Research Article
PDF Zotero Mendeley EndNote BibTex Cite

Direct Displacement Based Design of RDC Frame-Shear Wall Structures

Year 2021, Volume 7, Issue 3, 54 - 65, 30.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.19072/ijet.810934

Abstract

A large part of Turkey's urban region is located in the seismic prone zone and in terms of population, the majority of densely populated cities are located close to near-fault regions. It is very important to determine the behaviors of structures against external forces after destructive earthquakes. Structural and non-structural damages that occur during the earthquake usually arise from lateral displacements occurring in the structural system. This is why, in recent years, the displacement-based design has become more important when compared to the force based design. In this study, the Direct Displacement Based Design method under earthquake forces are explained. The process steps of this method on a frame-wall structure are clarified. The dynamic behavior of a moment resistant structures and a combined system with shear walls are compared. The finite element method used to analysis of reinforced concrete building models. Some model with moderate and high vibration period is adopted for dynamic analysis. An arrangement of the shear walls is changed in story plan of models. The dynamic analysis has shown quite different response among the structural systems. The difference in dynamic behavior is coming from the interaction of dynamic response between shear walls and moment resistant frames. Furthermore, the important role of shear walls displacements in transferring lateral loads is clarified with numerical examples. The positive role of RC shear walls on the combined structures under earthquake forces has been emphasized. 

References

  • Karageyik, C. (2010). Displacement‐Based Seismic Rehabilitation of NonDuctile RC Frames with Added Shear Walls, The Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey.
  • Elrodesly A. A.S.E. (2007). Displacement-Based Seismic Design of Reinforced Concrete Shear Wall Buildings, Ottowa, Canada.
  • İdeSTATİK 8.0 Yapısal Statik Analiz Programı, İdeYAPI Bilgisayar Destekli Tasarım Mühendislik Danışmanlık ve Taahüt Limited Şirketi, Bursa.
  • ATC 40 (1996). Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit of Concrete Buildings, Applied Technology Council, California.
  • FEMA 273, (1997). NEHRP Guidelines for Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, DC.
  • FEMA 356, (1997). Prestandard and commentary for Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, DC.
  • FEMA 440, (2005). Static Seismic Analysis Procedures, Report prepared by the A.T.C. for the Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, DC.
  • ASCE/SEI 41, (2007). Seismic Raehabilitation of Existing Buildings (ASCE/SEI 41-06)., American Society of civil Engineers, Reston, VA.
  • CEN (1998). Eurocode EC8 - Design of structures for earthquake resistance - Part 1: General rules, seismic actions and rules for buildings, prEN-1998-1, Comite Europeen de Normalization, Brussels, Belgium.
  • TEC (Turkish Earthquake Code). 2007. Regulations on structures constructed in disaster regions. Ministry of Public Works and Resettlement, Ankara, Turkey.
  • TBDY (Turkish Building Earthquake Code). 2018. Specifications for building design under earthquake effects. Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency, Ankara, Turkey:
  • Shibata A. and Sozen M.A. (1976). Substitute-Structure Method for Seismic Design in R/C. Journal of the Structural Division. 102(1), 1-18.
  • Priestley M. J, N. and Kowalsky M. J. (2000). Direct displacement-based seismic design of concrete buildings. Bulletin of the New Zealand National Society for Earthquake Engineering, 33: 421-444.
  • Priestley, M.J.N. (2003) Performance Based Seismic Design of Concrete Buildings. Bull. NZSEE. (In Press)
  • Hong S.G. and Cho B. H., (2001). Displacement- Based Design and Assessment of Structural walls. KEERC-MAE Joint Seminar on Risk Mitigation for Regions of Modareta Seismicity, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana.
  • Priestley M.J.N., Calvi G.M., Kowalsky M.j. (2007), Displacement-Based Seismic Design of Structures, Pavia, İtaly. DOI:10.1193/1.2932170
  • Sullivan T.J., Priestley M.J.N. and Calvi G.M. (2006). Direct Displacement-Based Design of Frame - Wall Structures, Journal of Earthquake Engineering. Vol. 10, Issue sup001, 91-124. https://doi.org/10.1080/ 13632460609350630
  • Kowalsky M.J., (1997). Direct Displacement Based Design: A Seismic Design Methodology and its application to Concrete Bridges, Ph.D. Thesis, University of California.
  • Malekpour S., Ghaffarzadeh H. and Dashti F., (2013a). Direct displacement-based design of steel-braced reinforced concrete frames. Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings. 22(18), 1422-1438. DOI: 10.1002/tal.1028.
  • Malekpour S, Dashti F, (2013b). Application of the Direct Displacement Based Design Methodology for Different Types of RC Structural Systems, International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials, 7(2), 135–153. DOI 10.1007/s40069-013-0043-2.
  • Karimzade N.A., Aktaş E. (2016). Performance- Based Seismic Design of Reinforced Concrete Frame Buildings: A Direct Displacement-Based Approach, İzmir Yüksek Teknoloji Enstitüsü, İzmir, Turkey.
  • Abhyuday T., (2017). Fundamentals of Direct Displacement Based Design Procedure - A Brief Introduction, Disaster Advances, 10 (6), 40-43.
  • Lopes G. C., Vicente R., Ferreira T. M., Azenha M., Estevao J., (2020). Displacement-based seismic performance evaluation and vulnerability assessment of buildings: The N2 method revisited, Structures 24, 41–49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.istruc.2019.12.028.
  • Yan L., Gong J., (2019), Development of displacement profiles for direct displacement based seismic design of regular reinforced concrete frame structures, Engineering Structures, 190, 223–237. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.engstruct.2019.04.015
  • Lu Y., Hajirasouliha I., Marshall A. M. (2018). Direct displacement-based seismic design of flexible-base structures subjected to pulse-like ground motions, Engineering Structures, 168, 276–289. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2018.04.079
  • Öztürk T. (2005). Betonarme Binalarda Deprem Perdelerinin Yerleşimi ve Tasarımı, İMO İstanbul Şubesi Meslekiçi Eğitim Kursları.
  • Garcia R., Sullivan T.J. and Corte G.D., (2010). Development of a Displacement Based Design Method for Steel Frame-RC Wall Buildings. Journal of Earthquake Engineering, 14(2), 252-277. https://doi.org/10.1080/13632460902995138
  • Arslan M.H, Köken A. (2008). BinalarınYapısal Performansının Statik İtme Analizi İle Belirlenmesi, Yapı Teknolojileri Elektronik Dergisi, 4 (2), 71-84.

Year 2021, Volume 7, Issue 3, 54 - 65, 30.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.19072/ijet.810934

Abstract

References

  • Karageyik, C. (2010). Displacement‐Based Seismic Rehabilitation of NonDuctile RC Frames with Added Shear Walls, The Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey.
  • Elrodesly A. A.S.E. (2007). Displacement-Based Seismic Design of Reinforced Concrete Shear Wall Buildings, Ottowa, Canada.
  • İdeSTATİK 8.0 Yapısal Statik Analiz Programı, İdeYAPI Bilgisayar Destekli Tasarım Mühendislik Danışmanlık ve Taahüt Limited Şirketi, Bursa.
  • ATC 40 (1996). Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit of Concrete Buildings, Applied Technology Council, California.
  • FEMA 273, (1997). NEHRP Guidelines for Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, DC.
  • FEMA 356, (1997). Prestandard and commentary for Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, DC.
  • FEMA 440, (2005). Static Seismic Analysis Procedures, Report prepared by the A.T.C. for the Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, DC.
  • ASCE/SEI 41, (2007). Seismic Raehabilitation of Existing Buildings (ASCE/SEI 41-06)., American Society of civil Engineers, Reston, VA.
  • CEN (1998). Eurocode EC8 - Design of structures for earthquake resistance - Part 1: General rules, seismic actions and rules for buildings, prEN-1998-1, Comite Europeen de Normalization, Brussels, Belgium.
  • TEC (Turkish Earthquake Code). 2007. Regulations on structures constructed in disaster regions. Ministry of Public Works and Resettlement, Ankara, Turkey.
  • TBDY (Turkish Building Earthquake Code). 2018. Specifications for building design under earthquake effects. Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency, Ankara, Turkey:
  • Shibata A. and Sozen M.A. (1976). Substitute-Structure Method for Seismic Design in R/C. Journal of the Structural Division. 102(1), 1-18.
  • Priestley M. J, N. and Kowalsky M. J. (2000). Direct displacement-based seismic design of concrete buildings. Bulletin of the New Zealand National Society for Earthquake Engineering, 33: 421-444.
  • Priestley, M.J.N. (2003) Performance Based Seismic Design of Concrete Buildings. Bull. NZSEE. (In Press)
  • Hong S.G. and Cho B. H., (2001). Displacement- Based Design and Assessment of Structural walls. KEERC-MAE Joint Seminar on Risk Mitigation for Regions of Modareta Seismicity, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana.
  • Priestley M.J.N., Calvi G.M., Kowalsky M.j. (2007), Displacement-Based Seismic Design of Structures, Pavia, İtaly. DOI:10.1193/1.2932170
  • Sullivan T.J., Priestley M.J.N. and Calvi G.M. (2006). Direct Displacement-Based Design of Frame - Wall Structures, Journal of Earthquake Engineering. Vol. 10, Issue sup001, 91-124. https://doi.org/10.1080/ 13632460609350630
  • Kowalsky M.J., (1997). Direct Displacement Based Design: A Seismic Design Methodology and its application to Concrete Bridges, Ph.D. Thesis, University of California.
  • Malekpour S., Ghaffarzadeh H. and Dashti F., (2013a). Direct displacement-based design of steel-braced reinforced concrete frames. Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings. 22(18), 1422-1438. DOI: 10.1002/tal.1028.
  • Malekpour S, Dashti F, (2013b). Application of the Direct Displacement Based Design Methodology for Different Types of RC Structural Systems, International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials, 7(2), 135–153. DOI 10.1007/s40069-013-0043-2.
  • Karimzade N.A., Aktaş E. (2016). Performance- Based Seismic Design of Reinforced Concrete Frame Buildings: A Direct Displacement-Based Approach, İzmir Yüksek Teknoloji Enstitüsü, İzmir, Turkey.
  • Abhyuday T., (2017). Fundamentals of Direct Displacement Based Design Procedure - A Brief Introduction, Disaster Advances, 10 (6), 40-43.
  • Lopes G. C., Vicente R., Ferreira T. M., Azenha M., Estevao J., (2020). Displacement-based seismic performance evaluation and vulnerability assessment of buildings: The N2 method revisited, Structures 24, 41–49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.istruc.2019.12.028.
  • Yan L., Gong J., (2019), Development of displacement profiles for direct displacement based seismic design of regular reinforced concrete frame structures, Engineering Structures, 190, 223–237. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.engstruct.2019.04.015
  • Lu Y., Hajirasouliha I., Marshall A. M. (2018). Direct displacement-based seismic design of flexible-base structures subjected to pulse-like ground motions, Engineering Structures, 168, 276–289. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2018.04.079
  • Öztürk T. (2005). Betonarme Binalarda Deprem Perdelerinin Yerleşimi ve Tasarımı, İMO İstanbul Şubesi Meslekiçi Eğitim Kursları.
  • Garcia R., Sullivan T.J. and Corte G.D., (2010). Development of a Displacement Based Design Method for Steel Frame-RC Wall Buildings. Journal of Earthquake Engineering, 14(2), 252-277. https://doi.org/10.1080/13632460902995138
  • Arslan M.H, Köken A. (2008). BinalarınYapısal Performansının Statik İtme Analizi İle Belirlenmesi, Yapı Teknolojileri Elektronik Dergisi, 4 (2), 71-84.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Makaleler
Authors

Can BALKAYA (Primary Author)
ISTANBUL AYDIN UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-0689-2746
Türkiye


Ali ETEMADİ
ISTANBUL ESENYURT UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-4874-1567
Türkiye


Öznur GENÇ This is me
ISTANBUL ESENYURT UNIVERSITY
Türkiye

Publication Date September 30, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 7, Issue 3

Cite

Bibtex @research article { ijet810934, journal = {International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET}, issn = {2149-0104}, eissn = {2149-5262}, address = {}, publisher = {İstanbul Gelisim University}, year = {2021}, volume = {7}, pages = {54 - 65}, doi = {10.19072/ijet.810934}, title = {Direct Displacement Based Design of RDC Frame-Shear Wall Structures}, key = {cite}, author = {Balkaya, Can and Etemadi, Ali and Genç, Öznur} }
APA Balkaya, C. , Etemadi, A. & Genç, Ö. (2021). Direct Displacement Based Design of RDC Frame-Shear Wall Structures . International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET , 7 (3) , 54-65 . DOI: 10.19072/ijet.810934
MLA Balkaya, C. , Etemadi, A. , Genç, Ö. "Direct Displacement Based Design of RDC Frame-Shear Wall Structures" . International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET 7 (2021 ): 54-65 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ijet/issue/64995/810934>
Chicago Balkaya, C. , Etemadi, A. , Genç, Ö. "Direct Displacement Based Design of RDC Frame-Shear Wall Structures". International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET 7 (2021 ): 54-65
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Direct Displacement Based Design of RDC Frame-Shear Wall Structures AU - Can Balkaya , Ali Etemadi , Öznur Genç Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.19072/ijet.810934 DO - 10.19072/ijet.810934 T2 - International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 54 EP - 65 VL - 7 IS - 3 SN - 2149-0104-2149-5262 M3 - doi: 10.19072/ijet.810934 UR - https://doi.org/10.19072/ijet.810934 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET Direct Displacement Based Design of RDC Frame-Shear Wall Structures %A Can Balkaya , Ali Etemadi , Öznur Genç %T Direct Displacement Based Design of RDC Frame-Shear Wall Structures %D 2021 %J International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET %P 2149-0104-2149-5262 %V 7 %N 3 %R doi: 10.19072/ijet.810934 %U 10.19072/ijet.810934
ISNAD Balkaya, Can , Etemadi, Ali , Genç, Öznur . "Direct Displacement Based Design of RDC Frame-Shear Wall Structures". International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET 7 / 3 (September 2021): 54-65 . https://doi.org/10.19072/ijet.810934
AMA Balkaya C. , Etemadi A. , Genç Ö. Direct Displacement Based Design of RDC Frame-Shear Wall Structures. IJET. 2021; 7(3): 54-65.
Vancouver Balkaya C. , Etemadi A. , Genç Ö. Direct Displacement Based Design of RDC Frame-Shear Wall Structures. International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET. 2021; 7(3): 54-65.
IEEE C. Balkaya , A. Etemadi and Ö. Genç , "Direct Displacement Based Design of RDC Frame-Shear Wall Structures", International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 54-65, Sep. 2021, doi:10.19072/ijet.810934

88x31.png Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)