Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the nutritional knowledge of patients with Type 2 diabetes who come to diabetes outpatient clinics.
Method: The descriptive study was conducted with a total of 100 patients who came to the diabetes outpatient clinics of training and research hospitals with the necessary permissions. The data were collected using a semi-structured information form consisting of 27 questions including sociodemographic and introductory characteristics of the patients, and 20 questions measuring nutritional knowledge levels, and a total of 47 questions. The analysis of the data was done using the SPSS program on the computer.
Results: Nutritional knowledge level of patients with type 2 diabetes was found to be 9,45 ± 3,96. The nutritional knowledge levels of the patients who received nutrition training and had normal BMI were higher (p<,001; p<,01). In the study, those who had regular insulin resistance testing, blood glucose monitoring, and HbA1C tests had higher nutritional knowledge than those who did not regularly (p<,05; p<,001; p<,001). In addition, those with normal insulin resistance values, those with last measured postprandial glucose below 200 mg/dl and an HbA1c value below 6.5%, and those who had information about diabetes complications and diabetic foot had higher nutritional knowledge (p<.05).
Conclusion: As a result, it was found that the knowledge level of diabetic patients was at a moderate level. It was observed that diabetes education increased the level of nutritional knowledge, provided regular follow-up and metabolic control. Increasing the nutritional knowledge of patients with type 2 diabetes will enable them to have regular examinations, provide metabolic control and increase their quality of life.