Year 2016, Volume 3 , Issue 3, Pages 26 - 39 2016-12-30

Underwater Noise Pollution at the Strait of Istanbul (Bosphorus)

Cem Gazioğlu [1] , Volkan Okutan [2]


Underwater noise pollution (UNP) has become a major concern in marine habitats, which is intense anthropogenic noise in the marine (aquatic) environment. It is caused by ship traffic, oceanographic experiments, and use of explosives in geophysical research, underwater construction, active sonars and seismic survey techniques. Oceans are much nosier than 1960s. Narrow and shallow channel noisy aquatic environments where noise levels reach the highest value is not surprising. The Strait of Istanbul (SoI; Bosphorus) is one of the most important maritime passages (app. 50 000 vessel/year or 140 vessel/day) which is situated between the Black Sea and the Aegean Sea are also biologically extremely important gateway not only it provides access to a channel. Many of the varieties of fish migration hunting value are realized through the TSS. Local maritime traffic is another important acoustic sources which are more than 3 000 elements (Kesgin and Vardar, 2001) of everyday local traffic in SoI, which are causing noise in the 2 and 10 kHz range. Large vessels create signals both in bands below 1 kHz (main engine, electrical instruments) cavitation noise creates higher frequency bands. Almost all elements of marine traffic in SoI located therefore encountered UND in all bands.

Strait of Istanbul, Underwater noise pollution, Ocean ambient noise
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Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Author: Cem Gazioğlu
Institution: Istanbul University, Institute of Marine Sciences and Management, Department of Marine Environment
Country: Turkey


Author: Volkan Okutan
Institution: Istanbul University, Institute of Marine Sciences and Management, Department of Marine Environment
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : December 30, 2016

Bibtex @research article { ijegeo306478, journal = {International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-9173}, address = {}, publisher = {Cem GAZİOĞLU}, year = {2016}, volume = {3}, pages = {26 - 39}, doi = {10.30897/ijegeo.306478}, title = {Underwater Noise Pollution at the Strait of Istanbul (Bosphorus)}, key = {cite}, author = {Gazioğlu, Cem and Okutan, Volkan} }
APA Gazioğlu, C , Okutan, V . (2016). Underwater Noise Pollution at the Strait of Istanbul (Bosphorus). International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics , 3 (3) , 26-39 . DOI: 10.30897/ijegeo.306478
MLA Gazioğlu, C , Okutan, V . "Underwater Noise Pollution at the Strait of Istanbul (Bosphorus)". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 3 (2016 ): 26-39 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ijegeo/issue/28172/306478>
Chicago Gazioğlu, C , Okutan, V . "Underwater Noise Pollution at the Strait of Istanbul (Bosphorus)". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 3 (2016 ): 26-39
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Underwater Noise Pollution at the Strait of Istanbul (Bosphorus) AU - Cem Gazioğlu , Volkan Okutan Y1 - 2016 PY - 2016 N1 - doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.306478 DO - 10.30897/ijegeo.306478 T2 - International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 26 EP - 39 VL - 3 IS - 3 SN - -2148-9173 M3 - doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.306478 UR - https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.306478 Y2 - 2016 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics Underwater Noise Pollution at the Strait of Istanbul (Bosphorus) %A Cem Gazioğlu , Volkan Okutan %T Underwater Noise Pollution at the Strait of Istanbul (Bosphorus) %D 2016 %J International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics %P -2148-9173 %V 3 %N 3 %R doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.306478 %U 10.30897/ijegeo.306478
ISNAD Gazioğlu, Cem , Okutan, Volkan . "Underwater Noise Pollution at the Strait of Istanbul (Bosphorus)". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 3 / 3 (December 2016): 26-39 . https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.306478
AMA Gazioğlu C , Okutan V . Underwater Noise Pollution at the Strait of Istanbul (Bosphorus). International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics. 2016; 3(3): 26-39.
Vancouver Gazioğlu C , Okutan V . Underwater Noise Pollution at the Strait of Istanbul (Bosphorus). International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics. 2016; 3(3): 39-26.