Year 2018, Volume 4 , Issue 1, Pages 1 - 10 2018-09-30

Usage of Detoxification Enzyme Glutathione-S-Transferases over Galleria mellonella L. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) as Biomarkers of Insecticide Resistance
Usage of Detoxification Enzyme Glutathione-S-Transferases over Galleria mellonella L. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) as Biomarkers of Insecticide Resistance

Serkan SUGEÇTİ [1] , Ender BÜYÜKGÜZEL [2] , Kemal BÜYÜKGÜZEL [3]


Insecticides are preferred because of their easy applicability in combating pest insects and their short-term results. Insecticides used over dose and unconsciously in agricultural areas cause ecological damage. Also; the use of over dose insecticides in agricultural areas has led to the development of insect resistance. Since the resistance mechanism developed is genetic, it is transmitted to later fertilizers. For this reason, it is important to apply the insecticides in the restricted areas and in the optimal amount. Insects increase their detoxification capacities to protected themselves from insecticides. Detoxification mechanisms are based on the breakdown of insecticides before reaching the target area. The most important detoxification enzyme in insects are Glutathion-S-Transferases (GST). GST enzyme in insects has a role in protection of cellular membranes against oxidative degradation as well as detoxification mechanism. Galleria mellonella may be used as a model organism for understanding the insecticide resistance mechanism.

Insecticides are preferred because of their easy applicability in combating pest insects and their short-term results. Insecticides used over dose and unconsciously in agricultural areas cause ecological damage. Also; the use of over dose insecticides in agricultural areas has led to the development of insect resistance. Since the resistance mechanism developed is genetic, it is transmitted to later fertilizers. For this reason, it is important to apply the insecticides in the restricted areas and in the optimal amount. Insects increase their detoxification capacities to protected themselves from insecticides. Detoxification mechanisms are based on the breakdown of insecticides before reaching the target area. The most important detoxification enzyme in insects are Glutathion-S-Transferases (GST). GST enzyme in insects has a role in protection of cellular membranes against oxidative degradation as well as detoxification mechanism. Galleria mellonella may be used as a model organism for understanding the insecticide resistance mechanism.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Architecture
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-3412-2367
Author: Serkan SUGEÇTİ (Primary Author)
Institution: ALTINBAS UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Author: Ender BÜYÜKGÜZEL
Institution: Zonguldak Bülent Ecevit Üniversitesi
Country: Turkey


Author: Kemal BÜYÜKGÜZEL
Institution: Zonguldak Bülent Ecevit Üniversitesi
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : September 30, 2018

APA Sugeçti, S , Büyükgüzel, E , Büyükgüzel, K . (2018). Usage of Detoxification Enzyme Glutathione-S-Transferases over Galleria mellonella L. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) as Biomarkers of Insecticide Resistance . International Anatolia Academic Online Journal Sciences Journal , 4 (1) , 1-10 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/iaaojf/issue/39498/460005