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Perceived Stress and Coping with Stress Among Mothers of Children Aged 0-17 During the Pandemic

Year 2022, Volume , Issue 16, 190 - 201, 30.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.38079/igusabder.988483

Abstract

Aim: This study was conducted to determine the perceived stress of mothers and their methods of coping with stress.
Method: This descriptive study was conducted with 385 mothers who lived in a province, had online access and agreed to participate between the period 30 May 2021 and 30 June 2021. Data were collected through a questionnaire and the Perceived Stress and Coping with Stress Scale. IBM SPSS Statistics 25.0 program was used to evaluate the data.
Results: 61% of the mothers in the study were between the ages of 18-39, and 77.4% of them had a bachelor's degree or higher education level. While 72.2% of them state that they work, 77.9% of them state that their children do not go to school. The mean score of the Mothers' Perceived Stress Scale was 28.64±6.94. The mean score of the effective coping dimension of the Stress Coping Scale was 29.08±7.70, and the mean score of the ineffective coping dimension was 14.92±6.33. There is a statistically significant positive correlation between perceived stress and ineffective coping.
Conclusion: The study shows that mothers' perceived stress is low and effective coping methods are at a good level. It is evaluated that psychosocial support programs and stress coping training can be organized for those who use ineffective coping methods. 

References

  • Demir Z, Toprak AÖ. Covid- 19 salgını nedeniyle yaşanan karantina günlerinde kadınların virüs ve gündelik yaşamla ilgili tutum ve davranışları. Turkish Studies. 2020;15(6):391-413.
  • Hjálmsdóttir A, Bjarnadóttir V. I have turned into a foreman here at home: families and work–life balance in times of COVID-19 in a gender equality paradise. Gender Work Organ. 2021;28:268–283.
  • Brown SM, Doom JR, Lechuga-Peña S, Watamura SE, Koppels T. Stress and parenting during the global COVID-19 pandemic. Child Abuse and Neglect. 2020;110:1-14.
  • Duraku ZH, Jahiu G, Geci D. The Impact of COVID-19, Traumatic Experiences and Child Behaviors Affected by Parental Stress, Parenting Practices, and Changes in Child Behavior. In: Duraku ZH, eds. Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Education and Wellbeing: Implications for Practice and Lessons for the Future. University of Prishtina; 2020: 64–90.
  • Limbers CA, Mc Collum C, Greenwood E. Physical activity moderates the association between parenting stress and quality of life in working mothers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Mental Health and Physical Activity. 2020;19:1-5.
  • Tchimtchoua Tamo AR. An analysis of mother stress before and during COVID-19 pandemic: The case of China. Health Care for Women International. 2020;41(11–12):1349–1362.
  • Loret de Mola C, Blumenberg C, Martins R, et al. Increased depression and anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazilian mothers: a longitudinal study. Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry. 2021;00(00):1-3.
  • Spinola O, Liotti M, Speranza AM, Tambelli R. Effects of COVID-19 Epidemic lockdown on postpartum depressive symptoms in a sample of Italian mothers. Frontiers in Psychiatry. 2020;11:1–10.
  • Cameron EE, Joyce KM, Delaquis CP, Reynolds K, Protudjer JLP, Roos LE. Maternal psychological distress & mental health service use during the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2020;276:765–774.
  • Sümbüloğlu K, Sümbüloğlu V. Biyoistatistik. 17. Baskı. Ankara: Hatiboğlu Yayıncılık; 2007.
  • Eskin M, Harlak H, Demirkıran F, Dereboy Ç. Algılanan stres ölçeğinin Türkçe’ye uyarlanması: Güvenirlik ve Geçerlik Analizi. Yeni Symposium Journal. 2013;51(3):132–140.
  • Şahin N, Durak A. The adaptation of the stress coping styles inventory to the university students. J Turkish Psychol. 1995;10:56 –73.
  • Chung G, Lanier P, Wong PYJ. Mediating effects of parental stress on harsh parenting and parent-child relationship during coronavirus pandemic in singapore. Journal of Family Violence. 2020;22(8):1-12.
  • Freisthler B, Gruenewald PJ, Tebben E, Shockley McCarthy K, Price Wolf J. Understanding at the moment stress for parents during COVID-19 stay at home restrictions. Social Science and Medicine. 2021;279:1-8.
  • Johnson MS, Skjerdingstad N, Ebrahimi OV, Hoffart A, Johnson SU. Parenting in a pandemic: parental stress during the physical distancing ıntervention following the onset of the Covid-19 outbreak. PsyArXiv Preprints. 2020;1-25. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/3nsda.
  • Susilowati E, Azzasyofia M. The parents stress level in facing children study from home in the early of Covid-19 pandemic in Indonesia. International Journal of Science and Society. 2020;2(3):1–12.
  • Marchetti D, Fontanesi L, Mazza C, Di Giandomenico S, Roma P, Verrocchio MC. Parenting-related exhaustion during the Italian COVID-19 lockdown. Journal of Pediatric Psychology. 2020;45(10):1114–1123.
  • Verger NB, Urbanowicz A, Shankland R, Mc Aloney-Kocaman K. Coping in isolation: predictors of ındividual and household risks and resilience against the Covid-19 pandemic. Social Sciences & Humanities Electronic Journal. 2021;3:1-6.
  • Petrocchi S, Levante A, Bianco F, Castelli I, Lecciso F. Maternal distress/coping and children’s adaptive behaviors during the Covid-19 lockdown: mediation through children’s emotional experience. Frontiers in Public Health. 2020;8:1–11.
  • Perry CPB, de Cunha ACB, de Albuquerqu KA, et al. Motherhood and COVID-19: a digital psychoeducational booklet for the coping with the pandemic stressors. Trends in Psychology. 2021;1-20.
  • Kallitsoglou A. Coping with homeschooling and caring for children during the UK COVID-19 lockdown: voices of working mothers. Research Square. 2021;1–17.
  • Bilge Y, Bilge Y. Investigation of the effects of coronavirus and social isolation on psychological symptoms in terms of psychological resilience and coping styles. Klinik Psikiyatri Dergisi. 2020;23(Supply:1):38-51.
  • Kar N, Kar B, Kar S. Stress and coping during COVID-19 pandemic: Result of an online survey. Psychiatry Research. 2021;295:1-5.
  • Roy D, Tripathy S, Kar S, Sharma N, Verma S, Kaushal V. Study of knowledge, attitude, anxiety & perceived mental healthcare need in Indian population during COVID-19 pandemic. Asian Journal of Psychiatry. 2020;51(102083):1-7.

Pandemi Döneminde 0-17 Yaş Arası Çocuğu Olan Annelerde Algılanan Stres ve Stresle Başa Çıkma Tarzları

Year 2022, Volume , Issue 16, 190 - 201, 30.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.38079/igusabder.988483

Abstract

Amaç: Bu çalışma annelerde algılanan stres ve stresle baş etme yöntemlerini belirlemek amacıyla yapılmıştır.
Yöntem: Tanımlayıcı tipte olan bu çalışma 30 Mayıs 2021-30 Haziran 2021 tarihleri arasında yürütülmüştür. Çalışma bir ilde yaşayan online erişimi olan ve çalışmaya katılmayı kabul eden 385 anne ile tamamlanmıştır. Veriler, anket formu, Algılanan Stres ve Stresle Baş Etme Ölçeği aracılığı ile toplanmıştır. Verilerin değerlendirilmesinde IBM SPSS Statistics 25.0 paket programından yararlanılmıştır.
Bulgular: Çalışmadaki annelerin %61’i 18-39 yaş arasında olup, %77.4’ü lisans ve üzeri eğitim düzeyindedir. Annelerin %72.2’si çalışmakta, %77.9’unun çocuğu okula gitmektedir. Annelerin Algılanan Stres Ölçeği puan ortalaması 28.64±6.94’tür. Stresle Baş Etme Ölçeği etkili baş etme boyutu puan ortalaması 29.08±7.70, etkisiz baş etme boyutu puan ortalaması 14.92±6.33’tür. Algılanan stres ile etkisiz baş etme arasında pozitif yönde istatiksel olarak anlamlı bir ilişki vardır.
Sonuç: Çalışma sonucunda annelerde algılanan stresin düşük olduğunu ve etkili baş etme yöntemlerinin iyi düzeyde olduğunu göstermektedir. Etkisiz baş etme yöntemi kullananlara psikososyal destek programları ve stresle baş etme eğitimleri düzenlenebilir. 

References

  • Demir Z, Toprak AÖ. Covid- 19 salgını nedeniyle yaşanan karantina günlerinde kadınların virüs ve gündelik yaşamla ilgili tutum ve davranışları. Turkish Studies. 2020;15(6):391-413.
  • Hjálmsdóttir A, Bjarnadóttir V. I have turned into a foreman here at home: families and work–life balance in times of COVID-19 in a gender equality paradise. Gender Work Organ. 2021;28:268–283.
  • Brown SM, Doom JR, Lechuga-Peña S, Watamura SE, Koppels T. Stress and parenting during the global COVID-19 pandemic. Child Abuse and Neglect. 2020;110:1-14.
  • Duraku ZH, Jahiu G, Geci D. The Impact of COVID-19, Traumatic Experiences and Child Behaviors Affected by Parental Stress, Parenting Practices, and Changes in Child Behavior. In: Duraku ZH, eds. Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Education and Wellbeing: Implications for Practice and Lessons for the Future. University of Prishtina; 2020: 64–90.
  • Limbers CA, Mc Collum C, Greenwood E. Physical activity moderates the association between parenting stress and quality of life in working mothers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Mental Health and Physical Activity. 2020;19:1-5.
  • Tchimtchoua Tamo AR. An analysis of mother stress before and during COVID-19 pandemic: The case of China. Health Care for Women International. 2020;41(11–12):1349–1362.
  • Loret de Mola C, Blumenberg C, Martins R, et al. Increased depression and anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazilian mothers: a longitudinal study. Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry. 2021;00(00):1-3.
  • Spinola O, Liotti M, Speranza AM, Tambelli R. Effects of COVID-19 Epidemic lockdown on postpartum depressive symptoms in a sample of Italian mothers. Frontiers in Psychiatry. 2020;11:1–10.
  • Cameron EE, Joyce KM, Delaquis CP, Reynolds K, Protudjer JLP, Roos LE. Maternal psychological distress & mental health service use during the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2020;276:765–774.
  • Sümbüloğlu K, Sümbüloğlu V. Biyoistatistik. 17. Baskı. Ankara: Hatiboğlu Yayıncılık; 2007.
  • Eskin M, Harlak H, Demirkıran F, Dereboy Ç. Algılanan stres ölçeğinin Türkçe’ye uyarlanması: Güvenirlik ve Geçerlik Analizi. Yeni Symposium Journal. 2013;51(3):132–140.
  • Şahin N, Durak A. The adaptation of the stress coping styles inventory to the university students. J Turkish Psychol. 1995;10:56 –73.
  • Chung G, Lanier P, Wong PYJ. Mediating effects of parental stress on harsh parenting and parent-child relationship during coronavirus pandemic in singapore. Journal of Family Violence. 2020;22(8):1-12.
  • Freisthler B, Gruenewald PJ, Tebben E, Shockley McCarthy K, Price Wolf J. Understanding at the moment stress for parents during COVID-19 stay at home restrictions. Social Science and Medicine. 2021;279:1-8.
  • Johnson MS, Skjerdingstad N, Ebrahimi OV, Hoffart A, Johnson SU. Parenting in a pandemic: parental stress during the physical distancing ıntervention following the onset of the Covid-19 outbreak. PsyArXiv Preprints. 2020;1-25. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/3nsda.
  • Susilowati E, Azzasyofia M. The parents stress level in facing children study from home in the early of Covid-19 pandemic in Indonesia. International Journal of Science and Society. 2020;2(3):1–12.
  • Marchetti D, Fontanesi L, Mazza C, Di Giandomenico S, Roma P, Verrocchio MC. Parenting-related exhaustion during the Italian COVID-19 lockdown. Journal of Pediatric Psychology. 2020;45(10):1114–1123.
  • Verger NB, Urbanowicz A, Shankland R, Mc Aloney-Kocaman K. Coping in isolation: predictors of ındividual and household risks and resilience against the Covid-19 pandemic. Social Sciences & Humanities Electronic Journal. 2021;3:1-6.
  • Petrocchi S, Levante A, Bianco F, Castelli I, Lecciso F. Maternal distress/coping and children’s adaptive behaviors during the Covid-19 lockdown: mediation through children’s emotional experience. Frontiers in Public Health. 2020;8:1–11.
  • Perry CPB, de Cunha ACB, de Albuquerqu KA, et al. Motherhood and COVID-19: a digital psychoeducational booklet for the coping with the pandemic stressors. Trends in Psychology. 2021;1-20.
  • Kallitsoglou A. Coping with homeschooling and caring for children during the UK COVID-19 lockdown: voices of working mothers. Research Square. 2021;1–17.
  • Bilge Y, Bilge Y. Investigation of the effects of coronavirus and social isolation on psychological symptoms in terms of psychological resilience and coping styles. Klinik Psikiyatri Dergisi. 2020;23(Supply:1):38-51.
  • Kar N, Kar B, Kar S. Stress and coping during COVID-19 pandemic: Result of an online survey. Psychiatry Research. 2021;295:1-5.
  • Roy D, Tripathy S, Kar S, Sharma N, Verma S, Kaushal V. Study of knowledge, attitude, anxiety & perceived mental healthcare need in Indian population during COVID-19 pandemic. Asian Journal of Psychiatry. 2020;51(102083):1-7.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Medicine
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Serap KAYNAK> (Primary Author)
Balıkesir Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Hemşirelik Bölümü Çocuk Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Hemşireliği AD
0000-0001-9482-5254
Türkiye


Songül DURAN>
İzmir Demokrasi Üniversitesi Sağlık Hizmetleri Meslek Yüksekokulu, Sağlık Hizmetleri Bölümü, Yaşlı Bakım Programı.
0000-0002-2565-7784
Türkiye

Publication Date April 30, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume , Issue 16

Cite

Bibtex @research article { igusabder988483, journal = {İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {2536-4499}, eissn = {2602-2605}, address = {İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Yüksekokulu - Cihangir Mah. Şehit Jandarma Komando Er Hakan Öner Sk. No: 1 Avcılar / İstanbul / Türkiye}, publisher = {İstanbul Gelisim University}, year = {2022}, number = {16}, pages = {190 - 201}, doi = {10.38079/igusabder.988483}, title = {Pandemi Döneminde 0-17 Yaş Arası Çocuğu Olan Annelerde Algılanan Stres ve Stresle Başa Çıkma Tarzları}, key = {cite}, author = {Kaynak, Serap and Duran, Songül} }
APA Kaynak, S. & Duran, S. (2022). Pandemi Döneminde 0-17 Yaş Arası Çocuğu Olan Annelerde Algılanan Stres ve Stresle Başa Çıkma Tarzları . İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi , (16) , 190-201 . DOI: 10.38079/igusabder.988483
MLA Kaynak, S. , Duran, S. "Pandemi Döneminde 0-17 Yaş Arası Çocuğu Olan Annelerde Algılanan Stres ve Stresle Başa Çıkma Tarzları" . İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi (2022 ): 190-201 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/igusabder/issue/69769/988483>
Chicago Kaynak, S. , Duran, S. "Pandemi Döneminde 0-17 Yaş Arası Çocuğu Olan Annelerde Algılanan Stres ve Stresle Başa Çıkma Tarzları". İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi (2022 ): 190-201
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Pandemi Döneminde 0-17 Yaş Arası Çocuğu Olan Annelerde Algılanan Stres ve Stresle Başa Çıkma Tarzları AU - Serap Kaynak , Songül Duran Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.38079/igusabder.988483 DO - 10.38079/igusabder.988483 T2 - İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 190 EP - 201 VL - IS - 16 SN - 2536-4499-2602-2605 M3 - doi: 10.38079/igusabder.988483 UR - https://doi.org/10.38079/igusabder.988483 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Istanbul Gelisim University Journal of Health Sciences Pandemi Döneminde 0-17 Yaş Arası Çocuğu Olan Annelerde Algılanan Stres ve Stresle Başa Çıkma Tarzları %A Serap Kaynak , Songül Duran %T Pandemi Döneminde 0-17 Yaş Arası Çocuğu Olan Annelerde Algılanan Stres ve Stresle Başa Çıkma Tarzları %D 2022 %J İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi %P 2536-4499-2602-2605 %V %N 16 %R doi: 10.38079/igusabder.988483 %U 10.38079/igusabder.988483
ISNAD Kaynak, Serap , Duran, Songül . "Pandemi Döneminde 0-17 Yaş Arası Çocuğu Olan Annelerde Algılanan Stres ve Stresle Başa Çıkma Tarzları". İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi / 16 (April 2022): 190-201 . https://doi.org/10.38079/igusabder.988483
AMA Kaynak S. , Duran S. Pandemi Döneminde 0-17 Yaş Arası Çocuğu Olan Annelerde Algılanan Stres ve Stresle Başa Çıkma Tarzları. IGUSABDER. 2022; (16): 190-201.
Vancouver Kaynak S. , Duran S. Pandemi Döneminde 0-17 Yaş Arası Çocuğu Olan Annelerde Algılanan Stres ve Stresle Başa Çıkma Tarzları. İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi. 2022; (16): 190-201.
IEEE S. Kaynak and S. Duran , "Pandemi Döneminde 0-17 Yaş Arası Çocuğu Olan Annelerde Algılanan Stres ve Stresle Başa Çıkma Tarzları", İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, no. 16, pp. 190-201, Apr. 2022, doi:10.38079/igusabder.988483

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