Research Article
PDF Mendeley EndNote BibTex Cite

Doğrudan Yabancı Yatırımların Kırılgan Beşli Ülkeleri Üzerindeki Makro Ekonomik Etkileri

Year 2022, Volume 9, Issue 1, 153 - 165, 28.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.17336/igusbd.766173

Abstract

Bu çalışma orjinal kırılgan beşli ülkeleri olan Türkiye, Brezilya, Hindistan, Endonezya ve Güney Afrika'da doğrudan yabancı yatırımların, ihracat ve gayri safi yurtiçi hasılaya olan etkileri, 1990-2017 dönemi yıllık verileri kullanılarak, iki farklı ekonometrik model yardımıyla, panel veri analiziyle incelenmiştir. Regresyon sonuçlarına göre doğrudan yabancı yatırım stoku %1 arttığında ortalama %0.06, ithalat %1 arttığında ortalama %0.81 oranında, GSYH’nin ise; doğrudan yabancı yatırım stoku %1 arttığında ortalama %0.12, ihracat %1 arttığında ise ortalama %0.79 oranında artmış olduğu belirlenmiştir. Nedensellik testi sonuçlarına göre doğrudan yabancı yatırımlar ile gayri safi yurtiçi hasıla ve ithalat arasında çift yönlü, doğrudan yabancı yatırımdan ihracata doğru tek yönlü, gayri safi yurtiçi hasıla ile ihracat arasında çift yönlü nedensellik ilişkileri tespit edilmiştir.

References

  • BARBIERI, L. (2006). Panel Unit Root Tests: A Review. Serie Rossa: Economia – Quaderno No: 43.
  • COSTANTINI, M. (2010). Panel Unit Root and Cointegration Methods. https://homepage.univie.ac.at/mauro.costantini/master_class_2010.pdf
  • LOPEZ, L. & WEBER, S. (2017). Testing for Granger Causality in Panel Data. The University of Neuchatel, Institute of Economic Research, IRENE Working Paper No: 17-03., 2-4
  • PEDRONI, P. (2000). Fully Modified OLS for Heterogeneous Cointegrated Panels. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.294.1320&rep=rep1&type=pdf
  • PESARAN, M. H. (2003). A Simple Panel Unit Root Test in the Presence of Cross Section Dependence.
  • TARI, R. (2012). Econometrics. (8. Edition), Umuttepe Publications, Kocaeli.
  • UNCTAD (2018). Foreign direct investment: Inward and outward flows and stock, annual, http://unctadstat.unctad.org/wds/TableViewer/downloadPrompt.aspx
  • ÜNSAR, S. (2007). Production Strategies in International Business. Journal of Yasar University, 2(7), 695-708.
  • WHELAN, K. (2011). MA Advanced Econometrics: Spurious Regressions and Cointegration. http://www.karlwhelan.com/Teaching/MA%20Econometrics/part4.pdf
  • WORLD BANK (2018a). Exports of goods and services (current US$). https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NE.EXP.GNFS.CD?view=chart
  • WORLD BANK (2018b). Imports of goods and services (current US$). https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NE.IMP.GNFS.CD?view=chart
  • WORLD BANK (2018c). GDP (current US$). https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.CD

Macroeconomic Effects of Foreign Direct Investments on Fragile Five Countries

Year 2022, Volume 9, Issue 1, 153 - 165, 28.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.17336/igusbd.766173

Abstract

This study investigates the effects of foreign direct investments (FDI) on the export and gross domestic product (GDP) in the original fragile five countries for the period 1990-2017. For the sake of the analysis, annual data is used and two econometric models are utilized to determine the stationary of variables, their long-term relationship, regression coefficients, and causality relationship between variables. The regression results indicate that a 1% rise in FDI stock increases exports by 0.06% where a 1% rise in imports increases exports by 0.81%. On the other hand, a 1% growth in FDI increases GDP by 0.12% where a 1% rise in exports, increase GDP by 0.79%. The causality test results show that there is a bidirectional relationship between FDI and Imports and GDP, unidirectional relationship from FDI to exports, and bidirectional relationship between GDP and exports.

References

  • BARBIERI, L. (2006). Panel Unit Root Tests: A Review. Serie Rossa: Economia – Quaderno No: 43.
  • COSTANTINI, M. (2010). Panel Unit Root and Cointegration Methods. https://homepage.univie.ac.at/mauro.costantini/master_class_2010.pdf
  • LOPEZ, L. & WEBER, S. (2017). Testing for Granger Causality in Panel Data. The University of Neuchatel, Institute of Economic Research, IRENE Working Paper No: 17-03., 2-4
  • PEDRONI, P. (2000). Fully Modified OLS for Heterogeneous Cointegrated Panels. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.294.1320&rep=rep1&type=pdf
  • PESARAN, M. H. (2003). A Simple Panel Unit Root Test in the Presence of Cross Section Dependence.
  • TARI, R. (2012). Econometrics. (8. Edition), Umuttepe Publications, Kocaeli.
  • UNCTAD (2018). Foreign direct investment: Inward and outward flows and stock, annual, http://unctadstat.unctad.org/wds/TableViewer/downloadPrompt.aspx
  • ÜNSAR, S. (2007). Production Strategies in International Business. Journal of Yasar University, 2(7), 695-708.
  • WHELAN, K. (2011). MA Advanced Econometrics: Spurious Regressions and Cointegration. http://www.karlwhelan.com/Teaching/MA%20Econometrics/part4.pdf
  • WORLD BANK (2018a). Exports of goods and services (current US$). https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NE.EXP.GNFS.CD?view=chart
  • WORLD BANK (2018b). Imports of goods and services (current US$). https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NE.IMP.GNFS.CD?view=chart
  • WORLD BANK (2018c). GDP (current US$). https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.CD

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Muhammet Melikşah BAYKAL (Primary Author)
MARMARA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-9983-8628
Türkiye


Erdem TURGAN
MARMARA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-9912-6521
Türkiye

Publication Date April 28, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 9, Issue 1

Cite

APA Baykal, M. M. & Turgan, E. (2022). Macroeconomic Effects of Foreign Direct Investments on Fragile Five Countries . İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 9 (1) , 153-165 . DOI: 10.17336/igusbd.766173

 Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)