Year 2021, Volume 8 , Issue 1, Pages 1 - 14 2021-04-30

Lenfoma Hastalarıyla Yaşayan Aile Üyelerinin Bakım Verme Yükü
Caregiving Burden of Family Members Living with Lymphoma Patients

Merve Gözde SEZGİN [1] , Hicran BEKTAŞ [2]


Lenfoma hastalarına verilen hemşirelik bakımının, bakım verenlerde bireysel doyum duygusunu artırma, kişisel gelişim sağlama, bakım verme sonucu yaşanılan deneyimin gücü sayesinde anlam bulma, büyük oranda sevgi ve samimiyetin artması ve saygı duyma gibi olumlu katkılar sağladığı belirtilmiştir. Ancak bakım veren aile üyelerinin aile ve evlilik içi ilişkilerde zorluk, günlük aktivitelerde kısıtlanma, sosyal rollerde çatışma, fiziksel sağlıkta bozulma gibi sorunlar yaşadıkları bildirilmiştir. Bakım verenlerdeki depresyon, yorgunluk, uyku bozukluğu ve düşük öz-yeterlik düzeyinin bakım yükü üzerinde önemli bir etkiye sahip olduğu bulunmuştur. Ayrıca bakım veren aile üyelerinin yüksek düzeyde finansal sıkıntı yaşadığı, kaygı ve depresyondan yakındığı saptanmıştır. Literatürde bakım verenlerin bakım yükünü azaltabilmek için; bakım verenlerin fiziksel, psikolojik ve finansal alanlarda yaşadıkları sorunlara yönelik uygun bakım planlarının geliştirilmesi, sağlık profesyonelleri tarafından desteklenmesi, duygusal destek grupları gibi destekleyici kaynaklar sağlanması, müdahale programlarının geliştirmesi, hasta ve bakım veren aile üyelerinin fiziksel, psikososyal ve ruhsal gereksinimlerini karşılayan özel bir hizmet modelinin geliştirilmesi önerilmiştir. Bu derleme makalesi lenfoma hastalarıyla yaşayan aile üyelerinin bakım yükünün incelendiği literatür araştırmalarını gözden geçirmek, bakım yükünü değerlendirmek ve yapılacak hemşirelik girişimlerine yol göstermek amacı ile yazılmıştır.
It has been stated that nursing care given to patients with lymphoma provides positive contributions such as increasing the sense of individual satisfaction in caregivers, providing personal development, finding meaning thanks to the power of experience as a result of giving care, increasing love and sincerity and respect. However, it has been reported that caregiving family members experience difficulties in family and marital relationships, limitations in daily activities, conflict in social roles, and deterioration in physical health. Depression, fatigue, sleep disturbance and low self-efficacy levels in caregivers were found to have a significant effect on care burden. In addition, caregiving family members were found to experience high levels of financial distress and complain of anxiety and depression. In order to reduce the care burden of caregivers in the literature, developing appropriate care plans for the physical, psychological and financial problems of caregivers, supporting healthcare professionals, providing supportive resources such as emotional support groups, developing intervention programs, and a special service model that meets the physical, psychosocial and spiritual needs of patients and caregiving family members have been proposed. This review article was written to review the literature investigating the caregiving burden of family members living with lymphoma patients, to evaluate the burden of care, and to guide nursing interventions.
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Primary Language tr
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-9076-2735
Author: Merve Gözde SEZGİN (Primary Author)
Institution: AKDENİZ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-3356-3120
Author: Hicran BEKTAŞ
Institution: AKDENİZ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : June 10, 2020
Acceptance Date : December 30, 2020
Publication Date : April 30, 2021

APA Sezgin, M , Bektaş, H . (2021). Lenfoma Hastalarıyla Yaşayan Aile Üyelerinin Bakım Verme Yükü . Hacettepe University Faculty of Health Sciences Journal , 8 (1) , 1-14 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/husbfd/issue/60367/750794