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Application Of Integrated FTA And 5x5 Matrix for the Comprehensive Risk Evaluation of a Project-Based Enterprise

Year 2021, Volume 6, Issue 3, 183 - 197, 30.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.46578/humder.989695

Abstract

Risk management play an important role on preventing failures of any enterprise as it ensures an effective planning and control. Not managing such failures including political, geographical, project, environmental, monetary, human, supply chain risks of the enterprises cause irreparable results. Therefore, there is a need for a comprehensive risk assessment approach regarding qualitative and quantitative risk factors. This paper tackles this need and Fishbone Diagram (FD) as a qualitative method and integrated 5x5 Matrix and Fault Tree Analysis (FTA) methods are used as quantitative methods. The root causes of the risks are examined by taking a project-based enterprise into consideration and evaluated by applying an integrated risk analysis method. Taking into account the risk analysis results obtained, measures are recommended. An improvement of approximately 24% has been achieved as a result of the application of measures. The efficiency of the proposed methods is illustrated in the real world data of a project-based pipeline manufacturing system and the obtained results demonstrate that practitioners and researchers can easily use these methods to prevent the risks.

References

  • Bertolini, M., Rizzi, A., & Bevilacqua, M. (2007). An alternative approach to HACCP system implementation. Journal of Food Engineering, 79(4), 1322-1328.
  • Bertsche B. Reliability in automotive and mechanical engineering: determination of component and system reliability. Springer Berlin Heidelberg; 2008.
  • Bluvband Z, Polak R, Grabov P. Bouncing failure analysis (bfa): the unified FTA-FMEA methodology. In: Annual reliability and maintainability symposium, 2005. Proceedings.; 2005. p. 463–7.
  • Cheliyan, A. S., & Bhattacharyya, S. K. (2018). Fuzzy fault tree analysis of oil and gas leak- age in subsea production systems. Journal of Ocean Engineering and Science, 3(1), 38–48.
  • Dağsuyu, C., Göçmen, E., Narlı, M., & Kokangül, A. (2016). Classical and fuzzy FMEA risk analysis in a sterilization unit. Computers & Industrial Engineering, 101, 286-294.
  • Derse, O., & Göçmen, E. (2019). Transportation mode choice using fault tree analysis and mathematical modeling approach. Journal of Transportation Safety & Security, 1-19.
  • Hu, Y. (2016). Research on the application of fault tree analysis for building fire safety of hotels. Procedia Engineering, 135, 524–530.
  • Ilie, G., & Ciocoiu, C. N. (2010). Application of fishbone diagram to determine the risk of an event with multiple causes. Management research and practice, 2(1), 1-20.
  • Kang, J., Sun, L., & Soares, C. G. (2019). Fault Tree Analysis of floating offshore wind turbines. Renewable energy, 133, 1455-1467.
  • Lee, W. S., Grosh, D. L., Tillman, F. A., & Lie, C. H. (1985). Fault Tree Analysis, Methods, and Applications: A Review. IEEE transactions on reliability, 34(3), 194-203.
  • Luo, T., Wu, C., & Duan, L. (2018). Fishbone diagram and risk matrix analysis method and its application in safety assessment of natural gas spherical tank. Journal of Cleaner Production, 174, 296-304.
  • Martins LE, Gorschek T. 2017. Requirements engineering for safety-critical systems: overview and challenges. IEEE Software 34(4), 49-57.
  • Mutlu, N. G., & Altuntaş, S. (2019). Hazard and Risk Analysis for Ring Spinning Yarn Production Process by Integrated FTA-FMEA Approach. Journal of Textile & Apparel/Tekstil ve Konfeksiyon, 29(3).
  • Peeters, J. F. W., Basten, R. J., & Tinga, T. (2018). Improving failure analysis efficiency by combining FTA and FMEA in a recursive manner. Reliability engineering & system safety, 172, 36-44.
  • Shafiee, M., Enjema, E., & Kolios, A. (2019). An integrated FTA-FMEA model for risk analysis of engineering systems: a case study of subsea blowout preventers. Applied Sciences, 9(6), 1192.
  • Wang, H., Lu, X., Du, Y., Zhang, C., Sadiq, R., & Deng, Y. (2017). Fault tree analysis based on TOPSIS and triangular fuzzy number. International Journal of System Assurance Engineering and Management, 8(4), 2064-2070.
  • Yazdi, M., Korhan, O., & Daneshvar, S. (2020). Application of fuzzy fault tree analysis based on modified fuzzy AHP and fuzzy TOPSIS for fire and explosion in the process industry. International journal of occupational safety and ergonomics, 26(2), 319-335.
  • Yin, H., Liu, C., Wu, W., Song, K., Liu, D., & Dan, Y. (2020). Safety assessment of natural gas storage tank using similarity aggregation method based fuzzy fault tree analysis (SAM-FFTA) approach. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 104159.
  • Yu S, Liu J, Yang Q, Pan M. A comparison of fmea, afmea and fta. In: Reliability, maintainability and safety (ICRMS), 2011 9th international conference on; 2011. 

  • Zhang, X., Li, Y., Ran, Y., & Zhang, G. (2019). A Hybrid Multilevel FTA-FMEA Method for a Flexible Manufacturing Cell Based on Meta-Action and TOPSIS. IEEE Access, 7, 110306-110315.

Application Of Integrated FTA And 5x5 Matrix for the Comprehensive Risk Evaluation of a Project-Based Enterprise

Year 2021, Volume 6, Issue 3, 183 - 197, 30.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.46578/humder.989695

Abstract

Risk management play an important role on preventing failures of any enterprise as it ensures an effective planning and control. Not managing such failures including political, geographical, project, environmental, monetary, human, supply chain risks of the enterprises cause irreparable results. Therefore, there is a need for a comprehensive risk assessment approach regarding qualitative and quantitative risk factors. This paper tackles this need and Fishbone Diagram (FD) as a qualitative method and integrated 5x5 Matrix and Fault Tree Analysis (FTA) methods are used as quantitative methods. The root causes of the risks are examined by taking a project-based enterprise into consideration and evaluated by applying an integrated risk analysis method. Taking into account the risk analysis results obtained, measures are recommended. An improvement of approximately 24% has been achieved as a result of the application of measures. The efficiency of the proposed methods is illustrated in the real world data of a project-based pipeline manufacturing system and the obtained results demonstrate that practitioners and researchers can easily use these methods to prevent the risks.

References

  • Bertolini, M., Rizzi, A., & Bevilacqua, M. (2007). An alternative approach to HACCP system implementation. Journal of Food Engineering, 79(4), 1322-1328.
  • Bertsche B. Reliability in automotive and mechanical engineering: determination of component and system reliability. Springer Berlin Heidelberg; 2008.
  • Bluvband Z, Polak R, Grabov P. Bouncing failure analysis (bfa): the unified FTA-FMEA methodology. In: Annual reliability and maintainability symposium, 2005. Proceedings.; 2005. p. 463–7.
  • Cheliyan, A. S., & Bhattacharyya, S. K. (2018). Fuzzy fault tree analysis of oil and gas leak- age in subsea production systems. Journal of Ocean Engineering and Science, 3(1), 38–48.
  • Dağsuyu, C., Göçmen, E., Narlı, M., & Kokangül, A. (2016). Classical and fuzzy FMEA risk analysis in a sterilization unit. Computers & Industrial Engineering, 101, 286-294.
  • Derse, O., & Göçmen, E. (2019). Transportation mode choice using fault tree analysis and mathematical modeling approach. Journal of Transportation Safety & Security, 1-19.
  • Hu, Y. (2016). Research on the application of fault tree analysis for building fire safety of hotels. Procedia Engineering, 135, 524–530.
  • Ilie, G., & Ciocoiu, C. N. (2010). Application of fishbone diagram to determine the risk of an event with multiple causes. Management research and practice, 2(1), 1-20.
  • Kang, J., Sun, L., & Soares, C. G. (2019). Fault Tree Analysis of floating offshore wind turbines. Renewable energy, 133, 1455-1467.
  • Lee, W. S., Grosh, D. L., Tillman, F. A., & Lie, C. H. (1985). Fault Tree Analysis, Methods, and Applications: A Review. IEEE transactions on reliability, 34(3), 194-203.
  • Luo, T., Wu, C., & Duan, L. (2018). Fishbone diagram and risk matrix analysis method and its application in safety assessment of natural gas spherical tank. Journal of Cleaner Production, 174, 296-304.
  • Martins LE, Gorschek T. 2017. Requirements engineering for safety-critical systems: overview and challenges. IEEE Software 34(4), 49-57.
  • Mutlu, N. G., & Altuntaş, S. (2019). Hazard and Risk Analysis for Ring Spinning Yarn Production Process by Integrated FTA-FMEA Approach. Journal of Textile & Apparel/Tekstil ve Konfeksiyon, 29(3).
  • Peeters, J. F. W., Basten, R. J., & Tinga, T. (2018). Improving failure analysis efficiency by combining FTA and FMEA in a recursive manner. Reliability engineering & system safety, 172, 36-44.
  • Shafiee, M., Enjema, E., & Kolios, A. (2019). An integrated FTA-FMEA model for risk analysis of engineering systems: a case study of subsea blowout preventers. Applied Sciences, 9(6), 1192.
  • Wang, H., Lu, X., Du, Y., Zhang, C., Sadiq, R., & Deng, Y. (2017). Fault tree analysis based on TOPSIS and triangular fuzzy number. International Journal of System Assurance Engineering and Management, 8(4), 2064-2070.
  • Yazdi, M., Korhan, O., & Daneshvar, S. (2020). Application of fuzzy fault tree analysis based on modified fuzzy AHP and fuzzy TOPSIS for fire and explosion in the process industry. International journal of occupational safety and ergonomics, 26(2), 319-335.
  • Yin, H., Liu, C., Wu, W., Song, K., Liu, D., & Dan, Y. (2020). Safety assessment of natural gas storage tank using similarity aggregation method based fuzzy fault tree analysis (SAM-FFTA) approach. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 104159.
  • Yu S, Liu J, Yang Q, Pan M. A comparison of fmea, afmea and fta. In: Reliability, maintainability and safety (ICRMS), 2011 9th international conference on; 2011. 

  • Zhang, X., Li, Y., Ran, Y., & Zhang, G. (2019). A Hybrid Multilevel FTA-FMEA Method for a Flexible Manufacturing Cell Based on Meta-Action and TOPSIS. IEEE Access, 7, 110306-110315.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Industrial Engineering
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Onur DERSE
TARSUS ÜNİVERSİTESİ, MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU
0000-0002-4528-1999
Türkiye


Elifcan GÖÇMEN POLAT (Primary Author)
Munzur Üniversitesi
0000-0002-0316-281X
Türkiye

Early Pub Date December 30, 2021
Publication Date December 30, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 6, Issue 3

Cite

Bibtex @research article { humder989695, journal = {Harran Üniversitesi Mühendislik Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2528-8733}, address = {}, publisher = {Harran University}, year = {2021}, volume = {6}, pages = {183 - 197}, doi = {10.46578/humder.989695}, title = {Application Of Integrated FTA And 5x5 Matrix for the Comprehensive Risk Evaluation of a Project-Based Enterprise}, key = {cite}, author = {Derse, Onur and Göçmen Polat, Elifcan} }
APA Derse, O. & Göçmen Polat, E. (2021). Application Of Integrated FTA And 5x5 Matrix for the Comprehensive Risk Evaluation of a Project-Based Enterprise . Harran Üniversitesi Mühendislik Dergisi , 6 (3) , 183-197 . DOI: 10.46578/humder.989695
MLA Derse, O. , Göçmen Polat, E. "Application Of Integrated FTA And 5x5 Matrix for the Comprehensive Risk Evaluation of a Project-Based Enterprise" . Harran Üniversitesi Mühendislik Dergisi 6 (2021 ): 183-197 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/humder/issue/67454/989695>
Chicago Derse, O. , Göçmen Polat, E. "Application Of Integrated FTA And 5x5 Matrix for the Comprehensive Risk Evaluation of a Project-Based Enterprise". Harran Üniversitesi Mühendislik Dergisi 6 (2021 ): 183-197
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Application Of Integrated FTA And 5x5 Matrix for the Comprehensive Risk Evaluation of a Project-Based Enterprise AU - Onur Derse , Elifcan Göçmen Polat Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.46578/humder.989695 DO - 10.46578/humder.989695 T2 - Harran Üniversitesi Mühendislik Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 183 EP - 197 VL - 6 IS - 3 SN - -2528-8733 M3 - doi: 10.46578/humder.989695 UR - https://doi.org/10.46578/humder.989695 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Harran University Journal of Engineering Application Of Integrated FTA And 5x5 Matrix for the Comprehensive Risk Evaluation of a Project-Based Enterprise %A Onur Derse , Elifcan Göçmen Polat %T Application Of Integrated FTA And 5x5 Matrix for the Comprehensive Risk Evaluation of a Project-Based Enterprise %D 2021 %J Harran Üniversitesi Mühendislik Dergisi %P -2528-8733 %V 6 %N 3 %R doi: 10.46578/humder.989695 %U 10.46578/humder.989695
ISNAD Derse, Onur , Göçmen Polat, Elifcan . "Application Of Integrated FTA And 5x5 Matrix for the Comprehensive Risk Evaluation of a Project-Based Enterprise". Harran Üniversitesi Mühendislik Dergisi 6 / 3 (December 2021): 183-197 . https://doi.org/10.46578/humder.989695
AMA Derse O. , Göçmen Polat E. Application Of Integrated FTA And 5x5 Matrix for the Comprehensive Risk Evaluation of a Project-Based Enterprise. Harran Üniversitesi Mühendislik Dergisi. 2021; 6(3): 183-197.
Vancouver Derse O. , Göçmen Polat E. Application Of Integrated FTA And 5x5 Matrix for the Comprehensive Risk Evaluation of a Project-Based Enterprise. Harran Üniversitesi Mühendislik Dergisi. 2021; 6(3): 183-197.
IEEE O. Derse and E. Göçmen Polat , "Application Of Integrated FTA And 5x5 Matrix for the Comprehensive Risk Evaluation of a Project-Based Enterprise", Harran Üniversitesi Mühendislik Dergisi, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 183-197, Dec. 2021, doi:10.46578/humder.989695