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Sağlıklı Kadınlarda Reformer Pilates Egzersizlerinin Psikososyal Parametrelere Etkisi

Year 2023, Issue: 21 - December, 920 - 931, 05.01.2024
https://doi.org/10.38079/igusabder.1325947

Abstract

Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı, reformer pilates egzersizlerinin sağlıklı kadınlarda benlik saygısı, kaygı düzeyi, egzersiz algısı ve yaşam kalitesi üzerindeki etkisini incelemektir.
Yöntem: Otuz yedi sağlıklı kadın (ortalama yaş=21,08±1,09 yıl) iki gruba ayrıldı: müdahale grubu (n=17) ve kontrol grubu (n=19). Müdahale grubu haftada 3 gün olmak üzere 8 hafta boyunca 24 seans reformer pilates programını tamamlarken, kontrol grubu herhangi bir egzersiz programına katılmadı. Tüm değerlendirmeler çalışmanın başında ve 8 haftanın sonunda Rosenberg Benlik Saygısı Ölçeği, Durumluk ve Sürekli Kaygı Ölçeği, Egzersiz Faydaları-Engelleri Ölçeği ve WHOQOL-BREF kullanılarak yapıldı.
Bulgular: Müdahale döneminin sonunda, durumluk anksiyete düzeyi kontrol grubunda istatistiksel olarak anlamlı şekilde azaldı (p<0,05). Egzersiz Faydaları-Engelleri Ölçeği-Yarar skoru yalnızca deney grubunda anlamlı olarak azaldı (p<0,05). Psikososyal parametrelerdeki değişimler açısından müdahale ve kontrol grupları arasında anlamlı bir farklılık gözlemlenmedi (p>0,05).
Sonuç: Reformer pilates egzersizleri sağlıklı kadınlarda egzersiz yarar algısını geliştirmede etkilidir.

References

  • 1. Bull FC, Al-Ansari SS, Biddle S, et al. World Health Organization 2020 guidelines on physical activity and sedentary behaviour. Br J Sports Med. 2020;54(24):1451-1462. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2020-102955.
  • 2. Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1·9 million participants. Lancet Glob Health. 2018;6(10):e1077-e1086. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7.
  • 3. Lovell GP, El Ansari W, Parker JK. Perceived exercise benefits and barriers of non-exercising female university students in the United Kingdom. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2010;7(3):784-798. doi: 10.3390/ijerph7030784.
  • 4. Latey P. The Pilates method: History and philosophy. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2001;5(4):275-282. doi: 10.1054/jbmt.2001.0237.
  • 5. Johnson EG, Larsen A, Ozawa H, Wilson CA, Kennedy KL. The effects of Pilates-based exercise on dynamic balance in healthy adults. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2007;11(3):238-242. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2006.08.008.
  • 6. Kloubec J. Pilates: how does it work and who needs it? Muscles Ligaments Tendons J. 2011;1(2):61.
  • 7. Caldwell K, Harrison M, Adams M, Travis Triplett N. Effect of Pilates and taiji quan training on self-efficacy, sleep quality, mood, and physical performance of college students. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2009;13(2):155-163. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2007.12.001.
  • 8. Tolnai N, Szabó Z, Köteles F, Szabo A. Physical and psychological benefits of once-a-week Pilates exercises in young sedentary women: A 10-week longitudinal study. Physiol Behav. 2016;163:211-218. doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2016.05.025.
  • 9. Burke S, Carron A, Eys M, Ntoumanis N, Estabrooks P. Group versus individual approach? A meta-analysis of the effectiveness of ınterventions to promote physical activity. Sport Exer Psychol Rev. 2005;2. doi: 10.53841/bpssepr.2006.2.1.13.
  • 10. Abasıyanık Z, Ertekin Ö, Kahraman T, Yigit P, Özakbaş S. The effects of clinical pilates training on walking, balance, fall risk, respiratory, and cognitive functions in persons with multiple sclerosis: A randomized controlled trial. Explore. 2020;16(1):12-20. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2019.07.010.
  • 11. Saglam M, Arikan H, Savci S, et al. International physical activity questionnaire: Reliability and validity of the Turkish version. Percept Mot Skills. 2010;111(1):278-284.
  • 12. Sechrist KR, Walker SN, Pender NJ. Development and psychometric evaluation of the exercise benefits/barriers scale. Res Nurs Health. 1987;10(6):357-365.
  • 13. Ortabag T, Ceylan S, Akyuz A, Bebis H. The validity and reliability of the exercise benefits / barriers scale for Turkish military nursing students. South Afr J Res Sport Phys Educ Recreat. 2010;32(2):55-70. doi: 10.10520/EJC108928.
  • 14. Rosenberg M. Rosenberg self-esteem scale. J Relig Health. 1965.
  • 15. Spielberger CD, Gonzalez-Reigosa F, Martinez-Urrutia A, et al. The state-trait anxiety inventory. Interam J Psychol. 1971;5(3 & 4).
  • 16. Oner N, Le Compte A. Durumluk-Sürekli Kaygı Envanteri Elkitabı. 20. Basım İstanbul: Boğaziçi Üniversitesi Yayınları, 1985. s.3-5.
  • 17. Eser E, Fidaner H, Fidaner C, et al. Psychometric properties of the WHOQOL-100 and WHOQOL-BREF. J Psychiatry Psychol Psychopharmacol. 1999;7(2):23-40.
  • 18. Champion VL, Skinner CS. The health belief model. Health Behav Health Educ Theory Res Pract. 2008;4:45-65.
  • 19. Üner S, Balcılar M, Ergüder T. Türkiye Hanehalkı Sağlık Araştırması: Bulaşıcı Olmayan Hastalıkların Risk Faktörleri Prevalansı 2017 (STEPS). Dünya Sağlık Örgütü Türkiye Ofisi, Ankara. 2018.
  • 20. Korkmaz C, Calık BB, Kabul EG. Investigation of the effects of clinical Pilates exercises on physical fitness and psychosocial parameters in healthy women. J Exerc Ther Rehabil. 2022;9(3):153-2022-163.
  • 21. Kamioka H, Tsutani K, Katsumata Y, et al. Effectiveness of Pilates exercise: A quality evaluation and summary of systematic reviews based on randomized controlled trials. Complement Ther Med. 2016;25:1-19.
  • 22. Wells C, Kolt GS, Bialocerkowski A. Defining Pilates exercise: A systematic review. Complement Ther Med. 2012;20(4):253-262.
  • 23. MacDonald G, Leary MR. Individual differences in self-esteem. In: Leary MR, Tangney JP, eds. Handbook of self and identity. 2nd ed. The Guilford Press; 2014:354-377.
  • 24. Elavsky S. Longitudinal examination of the exercise and self-esteem model in middle-aged women. J Sport Exerc Psychol. 2010;32(6):862-880.
  • 25. Araci A, Aslan UB. Physical and psychological effects of neuromuscular integrative activity vs pilates on sedentary females. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2023;33(1):67-75.
  • 26. Bayram L, Yüceloğlu Keskin DÖ. Comparison of pre and post-exercise body composition measurements and self-esteem of women who do pilates exercise. Int J Appl Exerc Physiol. 2020;9(3):66-72.
  • 27. Barlow DH. Anxiety and Its Disorders: The Nature and Treatment of Anxiety and Panic. Guilford Press,2004.
  • 28. Herring MP, Lindheimer JB, O’Connor PJ. The effects of exercise training on anxiety. Am J Lifestyle Med. 2014;8(6):388-403.
  • 29. Leopoldino AAO, Avelar NCP, Passos Jr GB, et al. Effect of Pilates on sleep quality and quality of life of sedentary population. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2013;17(1):5-10.
  • 30. de Siqueira Rodrigues BG, Cader SA, Torres NVOB, de Oliveira EM, Dantas EHM. Pilates method in personal autonomy, static balance and quality of life of elderly females. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2010;14(2):195-202.
  • 31. Liposcki DB, da Silva Nagata IF, Silvano GA, Zanella K, Schneider RH. Influence of a Pilates exercise program on the quality of life of sedentary elderly people: A randomized clinical trial. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2019;23(2):390-393.

The Effects of Reformer Pilates Exercises on Psychosocial Parameters in Healthy Women

Year 2023, Issue: 21 - December, 920 - 931, 05.01.2024
https://doi.org/10.38079/igusabder.1325947

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study is to examine the effect of reformer pilates exercises on self-esteem, level of anxiety, exercise perception, and quality of life in healthy women.
Method: Thirty-seven healthy women (mean age=21.08±1.09 years) were divided into two groups: the intervention group (n=17) and the control group (n=19). The intervention group completed a 24-session reformer pilates program for 8 weeks, 3 days a week, while the control group did not participate in any exercise program. All assessments were performed at the beginning of the study and the end of 8 weeks using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Scale, Exercise Benefits-Barriers Scale and World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale-Short Form (WHOQOL-BREF).
Results: At the end of the intervention period, the level of state anxiety decreased statistically significantly in the control group (p<0.05). Exercise Benefits-Barriers Scale-Benefit score decreased significantly only in the experimental group (p<0.05). Changes in psychosocial parameters were not significantly different between the intervention and control groups (p>0.05).
Conclusion: Reformer Pilates exercises are effective in improving the perception of exercise benefits in healthy women.

References

  • 1. Bull FC, Al-Ansari SS, Biddle S, et al. World Health Organization 2020 guidelines on physical activity and sedentary behaviour. Br J Sports Med. 2020;54(24):1451-1462. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2020-102955.
  • 2. Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1·9 million participants. Lancet Glob Health. 2018;6(10):e1077-e1086. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7.
  • 3. Lovell GP, El Ansari W, Parker JK. Perceived exercise benefits and barriers of non-exercising female university students in the United Kingdom. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2010;7(3):784-798. doi: 10.3390/ijerph7030784.
  • 4. Latey P. The Pilates method: History and philosophy. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2001;5(4):275-282. doi: 10.1054/jbmt.2001.0237.
  • 5. Johnson EG, Larsen A, Ozawa H, Wilson CA, Kennedy KL. The effects of Pilates-based exercise on dynamic balance in healthy adults. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2007;11(3):238-242. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2006.08.008.
  • 6. Kloubec J. Pilates: how does it work and who needs it? Muscles Ligaments Tendons J. 2011;1(2):61.
  • 7. Caldwell K, Harrison M, Adams M, Travis Triplett N. Effect of Pilates and taiji quan training on self-efficacy, sleep quality, mood, and physical performance of college students. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2009;13(2):155-163. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2007.12.001.
  • 8. Tolnai N, Szabó Z, Köteles F, Szabo A. Physical and psychological benefits of once-a-week Pilates exercises in young sedentary women: A 10-week longitudinal study. Physiol Behav. 2016;163:211-218. doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2016.05.025.
  • 9. Burke S, Carron A, Eys M, Ntoumanis N, Estabrooks P. Group versus individual approach? A meta-analysis of the effectiveness of ınterventions to promote physical activity. Sport Exer Psychol Rev. 2005;2. doi: 10.53841/bpssepr.2006.2.1.13.
  • 10. Abasıyanık Z, Ertekin Ö, Kahraman T, Yigit P, Özakbaş S. The effects of clinical pilates training on walking, balance, fall risk, respiratory, and cognitive functions in persons with multiple sclerosis: A randomized controlled trial. Explore. 2020;16(1):12-20. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2019.07.010.
  • 11. Saglam M, Arikan H, Savci S, et al. International physical activity questionnaire: Reliability and validity of the Turkish version. Percept Mot Skills. 2010;111(1):278-284.
  • 12. Sechrist KR, Walker SN, Pender NJ. Development and psychometric evaluation of the exercise benefits/barriers scale. Res Nurs Health. 1987;10(6):357-365.
  • 13. Ortabag T, Ceylan S, Akyuz A, Bebis H. The validity and reliability of the exercise benefits / barriers scale for Turkish military nursing students. South Afr J Res Sport Phys Educ Recreat. 2010;32(2):55-70. doi: 10.10520/EJC108928.
  • 14. Rosenberg M. Rosenberg self-esteem scale. J Relig Health. 1965.
  • 15. Spielberger CD, Gonzalez-Reigosa F, Martinez-Urrutia A, et al. The state-trait anxiety inventory. Interam J Psychol. 1971;5(3 & 4).
  • 16. Oner N, Le Compte A. Durumluk-Sürekli Kaygı Envanteri Elkitabı. 20. Basım İstanbul: Boğaziçi Üniversitesi Yayınları, 1985. s.3-5.
  • 17. Eser E, Fidaner H, Fidaner C, et al. Psychometric properties of the WHOQOL-100 and WHOQOL-BREF. J Psychiatry Psychol Psychopharmacol. 1999;7(2):23-40.
  • 18. Champion VL, Skinner CS. The health belief model. Health Behav Health Educ Theory Res Pract. 2008;4:45-65.
  • 19. Üner S, Balcılar M, Ergüder T. Türkiye Hanehalkı Sağlık Araştırması: Bulaşıcı Olmayan Hastalıkların Risk Faktörleri Prevalansı 2017 (STEPS). Dünya Sağlık Örgütü Türkiye Ofisi, Ankara. 2018.
  • 20. Korkmaz C, Calık BB, Kabul EG. Investigation of the effects of clinical Pilates exercises on physical fitness and psychosocial parameters in healthy women. J Exerc Ther Rehabil. 2022;9(3):153-2022-163.
  • 21. Kamioka H, Tsutani K, Katsumata Y, et al. Effectiveness of Pilates exercise: A quality evaluation and summary of systematic reviews based on randomized controlled trials. Complement Ther Med. 2016;25:1-19.
  • 22. Wells C, Kolt GS, Bialocerkowski A. Defining Pilates exercise: A systematic review. Complement Ther Med. 2012;20(4):253-262.
  • 23. MacDonald G, Leary MR. Individual differences in self-esteem. In: Leary MR, Tangney JP, eds. Handbook of self and identity. 2nd ed. The Guilford Press; 2014:354-377.
  • 24. Elavsky S. Longitudinal examination of the exercise and self-esteem model in middle-aged women. J Sport Exerc Psychol. 2010;32(6):862-880.
  • 25. Araci A, Aslan UB. Physical and psychological effects of neuromuscular integrative activity vs pilates on sedentary females. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2023;33(1):67-75.
  • 26. Bayram L, Yüceloğlu Keskin DÖ. Comparison of pre and post-exercise body composition measurements and self-esteem of women who do pilates exercise. Int J Appl Exerc Physiol. 2020;9(3):66-72.
  • 27. Barlow DH. Anxiety and Its Disorders: The Nature and Treatment of Anxiety and Panic. Guilford Press,2004.
  • 28. Herring MP, Lindheimer JB, O’Connor PJ. The effects of exercise training on anxiety. Am J Lifestyle Med. 2014;8(6):388-403.
  • 29. Leopoldino AAO, Avelar NCP, Passos Jr GB, et al. Effect of Pilates on sleep quality and quality of life of sedentary population. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2013;17(1):5-10.
  • 30. de Siqueira Rodrigues BG, Cader SA, Torres NVOB, de Oliveira EM, Dantas EHM. Pilates method in personal autonomy, static balance and quality of life of elderly females. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2010;14(2):195-202.
  • 31. Liposcki DB, da Silva Nagata IF, Silvano GA, Zanella K, Schneider RH. Influence of a Pilates exercise program on the quality of life of sedentary elderly people: A randomized clinical trial. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2019;23(2):390-393.
There are 31 citations in total.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy, Rehabilitation
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Hümeyra Kiloatar 0000-0003-4340-3443

Nisa Türütgen 0000-0003-2047-5321

Mihri Barış Karavelioğlu 0000-0003-3536-2485

Early Pub Date January 8, 2024
Publication Date January 5, 2024
Acceptance Date December 11, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023 Issue: 21 - December

Cite

APA Kiloatar, H., Türütgen, N., & Karavelioğlu, M. B. (2024). Sağlıklı Kadınlarda Reformer Pilates Egzersizlerinin Psikososyal Parametrelere Etkisi. İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi(21), 920-931. https://doi.org/10.38079/igusabder.1325947
AMA Kiloatar H, Türütgen N, Karavelioğlu MB. Sağlıklı Kadınlarda Reformer Pilates Egzersizlerinin Psikososyal Parametrelere Etkisi. IGUSABDER. January 2024;(21):920-931. doi:10.38079/igusabder.1325947
Chicago Kiloatar, Hümeyra, Nisa Türütgen, and Mihri Barış Karavelioğlu. “Sağlıklı Kadınlarda Reformer Pilates Egzersizlerinin Psikososyal Parametrelere Etkisi”. İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, no. 21 (January 2024): 920-31. https://doi.org/10.38079/igusabder.1325947.
EndNote Kiloatar H, Türütgen N, Karavelioğlu MB (January 1, 2024) Sağlıklı Kadınlarda Reformer Pilates Egzersizlerinin Psikososyal Parametrelere Etkisi. İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 21 920–931.
IEEE H. Kiloatar, N. Türütgen, and M. B. Karavelioğlu, “Sağlıklı Kadınlarda Reformer Pilates Egzersizlerinin Psikososyal Parametrelere Etkisi”, IGUSABDER, no. 21, pp. 920–931, January 2024, doi: 10.38079/igusabder.1325947.
ISNAD Kiloatar, Hümeyra et al. “Sağlıklı Kadınlarda Reformer Pilates Egzersizlerinin Psikososyal Parametrelere Etkisi”. İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 21 (January 2024), 920-931. https://doi.org/10.38079/igusabder.1325947.
JAMA Kiloatar H, Türütgen N, Karavelioğlu MB. Sağlıklı Kadınlarda Reformer Pilates Egzersizlerinin Psikososyal Parametrelere Etkisi. IGUSABDER. 2024;:920–931.
MLA Kiloatar, Hümeyra et al. “Sağlıklı Kadınlarda Reformer Pilates Egzersizlerinin Psikososyal Parametrelere Etkisi”. İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, no. 21, 2024, pp. 920-31, doi:10.38079/igusabder.1325947.
Vancouver Kiloatar H, Türütgen N, Karavelioğlu MB. Sağlıklı Kadınlarda Reformer Pilates Egzersizlerinin Psikososyal Parametrelere Etkisi. IGUSABDER. 2024(21):920-31.

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