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الحكم الراشد في الشريعة اإلسلامية وواقع تطبيقه في فلسطين

Year 2023, Issue: 60, 26 - 35, 31.12.2023

Abstract

أصبحت مبادئ ومعايري الحكم الراشد في الاونة الأخيرة تلقى اهتماما متزايدا في أقطار العالم ومنها فلسطين؛ وذلك لدورها الكبير في زايدة الكفاءة والفعالية وتحقيق الشفافية، ومعاجلة المشكلات الإدارية، ومكافحة الفساد المالي والإداري، وحتقيق التنمية، وزيادة الثقة في الجهات التي تطبق مبادئ ومعايير الحوكمة. وباستخدام المنهجين الاستقرائي
والتحليلي، يهدف هذا البحث إلى دراسة التأصيل الشرعي للحكم الراشد ومبادئه، ودراسة مدى تطبيق تلك المبادئ في دولة فلسطين. وخلص البحث إلى أن الحكم الراشد يتطلب حتقيق الديمقراطية وسيادة القانون والفصل المرن بين السلطات، إضافة إلى وجود إدارة تطبق (الشفافية والمساءلة والعدالة والتوافق والمشاركة والكفاءة والاستجابة والرؤية الاسراتيجية) سواء كانت هذه الإدارة حكومية أو قطاع خاص، ويتطلب كذلك دور فاعل لمنظمات المجتمع المدني. وأن الحكم الراشد في الإسلام احتوى على مجموعة من المبادئ والمعايير لم يرق إليها يوما أي نظام حكم آخر. وأن الانقسام السياسي الفلسطيني أثر سلبا على تطبيق الحكم الراشد يف فلسطين

References

  • Abd al-Fattah, Saif al-Din. “Al-Hukm al-Salih al-Rashid min Munathur al-Islami”. Majallat al-Muslim al-Mu’asir 139, Lebanon (2011).
  • Abd al-Hafidh, Shafiq, - Wissam, Abd al-Razzaq. Dawr al-Hukamah fi al-Islah al-Idari. Damascus: Ministry of Industry and Minerals in Syria, 2007 CE.
  • Abu al-Nour, Abd al-Qadir. Al-Fasad wa Tashri’at al-Hukm al-Rashid. Gaza: Al-Majlis al-Tashri’i, 2015.
  • Al-Ajlouni, Muhammad. Athar al-Hukm al-Rashid ala al-Tanmiyah al-Iqtisadiyah al-Mustadamah fi al-Duwal al-Arabiyah. Ninth International Conference on Islamic Economics and Finance (ICIEF) on Growth, Justice, and Stability from an Islamic Perspective. Istanbul, September 9–11, 2013.
  • Al-Bukhari, Muhammad ibn Ismail. Sahih al-Bukhari. Beirut: Dar Tawq al-Najah, 1st edition, 1422 AH.
  • Al-Kaid, Zuhair. Al-Hukamaniyah Qada’ wa Tatbiqat. Cairo: Al-Munazzamah al-Arabiyah lil-Tanmiah al-Idariyyah, 2003.
  • Al-Kasheeri, Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj al-Qushayri al-Nisaburi. Sahih Muslim. Beirut: Dar Ihya al-Turath al-Arabi, 1954.
  • Al-Mallahi, Sulwa Hamed. Dawr al-Qiyadah fi Idarat al-Azimah. Qatar: Management of Research and Islamic Studies at the Ministry of Awqaf and Islamic Affairs, 1436 AH.
  • Al-Mawardi, Ali ibn Muhammad. Al-Ahkam al-Sultaniyyah. Cairo: Dar al-Hadith, n.d.
  • Al-Qusayr, Abd al-Rahman ibn Muhammad. Muqaddimah Ibn Khaldun. Beirut: Dar Ihya al-Turath al-Arabi, n.d.
  • Al-Shatibi, Ibrahim ibn Musa. Al-Mu’afaqat fi Usul al-Fiqh. Cairo: Dar Ibn ‘Affan, 1st edition, 1997.
  • Al-Tabari, Muhammad ibn Jarir. Jami’ al-Bayan fi Ta’wil al-Qur’an. Beirut: Mu’assasat al-Risalah, 1st edition, 2000.
  • Al-Tirmidhi, Muhammad ibn Isa. Sunan al-Tirmidhi. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, 1987.
  • Al-Ulaiq, Abdul Rahman. Mafhum al-Hisbah fi al-Islam. Saudi Arabia: Shabakat al-Alluqah, 2015.
  • Al-Ziyyat, Ahmed, and Mohammed al-Najjar. Al-Mu’jam al-Wasit. Istanbul: Al-Maktabah al-Islamiyyah li al-Taba’ah wa al-Nashr wa al-Tawzi’, 2nd edition, 1972.
  • Ashraqi, Abdul Aziz. Al-Hukamah al-Jayyidah. Casablanca: Matba’at al-Najah al-Jadidah, 2009.
  • Fawzi, Samih. Silsilat Mafahim al-Hukamah. Cairo: n.d., 2005.
  • Ibn Hanbal, Ahmad ibn Muhammad. Musnad al-Imam Ahmad. Beirut: Dar Ihya al-Turath al-Arabi, 1993.
  • Ibn Khaldun, Abd al-Rahman. Muqaddimah Ibn Khaldun. Beirut: Dar Ihya al-Turath al-Arabi, n.d.
  • Ibn Kathir, Isma’il al-Qurashi. Al-Bidaya wa’l-Nihaya. Beirut: Dar Ihya al-Turath al-Arabi, 1st edition, 1988.
  • Ibn al-Fara, Muhammad ibn al-Hussein. Al-Ahkam al-Sultaniyyah. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, 2nd edition, 2000.
  • Ibn Manzur, Muhammad ibn Mukram. Lisan al-Arab. Beirut: Dar Sader, 3rd edition, 1994.
  • IslamOnline. Dastur al-Madina: Mufakhrah al-Hadarah al-Islamiyah. Retrieved June 29, 2023, from: [https://shorturl.at/yALM9]
  • Jumaa, Mustafa. Al-Hukm al-Rashid: Ru’yah Islamiyyah Hadariyyah. Cairo: Mu’assasat Shams li al-Nashr wa al-I’lam, 2020.
  • Kato, Toshiyasu, Kaplan, Jeffrey, Sophal, Chan and Sopheap, Real. Cambodia: Enhancing Governance for Sustainable Development. Cambodia: Asian Development Bank (ADB), 2000.
  • Muteir, Sameer. Waqi’ Tatbiq Ma’ayir al-Hukm al-Rashid wa ‘Alaqatuha bi al-Adaa’ al-Idari lil-Wizarat al-Filistiniyah. Master’s thesis, Academy of Administration and Politics, Gaza, 2013.
  • Musleh, Abeer. Al-Nazahah wa al-Shafaafah wa al-Musalahah fi Muwajahat al-Fasad. Ramallah: Aman Foundation, 2013.
  • Shahata, Hasan. Al-Asma’ wa Ma’anaya. Cairo: Al-Academiyya al-Hadithah li al-Kitab al-Jami’i, 2007.
  • Transparency and Accountability Coalition. Al-Nazahah wa al-Shafaafah wa al-Musalahah fi Muwajahat al-Fasad. Ramallah: Aman Foundation, 3rd edition, 2013.
  • Transparency and Accountability Coalition. Haq Hurriyat al-Husul ‘ala al-Ma’lumat wa Dawruh fi Tahqiq al-Nazahah wa al-Shafaafah wa al-Musalahah fi al-Qit’ al-’Am al-Filistini. Ramallah: Aman Foundation, 2013.
  • Transparency and Accountability Coalition. Al-Nizam al-Watani li al-Nazahah. Ramallah: Aman Foundation, 2013.
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Participatory Development and Good Governance. Paris: OECD, 1995.
  • Palestinian Legislative Council. Al-Majlis al-Tashri’i Yaqar Qanun al-Fisal fi al-Munazia’at al-Idariyah. Retrieved June 30, 2023, from: [https://www.plc.ps/ar/index/page_news/1576]
  • Palestinian Centre for Communication and Development Policies. Dawr Mu’assasat al-Mujtama’ al-Madani fi Ta’ziyz Mafahim al-Hukm al-Rashid. Al-Khalil: Palestinian Centre, 2011.
  • Plumptre, Tim and Graham, John. Governance and Good Governance: International & Aboriginal Perspectives. Canada: Institute on Governance, 1999.
  • Thomas G. Weiss. “Governance, Good Governance and Global Governance: Conceptual and Actual Challenges”. Third World Quarterly 21/5 (2000).
  • UNDP. Governance for Sustainable Human Development. New York: UNDP, 1997.
  • United Nation. The Arab Human Development Report 2002. New York: UN Publication, 2002.
  • World Bank. Governance and Development. Washington: World Bank, 1992

Good Governance in Islamic Law and the Reality of Its Application in Palestine

Year 2023, Issue: 60, 26 - 35, 31.12.2023

Abstract

The principles and standards of good governance have recently received increasing attention in countries of the world, including Palestine. This is due to its significant role in increasing efficiency and effectiveness, achieving transparency, addressing administrative problems, combating financial and administrative corruption, achieving development, and increasing confidence in entities that apply the principles and standards of governance. Using the inductive and analytical approaches, this study aims to explore the legal rooting of good governance and its principles and to study the extent to which these principles are applied in the State of Palestine. The study concludes that good governance requires the realization of democracy, the rule of law, and flexible separation of powers, in addition to the existence of an administration that applies transparency, accountability, justice, consensus, participation, efficiency, responsiveness, and strategic vision,
whether this administration is governmental or the private sector, and it also requires an active role for civil society organizations. And that the rightly guided rule in Islam contained a set of principles and standards that no other system of government had ever lived up to. And that the Palestinian political division negatively affected the implementation of good governance in Palestine

References

  • Abd al-Fattah, Saif al-Din. “Al-Hukm al-Salih al-Rashid min Munathur al-Islami”. Majallat al-Muslim al-Mu’asir 139, Lebanon (2011).
  • Abd al-Hafidh, Shafiq, - Wissam, Abd al-Razzaq. Dawr al-Hukamah fi al-Islah al-Idari. Damascus: Ministry of Industry and Minerals in Syria, 2007 CE.
  • Abu al-Nour, Abd al-Qadir. Al-Fasad wa Tashri’at al-Hukm al-Rashid. Gaza: Al-Majlis al-Tashri’i, 2015.
  • Al-Ajlouni, Muhammad. Athar al-Hukm al-Rashid ala al-Tanmiyah al-Iqtisadiyah al-Mustadamah fi al-Duwal al-Arabiyah. Ninth International Conference on Islamic Economics and Finance (ICIEF) on Growth, Justice, and Stability from an Islamic Perspective. Istanbul, September 9–11, 2013.
  • Al-Bukhari, Muhammad ibn Ismail. Sahih al-Bukhari. Beirut: Dar Tawq al-Najah, 1st edition, 1422 AH.
  • Al-Kaid, Zuhair. Al-Hukamaniyah Qada’ wa Tatbiqat. Cairo: Al-Munazzamah al-Arabiyah lil-Tanmiah al-Idariyyah, 2003.
  • Al-Kasheeri, Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj al-Qushayri al-Nisaburi. Sahih Muslim. Beirut: Dar Ihya al-Turath al-Arabi, 1954.
  • Al-Mallahi, Sulwa Hamed. Dawr al-Qiyadah fi Idarat al-Azimah. Qatar: Management of Research and Islamic Studies at the Ministry of Awqaf and Islamic Affairs, 1436 AH.
  • Al-Mawardi, Ali ibn Muhammad. Al-Ahkam al-Sultaniyyah. Cairo: Dar al-Hadith, n.d.
  • Al-Qusayr, Abd al-Rahman ibn Muhammad. Muqaddimah Ibn Khaldun. Beirut: Dar Ihya al-Turath al-Arabi, n.d.
  • Al-Shatibi, Ibrahim ibn Musa. Al-Mu’afaqat fi Usul al-Fiqh. Cairo: Dar Ibn ‘Affan, 1st edition, 1997.
  • Al-Tabari, Muhammad ibn Jarir. Jami’ al-Bayan fi Ta’wil al-Qur’an. Beirut: Mu’assasat al-Risalah, 1st edition, 2000.
  • Al-Tirmidhi, Muhammad ibn Isa. Sunan al-Tirmidhi. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, 1987.
  • Al-Ulaiq, Abdul Rahman. Mafhum al-Hisbah fi al-Islam. Saudi Arabia: Shabakat al-Alluqah, 2015.
  • Al-Ziyyat, Ahmed, and Mohammed al-Najjar. Al-Mu’jam al-Wasit. Istanbul: Al-Maktabah al-Islamiyyah li al-Taba’ah wa al-Nashr wa al-Tawzi’, 2nd edition, 1972.
  • Ashraqi, Abdul Aziz. Al-Hukamah al-Jayyidah. Casablanca: Matba’at al-Najah al-Jadidah, 2009.
  • Fawzi, Samih. Silsilat Mafahim al-Hukamah. Cairo: n.d., 2005.
  • Ibn Hanbal, Ahmad ibn Muhammad. Musnad al-Imam Ahmad. Beirut: Dar Ihya al-Turath al-Arabi, 1993.
  • Ibn Khaldun, Abd al-Rahman. Muqaddimah Ibn Khaldun. Beirut: Dar Ihya al-Turath al-Arabi, n.d.
  • Ibn Kathir, Isma’il al-Qurashi. Al-Bidaya wa’l-Nihaya. Beirut: Dar Ihya al-Turath al-Arabi, 1st edition, 1988.
  • Ibn al-Fara, Muhammad ibn al-Hussein. Al-Ahkam al-Sultaniyyah. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, 2nd edition, 2000.
  • Ibn Manzur, Muhammad ibn Mukram. Lisan al-Arab. Beirut: Dar Sader, 3rd edition, 1994.
  • IslamOnline. Dastur al-Madina: Mufakhrah al-Hadarah al-Islamiyah. Retrieved June 29, 2023, from: [https://shorturl.at/yALM9]
  • Jumaa, Mustafa. Al-Hukm al-Rashid: Ru’yah Islamiyyah Hadariyyah. Cairo: Mu’assasat Shams li al-Nashr wa al-I’lam, 2020.
  • Kato, Toshiyasu, Kaplan, Jeffrey, Sophal, Chan and Sopheap, Real. Cambodia: Enhancing Governance for Sustainable Development. Cambodia: Asian Development Bank (ADB), 2000.
  • Muteir, Sameer. Waqi’ Tatbiq Ma’ayir al-Hukm al-Rashid wa ‘Alaqatuha bi al-Adaa’ al-Idari lil-Wizarat al-Filistiniyah. Master’s thesis, Academy of Administration and Politics, Gaza, 2013.
  • Musleh, Abeer. Al-Nazahah wa al-Shafaafah wa al-Musalahah fi Muwajahat al-Fasad. Ramallah: Aman Foundation, 2013.
  • Shahata, Hasan. Al-Asma’ wa Ma’anaya. Cairo: Al-Academiyya al-Hadithah li al-Kitab al-Jami’i, 2007.
  • Transparency and Accountability Coalition. Al-Nazahah wa al-Shafaafah wa al-Musalahah fi Muwajahat al-Fasad. Ramallah: Aman Foundation, 3rd edition, 2013.
  • Transparency and Accountability Coalition. Haq Hurriyat al-Husul ‘ala al-Ma’lumat wa Dawruh fi Tahqiq al-Nazahah wa al-Shafaafah wa al-Musalahah fi al-Qit’ al-’Am al-Filistini. Ramallah: Aman Foundation, 2013.
  • Transparency and Accountability Coalition. Al-Nizam al-Watani li al-Nazahah. Ramallah: Aman Foundation, 2013.
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Participatory Development and Good Governance. Paris: OECD, 1995.
  • Palestinian Legislative Council. Al-Majlis al-Tashri’i Yaqar Qanun al-Fisal fi al-Munazia’at al-Idariyah. Retrieved June 30, 2023, from: [https://www.plc.ps/ar/index/page_news/1576]
  • Palestinian Centre for Communication and Development Policies. Dawr Mu’assasat al-Mujtama’ al-Madani fi Ta’ziyz Mafahim al-Hukm al-Rashid. Al-Khalil: Palestinian Centre, 2011.
  • Plumptre, Tim and Graham, John. Governance and Good Governance: International & Aboriginal Perspectives. Canada: Institute on Governance, 1999.
  • Thomas G. Weiss. “Governance, Good Governance and Global Governance: Conceptual and Actual Challenges”. Third World Quarterly 21/5 (2000).
  • UNDP. Governance for Sustainable Human Development. New York: UNDP, 1997.
  • United Nation. The Arab Human Development Report 2002. New York: UN Publication, 2002.
  • World Bank. Governance and Development. Washington: World Bank, 1992

İslam Hukukunda İyi Yönetişim ve Filistin’de Uygulanmasının Gerçeği

Year 2023, Issue: 60, 26 - 35, 31.12.2023

Abstract

İyi yönetişim ilkeleri ve standartları son zamanlarda Filistin’de dahil olmak üzere dünya ülkelerinde artan bir ilgi görmektedir. Bunun nedeni, verimliliğin ve etkinliğin artırılmasında, şeffaflığın sağlanmasında, idari sorunların ele alınmasında, mali ve idari yolsuzlukla mücadelede, kalkınmanın sağlanmasında ve yönetişim ilke ve standartlarını uygulayan kuruluşlara olan güvenin artırılmasındaki önemli rolünden kaynaklanmaktadır. Tümevarımsal ve analitik yaklaşımları kullanan bu araştırma, iyi yönetişimin ve ilkelerinin yasal köklerini ve bu ilkelerin Filistin Devleti’nde ne ölçüde uygulandığını incelemeyi amaçlamaktadır. Araştırma, iyi yönetişimin demokrasi, hukukun üstünlüğü ve esnek kuvvetler ayrılığının hayata geçirilmesinin yanı sıra, ister kamu ister özel sektör olsun, şeffaflık, hesap verebilirlik, adalet, uzlaşı, katılımcılık, verimlilik, yanıt verebilirlik ve stratejik vizyonu uygulayan bir yönetimin varlığını ve sivil toplum kuruluşlarının aktif rol almasını gerektirdiği sonucuna varıyor ve İslam’daki doğru yönlendirilmiş yönetim, başka hiçbir hükümet sisteminin uymadığı bir dizi ilke ve standart içeriyordu ve Filistin’deki siyasi bölünme, Filistin’de iyi yönetişimin uygulanmasını olumsuz etkiledi.

References

  • Abd al-Fattah, Saif al-Din. “Al-Hukm al-Salih al-Rashid min Munathur al-Islami”. Majallat al-Muslim al-Mu’asir 139, Lebanon (2011).
  • Abd al-Hafidh, Shafiq, - Wissam, Abd al-Razzaq. Dawr al-Hukamah fi al-Islah al-Idari. Damascus: Ministry of Industry and Minerals in Syria, 2007 CE.
  • Abu al-Nour, Abd al-Qadir. Al-Fasad wa Tashri’at al-Hukm al-Rashid. Gaza: Al-Majlis al-Tashri’i, 2015.
  • Al-Ajlouni, Muhammad. Athar al-Hukm al-Rashid ala al-Tanmiyah al-Iqtisadiyah al-Mustadamah fi al-Duwal al-Arabiyah. Ninth International Conference on Islamic Economics and Finance (ICIEF) on Growth, Justice, and Stability from an Islamic Perspective. Istanbul, September 9–11, 2013.
  • Al-Bukhari, Muhammad ibn Ismail. Sahih al-Bukhari. Beirut: Dar Tawq al-Najah, 1st edition, 1422 AH.
  • Al-Kaid, Zuhair. Al-Hukamaniyah Qada’ wa Tatbiqat. Cairo: Al-Munazzamah al-Arabiyah lil-Tanmiah al-Idariyyah, 2003.
  • Al-Kasheeri, Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj al-Qushayri al-Nisaburi. Sahih Muslim. Beirut: Dar Ihya al-Turath al-Arabi, 1954.
  • Al-Mallahi, Sulwa Hamed. Dawr al-Qiyadah fi Idarat al-Azimah. Qatar: Management of Research and Islamic Studies at the Ministry of Awqaf and Islamic Affairs, 1436 AH.
  • Al-Mawardi, Ali ibn Muhammad. Al-Ahkam al-Sultaniyyah. Cairo: Dar al-Hadith, n.d.
  • Al-Qusayr, Abd al-Rahman ibn Muhammad. Muqaddimah Ibn Khaldun. Beirut: Dar Ihya al-Turath al-Arabi, n.d.
  • Al-Shatibi, Ibrahim ibn Musa. Al-Mu’afaqat fi Usul al-Fiqh. Cairo: Dar Ibn ‘Affan, 1st edition, 1997.
  • Al-Tabari, Muhammad ibn Jarir. Jami’ al-Bayan fi Ta’wil al-Qur’an. Beirut: Mu’assasat al-Risalah, 1st edition, 2000.
  • Al-Tirmidhi, Muhammad ibn Isa. Sunan al-Tirmidhi. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, 1987.
  • Al-Ulaiq, Abdul Rahman. Mafhum al-Hisbah fi al-Islam. Saudi Arabia: Shabakat al-Alluqah, 2015.
  • Al-Ziyyat, Ahmed, and Mohammed al-Najjar. Al-Mu’jam al-Wasit. Istanbul: Al-Maktabah al-Islamiyyah li al-Taba’ah wa al-Nashr wa al-Tawzi’, 2nd edition, 1972.
  • Ashraqi, Abdul Aziz. Al-Hukamah al-Jayyidah. Casablanca: Matba’at al-Najah al-Jadidah, 2009.
  • Fawzi, Samih. Silsilat Mafahim al-Hukamah. Cairo: n.d., 2005.
  • Ibn Hanbal, Ahmad ibn Muhammad. Musnad al-Imam Ahmad. Beirut: Dar Ihya al-Turath al-Arabi, 1993.
  • Ibn Khaldun, Abd al-Rahman. Muqaddimah Ibn Khaldun. Beirut: Dar Ihya al-Turath al-Arabi, n.d.
  • Ibn Kathir, Isma’il al-Qurashi. Al-Bidaya wa’l-Nihaya. Beirut: Dar Ihya al-Turath al-Arabi, 1st edition, 1988.
  • Ibn al-Fara, Muhammad ibn al-Hussein. Al-Ahkam al-Sultaniyyah. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, 2nd edition, 2000.
  • Ibn Manzur, Muhammad ibn Mukram. Lisan al-Arab. Beirut: Dar Sader, 3rd edition, 1994.
  • IslamOnline. Dastur al-Madina: Mufakhrah al-Hadarah al-Islamiyah. Retrieved June 29, 2023, from: [https://shorturl.at/yALM9]
  • Jumaa, Mustafa. Al-Hukm al-Rashid: Ru’yah Islamiyyah Hadariyyah. Cairo: Mu’assasat Shams li al-Nashr wa al-I’lam, 2020.
  • Kato, Toshiyasu, Kaplan, Jeffrey, Sophal, Chan and Sopheap, Real. Cambodia: Enhancing Governance for Sustainable Development. Cambodia: Asian Development Bank (ADB), 2000.
  • Muteir, Sameer. Waqi’ Tatbiq Ma’ayir al-Hukm al-Rashid wa ‘Alaqatuha bi al-Adaa’ al-Idari lil-Wizarat al-Filistiniyah. Master’s thesis, Academy of Administration and Politics, Gaza, 2013.
  • Musleh, Abeer. Al-Nazahah wa al-Shafaafah wa al-Musalahah fi Muwajahat al-Fasad. Ramallah: Aman Foundation, 2013.
  • Shahata, Hasan. Al-Asma’ wa Ma’anaya. Cairo: Al-Academiyya al-Hadithah li al-Kitab al-Jami’i, 2007.
  • Transparency and Accountability Coalition. Al-Nazahah wa al-Shafaafah wa al-Musalahah fi Muwajahat al-Fasad. Ramallah: Aman Foundation, 3rd edition, 2013.
  • Transparency and Accountability Coalition. Haq Hurriyat al-Husul ‘ala al-Ma’lumat wa Dawruh fi Tahqiq al-Nazahah wa al-Shafaafah wa al-Musalahah fi al-Qit’ al-’Am al-Filistini. Ramallah: Aman Foundation, 2013.
  • Transparency and Accountability Coalition. Al-Nizam al-Watani li al-Nazahah. Ramallah: Aman Foundation, 2013.
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Participatory Development and Good Governance. Paris: OECD, 1995.
  • Palestinian Legislative Council. Al-Majlis al-Tashri’i Yaqar Qanun al-Fisal fi al-Munazia’at al-Idariyah. Retrieved June 30, 2023, from: [https://www.plc.ps/ar/index/page_news/1576]
  • Palestinian Centre for Communication and Development Policies. Dawr Mu’assasat al-Mujtama’ al-Madani fi Ta’ziyz Mafahim al-Hukm al-Rashid. Al-Khalil: Palestinian Centre, 2011.
  • Plumptre, Tim and Graham, John. Governance and Good Governance: International & Aboriginal Perspectives. Canada: Institute on Governance, 1999.
  • Thomas G. Weiss. “Governance, Good Governance and Global Governance: Conceptual and Actual Challenges”. Third World Quarterly 21/5 (2000).
  • UNDP. Governance for Sustainable Human Development. New York: UNDP, 1997.
  • United Nation. The Arab Human Development Report 2002. New York: UN Publication, 2002.
  • World Bank. Governance and Development. Washington: World Bank, 1992

Details

Primary Language Arabic
Subjects Islamic Law
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Mohammed ELSHOBAKE

Publication Date December 31, 2023
Submission Date July 1, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023 Issue: 60

Cite

APA ELSHOBAKE, M. (2023). الحكم الراشد في الشريعة اإلسلامية وواقع تطبيقه في فلسطين. İlahiyat Tetkikleri Dergisi(60), 26-35.
AMA ELSHOBAKE M. الحكم الراشد في الشريعة اإلسلامية وواقع تطبيقه في فلسطين. ilted. December 2023;(60):26-35.
Chicago ELSHOBAKE, Mohammed. “الحكم الراشد في الشريعة اإلسلامية وواقع تطبيقه في فلسطين”. İlahiyat Tetkikleri Dergisi, no. 60 (December 2023): 26-35.
EndNote ELSHOBAKE M (December 1, 2023) الحكم الراشد في الشريعة اإلسلامية وواقع تطبيقه في فلسطين. İlahiyat Tetkikleri Dergisi 60 26–35.
IEEE M. ELSHOBAKE, “الحكم الراشد في الشريعة اإلسلامية وواقع تطبيقه في فلسطين”, ilted, no. 60, pp. 26–35, December 2023.
ISNAD ELSHOBAKE, Mohammed. “الحكم الراشد في الشريعة اإلسلامية وواقع تطبيقه في فلسطين”. İlahiyat Tetkikleri Dergisi 60 (December 2023), 26-35.
JAMA ELSHOBAKE M. الحكم الراشد في الشريعة اإلسلامية وواقع تطبيقه في فلسطين. ilted. 2023;:26–35.
MLA ELSHOBAKE, Mohammed. “الحكم الراشد في الشريعة اإلسلامية وواقع تطبيقه في فلسطين”. İlahiyat Tetkikleri Dergisi, no. 60, 2023, pp. 26-35.
Vancouver ELSHOBAKE M. الحكم الراشد في الشريعة اإلسلامية وواقع تطبيقه في فلسطين. ilted. 2023(60):26-35.

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