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Video-Based Physical Exercise Effects on Young Adults in Social Isolation During the Coronavirus Pandemic

Year 2023, Issue: 21 - December, 1167 - 1182, 05.01.2024
https://doi.org/10.38079/igusabder.1264586

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of video-based exercises on the physical activity levels of individuals between the ages of 18-40 in social isolation to prevent the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Method: 64 volunteers participated as the control and 64 study groups were divided randomly and equally into two groups, the video-based exercise group (VEG) and the control group (CG). The video-based exercise group was included in an exercise program for 20 minutes, 7 days a week for 6 weeks. The primary outcome measure was the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (Short Form) (IPAQ-SF). Secondary outcome measures were the Nottingham Health Profile (NHP), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Distress Tolerance Scale (DTS), sit and reach test, shoulder flexibility test, squat test, plank test, lateral bridge test (LBT), crunch test and single leg stance test (SLST). Tests were applied to the groups at the beginning and the end of the study.
Results: There was a statistically significant difference in all parameters in the study group before and after the application (p<0.05). According to the intergroup comparisons, there was a statistically significant increase between the groups in IPAQ-SF, Sit and Reach Test, Push Up Test, Plank Test, LBT, and SLST Tests; there was a statistically significant decrease between the groups in DTS, BAI, PSQI, and NHP scores (except for pain and social isolation scores) (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Our findings will shed light on the management of the physiotherapy and rehabilitation process by contributing to the increasing evidence in the literature on the effectiveness of video-based exercises and improving health-related multifaceted parameters in various post-pandemic situations where access to health services and preventive rehabilitation is restricted.

References

  • 1. Watkins J. Preventing a covid-19 pandemic. BMJ. 2020;368:1-2. doi:10.1136/bmj.m810.
  • 2. Lavie CJ, Ozemek C, Carbone S, Katzmarzyk PT, Blair SN. Sedentary behavior, exercise, and cardiovascular health. Circ Res. 2019;124(5):799-815. doi:10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.118.312669.
  • 3. Talevi D, Socci V, Carai M, et al. Mental health outcomes of the Covid-19 pandemic. Riv Psichiatr. 2020;55(3):137-144. doi: 10.1708/3382.33569
  • 4. Vernadakis N, Derri V, Tsitskari E, Antoniou P. The effect of Xbox Kinect intervention on balance ability for previously injured young competitive male athletes: A preliminary study. Phys Ther Sport. 2014;15(3):148-155. doi:10.1016/j.ptsp.2013.08.004.
  • 5. Emmerson KB, Harding KE, Lockwood KJ, Taylor NF. Home exercise programs supported by video and automated reminders for patients with stroke: A qualitative analysis. Aust Occup Ther J. 2018;65(3):187-197. doi:10.1111/1440-1630.12461.
  • 6. Hong J, Kim J, Kim SW, Kong HJ. Effects of home-based tele-exercise on sarcopenia among community-dwelling elderly adults: Body composition and functional fitness. Exp Gerontol. 2017;87(Pt A):33-39. doi:10.1016/j.exger.2016.11.002.
  • 7. Chan C, Yamabayashi C, Syed N, Kirkham A, Camp PG. Exercise telemonitoring and telerehabilitation compared with traditional cardiac and pulmonary rehabilitation: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Physiother Can. 2016;68(3):242-251. doi:10.3138/ptc.2015-33.
  • 8. Van Het Schip C, Cheung KL, Vluggen S, Hoving C, Schaper NC, de Vries H. Spoken animated self-management video messages aimed at improving physical activity in people with type 2 diabetes: development and ınterview study. J Med Internet Res. 2020;22(4):e15397. doi:10.2196/15397.
  • 9. Lee PH, Macfarlane DJ, Lam TH, Stewart SM. Validity of the international physical activity questionnaire short form (IPAQ-SF): a systematic review. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2011;8(1):115. doi:10.1186/1479-5868-8-115.
  • 10. Plant P, McEwen J, Prescott K. Use of the nottingham health profile to test the validity of census variables to proxy the need for health care. J Public Heal (United Kingdom). 1996;18(3):313-320. doi: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.pubmed.a024512.
  • 11. Hunt SM, McEwen J, McKenna SP. Measuring health status: a new tool for clinicians and epidemiologists. J R Coll Gen Pract. 1985;35(273):185-188.
  • 12. Buysse DJ, Reynolds CF, Monk TH, Berman SR, Kupfer DJ. The Pittsburgh sleep quality index: a new instrument for psychiatric practice and research. Psychiatry Res. 1989;28:193-213.
  • 13. Beck AT, Brown G, Kiyosaki RT, Lechter SL. An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: psychometric properties. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1988;56(6):893-897. doi: 10.1037/0022-006X.56.6.893.
  • 14. Beck AT, Ward CH, Mendelson M, Mock J, Erbaugh J. An inventory for measuring depression. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1961;4(6):561-571. doi: 10.1001/archpsyc.1961.01710120031004.
  • 15. Wells KF, Dillon EK. The sit and reach a test of back and leg flexibility. Res Quarterly Am Assoc Heal Phys Educ Recreat. 1952;23(1):115-118. doi: 10.1080/10671188.1952.10761965.
  • 16. Munich H, Cipriani D, Hall C, Nelson D, Falkel J. The test-retest reliability of an inclined squat strength test protocol. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1997;26(4):209-213. doi: 10.2519/jospt.1997.26.4.209.
  • 17. Tong TK, Wu S, Nie J. Sport-specific endurance plank test for evaluation of global core muscle function. Phys Ther Sport Off J Assoc Chart Physiother Sport Med. 2014;15(1):58-63. doi: 10.1016/j.ptsp.2013.03.003.
  • 18. Crotti M, Bosio A, Invernizzi PL. Validity and reliability of submaximal fitness tests based on perceptual variables. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2018;58(5):555-562. doi: 10.23736/S0022-4707.17.07199-7.
  • 19. Chrintz H, Falster O, Roed J. Single‐leg postural equilibrium test. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 1991;1(4):244-246. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.1991.tb00305.x.
  • 20. Füzéki E, Groneberg DA, Banzer W. Physical activity during COVID-19 induced lockdown: Recommendations. J Occup Med Toxicol. 2020;15(1):1-5. doi:10.1186/s12995-020-00278-9.
  • 21. Qi M, Li P, Moyle W, Weeks B, Jones C. Physical activity, health-related quality of life, and stress among the chinese adult population during the COVID-19 pandemic. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17-26. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17186494.
  • 22. Mascarenhas MN, Chan JM, Vittinghoff E, Van Blarigan EL, Hecht F. Increasing physical activity in mothers using video exercise groups and exercise mobile apps: randomized controlled trial. J Med Internet Res. 2018;20(5):e179. doi: 10.2196/jmir.9310.
  • 23. Júdice PB, Silva AM, Berria J, Petroski EL, Ekelund U, Sardinha LB. Sedentary patterns, physical activity and health-related physical fitness in youth: A cross-sectional study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2017;14-22(1):1-10. doi:10.1186/s12966-017-0481-3.
  • 24. Duruturk N, Özköslü MA. Effect of tele-rehabilitation on glucose control, exercise capacity, physical fitness, muscle strength and psychosocial status in patients with type 2 diabetes: A double blind randomized controlled trial. Prim Care Diabetes. 2019;13(6):542-548. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2019.03.007.
  • 25. Varma P, Junge M, Meaklim H, Jackson ML. Younger people are more vulnerable to stress, anxiety and depression during COVID-19 pandemic: A global cross-sectional survey. Prog Neuro-Psychopharmacology Biol Psychiatry. 2021;109:110236. doi:10.1016/j.pnpbp.2020.110236.
  • 26. Qi T, Hu T, Ge QQ, et al. COVID-19 pandemic related long-term chronic stress on the prevalence of depression and anxiety in the general population. BMC Psychiatry. 2021;21(1):380. doi:10.1186/s12888-021-03385-x.
  • 27. Anderson E, Shivakumar G. Effects of exercise and physical activity on anxiety. Front Psychiatry. 2013;4:27. doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2013.00027.
  • 28. Bailey AP, Hetrick SE, Rosenbaum S, Purcell R, Parker AG. Treating depression with physical activity in adolescents and young adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Psychol Med. 2018;48(7):1068-1083. doi: 10.1017/S0033291717002653.
  • 29. Hernando-Garijo I, Ceballos-Laita L, Mingo-Gómez MT, et al. Immediate effects of a telerehabilitation program based on aerobic exercise in women with fibromyalgia. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021;18(4):2075. doi:10.3390/ijerph18042075.
  • 30. Kelley GA, Kelley KS. Exercise and sleep: a systematic review of previous meta-analyses. J Evid Based Med. 2017;10(1):26-36. doi:10.1111/jebm.12236.
  • 31. Park KH, Song MR. Comparative analysis of pain, muscle strength, disability, and quality of life in middle-aged and older adults after web video lower back exercise. Comput Inform Nurs. 2021;40(3):170-177. doi:10.1097/CIN.0000000000000801.
  • 32. Türkmen E, Analay Akbaba Y, Altun S. Effectiveness of video-based rehabilitation program on pain, functionality, and quality of life in the treatment of rotator cuff tears: A randomized controlled trial. J hand Ther Off J Am Soc Hand Ther. 2020;33(3):288-295.
  • 33. ‘Cave Syndrome’ Keeps the Vaccinated in Social Isolation. https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/cave-syndrome-keeps-the-vaccinated-in-social-isolation1/ Published May 3, 2021. Accessed March 23, 2023.

Koronavirüs Nedeniyle Sosyal İzolasyon Sürecinde Genç Yetişkinlerde Video Tabanlı Egzersizlerin Etkililiği

Year 2023, Issue: 21 - December, 1167 - 1182, 05.01.2024
https://doi.org/10.38079/igusabder.1264586

Abstract

Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı, COVID-19 pandemisinin yayılmasını önlemek için sosyal izolasyonda bulunan 18-40 yaş arasındaki bireylerin fiziksel aktivite düzeylerine yönelik video tabanlı egzersizlerin etkinliğini değerlendirmektir.
Yöntem: 64 gönüllü kontrol ve 64 çalışma grubu rastgele ve eşit olarak video tabanlı egzersiz grubu (VEG) ve kontrol grubu (CG) olmak üzere iki gruba ayrıldı. Video ağırlıklı egzersiz grubuna 6 hafta boyunca haftada 7 gün 20 dakikalık egzersiz programı uygulandı. Birincil sonuç ölçütü olarak Uluslararası Fiziksel Aktivite Anketi (Kısa Form) (IPAQ-SF) kullanıldı. İkincil sonuç ölçütleri Nottingham Sağlık Profili (NHP), Pittsburgh Uyku Kalitesi İndeksi (PSQI), Beck Anksiyete Envanteri (BAI), Sıkıntı Tolerans Ölçeği (DTS), otur ve uzan testi, omuz esnekliği testi, çömelme testi, plank testi, lateral köprü testi (LBT), crunch testi ve tek ayak üzerinde durma testi (SLST) olarak belirlenerek katılımcılar çalışmanın başında ve sonunda değerlendirildi.
Bulgular: Uygulama öncesi ve sonrası çalışma grubunda tüm parametrelerde istatistiksel olarak anlamlı fark vardı (p<0,05). Gruplar arası karşılaştırmalara göre IPAQ-SF, Sit and Reach Test, Push Up Test, Plank Test, LBT, SLST Tests sonuçlarında gruplar arasında çalışma grubu lehine istatistiksel olarak anlamlı artış, DTS, BAI, PSQI ve NHP puanlarında (ağrı ve sosyal izolasyon puanları hariç) çalışma grubu lehine istatistiksel olarak anlamlı azalma vardı. (p<0,05).
Sonuç: Bulgular, sağlık hizmetlerine erişimin kısıtlı olduğu ve önleyici rehabilitasyonun önemli olduğu çeşitli post-pandemi durumlarında video tabanlı egzersizlerin etkinliğine ve sağlıkla ilgili çok yönlü parametrelerin iyileştirilmesine ilişkin literatürde artan kanıtlara katkıda bulunarak fizyoterapi ve rehabilitasyon sürecinin yönetimine ışık tutacaktır.

References

  • 1. Watkins J. Preventing a covid-19 pandemic. BMJ. 2020;368:1-2. doi:10.1136/bmj.m810.
  • 2. Lavie CJ, Ozemek C, Carbone S, Katzmarzyk PT, Blair SN. Sedentary behavior, exercise, and cardiovascular health. Circ Res. 2019;124(5):799-815. doi:10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.118.312669.
  • 3. Talevi D, Socci V, Carai M, et al. Mental health outcomes of the Covid-19 pandemic. Riv Psichiatr. 2020;55(3):137-144. doi: 10.1708/3382.33569
  • 4. Vernadakis N, Derri V, Tsitskari E, Antoniou P. The effect of Xbox Kinect intervention on balance ability for previously injured young competitive male athletes: A preliminary study. Phys Ther Sport. 2014;15(3):148-155. doi:10.1016/j.ptsp.2013.08.004.
  • 5. Emmerson KB, Harding KE, Lockwood KJ, Taylor NF. Home exercise programs supported by video and automated reminders for patients with stroke: A qualitative analysis. Aust Occup Ther J. 2018;65(3):187-197. doi:10.1111/1440-1630.12461.
  • 6. Hong J, Kim J, Kim SW, Kong HJ. Effects of home-based tele-exercise on sarcopenia among community-dwelling elderly adults: Body composition and functional fitness. Exp Gerontol. 2017;87(Pt A):33-39. doi:10.1016/j.exger.2016.11.002.
  • 7. Chan C, Yamabayashi C, Syed N, Kirkham A, Camp PG. Exercise telemonitoring and telerehabilitation compared with traditional cardiac and pulmonary rehabilitation: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Physiother Can. 2016;68(3):242-251. doi:10.3138/ptc.2015-33.
  • 8. Van Het Schip C, Cheung KL, Vluggen S, Hoving C, Schaper NC, de Vries H. Spoken animated self-management video messages aimed at improving physical activity in people with type 2 diabetes: development and ınterview study. J Med Internet Res. 2020;22(4):e15397. doi:10.2196/15397.
  • 9. Lee PH, Macfarlane DJ, Lam TH, Stewart SM. Validity of the international physical activity questionnaire short form (IPAQ-SF): a systematic review. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2011;8(1):115. doi:10.1186/1479-5868-8-115.
  • 10. Plant P, McEwen J, Prescott K. Use of the nottingham health profile to test the validity of census variables to proxy the need for health care. J Public Heal (United Kingdom). 1996;18(3):313-320. doi: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.pubmed.a024512.
  • 11. Hunt SM, McEwen J, McKenna SP. Measuring health status: a new tool for clinicians and epidemiologists. J R Coll Gen Pract. 1985;35(273):185-188.
  • 12. Buysse DJ, Reynolds CF, Monk TH, Berman SR, Kupfer DJ. The Pittsburgh sleep quality index: a new instrument for psychiatric practice and research. Psychiatry Res. 1989;28:193-213.
  • 13. Beck AT, Brown G, Kiyosaki RT, Lechter SL. An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: psychometric properties. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1988;56(6):893-897. doi: 10.1037/0022-006X.56.6.893.
  • 14. Beck AT, Ward CH, Mendelson M, Mock J, Erbaugh J. An inventory for measuring depression. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1961;4(6):561-571. doi: 10.1001/archpsyc.1961.01710120031004.
  • 15. Wells KF, Dillon EK. The sit and reach a test of back and leg flexibility. Res Quarterly Am Assoc Heal Phys Educ Recreat. 1952;23(1):115-118. doi: 10.1080/10671188.1952.10761965.
  • 16. Munich H, Cipriani D, Hall C, Nelson D, Falkel J. The test-retest reliability of an inclined squat strength test protocol. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1997;26(4):209-213. doi: 10.2519/jospt.1997.26.4.209.
  • 17. Tong TK, Wu S, Nie J. Sport-specific endurance plank test for evaluation of global core muscle function. Phys Ther Sport Off J Assoc Chart Physiother Sport Med. 2014;15(1):58-63. doi: 10.1016/j.ptsp.2013.03.003.
  • 18. Crotti M, Bosio A, Invernizzi PL. Validity and reliability of submaximal fitness tests based on perceptual variables. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2018;58(5):555-562. doi: 10.23736/S0022-4707.17.07199-7.
  • 19. Chrintz H, Falster O, Roed J. Single‐leg postural equilibrium test. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 1991;1(4):244-246. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.1991.tb00305.x.
  • 20. Füzéki E, Groneberg DA, Banzer W. Physical activity during COVID-19 induced lockdown: Recommendations. J Occup Med Toxicol. 2020;15(1):1-5. doi:10.1186/s12995-020-00278-9.
  • 21. Qi M, Li P, Moyle W, Weeks B, Jones C. Physical activity, health-related quality of life, and stress among the chinese adult population during the COVID-19 pandemic. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17-26. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17186494.
  • 22. Mascarenhas MN, Chan JM, Vittinghoff E, Van Blarigan EL, Hecht F. Increasing physical activity in mothers using video exercise groups and exercise mobile apps: randomized controlled trial. J Med Internet Res. 2018;20(5):e179. doi: 10.2196/jmir.9310.
  • 23. Júdice PB, Silva AM, Berria J, Petroski EL, Ekelund U, Sardinha LB. Sedentary patterns, physical activity and health-related physical fitness in youth: A cross-sectional study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2017;14-22(1):1-10. doi:10.1186/s12966-017-0481-3.
  • 24. Duruturk N, Özköslü MA. Effect of tele-rehabilitation on glucose control, exercise capacity, physical fitness, muscle strength and psychosocial status in patients with type 2 diabetes: A double blind randomized controlled trial. Prim Care Diabetes. 2019;13(6):542-548. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2019.03.007.
  • 25. Varma P, Junge M, Meaklim H, Jackson ML. Younger people are more vulnerable to stress, anxiety and depression during COVID-19 pandemic: A global cross-sectional survey. Prog Neuro-Psychopharmacology Biol Psychiatry. 2021;109:110236. doi:10.1016/j.pnpbp.2020.110236.
  • 26. Qi T, Hu T, Ge QQ, et al. COVID-19 pandemic related long-term chronic stress on the prevalence of depression and anxiety in the general population. BMC Psychiatry. 2021;21(1):380. doi:10.1186/s12888-021-03385-x.
  • 27. Anderson E, Shivakumar G. Effects of exercise and physical activity on anxiety. Front Psychiatry. 2013;4:27. doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2013.00027.
  • 28. Bailey AP, Hetrick SE, Rosenbaum S, Purcell R, Parker AG. Treating depression with physical activity in adolescents and young adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Psychol Med. 2018;48(7):1068-1083. doi: 10.1017/S0033291717002653.
  • 29. Hernando-Garijo I, Ceballos-Laita L, Mingo-Gómez MT, et al. Immediate effects of a telerehabilitation program based on aerobic exercise in women with fibromyalgia. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021;18(4):2075. doi:10.3390/ijerph18042075.
  • 30. Kelley GA, Kelley KS. Exercise and sleep: a systematic review of previous meta-analyses. J Evid Based Med. 2017;10(1):26-36. doi:10.1111/jebm.12236.
  • 31. Park KH, Song MR. Comparative analysis of pain, muscle strength, disability, and quality of life in middle-aged and older adults after web video lower back exercise. Comput Inform Nurs. 2021;40(3):170-177. doi:10.1097/CIN.0000000000000801.
  • 32. Türkmen E, Analay Akbaba Y, Altun S. Effectiveness of video-based rehabilitation program on pain, functionality, and quality of life in the treatment of rotator cuff tears: A randomized controlled trial. J hand Ther Off J Am Soc Hand Ther. 2020;33(3):288-295.
  • 33. ‘Cave Syndrome’ Keeps the Vaccinated in Social Isolation. https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/cave-syndrome-keeps-the-vaccinated-in-social-isolation1/ Published May 3, 2021. Accessed March 23, 2023.
There are 33 citations in total.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Clinical Sciences
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Yasemin Buran Çırak 0000-0002-8044-8539

Burcu Işıkcı 0000-0002-4515-7656

Kübra Kardeş 0000-0003-4166-085X

Yunus Emre Tütüneken 0000-0003-4080-5105

Gül Deniz Yılmaz Yelvar 0000-0002-6960-5302

Habibe Serap İnal 0000-0003-1818-121X

Early Pub Date January 8, 2024
Publication Date January 5, 2024
Acceptance Date December 5, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023 Issue: 21 - December

Cite

APA Buran Çırak, Y., Işıkcı, B., Kardeş, K., Tütüneken, Y. E., et al. (2024). Video-Based Physical Exercise Effects on Young Adults in Social Isolation During the Coronavirus Pandemic. İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi(21), 1167-1182. https://doi.org/10.38079/igusabder.1264586
AMA Buran Çırak Y, Işıkcı B, Kardeş K, Tütüneken YE, Yılmaz Yelvar GD, İnal HS. Video-Based Physical Exercise Effects on Young Adults in Social Isolation During the Coronavirus Pandemic. IGUSABDER. January 2024;(21):1167-1182. doi:10.38079/igusabder.1264586
Chicago Buran Çırak, Yasemin, Burcu Işıkcı, Kübra Kardeş, Yunus Emre Tütüneken, Gül Deniz Yılmaz Yelvar, and Habibe Serap İnal. “Video-Based Physical Exercise Effects on Young Adults in Social Isolation During the Coronavirus Pandemic”. İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, no. 21 (January 2024): 1167-82. https://doi.org/10.38079/igusabder.1264586.
EndNote Buran Çırak Y, Işıkcı B, Kardeş K, Tütüneken YE, Yılmaz Yelvar GD, İnal HS (January 1, 2024) Video-Based Physical Exercise Effects on Young Adults in Social Isolation During the Coronavirus Pandemic. İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 21 1167–1182.
IEEE Y. Buran Çırak, B. Işıkcı, K. Kardeş, Y. E. Tütüneken, G. D. Yılmaz Yelvar, and H. S. İnal, “Video-Based Physical Exercise Effects on Young Adults in Social Isolation During the Coronavirus Pandemic”, IGUSABDER, no. 21, pp. 1167–1182, January 2024, doi: 10.38079/igusabder.1264586.
ISNAD Buran Çırak, Yasemin et al. “Video-Based Physical Exercise Effects on Young Adults in Social Isolation During the Coronavirus Pandemic”. İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 21 (January 2024), 1167-1182. https://doi.org/10.38079/igusabder.1264586.
JAMA Buran Çırak Y, Işıkcı B, Kardeş K, Tütüneken YE, Yılmaz Yelvar GD, İnal HS. Video-Based Physical Exercise Effects on Young Adults in Social Isolation During the Coronavirus Pandemic. IGUSABDER. 2024;:1167–1182.
MLA Buran Çırak, Yasemin et al. “Video-Based Physical Exercise Effects on Young Adults in Social Isolation During the Coronavirus Pandemic”. İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, no. 21, 2024, pp. 1167-82, doi:10.38079/igusabder.1264586.
Vancouver Buran Çırak Y, Işıkcı B, Kardeş K, Tütüneken YE, Yılmaz Yelvar GD, İnal HS. Video-Based Physical Exercise Effects on Young Adults in Social Isolation During the Coronavirus Pandemic. IGUSABDER. 2024(21):1167-82.

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