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Atletik Performans Ölçümlerinde Test–Tekrar Test Güvenirliği Analizleri

Year 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, 738 - 747, 30.10.2022
https://doi.org/10.17336/igusbd.809612

Abstract

Sporcularının performansını doğru şekilde ölçebilmek, değerlendirebilmek ve gelişim süreçlerini takip edebilmek için yapılan ölçümlerin güvenilir olması en önemli ön kabullerden biridir. Güvenirlik ölçüsü olarak literatürde çoğunlukla sınıf-içi korelasyon katsayısı rapor edilse de bunun tek başına yeterli olmadığı konusundaki görüşler güncel literatüre hakim olmaya başlamıştır. Ayrıca sınıf içi korelasyon katsayısının çok çeşitli versiyonlar içermesi ve çoğunlukla rapor edilirken bu bilgilerin sunulmaması da performans araştırmalarında önemli bir eksiklik olarak değerlendirilmektedir. Son çalışmalar, bilimsel çalışmaların sonuçlarının aynı zamanda pratiğe de hitap edecek şekilde rapor edilmesinin gerekliliğine vurgu yapmaktadır. Dolayısıyla bu çalışmanın amacı ölçümlerin standart hatası, tipik hata ve tespit edilebilir minimal değişim gibi pratik temelli hesaplamaları tanıtmak ve kullanımını yaygınlaştırmaya katkıda bulunmaktır. 

References

  • ATEŞ, C., ÖZTUNA, D., ve GENÇ, Y. (2009). Sağlık araştırmalarında sınıf içi korelasyon katsayısının kullanımı. Türkiye Klinikleri Biyoistatistik Dergisi, 1(2), 59-64.
  • BALSALOBRE-FERNÁNDEZ, C., GLAISTER, M., ve LOCKEY, R. A. (2015). The validity and reliability of an iPhone app for measuring vertical jump performance. Journal of sports sciences, 33(15), 1574-1579.
  • BRUTON, A., CONWAY, J. H., ve HOLGATE, S. T. (2000). Reliability: what is it, and how is it measured? Physiotherapy, 86(2), 94-99.
  • CHARTER, R. A. (1996). Revisiting the standard errors of measurement, estimate, and prediction and their application to test scores. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 82(3_suppl), 1139-1144.
  • CHIU, E.-C., WU, W.-C., CHOU, C.-X., YU, M.-Y., ve HUNG, J.-W. (2016). Test-retest reliability and minimal detectable change of the Test of Visual Perceptual Skills-in patients with stroke. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 97(11), 1917-1923.
  • DO NASCIMENTO, M. A., RIBEIRO, A. S., DE SOUZA PADILHA, C., DA SILVA, D. R. P., MAYHEW, J. L., DO AMARAL CAMPOS FILHO, M. G., ve CYRINO, E. S. (2017). Reliability and smallest worthwhile difference in 1RM tests according to previous resistance training experience in young women. Biology of Sport, 34(3), 279-285.
  • DUTHIE, G. M., PYNE, D. B., ROSS, A. A., LIVINGSTONE, S. G., ve HOOPER, S. L. (2006). The reliability of ten-meter sprint time using different starting techniques. The Journal of Strength ve Conditioning Research, 20(2), 251.
  • FERREIRA DA SILVA SANTOS, J., LOPES-SILVA, J. P., LOTURCO, I., ve FRANCHINI, E. (2020). Test-retest reliability, sensibility and construct validity of the frequency speed of kick test in male black-belt taekwondo athletes. Ido Movement for Culture. Journal of Martial Arts Anthropology, 20(3), 38-46.
  • HALEY, S. M., VE FRAGALA-PINKHAM, M. A. (2006). Interpreting change scores of tests and measures used in physical therapy. Physical therapy, 86(5), 735-743.
  • HAYNES, T., BISHOP, C., ANTROBUS, M., ve BRAZIER, J. (2019). The validity and reliability of the my jump 2 app for measuring the reactive strength index and drop jump performance. The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness.
  • HOPKINS, W. G. (2000). Measures of reliability in sports medicine and science. Sports medicine, 30(1), 1-15.
  • KOO, T. K., ve LI, M. Y. (2016). A guideline of selecting and reporting intraclass correlation coefficients for reliability research. Journal of chiropractic medicine, 15(2), 155-163.
  • ÖZBAY, S., ve ULUPINAR, S. (2019). Reliability of 1RM, 5RM and 10RM Tests in Upper Body Resistance Exercises. The Journal of Turkish Sport Sciences for Health, 2(1), 1-7.
  • ÖZBAY, S., ULUPINAR, S., ÇINAR, V., ve AKBULUT, T. (2019). Reliability of Easily Applicable Non-Laboratory Methods Used for Determination of the Upper Body Strength. Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Sports Sciences, 11(2).
  • PORTNEY, L. G., ve WATKINS, M. P. (2009). Foundations of clinical research: applications to practice (Vol. 892): Pearson/Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ.
  • SEGURA-ORTÍ, E., ve MARTÍNEZ-OLMOS, F. J. (2011). Test-retest reliability and minimal detectable change scores for sit-to-stand-to-sit tests, the six-minute walk test, the one-leg heel-rise test, and handgrip strength in people undergoing hemodialysis. Physical Therapy, 91(8), 1244-1252.
  • WEIR, J. P. (2005). Quantifying test-retest reliability using the intraclass correlation coefficient and the SEM. The Journal of Strength ve Conditioning Research, 19(1), 231-240.
  • WILKINSON, T. J., XENOPHONTOS, S., GOULD, D. W., VOGT, B. P., VIANA, J. L., SMITH, A. C., ve WATSON, E. L. (2019). Test–retest reliability, validation, and “minimal detectable change” scores for frequently reported tests of objective physical function in patients with non-dialysis chronic kidney disease. Physiotherapy theory and practice, 35(6), 565-576.

The Analyzes of Test-Retest Reliability in Athletic Performance Measurements

Year 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, 738 - 747, 30.10.2022
https://doi.org/10.17336/igusbd.809612

Abstract

A reliable measurement result is one of the most important presuppositions in investigations applied to measure and evaluate the current performance of athletes and monitor their performance developments. Although the intra-class correlation coefficient is mostly reported in the literature as a reliability measure, current opinions have come to dominate that this score alone is not sufficient. In addition, although the intra-class correlation coefficient includes a wide variety of versions, an important deficiency is that the information of version has been not mostly reported. Novel studies have emphasized the need to report the results of scientific studies in a way that also can be used in field practices. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to introduce practical-based calculations such as standard error of measurements, typical error, and minimal detectable change, and to contribute to increase of their use.

References

  • ATEŞ, C., ÖZTUNA, D., ve GENÇ, Y. (2009). Sağlık araştırmalarında sınıf içi korelasyon katsayısının kullanımı. Türkiye Klinikleri Biyoistatistik Dergisi, 1(2), 59-64.
  • BALSALOBRE-FERNÁNDEZ, C., GLAISTER, M., ve LOCKEY, R. A. (2015). The validity and reliability of an iPhone app for measuring vertical jump performance. Journal of sports sciences, 33(15), 1574-1579.
  • BRUTON, A., CONWAY, J. H., ve HOLGATE, S. T. (2000). Reliability: what is it, and how is it measured? Physiotherapy, 86(2), 94-99.
  • CHARTER, R. A. (1996). Revisiting the standard errors of measurement, estimate, and prediction and their application to test scores. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 82(3_suppl), 1139-1144.
  • CHIU, E.-C., WU, W.-C., CHOU, C.-X., YU, M.-Y., ve HUNG, J.-W. (2016). Test-retest reliability and minimal detectable change of the Test of Visual Perceptual Skills-in patients with stroke. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 97(11), 1917-1923.
  • DO NASCIMENTO, M. A., RIBEIRO, A. S., DE SOUZA PADILHA, C., DA SILVA, D. R. P., MAYHEW, J. L., DO AMARAL CAMPOS FILHO, M. G., ve CYRINO, E. S. (2017). Reliability and smallest worthwhile difference in 1RM tests according to previous resistance training experience in young women. Biology of Sport, 34(3), 279-285.
  • DUTHIE, G. M., PYNE, D. B., ROSS, A. A., LIVINGSTONE, S. G., ve HOOPER, S. L. (2006). The reliability of ten-meter sprint time using different starting techniques. The Journal of Strength ve Conditioning Research, 20(2), 251.
  • FERREIRA DA SILVA SANTOS, J., LOPES-SILVA, J. P., LOTURCO, I., ve FRANCHINI, E. (2020). Test-retest reliability, sensibility and construct validity of the frequency speed of kick test in male black-belt taekwondo athletes. Ido Movement for Culture. Journal of Martial Arts Anthropology, 20(3), 38-46.
  • HALEY, S. M., VE FRAGALA-PINKHAM, M. A. (2006). Interpreting change scores of tests and measures used in physical therapy. Physical therapy, 86(5), 735-743.
  • HAYNES, T., BISHOP, C., ANTROBUS, M., ve BRAZIER, J. (2019). The validity and reliability of the my jump 2 app for measuring the reactive strength index and drop jump performance. The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness.
  • HOPKINS, W. G. (2000). Measures of reliability in sports medicine and science. Sports medicine, 30(1), 1-15.
  • KOO, T. K., ve LI, M. Y. (2016). A guideline of selecting and reporting intraclass correlation coefficients for reliability research. Journal of chiropractic medicine, 15(2), 155-163.
  • ÖZBAY, S., ve ULUPINAR, S. (2019). Reliability of 1RM, 5RM and 10RM Tests in Upper Body Resistance Exercises. The Journal of Turkish Sport Sciences for Health, 2(1), 1-7.
  • ÖZBAY, S., ULUPINAR, S., ÇINAR, V., ve AKBULUT, T. (2019). Reliability of Easily Applicable Non-Laboratory Methods Used for Determination of the Upper Body Strength. Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Sports Sciences, 11(2).
  • PORTNEY, L. G., ve WATKINS, M. P. (2009). Foundations of clinical research: applications to practice (Vol. 892): Pearson/Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ.
  • SEGURA-ORTÍ, E., ve MARTÍNEZ-OLMOS, F. J. (2011). Test-retest reliability and minimal detectable change scores for sit-to-stand-to-sit tests, the six-minute walk test, the one-leg heel-rise test, and handgrip strength in people undergoing hemodialysis. Physical Therapy, 91(8), 1244-1252.
  • WEIR, J. P. (2005). Quantifying test-retest reliability using the intraclass correlation coefficient and the SEM. The Journal of Strength ve Conditioning Research, 19(1), 231-240.
  • WILKINSON, T. J., XENOPHONTOS, S., GOULD, D. W., VOGT, B. P., VIANA, J. L., SMITH, A. C., ve WATSON, E. L. (2019). Test–retest reliability, validation, and “minimal detectable change” scores for frequently reported tests of objective physical function in patients with non-dialysis chronic kidney disease. Physiotherapy theory and practice, 35(6), 565-576.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Süleyman ULUPINAR> (Primary Author)
Karaman İl Milli Eğitim Müdürlüğü
0000-0002-9466-5278
Türkiye

Early Pub Date October 30, 2022
Publication Date October 30, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2

Cite

APA Ulupınar, S. (2022). Atletik Performans Ölçümlerinde Test–Tekrar Test Güvenirliği Analizleri . İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 9 (2) , 738-747 . DOI: 10.17336/igusbd.809612

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