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The Effect of Different Gamma Radiation Doses Applied on Tokak 157/37 Barley (Hordeum vulgare) and Karahan 99 Wheat (Triticum aestivum) on M1 Generation

Year 2015, Volume 2, Issue 1, 8 - 12, 14.01.2015

Abstract

In this research study, the dose of different gamma radiation on seed germination of Hordeum vulgare TOKAK 157/37 barley kind and KARAHAN 99 wheatTriticum aestivum, and the mechanisms of the dose required to maximize the rate and percentage of germination and increased growth of root, seedling, TAEK was conducted in Ankara. The moisture rate has been %11, the barley and wheat seeds whose germination per cent is 98 % has been irradiated with 9 different doses between 0-600Gy in the centre of 60Co which has 1.92 kGy/h powers. The objective of that work was to evaluate determine the efficient gamma radiation dose and to determine the physiological effects and the action of the processing for gamma radiation in plant kinds. At the laboratory experiment it has been seen that the percentage of germination of rising radiation doses has no effect on M1 generation, but after diminishing of root length and seedling height with rising radiation doses it has been determined that the growth of the first leaf has stopped on the 14th day and this event has been given importance statistically for TOKAK 157/37 barley kind, 50 % efficient dose has been determined as ED50 485 Gy, for KARAHAN 99 wheat kind, 50 % efficient dose has been determined as ED50 370 Gy.

References

  • Xiuzher, L., (1994). Effect of irradiation on protein content of wheat crop. J. Nucl. Agricul. Sci., 15: p.53
  • Rabie K., Shenata S., Bondok M., (1996). Analysis of agric. science. Cairo, 41, Univ. Egypt, pp.551-566.
  • Stoeva N. and Bineva Z., (2001). Physiological response of beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) to gamma-radiation contamination . II. Water- exchange, respiration and peroxidase activity. J. Env. Prot. Eco., 2: p.303
  • Kovács E. and Keresztes A., (2002). Effect of gamma and UV-B/C radiation on plant cells. Micron, 33 (2): p.210
  • Basra S.M.A., Ashraf M., Iqbal N., Khaliq A. and Ahmad R., (2004). Phsiological and biochemical aspects of pre-sowing heat stress on cottonseed. Seed Sci and Technol., 32: p. 774
  • Subedi KD. and Ma BL., (2005). Seed priming does not improven corn yield in a humid temperate environment. Agron. J., 97: p.218
  • Afzal A., N Aslam., Mahmood F., Hameed A., Irfan S., Ahmad G., (2002). Enhancement of germination and emergence of canola seeds by different priming techniques. Garden depesqisa Bio. 16 (1): p.34
  • Ashraf, M. and M.R. Foolad, (2005). Pre- sowing seed treatment a shotgun approach to improve germination growth and crop yield under salina and none-salina conditions. Advan. Agron., 88: p.271
  • Farooq, M., Basra S.M.A. and Hafeez-ur-Rehman, (2006). Seed priming enhances emergence, yield, and quality of direct-seeded rice. Crop management & physiology, 9: p.44
  • Zaka R., Chenal C., Misset M.T., (2004). Effects of low doses of short-term gamma irradiation on growth and development through two generations of Pisum sativum. Sci. Total Environ., 320: p.121-129
  • Patade Y., Suprasanna P., Bapat VA., (2008). Gamma irradiation of Embryonic Callus cultures and in vitro selection for salt tolerance in Sugarcane (Saccharumofficinaram L.). Agricultural Sciences in China., 7 (9): p.1152.
  • Kim J.H., Back M.H., Chung B.Y., Wi S.G., Kim J.S., (2004). Alterations in the photosynthic pigments and antioxidant machineries of red pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) seedlings from gamma- irradiated seeds. J. Plant Biol., 47: p.321.
  • Wi S.G., Chung B.Y., Im J.H. Back M.H. Yang D.H., Lee J.W., Kim J.S., (2005). Ultrastructural changes of cell organelles in Arabidopsis stem after gamma irradariation. J. Plant Biol. 48 (2), p: 200
  • Bagi G.P., Pauspertl B. and Hidvegi E.J., (1998). Inverse correlation between growth and degrading enzyme activity of seedlings after gamma and neutron irradiation of seeds. Int. J. Radiat. Biol. Relat. Stud. Phys. Chem. Med., 53: p.519.
  • Marchenko M.M., Bloshko M.M., Kostyshin S.S., (1996).The accition of low doses of gamma irradiation on the function of the glutathione system in corn. Ukr. Biokhim. Zh., 68: p.98.
  • Nouri H., Kiani D., Khani M.A., (2012), Investigation of mutagenic effects of various doses of gamma ray on seed germination traits of pinto bean cultivar of Khomein. Annals of Biological Research, 3 (10): p. 4977-4979.

The Effect of Different Gamma Radiation Doses Applied on Tokak 157/37 Barley (Hordeum vulgare) and Karahan 99 Wheat (Triticum aestivum) on M1 Generation

Year 2015, Volume 2, Issue 1, 8 - 12, 14.01.2015

Abstract

In this research study, the dose of different gamma radiation on seed germination of Hordeum vulgare TOKAK 157/37 barley kind and KARAHAN 99 wheatTriticum aestivum, and the mechanisms of the dose required to maximize the rate and percentage of germination and increased growth of root, seedling, TAEK was conducted in Ankara. The moisture rate has been %11, the barley and wheat seeds whose germination per cent is 98 % has been irradiated with 9 different doses between 0-600Gy in the centre of 60Co which has 1.92 kGy/h powers. The objective of that work was to evaluate determine the efficient gamma radiation dose and to determine the physiological effects and the action of the processing for gamma radiation in plant kinds. At the laboratory experiment it has been seen that the percentage of germination of rising radiation doses has no effect on M1 generation, but after diminishing of root length and seedling height with rising radiation doses it has been determined that the growth of the first leaf has stopped on the 14th day and this event has been given importance statistically for TOKAK 157/37 barley kind, 50 % efficient dose has been determined as ED50 485 Gy, for KARAHAN 99 wheat kind, 50 % efficient dose has been determined as ED50 370 Gy.

References

  • Xiuzher, L., (1994). Effect of irradiation on protein content of wheat crop. J. Nucl. Agricul. Sci., 15: p.53
  • Rabie K., Shenata S., Bondok M., (1996). Analysis of agric. science. Cairo, 41, Univ. Egypt, pp.551-566.
  • Stoeva N. and Bineva Z., (2001). Physiological response of beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) to gamma-radiation contamination . II. Water- exchange, respiration and peroxidase activity. J. Env. Prot. Eco., 2: p.303
  • Kovács E. and Keresztes A., (2002). Effect of gamma and UV-B/C radiation on plant cells. Micron, 33 (2): p.210
  • Basra S.M.A., Ashraf M., Iqbal N., Khaliq A. and Ahmad R., (2004). Phsiological and biochemical aspects of pre-sowing heat stress on cottonseed. Seed Sci and Technol., 32: p. 774
  • Subedi KD. and Ma BL., (2005). Seed priming does not improven corn yield in a humid temperate environment. Agron. J., 97: p.218
  • Afzal A., N Aslam., Mahmood F., Hameed A., Irfan S., Ahmad G., (2002). Enhancement of germination and emergence of canola seeds by different priming techniques. Garden depesqisa Bio. 16 (1): p.34
  • Ashraf, M. and M.R. Foolad, (2005). Pre- sowing seed treatment a shotgun approach to improve germination growth and crop yield under salina and none-salina conditions. Advan. Agron., 88: p.271
  • Farooq, M., Basra S.M.A. and Hafeez-ur-Rehman, (2006). Seed priming enhances emergence, yield, and quality of direct-seeded rice. Crop management & physiology, 9: p.44
  • Zaka R., Chenal C., Misset M.T., (2004). Effects of low doses of short-term gamma irradiation on growth and development through two generations of Pisum sativum. Sci. Total Environ., 320: p.121-129
  • Patade Y., Suprasanna P., Bapat VA., (2008). Gamma irradiation of Embryonic Callus cultures and in vitro selection for salt tolerance in Sugarcane (Saccharumofficinaram L.). Agricultural Sciences in China., 7 (9): p.1152.
  • Kim J.H., Back M.H., Chung B.Y., Wi S.G., Kim J.S., (2004). Alterations in the photosynthic pigments and antioxidant machineries of red pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) seedlings from gamma- irradiated seeds. J. Plant Biol., 47: p.321.
  • Wi S.G., Chung B.Y., Im J.H. Back M.H. Yang D.H., Lee J.W., Kim J.S., (2005). Ultrastructural changes of cell organelles in Arabidopsis stem after gamma irradariation. J. Plant Biol. 48 (2), p: 200
  • Bagi G.P., Pauspertl B. and Hidvegi E.J., (1998). Inverse correlation between growth and degrading enzyme activity of seedlings after gamma and neutron irradiation of seeds. Int. J. Radiat. Biol. Relat. Stud. Phys. Chem. Med., 53: p.519.
  • Marchenko M.M., Bloshko M.M., Kostyshin S.S., (1996).The accition of low doses of gamma irradiation on the function of the glutathione system in corn. Ukr. Biokhim. Zh., 68: p.98.
  • Nouri H., Kiani D., Khani M.A., (2012), Investigation of mutagenic effects of various doses of gamma ray on seed germination traits of pinto bean cultivar of Khomein. Annals of Biological Research, 3 (10): p. 4977-4979.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Biology
Other ID JA37RE43HM
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Yeşim KARA This is me
?


Zeynep ERGÜN This is me
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Art, University of Pamukkale, 20070 Denizli, Turkey


Havser ERTEM VAİZOĞULLAR This is me
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Art, University of Pamukkale, 20070 Denizli, Turkey

Publication Date January 14, 2015
Published in Issue Year 2015, Volume 2, Issue 1

Cite

APA Kara, Y. , Ergün, Z. & Vaizoğullar, H. E. (2015). The Effect of Different Gamma Radiation Doses Applied on Tokak 157/37 Barley (Hordeum vulgare) and Karahan 99 Wheat (Triticum aestivum) on M1 Generation . International Journal of Secondary Metabolite , 2 (1) , 8-12 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ijsm/issue/22525/240709

International Journal of Secondary Metabolite (IJSM)

ISSN-e: 2148-6905