press.
  • Totan, T. (2015). Duygu düzenlenme anketi Türkçe formunun geçerlik ve güvenirliği. Bilişsel Davranışçı Psikoterapi ve Araştırmalar Dergisi, 3, 153-161.
  • Wang, J., Xu, W., Fu, Z., Yu, W., Sun, L, He, J. ve Hofmann (2019). Psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the affective style questionnaire and its role as a moderator of the relationship between stress and negative affect. Journal of Health Psychology ,24(5) 613–622.doi: 10.1177/1359105316679722.
  • Wang J, Wang X. (2012).Structural equation modeling: Applications using mplus: Methods and applications (s.5-9). West Susex: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Whiteman,S.,D., McHale,S., M. ve Crouter, A.,C. (2011). Family relationships from adolescence to early adulthood: Changes in the family system following firstborns' leaving home. Journal of Research of Adolescent,21(2):461-474. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2010.00683.x.
  • Zimmermann, P ve Iwanski, A. (2014). Emotion regulation from early adolescence to emerging adulthood and middle adulthood: Age differences, gender differences, and emotion-specific developmental variations. International Journal of Behavioral Development. 38(2) 182–194.
  • Zupancic, M., Komidar, L. ve Puklek Levpuscek, M. (2014). Individuation in Slovene emerging adults: Its associations with demographics, transitional markers, achieved criteria for adulthood, and life satisfaction. Journal of Adolescence. 37(8) 1421-1433. doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2014.03.014.

Duygu Stilleri Anketi’nin Beliren Yetişkinlik Dönemindeki Bireylerde Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Çalışması

Year 2021, Volume 11, Issue 1, 49 - 55, 30.04.2021

Abstract

Duygu Stilleri Anketi, Hofmann ve Kashdan (2010) tarafından bireylerin duygu stillerini belirlemek amacıyla geliştirilmiştir. Bu
çalışmanın amacı, Türkiye’deki beliren yetişkinlik döneminde olan üniversite öğrencilerinin yer aldığı örneklem üzerinde Duygu Stilleri
Anketi”ni Türk kültürüne uyarlayarak ve ölçeğin geçerlik güvenirlik çalışmasını yapmaktır. Araştırmanın çalışma grubu, Dokuz Eylül
Üniversitesi Buca Eğitim Fakültesi’nin çeşitli bölümlerinde eğitim ve öğretimlerine devam eden 343 (192 kadın ve 151 erkek) öğrenciden
oluşmaktadır. Anketin geçerliği, dil geçerliği, yapı geçerliği, benzer ölçekler geçerliği çalışmalarıyla belirlenmiştir. Yapı geçerliği test etmek
için doğrulayıcı faktör analizi yapılmıştır. Anketin üç faktörlü orijinal yapısı doğrulanmıştır. Benzer ölçekler geçerliği çalışması sonucunda
Duygu Stilleri Anketi ve Duygu Düzenleme Anketi puanları arasında pozitif ve anlamlı korelasyon bulunmuştur. Benzer şekilde, dil
geçerliği çalışmasında iki uygulama arasında da pozitif ve anlamlı ilişki elde edilmiştir. Ayrıca elde edilen iç tutarlılık ve test tekrar test
güvenirlik katsayıları anketin güvenilirliğini desteklemiştir. Elde edilen sonuçlar, “Duygu Stilleri Anketi”nin geçerli ve güvenilir bir ölçme
aracı olduğunu göstermektedir.

References

  • Aldao, A. (2013). The future of emotion regulation research capturing context. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 8(2), 155–172. .doi.org/10.1177/ 1745691612459518.
  • Arnett, J. J. (2000). Emerging adulthood: A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties. American Psychologist. 55(5),469-480. doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.55.5.469.
  • Arnett, J. J. (2004). Emerging Adulthood: The winding road from the late teens through the twenties. (First edition). (s.87-88).Oxford University Press: New York.
  • Arnett, J. J. (2007) Emerging adulthood: What is it, and what is it good for? Child Development Perspectives, 1 (2), 68-73. doi: 10.1111/j.1750-8606.2007.00016.x.
  • Bingöl, D. (2017). Duygu stilleri ve duygusal zekanın yordayıcısı olarak bağlanma stilleri. Yayınlanmamış yüksek lisans tezi. İstanbul Arel Üniversitesi, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, İstanbul.
  • Brewer, S. K., Zahniser, E. ve Conley, C. S. (2016). Longitudinal of emotion regulation on emerging adults: Variable- and person-centered approaches. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 47, 1-12. doi.org/10.1016/j.appdev.2016.09.002
  • Byrd, K. M. (2016). Binge drinking in and out of college: An examination of social control and differential association on binge drinking behaviors between college students and their non-college peers. Sociological Spectrum, 36(4), 191-207. doi.org/10.1080/02732173.2016.1155516.
  • Conley, C. S., Kirsch, A. C., Dickson, D. A. ve Bryant, F. B. (2014). Negotiating the transition to college: Developmental trajectories and gender differences in psychological func-tioning, cognitive-affective strategies, and social well-being. Emerging Adulthood, 2, 195–210. doi.org/10.1177/2167696814521808.
  • de Girolamo G1, Dagani J, Purcell R, Cocchi A ve McGorry PD. (2012). Age of onset of mental disorders and use of mental health services: needs, opportunities and obstacles. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences 21(1),47-57.doi: 10.1017/S2045796011000746.
  • Dennis, T. A. (2007). Interactions between emotion regulation strategies and affective style: Implications for trait anxiety versus depressed mood. Motivation and Emotion, 31, 200 –207.
  • Eshbaugh, E. M. (2008). Brief report: Gender, social support, and loneliness among residence hall students. The Journal of College and University Student Housing, 35(2), 24-33.
  • Furr, S. R., Westefeld, J. S., McConnell, G. N.ve Jenkins, J. M. (2001). Suicide and depression among college students: A decade later. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 32(1), 97. doi.org/10.1037/0735-7028.32.1.97.
  • Gross, J. J. (1998). The emerging field of emotion regulation: An integrative review. Review of General Psychology, 2(3), 271–299.doi.org/10.1037/1089- 2680.2.3.271. Graser, J., Bohn, C., Kelava, A., Schreiber, F.,Hofmann, S. G. ve Stangier, U. (2012).Der “Affective Style Questionnaire (ASQ)”: Deutsche adaption und validitäten. Diagnostica, 58(2), 100–111. doi.org/10.1026/0012-1924/a000056.
  • Gross, J. J. (2015). Emotion regulation: Current status and future prospects. Psychological Inquiry, 26(1), 1–26.doi.org/10.1080/1047840X.2014.940781.
  • Grob, A. ve Smolenski, C. (2005). Fragebogen zur erhebung der emotionsregulation bei Kindern und Jugendlichen (FEEL-KJ). Bern: Huber Verlag.
  • Gross, J. J. ve John, O. P. (2003). Individual differences in two emotion regulation pro- cesses: Implications for affect, relationships, and well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85(2), 348–362.doi.org/10.1037/0022- 3514.85.2.348.
  • Gruber, J., Mauss, I. B. ve Tamir, M. (2011). A dark side of happiness? How, when, and why happiness is not always good. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 6(3), 222–233. doi.org/10.1177/1745691611406927.
  • Haigh, E. A. P., Moore, M. T., Kashdan, T. B. ve Fresco, D. M. (2011). Examination of the factor structure and concurrent validity of the Langer Mindfulness/Mindlessness Scale. Assessment, 18(1), 11-26.
  • Hofmann, S. G. ve Kashdan, T. B. (2010). The affective style questionnaire: Development and psychometric properties. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 32(2), 255–263. doi.org/10.1007/s10862-009-9142-4.
  • Hofmann, S. G., Sawyer, A. T., Fang, A. ve Asnaani, A. (2012). Emotion dysregulation model of mood and anxiety disorders. Depression and Anxiety, 29(5),409–416. doi.org/10.1002/da.21888.
  • Huggins, S. P., Rooney, M. E. ve Chronis-Tuscano, A. (2015). Risky sexual behavior among college students with ADHD: Is the mother-child relationship protective? Journal of Attention Disorders, 19(3), 240-250.
  • Ito, M. ve Hofmann, S. G. (2014). Culture and affect: The factor structure of the affective style questionnaire and its relation with depression and anxiety among Japanese. BMC Research Notes, 7(1), 590.doi.org/10.1186/1756-0500-7-590.
  • Kesen, N., F. (2014). Üniversite öğrencilerinin duygu stillerinin beş faktör kişilik özellikleri depresyon, anksiyete ve strese göre incelenmesi. Yayınlanmamış doktora tezi, Konya Necmettin Erbakan Üniversitesi, Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Konya.
  • Lougheed, J. P. & Hollenstein, T. (2012). A limited repertoire of emotion regulation strategies is associated with internalizing problems in adolescence. Social Development, 21(4), 704–721.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9507.2012.00663.x.
  • Munro, B.,H. (2005) .Statistical methods for health care research (s.351-76). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  • O'Connor, M., Sanson, A., Hawkins, M. T., Letcher, P., Toumbourou, J. W., Smart, D.ve Olsson, C. A. (2011). Predictors of positive development in emerging adulthood. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 40(7), 860–874. doi.org/10.1007/s10964-010-9593-7.
  • Rokach, A. (2000). Loneliness and the life cyle. Psychological Reports, 86,629-642. doi.org/10.2466/pr0.2000.86.2.629.
  • Roisman, G. I. Masten,A. S., Coatsworth. D, J. ve Tellegen, A.(2004). Salient and emerging developmental tasks in the transition to adulthood. Child Development 75(1),123-33 doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2004.00658.x.
  • Rottenberg, J., Gross, J., 2003. When emotion goes wrong: realizing the promise of affective science. Clin. Psychol. Sci. Pract. 10, 227–232 .doi.org/10.1093/ clipsy.bpg012.
  • Schulenberg, J. E., Sameroff, A. J. ve Cicchetti, D. (2004). The transition to adulthood as a critical juncture in the course of psychopathology and mental health. Development and Psychopathology, 16(4), 799–806. doi.org/10.1017/S0954579404040015.
  • Şimşek, F. (2007). Yapısal eşitlik modellemesine giriş, temel ilkeler ve LİSREL Uygulamaları (s. 4-22). Ankara: Ekinoks.
  • Thompson, R. A. (1994). Emotion regulation: A theme in search of definition. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 59(2-3), 25-52. doi.org/10.2307/1166137.
  • Thompson, R. A. ve Meyer, S. (2007). Socialization of emotion regulation in the family. in J. J. Gross (Ed.), Handbook of emotion regulation (s. 249-268). New York, NY,US: The Guilford Press.
  • Totan, T. (2015). Duygu düzenlenme anketi Türkçe formunun geçerlik ve güvenirliği. Bilişsel Davranışçı Psikoterapi ve Araştırmalar Dergisi, 3, 153-161.
  • Wang, J., Xu, W., Fu, Z., Yu, W., Sun, L, He, J. ve Hofmann (2019). Psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the affective style questionnaire and its role as a moderator of the relationship between stress and negative affect. Journal of Health Psychology ,24(5) 613–622.doi: 10.1177/1359105316679722.
  • Wang J, Wang X. (2012).Structural equation modeling: Applications using mplus: Methods and applications (s.5-9). West Susex: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Whiteman,S.,D., McHale,S., M. ve Crouter, A.,C. (2011). Family relationships from adolescence to early adulthood: Changes in the family system following firstborns' leaving home. Journal of Research of Adolescent,21(2):461-474. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2010.00683.x.
  • Zimmermann, P ve Iwanski, A. (2014). Emotion regulation from early adolescence to emerging adulthood and middle adulthood: Age differences, gender differences, and emotion-specific developmental variations. International Journal of Behavioral Development. 38(2) 182–194.
  • Zupancic, M., Komidar, L. ve Puklek Levpuscek, M. (2014). Individuation in Slovene emerging adults: Its associations with demographics, transitional markers, achieved criteria for adulthood, and life satisfaction. Journal of Adolescence. 37(8) 1421-1433. doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2014.03.014.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Education, Scientific Disciplines
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Fatma Selda ÖZ SOYSAL (Primary Author)
DOKUZ EYLÜL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-5406-7786
Türkiye


Orkide BAKALIM
İzmir Demokrasi Üniversitesi
0000-0003-1726-0514
Türkiye

Publication Date April 30, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 11, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @research article { higheredusci909406, journal = {Yükseköğretim ve Bilim Dergisi}, issn = {2146-5959}, eissn = {2146-5967}, address = {Zonguldak Bülent Ecevit Üniversitesi}, publisher = {Zonguldak Bulent Ecevit University}, year = {2021}, volume = {11}, number = {1}, pages = {49 - 55}, title = {Duygu Stilleri Anketi’nin Beliren Yetişkinlik Dönemindeki Bireylerde Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Çalışması}, key = {cite}, author = {Öz Soysal, Fatma Selda and Bakalım, Orkide} }
APA Öz Soysal, F. S. & Bakalım, O. (2021). Duygu Stilleri Anketi’nin Beliren Yetişkinlik Dönemindeki Bireylerde Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Çalışması . Yükseköğretim ve Bilim Dergisi , 11 (1) , 49-55 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/higheredusci/issue/62177/909406
MLA Öz Soysal, F. S. , Bakalım, O. "Duygu Stilleri Anketi’nin Beliren Yetişkinlik Dönemindeki Bireylerde Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Çalışması" . Yükseköğretim ve Bilim Dergisi 11 (2021 ): 49-55 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/higheredusci/issue/62177/909406>
Chicago Öz Soysal, F. S. , Bakalım, O. "Duygu Stilleri Anketi’nin Beliren Yetişkinlik Dönemindeki Bireylerde Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Çalışması". Yükseköğretim ve Bilim Dergisi 11 (2021 ): 49-55
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Duygu Stilleri Anketi’nin Beliren Yetişkinlik Dönemindeki Bireylerde Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Çalışması AU - Fatma Selda Öz Soysal , Orkide Bakalım Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - DO - T2 - Yükseköğretim ve Bilim Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 49 EP - 55 VL - 11 IS - 1 SN - 2146-5959-2146-5967 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Higher Education and Science Duygu Stilleri Anketi’nin Beliren Yetişkinlik Dönemindeki Bireylerde Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Çalışması %A Fatma Selda Öz Soysal , Orkide Bakalım %T Duygu Stilleri Anketi’nin Beliren Yetişkinlik Dönemindeki Bireylerde Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Çalışması %D 2021 %J Yükseköğretim ve Bilim Dergisi %P 2146-5959-2146-5967 %V 11 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Öz Soysal, Fatma Selda , Bakalım, Orkide . "Duygu Stilleri Anketi’nin Beliren Yetişkinlik Dönemindeki Bireylerde Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Çalışması". Yükseköğretim ve Bilim Dergisi 11 / 1 (April 2021): 49-55 .
AMA Öz Soysal F. S. , Bakalım O. Duygu Stilleri Anketi’nin Beliren Yetişkinlik Dönemindeki Bireylerde Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Çalışması. J Higher Edu Sci. 2021; 11(1): 49-55.
Vancouver Öz Soysal F. S. , Bakalım O. Duygu Stilleri Anketi’nin Beliren Yetişkinlik Dönemindeki Bireylerde Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Çalışması. Yükseköğretim ve Bilim Dergisi. 2021; 11(1): 49-55.
IEEE F. S. Öz Soysal and O. Bakalım , "Duygu Stilleri Anketi’nin Beliren Yetişkinlik Dönemindeki Bireylerde Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Çalışması", Yükseköğretim ve Bilim Dergisi, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 49-55, Apr. 2021