Research Article
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Foam-mat Drying of Carrot Juice and Thin Layer Modeling of Drying

Year 2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, 347 - 354, 31.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.17350/HJSE19030000248

Abstract

Drying of fruit and vegetables are critical step of processing which can be very destructive for nutrients and especially for bioactive compounds. However, novel drying methods like foam-mat drying helps to decrease the drying period and exposure to drying air therefore protect the bioactives against thermal degradation as well as improving final powder quality. The foam-mat drying of carrot juice foams and modelling of experimental drying data with theoretical models has not yet been studied in the literature. In this study, the effects of foam-mat drying at 50, 60 and 70°C on the drying behavior of carrot juice with the addition of 15% egg albumen (EA) and 15% egg albumen+ 10% whey protein isolate (WPI) as foaming agents and thin-layer modeling of the foams at different thicknesses was evaluated. Compared to control sample (only carrot juice), the drying time of the foamed carrot juice was reduced by 25% to 60% depending on the foam thickness and drying temperature. This result was consistent with the effective diffusion coefficients, since the control sample had comparably low values than the 15% EA and 15% EA+10% WPI foams. Among the fitted mathematical models, Midilli et al. had better prediction capacity with the highest adjusted correlation coefficients, the lowest sum of squared error and root mean square error values for every formulation, foam thickness and drying temperatures compared to other theoretical models.

Year 2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, 347 - 354, 31.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.17350/HJSE19030000248

Abstract

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Hülya ÇAKMAK (Primary Author)
HITIT UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-4936-939X
Türkiye


Vasfiye Hazal ÖZYURT This is me
MUGLA SITKI KOCMAN UNIVERSITY
0000-0003-2524-5381
Türkiye

Supporting Institution Hitit University Scientific Research Commission
Project Number MUH19001.18.002
Publication Date December 31, 2021
Application Date November 16, 2021
Acceptance Date December 22, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 8, Issue 4

Cite

Bibtex @research article { hjse1024405, journal = {Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-4171}, address = {Hitit Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Kuzey Kampüsü Çevre Yolu Bulvarı 19030 Çorum / TÜRKİYE}, publisher = {Hitit University}, year = {2021}, volume = {8}, pages = {347 - 354}, doi = {10.17350/HJSE19030000248}, title = {Foam-mat Drying of Carrot Juice and Thin Layer Modeling of Drying}, key = {cite}, author = {Çakmak, Hülya and Özyurt, Vasfiye Hazal} }
APA Çakmak, H. & Özyurt, V. H. (2021). Foam-mat Drying of Carrot Juice and Thin Layer Modeling of Drying . Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering , 8 (4) , 347-354 . DOI: 10.17350/HJSE19030000248
MLA Çakmak, H. , Özyurt, V. H. "Foam-mat Drying of Carrot Juice and Thin Layer Modeling of Drying" . Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering 8 (2021 ): 347-354 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/hjse/issue/67751/1024405>
Chicago Çakmak, H. , Özyurt, V. H. "Foam-mat Drying of Carrot Juice and Thin Layer Modeling of Drying". Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering 8 (2021 ): 347-354
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Foam-mat Drying of Carrot Juice and Thin Layer Modeling of Drying AU - Hülya Çakmak , Vasfiye Hazal Özyurt Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.17350/HJSE19030000248 DO - 10.17350/HJSE19030000248 T2 - Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 347 EP - 354 VL - 8 IS - 4 SN - -2148-4171 M3 - doi: 10.17350/HJSE19030000248 UR - https://doi.org/10.17350/HJSE19030000248 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering Foam-mat Drying of Carrot Juice and Thin Layer Modeling of Drying %A Hülya Çakmak , Vasfiye Hazal Özyurt %T Foam-mat Drying of Carrot Juice and Thin Layer Modeling of Drying %D 2021 %J Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering %P -2148-4171 %V 8 %N 4 %R doi: 10.17350/HJSE19030000248 %U 10.17350/HJSE19030000248
ISNAD Çakmak, Hülya , Özyurt, Vasfiye Hazal . "Foam-mat Drying of Carrot Juice and Thin Layer Modeling of Drying". Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering 8 / 4 (December 2021): 347-354 . https://doi.org/10.17350/HJSE19030000248
AMA Çakmak H. , Özyurt V. H. Foam-mat Drying of Carrot Juice and Thin Layer Modeling of Drying. Hittite J Sci Eng. 2021; 8(4): 347-354.
Vancouver Çakmak H. , Özyurt V. H. Foam-mat Drying of Carrot Juice and Thin Layer Modeling of Drying. Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering. 2021; 8(4): 347-354.
IEEE H. Çakmak and V. H. Özyurt , "Foam-mat Drying of Carrot Juice and Thin Layer Modeling of Drying", Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 347-354, Dec. 2021, doi:10.17350/HJSE19030000248