Year 2019, Volume 5 , Issue 1, Pages 32 - 43 2019-01-27

İSTANBUL'DA YAŞAYAN ÖĞRETMEN VE OKUL ÇAĞINDAKI ÇOCUKLARIN ÖĞRETMENLERE EĞİTİM VERİLMESİNDEN ÖNCE VE SONRA TIP-1 DIYABETES MELLITUS'A YÖNELIK FARKINDALIĞININ DEĞERLENDİRİLMESI: TOPLUM TEMELLİ BIR PROSPEKTIF KOHORT ÇALIŞMASI
EVALUATION OF THE AWARENESS OF TEACHERS AND SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN LIVING IN ISTANBUL TOWARDS TYPE-1 DIABETES MELLITUS BEFORE AND AFTER GIVING AN EDUCATION TO TEACHERS: A COMMUNITY-BASED, PROSPECTIVE COHORT STUDY

Halil Ugur HATİPOGLU [1] , Eda SUNNETCİ SİLİSTRE [2]


Tip-1 Diyabetes Mellitus (T1DM) ciddi komplikasyonları olan, en sık görülen endokrinolojik hastalıktır. Son prevalans çalışmalarında hastalığın sıklığının artmakta olduğu bildirilmektedir. Hastaların zamanlarının çoğunu birlikte geçirdikleri aileleri ve öğretmenlerinin T1DM farkındalığının artırılması gereklidir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, T1DM eğitiminin, öğretmenlerin hastalık konusundaki farkındalıkları üzerindeki etkilerini araştırmaktır. İstanbul'un farklı bölgelerinde bulunan 203 ilkokul, ortaokul ve lise 2009 yılı için gözden geçirilmiş ve söz konusu okullarda görev yapan 1006 öğretmen ile T1DM tanısı alan 114 öğrencileri çalışmanın ilk bölümüne dâhil edilmiştir. Katılımcılardan hastalıkla ilgili farkındalıklarını değerlendirmek amacıyla T1DM ile ilgili soruların yer aldığı bir form doldurmaları istenmiştir. Daha sonra katılımcı öğretmenler iki çocuk doktoru tarafından yürütülen bir eğitim programına dâhil edilmiştir. Araştırmanın ikinci bölümünde katılımcı öğretmenlerin ve aynı okullardan T1DM tanısı alan farklı 67 öğrencilerinin 2013 yılında aynı formu doldurmaları istenmiştir. Öğretmenlerin DM konusunda eğitilmesinin, hastalığın neden olduğu komatöz durumların görülme riskini azalttığı ayrıca sınıfta insülin enjeksiyonu yapılması oranlarını, okulda atıştırmalık tüketilmesini ve hem okulda hem de evde kan şekeri ölçülmesini önemli ölçüde olumlu etkilediği gözlenmiştir. Ek olarak, karbonhidrat sayımı yapan çocukların sayısı ve dersler sırasında hasta öğrencilerin miksiyon için tuvalete gitmelerine izin verme sıklığı da eğitimden sonra önemli ölçüde artmıştır. Bu çalışma, ilkokul ortaokul ve liselerde görev yapan öğretmenlere T1DM ile ilgili eğitim verilmesinin hastalığın seyrini olumlu yönde etkileyebileceğini göstermektedir.

Type-1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) is the most frequent endocrinological disease that has very serious complications and in recent prevalence studies it has been reported that the frequency of the disease has been increasing. There is a need to increase awareness of the disease in children diagnosed with T1DM and their families and teachers with whom they spend most of their times. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of T1DM education on awareness of the teachers towards the disease. 203 primary-secondary and high schools in different regions of Istanbul were reviewed for the year 2009 and a total of 1006 teachers and 114 students diagnosed with Type-1 DM were included in the first part of study. The participants were asked to fill in a form that included several questions to assess the awareness about the disease. Afterwards the teachers were included in a training program conducted by two pediatricians. In the second part of the study the same teachers and different 67 students diagnosed with type-1 DM from the same schools were asked to fill in the same form in 2013. It was observed that educating the teachers about DM reduced the risk of comatose situations caused by the disease and the rates of insulin injections in class, eating snacks at school and self-monitoring of blood glucose at school and home were affected significantly positively. In addition, the number of children using carbohydrate counting and the frequency of giving permission for micturition during lessons also significantly increased after the education. The present study shows that educating teachers at primary-secondary and high schools about Type-1 DM might affect the progression of the disease in a positive manner. 

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Primary Language en
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-7393-677X
Author: Halil Ugur HATİPOGLU (Primary Author)
Institution: UNIVERSITY OF HEALTH SCIENCES ISTANBUL TRAINING AND RESEARCH HOSPİTAL
Country: Turkey


Author: Eda SUNNETCİ SİLİSTRE (Primary Author)
Institution: UNIVERSITY OF HEALTH SCIENCES ISTANBUL TRAINING AND RESEARCH HOSPİTAL
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : January 27, 2019

Bibtex @research article { iaaojh499667, journal = {International Anatolia Academic Online Journal Health Sciences}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-3159}, address = {Hürriyet Mahallesi Dolu Sokak Elam KOnakları A Blok Daire 15 Süleymanpaşa Tekirdağ}, publisher = {Abdülkadir IŞIK}, year = {2019}, volume = {5}, pages = {32 - 43}, doi = {}, title = {EVALUATION OF THE AWARENESS OF TEACHERS AND SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN LIVING IN ISTANBUL TOWARDS TYPE-1 DIABETES MELLITUS BEFORE AND AFTER GIVING AN EDUCATION TO TEACHERS: A COMMUNITY-BASED, PROSPECTIVE COHORT STUDY}, key = {cite}, author = {HATİPOGLU, Halil Ugur and SUNNETCİ SİLİSTRE, Eda} }
APA HATİPOGLU, H , SUNNETCİ SİLİSTRE, E . (2019). EVALUATION OF THE AWARENESS OF TEACHERS AND SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN LIVING IN ISTANBUL TOWARDS TYPE-1 DIABETES MELLITUS BEFORE AND AFTER GIVING AN EDUCATION TO TEACHERS: A COMMUNITY-BASED, PROSPECTIVE COHORT STUDY. International Anatolia Academic Online Journal Health Sciences , 5 (1) , 32-43 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/iaaojh/issue/41030/499667
MLA HATİPOGLU, H , SUNNETCİ SİLİSTRE, E . "EVALUATION OF THE AWARENESS OF TEACHERS AND SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN LIVING IN ISTANBUL TOWARDS TYPE-1 DIABETES MELLITUS BEFORE AND AFTER GIVING AN EDUCATION TO TEACHERS: A COMMUNITY-BASED, PROSPECTIVE COHORT STUDY". International Anatolia Academic Online Journal Health Sciences 5 (2019 ): 32-43 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/iaaojh/issue/41030/499667>
Chicago HATİPOGLU, H , SUNNETCİ SİLİSTRE, E . "EVALUATION OF THE AWARENESS OF TEACHERS AND SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN LIVING IN ISTANBUL TOWARDS TYPE-1 DIABETES MELLITUS BEFORE AND AFTER GIVING AN EDUCATION TO TEACHERS: A COMMUNITY-BASED, PROSPECTIVE COHORT STUDY". International Anatolia Academic Online Journal Health Sciences 5 (2019 ): 32-43
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - EVALUATION OF THE AWARENESS OF TEACHERS AND SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN LIVING IN ISTANBUL TOWARDS TYPE-1 DIABETES MELLITUS BEFORE AND AFTER GIVING AN EDUCATION TO TEACHERS: A COMMUNITY-BASED, PROSPECTIVE COHORT STUDY AU - Halil Ugur HATİPOGLU , Eda SUNNETCİ SİLİSTRE Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - International Anatolia Academic Online Journal Health Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 32 EP - 43 VL - 5 IS - 1 SN - -2148-3159 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 International Anatolia Academic Online Journal Health Sciences EVALUATION OF THE AWARENESS OF TEACHERS AND SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN LIVING IN ISTANBUL TOWARDS TYPE-1 DIABETES MELLITUS BEFORE AND AFTER GIVING AN EDUCATION TO TEACHERS: A COMMUNITY-BASED, PROSPECTIVE COHORT STUDY %A Halil Ugur HATİPOGLU , Eda SUNNETCİ SİLİSTRE %T EVALUATION OF THE AWARENESS OF TEACHERS AND SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN LIVING IN ISTANBUL TOWARDS TYPE-1 DIABETES MELLITUS BEFORE AND AFTER GIVING AN EDUCATION TO TEACHERS: A COMMUNITY-BASED, PROSPECTIVE COHORT STUDY %D 2019 %J International Anatolia Academic Online Journal Health Sciences %P -2148-3159 %V 5 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD HATİPOGLU, Halil Ugur , SUNNETCİ SİLİSTRE, Eda . "EVALUATION OF THE AWARENESS OF TEACHERS AND SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN LIVING IN ISTANBUL TOWARDS TYPE-1 DIABETES MELLITUS BEFORE AND AFTER GIVING AN EDUCATION TO TEACHERS: A COMMUNITY-BASED, PROSPECTIVE COHORT STUDY". International Anatolia Academic Online Journal Health Sciences 5 / 1 (January 2019): 32-43 .
AMA HATİPOGLU H , SUNNETCİ SİLİSTRE E . EVALUATION OF THE AWARENESS OF TEACHERS AND SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN LIVING IN ISTANBUL TOWARDS TYPE-1 DIABETES MELLITUS BEFORE AND AFTER GIVING AN EDUCATION TO TEACHERS: A COMMUNITY-BASED, PROSPECTIVE COHORT STUDY. IAAOJH. 2019; 5(1): 32-43.
Vancouver HATİPOGLU H , SUNNETCİ SİLİSTRE E . EVALUATION OF THE AWARENESS OF TEACHERS AND SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN LIVING IN ISTANBUL TOWARDS TYPE-1 DIABETES MELLITUS BEFORE AND AFTER GIVING AN EDUCATION TO TEACHERS: A COMMUNITY-BASED, PROSPECTIVE COHORT STUDY. International Anatolia Academic Online Journal Health Sciences. 2019; 5(1): 43-32.