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ANALYSIS OF THE SINO – SWISS FREE TRADE AGREEMENT FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF NORMAN ANGELL

Year 2020, Volume 12, Issue 2, 101 - 116, 01.04.2020

Abstract

The Sino – Swiss Free Trade Agreement was signed on 6 July 2013 and came into effect in 2014. With the agreement, economic and political relations are developed between two states. We know that bilateral economic relations are increasing complex interdependence among nation states, so political disputes can be solved easily because commerce and economic relations are seen more important than having political disputes. In this article, the Sino – Swiss Free Trade Agreement will be analyzed from the perspective of idealist Norman Angell. According to him, nation states and politicians saw that economic relations can solve political disputes and they don’t want to have conflicts and disputes in which wars would arise; instead they want to increase their trade volumes. Angell states that war is a suicide for humanity. Natural inclination of human beings towards cooperation and peace should be highlighted. Also Angell declares that economic interdependence would prevent wars. Human beings don’t have natural tendency towards war. Bad environmental causes result in wars and deaths. My argument is that Chinese - Swiss economic and political relations are in an idealist form thanks to their strong commercial relations. Also, I am defending that in the 21st century, this system will continue between these two states unless a big change occurs in international politics and thoughts of idealism in international relations theory are more reasonable than arguments of realist theory.

References

  • Angell, N. (1910). The Great Illusion: A Study of the Relation of Military Power in Nations to their Economic and Social Advantage. London: G. P. Putnam’s Sons. Baumann, R. et al. (2011). International Relations: The Great Debates Volume I. Cheltenham: Elgar Publishing. Bown, Chad P. and Crowley, Meredith A. (2010). ‘’China’s export growth and the China safeguard: threats to the world trading system?’’. Canadian Journal of Economics. Vol.43, No.4. 1353–1388. Carr, E. H. (1939). The Twenty Years’ Crisis: 1919–1939: An Introduction to the Study of International Relations. London: The Macmillan Press. Dodis. Télégramme du Président de la Confédération suisse Max Petitpierre à Mao Zedong. http://dodis.ch/8016 [Access: 14 May 2019]. Dodis. Position de la Suisse face à la représentation chinoise. http://dodis. ch/8208 [Access: 14 May 2019]. Duthoit, J. (2018). Les relations sino-suisses: Economie contre Influence. Genève: Geneva Intelligence SA. Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, Bilateral relations Switzerland–China, https://www.eda.admin.ch/eda/en/home/representations-and-travel-advice/ china/switzerland-china.html [Access: 14 May 2019]. Fédération Suisse du Tourisme, Swiss Tourism in Figures 2017: Structure and Industry Data, 2017. French.xinhuanet.com, Arrivée en Suisse du président Xi pour une visite d’Etat et un discours au Forum de Davos, http://french.xinhuanet.com/2017- 01/15/c_135984351.htm [Access: 17 May 2019]. Herz, J. (2011). ‘’Reflections on Hans Morgenthau’s Political Realism’’. American Foreign Policy Newsletter. Vol.7. No.1. Human Rights Watch, China, https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2018/countrychapters/ china-and-tibet [Access: 14 May 2019]. Keller, H. (1987). ‘’Les Relations entre la Chine et la Suisse’’. Bulletin de Sinologie. No.35. 22-28. Keohane, R. and Joseph Nye. (2011). Power and Interdependence. New York: Longman. Lanteigne, M. (2019). ‘’The China–Switzerland Free Trade Agreement and Economic Identity-Building’’. Journal of Contemporary China. DOI:10.1080/10 670564.2018.1557949. Le Portail du Gouvernement suisse. (1918). Traité d’amitié entre la République de la Confédération suisse et la République de Chine. McQueen, A. (2017). “Political realism and the realist ‘Tradition’’. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy. Vol.20. No.3. 296–313. Molloy, S. (2004). “Truth, Power, Theory: Hans Morgenthau’s Formulation of Realism’’. Diplomacy and Statecraft. Vol.15. No.1. Morgenthau, H. (1948). Politics among Nations. New York: Alfred Knopf. Swissinfo, “Les relations sino-suisses ont toujours été à l’avant-garde”, https:// www.swissinfo.ch/fre/suisse---chine_-les-relations-sino-suisses-ont-toujours- %C3%A9t%C3%A9-%C3%A0-l-avant-garde-/41564396 [Access: 17 May 2019]. Tang, S. (2009). ‘’The Security Dilemma: A Conceptual Analysis’’. Security Studies. Vol.18. No.3. The Guardian, US imposes sanctions on China, stoking fears of trade war, https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/mar/22/china-us-sanctions-trade-war [Access: 13 May 2019]. The Federal Customs Administration, Trading Partners (Swiss Exports), https:// www.ezv.admin.ch/dam/ezv/en/dokumente/abgaben/Aussenhandelstatistik/ Diffusion/Daten/Exporte%20der%20Schweiz%20nach%20Handelspartnern. xlsx.download.xlsx/2_4_LD_EXP.xlsx [Access: 13 May 2019]. The Federal Customs Administration, Trading Partners (Swiss Imports), https:// www.ezv.admin.ch/dam/ezv/en/dokumente/abgaben/Aussenhandelstatistik/ Diffusion/Daten/Importe%20der%20Schweiz%20nach%20Handelspartnern. xlsx.download.xlsx/2_4_LD_IMP.xlsx [Access: 13 May 2019]. The Federal Customs Administration, Trading Partners (Swiss Combined Foreign Trade), https://www.ezv.admin.ch/dam/ezv/en/dokumente/abgaben/ Aussenhandelstatistik/Diffusion/Daten/Kumulierter%20Aussenhandel%20 der%20Schweiz%20nach%20Handelspartnern.xlsx.download.xlsx/2_4_LD_ Kum.xlsx [Access: 13 May 2019]. The Free Trade Agreement between the Swiss Confederation and the People’s Republic of China. 2013. The Nobel Prize, Sir Norman Angell, https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/ peace/1933/angell/facts/ [Access: 14 May 2019]. The Swiss – Chinese Chamber of Commerce, China, Switzerland vow to expand ties, https://www.sccc.ch/news-publications/news/china-switzerland-vow-toexpand- ties [Access: 2 June 2019]. The United Nations, Charter. https://www.un.org/en/sections/un-charter/ chapter-i/index.html [Access: 14 May 2019]. Weiss, J. (2013). ‘’E. H. Carr, Norman Angell, and Reassessing the Realist– Utopian Debate’’. The International History Review. Vol.35. No.5. 1156–1184. Woolf, L. (1940). ‘’Utopia and Reality’’. Political Quarterly. Vol.11. No.2. 167- 182.

Year 2020, Volume 12, Issue 2, 101 - 116, 01.04.2020

Abstract

References

  • Angell, N. (1910). The Great Illusion: A Study of the Relation of Military Power in Nations to their Economic and Social Advantage. London: G. P. Putnam’s Sons. Baumann, R. et al. (2011). International Relations: The Great Debates Volume I. Cheltenham: Elgar Publishing. Bown, Chad P. and Crowley, Meredith A. (2010). ‘’China’s export growth and the China safeguard: threats to the world trading system?’’. Canadian Journal of Economics. Vol.43, No.4. 1353–1388. Carr, E. H. (1939). The Twenty Years’ Crisis: 1919–1939: An Introduction to the Study of International Relations. London: The Macmillan Press. Dodis. Télégramme du Président de la Confédération suisse Max Petitpierre à Mao Zedong. http://dodis.ch/8016 [Access: 14 May 2019]. Dodis. Position de la Suisse face à la représentation chinoise. http://dodis. ch/8208 [Access: 14 May 2019]. Duthoit, J. (2018). Les relations sino-suisses: Economie contre Influence. Genève: Geneva Intelligence SA. Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, Bilateral relations Switzerland–China, https://www.eda.admin.ch/eda/en/home/representations-and-travel-advice/ china/switzerland-china.html [Access: 14 May 2019]. Fédération Suisse du Tourisme, Swiss Tourism in Figures 2017: Structure and Industry Data, 2017. French.xinhuanet.com, Arrivée en Suisse du président Xi pour une visite d’Etat et un discours au Forum de Davos, http://french.xinhuanet.com/2017- 01/15/c_135984351.htm [Access: 17 May 2019]. Herz, J. (2011). ‘’Reflections on Hans Morgenthau’s Political Realism’’. American Foreign Policy Newsletter. Vol.7. No.1. Human Rights Watch, China, https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2018/countrychapters/ china-and-tibet [Access: 14 May 2019]. Keller, H. (1987). ‘’Les Relations entre la Chine et la Suisse’’. Bulletin de Sinologie. No.35. 22-28. Keohane, R. and Joseph Nye. (2011). Power and Interdependence. New York: Longman. Lanteigne, M. (2019). ‘’The China–Switzerland Free Trade Agreement and Economic Identity-Building’’. Journal of Contemporary China. DOI:10.1080/10 670564.2018.1557949. Le Portail du Gouvernement suisse. (1918). Traité d’amitié entre la République de la Confédération suisse et la République de Chine. McQueen, A. (2017). “Political realism and the realist ‘Tradition’’. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy. Vol.20. No.3. 296–313. Molloy, S. (2004). “Truth, Power, Theory: Hans Morgenthau’s Formulation of Realism’’. Diplomacy and Statecraft. Vol.15. No.1. Morgenthau, H. (1948). Politics among Nations. New York: Alfred Knopf. Swissinfo, “Les relations sino-suisses ont toujours été à l’avant-garde”, https:// www.swissinfo.ch/fre/suisse---chine_-les-relations-sino-suisses-ont-toujours- %C3%A9t%C3%A9-%C3%A0-l-avant-garde-/41564396 [Access: 17 May 2019]. Tang, S. (2009). ‘’The Security Dilemma: A Conceptual Analysis’’. Security Studies. Vol.18. No.3. The Guardian, US imposes sanctions on China, stoking fears of trade war, https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/mar/22/china-us-sanctions-trade-war [Access: 13 May 2019]. The Federal Customs Administration, Trading Partners (Swiss Exports), https:// www.ezv.admin.ch/dam/ezv/en/dokumente/abgaben/Aussenhandelstatistik/ Diffusion/Daten/Exporte%20der%20Schweiz%20nach%20Handelspartnern. xlsx.download.xlsx/2_4_LD_EXP.xlsx [Access: 13 May 2019]. The Federal Customs Administration, Trading Partners (Swiss Imports), https:// www.ezv.admin.ch/dam/ezv/en/dokumente/abgaben/Aussenhandelstatistik/ Diffusion/Daten/Importe%20der%20Schweiz%20nach%20Handelspartnern. xlsx.download.xlsx/2_4_LD_IMP.xlsx [Access: 13 May 2019]. The Federal Customs Administration, Trading Partners (Swiss Combined Foreign Trade), https://www.ezv.admin.ch/dam/ezv/en/dokumente/abgaben/ Aussenhandelstatistik/Diffusion/Daten/Kumulierter%20Aussenhandel%20 der%20Schweiz%20nach%20Handelspartnern.xlsx.download.xlsx/2_4_LD_ Kum.xlsx [Access: 13 May 2019]. The Free Trade Agreement between the Swiss Confederation and the People’s Republic of China. 2013. The Nobel Prize, Sir Norman Angell, https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/ peace/1933/angell/facts/ [Access: 14 May 2019]. The Swiss – Chinese Chamber of Commerce, China, Switzerland vow to expand ties, https://www.sccc.ch/news-publications/news/china-switzerland-vow-toexpand- ties [Access: 2 June 2019]. The United Nations, Charter. https://www.un.org/en/sections/un-charter/ chapter-i/index.html [Access: 14 May 2019]. Weiss, J. (2013). ‘’E. H. Carr, Norman Angell, and Reassessing the Realist– Utopian Debate’’. The International History Review. Vol.35. No.5. 1156–1184. Woolf, L. (1940). ‘’Utopia and Reality’’. Political Quarterly. Vol.11. No.2. 167- 182.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Social
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Melih DİNÇER This is me
İSTANBUL MEDENİYET ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-3079-1512
Türkiye

Publication Date April 1, 2020
Application Date December 12, 2019
Acceptance Date February 2, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume 12, Issue 2

Cite

APA Dinçer, M. (2020). ANALYSIS OF THE SINO – SWISS FREE TRADE AGREEMENT FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF NORMAN ANGELL . İstanbul Aydın Üniversitesi Dergisi , 12 (2) , 101-116 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/iaud/issue/53563/713577

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