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GÖÇ RUH SAĞLIĞINI NASIL ETKİLEMEKTEDİR?

Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 1, 1 - 13, 30.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.31457/hr.1073528

Abstract

Göç kavramı, kişilerin gelecek yaşamlarının tamamını veya bir kısmını geçirmek amacıyla, sürekli ya da geçici bir süre için bir coğrafi olarak yer değiştirmeleri olarak tanımlanmaktadır. Savaş, etnik ya da dini çatışmalar, siyasi baskı, eşitsizlikler, işsizlik oranları, yoksulluk, daha iyi yaşam standartlarına sahip olma umudu, ailevi nedenler, sağlık bakım hizmetlerine yakınlık, iklim, doğal afetler gibi faktörler göç nedenleri arasında sıralanabilir. Göç etme durumu ile çevrelerini değiştiren kişilerde travma sonrası stres bozukluğu, anksiyete bozukluğu, depresyon bozukluğu, şizofreni ve buna bağlı bozukluklar, kültür şoku, yeti yitimi, özellikle göç eden kadın ve çocuklarda istismar, intihar düşüncesi/girişimi gibi birtakım ruhsal sorunlar görülmektedir. Göç eden bireylerin ruhsal sorunların giderilmesine yönelik bireysel/grup travma odaklı bilişsel davranışçı terapi, öyküsel maruz bırakma terapisi, Göz Hareketleriyle Duyarsızlaştırma ve Yeniden İşleme (EMDR) gibi psikososyal müdahale programları uygulanmaktadır. Ancak göç eden bireylere yönelik kanıt temelli psikososyal müdahale programlarının sayıca artırılmasına ihtiyaç duyulmaktadır. Bu derleme çalışmasında, göç eden bireylerin ruhsal sorunlarını ortaya koyan alan yazının incelenmesi amaçlamaktadır.

References

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MIGRATION, HOW DOES IT AFFECT MENTAL HEALTH?

Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 1, 1 - 13, 30.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.31457/hr.1073528

Abstract

A geographical relocation of people for a permanent or temporary duration in order to spend all or part of their
future lives is characterized as migration. War, ethnic or religious conflicts, political pressure, inequities,
unemployment rates, poverty, hope for improved living standards, familial reasons, proximity to health care
services, climate, and natural catastrophes are all factors that might lead to migration. People who have
changed their environment owing to migration experience post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety disorder,
depression disorder, schizophrenia and related disorders, culture shock, handicap, abuse, and suicidal
ideation/attempt, especially among migrating women and children. Immigrants’ mental difficulties are treated
with psychosocial intervention methods such as individual/group trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy,
narrative exposure therapy, and Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR). However, the
number of evidence-based psychological intervention programs for immigrants must be increased. The goal of
this review is to look at the research that indicates immigrant mental problems.

References

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  • Ahmad, A., & Sundelin-Wahlsten, V. (2008). Applying EMDR on children with PTSD. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry, 17, 127–132. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-007-0646-8
  • Akarçay, P., & Ak, G. (2018). Sosyolojik, Psikolojik ve Kuramsal Açıdan Göç Olgusu: Küreselleşmenin İnsani ve Vicdani Yüzü. Kesit Akademi Dergisi, 4(14), 188–202.
  • Akıncı, B., & Nergiz, A. (2015). Uyum Süreci Üzerine Bir Değerlendirme: Göç ve Toplumsal Kabul. Göç Araştırmaları Dergisi, 1(2), 58–83.
  • American Psychiatric Association. (2010). Practice Guideline for the Assessment and Treatment of Patients With Suicidal Behaviors. In The American journal of psychiatry.
  • Amerikan Psikiyatri Birliği. (2013). Ruhsal Bozuklukların Tanısal ve Sayımsal Elkitabı (E. Çev. Köroğlu, Ed.; Beşinci Ba). Hekimler Yayın Birliği.
  • Anderson, K. K., Cheng, J., Susser, E., McKenzie, K. J., & Kurdyak, P. (2015). Incidence of psychotic disorders among first-generation immigrants and refugees in Ontario. CMAJ, 187(9), 279–286. https://doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.150494
  • Beehler, S., Birman, D., & Campbell, R. (2012). The Effectiveness of Cultural Adjustment and Trauma Services (CATS): Generating Practice-Based Evidence on a Comprehensive, School Based Mental Health Intervention for Immigrant Youth. Am J Community Psychol, 50, 155–168. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10464-011-9486-2
  • Bhugra, D., & Becker, M. A. (2005). Migration, cultural bereavement and cultural identity. Orld Psychiatry, 4(1), 18–24.
  • Bildik, T. (2013). Ölüm, kayıp, yas ve patolojik yas. Ege Tıp Dergisi, 52(4), 223–229.
  • Bogic, M., Njoku, A., & Priebe, S. (2015). Long-term mental health of war-refugees: a systematic literature review. BMC International Health and Human Rights, 15(29). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12914-015-0064-9
  • Bostan, H. (2017). Türkiye’de İç Göçlerin Toplumsal Yapıda Neden Olduğu Değişimler, Meydana Getirdiği Sorunlar ve Çözüm Önerileri. Coğrafya Dergisi, 35, 1–16. https://doi.org/10.26650/jgeog330955
  • Bourque, F., Ven, E. Van Der, & Malla, A. (2011). A meta-analysis of the risk for psychotic disorders among first- and second-generation immigrants. Psychological Medicine, 41, 897–910. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291710001406
  • Çelik, M. Y., Şen, A. T., Usta, H., & Usta, S. E. (2018). Avrupa Birliğinin Göç/Mülteci Politikası ve Sığınmacıların Ekonomik, Sosyal ve Kamusal İletişim Sorunları: Kastamonu Örneği. Dumlupınar Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 57, 296–315.
  • Demirbaş, H., & Bekaroğlu, E. (2013). Evden uzakta olmak: Sığınmacıların/mültecilerin psikolojik sorunları ve alınacak önlemler. Kriz Dergisi, 21(1-2–3), 11–24. https://doi.org/10.1501/Kriz_0000000334
  • Ertl, V., Pfeiffer, A., Schauer, E., Elbert, T., & Neuner, F. (2011). Community-Implemented Trauma Therapy for Former Child Soldiers in Northern Uganda A Randomized Controlled Trial. JAMA, 306(5), 503–512. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2011.1060
  • Euronews. (2019). Suriyeli kız çocukları Türkiye’de cinsel istismarın en büyük mağduru oldu: Artış yüzde 736. https://tr.euronews.com/2019/10/26/suriyeli-kiz-cocuklari-turkiyede- cinsel-istismarin-en-buyuk-magduru-oldu-artis-yuzde-736
  • Faber, J., & Lee, E. (2020). Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for a Refugee Mother With Depression and Anxiety. Clinical Case Studies, 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1177/1534650120924128
  • Forte, A., Trobia, F., Gualtieri, F., Lamis, D. A., Cardamone, G., Giallonardo, V., Fiorillo, A., Girardi, P., & Pompili, M. (2018). Suicide Risk among Immigrants and Ethnic Minorities: A Literature Overview. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(7), 1438. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071438
  • Furnham, A. (2019). Culture Shock: A Review of the Literature for Practitioners. Psychology, 10(13), 1832–1855. https://doi.org/10.4236/psych.2019.1013119
  • Goldstein, S. B., & Keller, S. R. (2015). U.S. college students’ lay theories of culture shock. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 47, 187–194. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijintrel.2015.05.010
  • Gümüş, F., & Yiğitalp, G. (2020). Uzun süreli terör eylemlerinin olduğu bölgede yaşayan veya tanık olan bireylerde travmatik stres, anksiyete ve depresif belirti sıklığı. Journal of Psychiatric Nursing, 11(1), 28–34. https://doi.org/10.14744/phd.2020.16362
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Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Social
Journal Section Reviews
Authors

Merve BAT TONKUŞ> (Primary Author)
İSTANBUL YENİ YÜZYIL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-1046-6862
Türkiye


Zeliha KALIN>
İSTANBUL YENİ YÜZYIL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-2548-7594
Türkiye

Publication Date June 30, 2022
Application Date February 15, 2022
Acceptance Date April 23, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 1

Cite

APA Bat Tonkuş, M. & Kalın, Z. (2022). GÖÇ RUH SAĞLIĞINI NASIL ETKİLEMEKTEDİR? . Hakkari Review , 6 (1) , 1-13 . DOI: 10.31457/hr.1073528