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Hasan Ali Yücel: A Leader Transforming Turkish Education and Culture between Years 1938 and 1946

Year 2014, Volume 15, Issue 3, 21 - 42, 04.05.2015
https://doi.org/10.17679/iuefd.15352657

Abstract

Biographic studies provide long term perspectives on leadership, learning of leadership attributes and its development. It is obvious that life story of a leader is an important source of information that provides an information for the followers about the traits and behaviors of the leader. Thus, the current study seeks to offer an in-depth look at transformational leader attributes of Hasan Ali Yücel, one of the prominent intellectuals of the Republican period in history of Turkey, from the perspective of Bass and Avolio (1993). Based on the public documents (e.g., archival materials, books and journals written by Yücel and other authors), biographies, photographs and speeches, four general frames of transformational leadership; idealized influence and charisma, inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation and individualized consideration were handled to reveal transformational leader characteristics of Hasan Ali Yücel.

References

  • Avolio, B. J., & Bass, B. M. (1988). Transformational leadership, charisma, and beyond. In J. G. Hunt, B. R. Baliga, H. P. Dachler, & C. A. Schriesheim (Eds.), Emerging leadership vitas (pp. 29-49). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.
  • Balyer, A. (2012). Transformational leadership behaviors of school principals: A qualitative research based on teachers’ perceptions. International Online Journal of Educational Sciences, 4(3), 581-591.
  • Barling, J., Moutinho, S., & Kelloway, E. K. (1998). Transformational leadership and group performance: The mediating role of affective commitment. Manuscript submitted for publication. Kingston, Ontario: Queen’s University.
  • Barling, J., Weber, T., & Kelloway, E. K. (1996). Effects of transformational leadership training and attitudinal and financial outcomes: A field experiment. Journal of Applied Psychology, 81(6), 827-832.
  • Bass, B. M. (1985). Leadership and performance beyond expectations. New York: Free Press.
  • Bass, B. M. (1990). From transactional to transformational leadership: Learning to share the vision. Organizational Dynamics, 18, 19-31.
  • Bass, B. M. (1998). The ethics of transformational leadership. In J. Ciulla (Ed.), Ethics: The hearth of leadership (pp.169-192). Wesport, CT: Praeger.
  • Bass, B. M, & Avolio, B. J. (1990). The implications of transactional and transformational leadership for individual, team, and organizational development. Research in Organizational Change and Development, 4, 231-272.
  • Bass, B. M, & Avolio, B. J. (1993). Transformational leadership: A response to critiques. In M. M. Chemers & R. Ayman (Eds.), Leadership theory and research: Perspectives and directions (pp. 49-80). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
  • Bass, B. M, & Avolio, B. J. (1994). Improving organizational effectiveness through transformational leadership. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Bass, B. M., & Avolio, B. J. (1995). The multifactor leadership questionnaire form 5x. Palo Alto, CA: Mind Garden.
  • Bennis, W. G., & Nanus, B. (1985). Leaders: The strategies for taking charge. New York: Harper & Row.
  • Binbaşıoğlu, C. (1993). Çağdaş eğitim ve köy enstitüleri: Tarihsel bir çerçeve. İzmir: Dikili Etki Ofset.
  • Boerner, S., Eisenbeiss, S. A., & Griesser, D. (2007). Follower behavior and organizational performance: The impact of transformational leaders. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 13(3), 15-26.
  • Bolden, R., Gosling, J., Marturano, A., & Dennison, P. (2003). A review of leadership theory and competency frameworks. Edited version of a report for Chase Consulting and The Management Standards Centre.
  • Burns, J. M. (1978). Leadership. New York: Harper & Row.
  • Chase, S.E. (2005). Narrative inquiry: Multiple lenses, approaches, voices. In N.K. Denzin & Y.S. Lincoln (Eds.), The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research (pp. 651-679). Thousand Oaks CA: Sage Publications.
  • Creswell, J. W. (2007). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
  • Coşkun, A. (2007). Hasan Ali Yücel: Aydınlanma devrimcisi. İstanbul: Cumhuriyet Kitapları.
  • Covey, S. (1992). Principle-centered leadership. New York: Simon and Schuster.
  • Czarniawska, B. (2004). Narratives in social science research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
  • Çıkar, M. (1998). Hasan Ali Yücel ve Türk Kültür Reformu (2nd ed.). Ankara: Türkiye İş Bankası Kültür Yayınları.
  • Denzin, N. K. (1989). Interpretative biography. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.
  • Doğan, H. (1983). Cumhuriyet döneminde eğitim. İstanbul: MEB Bilim ve Kültür Eserler Dizisi.
  • Downtown, J. V. (1973). Rebel leadership: Commitment and charisma in a revolutionary process. New York: Free Press.
  • Eronat, C. Y. (1997). Aydınlanmanın Hızı. In M.Coşturoğlu and M. Emiroğlu (Eds.), Hasan Ali Yücel’e Armağan (pp.7-45). Ankara: Birleşmiş Milletler Türk Derneği Yayınları.
  • Ertuğrul, F. (1997). Yücel-Öner davası: Hasan Ali Yücel’e Armağan. Ankara: Birleşmiş Milletler Türk Derneği Yayınları.
  • Forster, N. (1995). The analysis of company documentation. In C. Cassell & G. Symon (Eds.), Qualitative methods in organizational research: A practical guide (pp. 147-166). London: Sage Publications.
  • Gronn, P., & Ribbins, P. (1996). Leaders in context: Postpositivist approaches to understanding educational leadership. Educational Administration Quarterly, 32(3), 452-473.
  • Gürsel, N. (1983). Uygarlık ve çeviri. In Murat Belge (Ed.), Cumhuriyet Dönemi Türk Ansiklopedisi (pp.320-323, Vol. II). İstanbul: İletişim Yayınları.
  • Hatter, J. J., & Bass, B. M. (1988). Superiors’ evaluations and subordinates’ perceptions of transformational and transactional leadership. Journal of Applied Psychology, 73, 695- 702.
  • Howell, J. M., & Avolio, B. J. (1993). Transformational leadership, transactional leadership, locus of control and support for innovation: Key predictors of consolidated-business-unit performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78, 891-902.
  • Jorg, F., & Schyns, B. (2004). Is similarity in leadership related to organizational outcomes? The case of transformational leadership. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 10(4), 92-102.
  • Koh, W. L., Steers, R. M., & Terborg, J. R. (1995). The effects of transformational leadership on teacher attitudes and student performance in Singapore. Journal of Organizational Development, 16, 319-333.
  • Kirkpatrick, S. A., & Locke, E. A. (1996). Direct and indirect effects of three core charismatic leadership components on performance and attitudes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 81, 36-51.
  • Leithwood, K. (1994). Leadership for school restructuring. Educational Administration Quarterly, 30(4), 498-518.
  • Lincoln,Y. S & Guba, E. G. (1985). Naturalistic inquiry. Beverly Hills: Sage.
  • Maarif Vekilliği (1939a). Birinci Türk Neşriyat Kongresi (1-5 May 1939): Raporlar, teklifler, müzakere zabıtları. Ankara: Edebiyatçılar Derneği, T.C. Maarif Vekilliği.
  • Maarif Vekilliği (1939b). Birinci Maarif Şurası (17-29 July 1939): Çalışma programı, konuşmalar, lahikalar. Ankara: T.C. Maarif Vekilliği.
  • Maarif Vekilliği (1941). Birinci Coğrafya Kongresi (6-21 June 1941): Raporlar, müzakereler, kararlar. Ankara: T.C. Maarif Vekilliği.
  • Memurlar (2013). Dinçer görevini Nabi Avcı’ya devretti. Retrieved February 10, 2013, from www.memurlar.net/haber/332272.
  • Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). An expanded sourcebook: qualitative data analysis. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
  • Northouse, P. G. (2007). Leadership: Theory and practice. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications.
  • Shamir, B., Dayan-Horesh, H., & Adler, D. (2005). Leading by biography: Towards a life-story approach to the study of leadership. Leadership, 1(1), 13-29.
  • Şengör, A. M. C. (2001). Hasan Ali Yücel ve Türk aydınlanması. Ankara: Tübitak Yayınları.
  • Tanpınar, A. H. (1961). Yücel toplantısı. İmece, 1(2), 16-17.
  • Tichy, N. M., & Devanna, M. A. (1986). The transformational leader. New York: Wiley.
  • Tonguç, E. (1970). Devrim açısından köy enstitüleri ve Tonguç. İstanbul: Ant Yayınları.
  • Veland, T. D. (2012). A study of leadership dispositions of transformational leaders in Georgia High School. Georgia Southern University Electronic Thesis & Dissertations.
  • Widmann, H. (1981). Atatürk üniversite reformu (Almanca konuşulan ülkelerden 1933 yılından sonra Türkiye’ye gelen öğretim üyeleri) yaşam öyküleri, çalışmaları, etkileri (A. Kazancıgil & S. Bozkurt, Trans.). İstanbul: İstanbul Üniversitesi, Cerrahpaşa Tıp Fakültesi Özel Seri 3.
  • Xavier, P. (2013). Transformational leadership: A qualitative study of ruralelementary schools in Fresno County (Doctoral thesis), Loyols Marymount University.
  • Yammarino, F. J., & Bass, B. M. (1990). Transformational leadership and multiple levels of analysis. Human Relations, 43(10), 975-995.
  • Yu, H., Leithwood, K., & Jantzi, D. (2002). The effects of transformational leadership on teachers’ commitment to change in Hong Kong. Journal of Educational Administration, 40(4), 368-89.
  • Yukl, G. (2010). Leadership in organizations (7th ed.). Englewoods Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
  • Yücel, H. A. (1941). Klasiklere birinci önsöz. In Oscar Wilde, Hikayeler (N. Sevin, Trans., pp. 1-5). İstanbul: MEB.
  • Yücel, H. A. (1947, September 10). Hasan Ali Yücel sıfır meselesini anlatıyor. Yeni Gazete, 3.
  • Yücel, H. A. (1960). Hürriyet gene hürriyet (Vol. 2). Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu.
  • Yücel, H. A. (1974). Kültür üzerine düşünceler. Ankara: Türkiye İş Bankası Kültür Yayınları.
  • Yücel, H. A. (1990). Geçtiğim günlerden (2nd ed.). İstanbul: İletişim Yayınları.
  • Yücel, H. A. (1993). Milli eğitimle ilgili söylev ve demeçler. İçel: Kültür Bakanlığı Yayınları.

Year 2014, Volume 15, Issue 3, 21 - 42, 04.05.2015
https://doi.org/10.17679/iuefd.15352657

Abstract

References

  • Avolio, B. J., & Bass, B. M. (1988). Transformational leadership, charisma, and beyond. In J. G. Hunt, B. R. Baliga, H. P. Dachler, & C. A. Schriesheim (Eds.), Emerging leadership vitas (pp. 29-49). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.
  • Balyer, A. (2012). Transformational leadership behaviors of school principals: A qualitative research based on teachers’ perceptions. International Online Journal of Educational Sciences, 4(3), 581-591.
  • Barling, J., Moutinho, S., & Kelloway, E. K. (1998). Transformational leadership and group performance: The mediating role of affective commitment. Manuscript submitted for publication. Kingston, Ontario: Queen’s University.
  • Barling, J., Weber, T., & Kelloway, E. K. (1996). Effects of transformational leadership training and attitudinal and financial outcomes: A field experiment. Journal of Applied Psychology, 81(6), 827-832.
  • Bass, B. M. (1985). Leadership and performance beyond expectations. New York: Free Press.
  • Bass, B. M. (1990). From transactional to transformational leadership: Learning to share the vision. Organizational Dynamics, 18, 19-31.
  • Bass, B. M. (1998). The ethics of transformational leadership. In J. Ciulla (Ed.), Ethics: The hearth of leadership (pp.169-192). Wesport, CT: Praeger.
  • Bass, B. M, & Avolio, B. J. (1990). The implications of transactional and transformational leadership for individual, team, and organizational development. Research in Organizational Change and Development, 4, 231-272.
  • Bass, B. M, & Avolio, B. J. (1993). Transformational leadership: A response to critiques. In M. M. Chemers & R. Ayman (Eds.), Leadership theory and research: Perspectives and directions (pp. 49-80). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
  • Bass, B. M, & Avolio, B. J. (1994). Improving organizational effectiveness through transformational leadership. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Bass, B. M., & Avolio, B. J. (1995). The multifactor leadership questionnaire form 5x. Palo Alto, CA: Mind Garden.
  • Bennis, W. G., & Nanus, B. (1985). Leaders: The strategies for taking charge. New York: Harper & Row.
  • Binbaşıoğlu, C. (1993). Çağdaş eğitim ve köy enstitüleri: Tarihsel bir çerçeve. İzmir: Dikili Etki Ofset.
  • Boerner, S., Eisenbeiss, S. A., & Griesser, D. (2007). Follower behavior and organizational performance: The impact of transformational leaders. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 13(3), 15-26.
  • Bolden, R., Gosling, J., Marturano, A., & Dennison, P. (2003). A review of leadership theory and competency frameworks. Edited version of a report for Chase Consulting and The Management Standards Centre.
  • Burns, J. M. (1978). Leadership. New York: Harper & Row.
  • Chase, S.E. (2005). Narrative inquiry: Multiple lenses, approaches, voices. In N.K. Denzin & Y.S. Lincoln (Eds.), The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research (pp. 651-679). Thousand Oaks CA: Sage Publications.
  • Creswell, J. W. (2007). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
  • Coşkun, A. (2007). Hasan Ali Yücel: Aydınlanma devrimcisi. İstanbul: Cumhuriyet Kitapları.
  • Covey, S. (1992). Principle-centered leadership. New York: Simon and Schuster.
  • Czarniawska, B. (2004). Narratives in social science research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
  • Çıkar, M. (1998). Hasan Ali Yücel ve Türk Kültür Reformu (2nd ed.). Ankara: Türkiye İş Bankası Kültür Yayınları.
  • Denzin, N. K. (1989). Interpretative biography. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.
  • Doğan, H. (1983). Cumhuriyet döneminde eğitim. İstanbul: MEB Bilim ve Kültür Eserler Dizisi.
  • Downtown, J. V. (1973). Rebel leadership: Commitment and charisma in a revolutionary process. New York: Free Press.
  • Eronat, C. Y. (1997). Aydınlanmanın Hızı. In M.Coşturoğlu and M. Emiroğlu (Eds.), Hasan Ali Yücel’e Armağan (pp.7-45). Ankara: Birleşmiş Milletler Türk Derneği Yayınları.
  • Ertuğrul, F. (1997). Yücel-Öner davası: Hasan Ali Yücel’e Armağan. Ankara: Birleşmiş Milletler Türk Derneği Yayınları.
  • Forster, N. (1995). The analysis of company documentation. In C. Cassell & G. Symon (Eds.), Qualitative methods in organizational research: A practical guide (pp. 147-166). London: Sage Publications.
  • Gronn, P., & Ribbins, P. (1996). Leaders in context: Postpositivist approaches to understanding educational leadership. Educational Administration Quarterly, 32(3), 452-473.
  • Gürsel, N. (1983). Uygarlık ve çeviri. In Murat Belge (Ed.), Cumhuriyet Dönemi Türk Ansiklopedisi (pp.320-323, Vol. II). İstanbul: İletişim Yayınları.
  • Hatter, J. J., & Bass, B. M. (1988). Superiors’ evaluations and subordinates’ perceptions of transformational and transactional leadership. Journal of Applied Psychology, 73, 695- 702.
  • Howell, J. M., & Avolio, B. J. (1993). Transformational leadership, transactional leadership, locus of control and support for innovation: Key predictors of consolidated-business-unit performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78, 891-902.
  • Jorg, F., & Schyns, B. (2004). Is similarity in leadership related to organizational outcomes? The case of transformational leadership. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 10(4), 92-102.
  • Koh, W. L., Steers, R. M., & Terborg, J. R. (1995). The effects of transformational leadership on teacher attitudes and student performance in Singapore. Journal of Organizational Development, 16, 319-333.
  • Kirkpatrick, S. A., & Locke, E. A. (1996). Direct and indirect effects of three core charismatic leadership components on performance and attitudes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 81, 36-51.
  • Leithwood, K. (1994). Leadership for school restructuring. Educational Administration Quarterly, 30(4), 498-518.
  • Lincoln,Y. S & Guba, E. G. (1985). Naturalistic inquiry. Beverly Hills: Sage.
  • Maarif Vekilliği (1939a). Birinci Türk Neşriyat Kongresi (1-5 May 1939): Raporlar, teklifler, müzakere zabıtları. Ankara: Edebiyatçılar Derneği, T.C. Maarif Vekilliği.
  • Maarif Vekilliği (1939b). Birinci Maarif Şurası (17-29 July 1939): Çalışma programı, konuşmalar, lahikalar. Ankara: T.C. Maarif Vekilliği.
  • Maarif Vekilliği (1941). Birinci Coğrafya Kongresi (6-21 June 1941): Raporlar, müzakereler, kararlar. Ankara: T.C. Maarif Vekilliği.
  • Memurlar (2013). Dinçer görevini Nabi Avcı’ya devretti. Retrieved February 10, 2013, from www.memurlar.net/haber/332272.
  • Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). An expanded sourcebook: qualitative data analysis. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
  • Northouse, P. G. (2007). Leadership: Theory and practice. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications.
  • Shamir, B., Dayan-Horesh, H., & Adler, D. (2005). Leading by biography: Towards a life-story approach to the study of leadership. Leadership, 1(1), 13-29.
  • Şengör, A. M. C. (2001). Hasan Ali Yücel ve Türk aydınlanması. Ankara: Tübitak Yayınları.
  • Tanpınar, A. H. (1961). Yücel toplantısı. İmece, 1(2), 16-17.
  • Tichy, N. M., & Devanna, M. A. (1986). The transformational leader. New York: Wiley.
  • Tonguç, E. (1970). Devrim açısından köy enstitüleri ve Tonguç. İstanbul: Ant Yayınları.
  • Veland, T. D. (2012). A study of leadership dispositions of transformational leaders in Georgia High School. Georgia Southern University Electronic Thesis & Dissertations.
  • Widmann, H. (1981). Atatürk üniversite reformu (Almanca konuşulan ülkelerden 1933 yılından sonra Türkiye’ye gelen öğretim üyeleri) yaşam öyküleri, çalışmaları, etkileri (A. Kazancıgil & S. Bozkurt, Trans.). İstanbul: İstanbul Üniversitesi, Cerrahpaşa Tıp Fakültesi Özel Seri 3.
  • Xavier, P. (2013). Transformational leadership: A qualitative study of ruralelementary schools in Fresno County (Doctoral thesis), Loyols Marymount University.
  • Yammarino, F. J., & Bass, B. M. (1990). Transformational leadership and multiple levels of analysis. Human Relations, 43(10), 975-995.
  • Yu, H., Leithwood, K., & Jantzi, D. (2002). The effects of transformational leadership on teachers’ commitment to change in Hong Kong. Journal of Educational Administration, 40(4), 368-89.
  • Yukl, G. (2010). Leadership in organizations (7th ed.). Englewoods Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
  • Yücel, H. A. (1941). Klasiklere birinci önsöz. In Oscar Wilde, Hikayeler (N. Sevin, Trans., pp. 1-5). İstanbul: MEB.
  • Yücel, H. A. (1947, September 10). Hasan Ali Yücel sıfır meselesini anlatıyor. Yeni Gazete, 3.
  • Yücel, H. A. (1960). Hürriyet gene hürriyet (Vol. 2). Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu.
  • Yücel, H. A. (1974). Kültür üzerine düşünceler. Ankara: Türkiye İş Bankası Kültür Yayınları.
  • Yücel, H. A. (1990). Geçtiğim günlerden (2nd ed.). İstanbul: İletişim Yayınları.
  • Yücel, H. A. (1993). Milli eğitimle ilgili söylev ve demeçler. İçel: Kültür Bakanlığı Yayınları.

Details

Primary Language English
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Gökhan KILIÇOĞLU>


Derya YILMAZ This is me


Selahattin TURAN>

Publication Date May 4, 2015
Published in Issue Year 2014, Volume 15, Issue 3

Cite

Bibtex @ { inuefd108790, journal = {İnönü Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {1300-2899}, eissn = {2149-9683}, address = {}, publisher = {Inonu University}, year = {2015}, volume = {15}, number = {3}, pages = {21 - 42}, doi = {10.17679/iuefd.15352657}, title = {Hasan Ali Yücel: A Leader Transforming Turkish Education and Culture between Years 1938 and 1946}, key = {cite}, author = {Kılıçoğlu, Gökhan and Yılmaz, Derya and Turan, Selahattin} }
APA Kılıçoğlu, G. , Yılmaz, D. & Turan, S. (2015). Hasan Ali Yücel: A Leader Transforming Turkish Education and Culture between Years 1938 and 1946 . İnönü Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi , 15 (3) , 21-42 . DOI: 10.17679/iuefd.15352657
MLA Kılıçoğlu, G. , Yılmaz, D. , Turan, S. "Hasan Ali Yücel: A Leader Transforming Turkish Education and Culture between Years 1938 and 1946" . İnönü Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi 15 (2015 ): 21-42 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/inuefd/issue/8713/108790>
Chicago Kılıçoğlu, G. , Yılmaz, D. , Turan, S. "Hasan Ali Yücel: A Leader Transforming Turkish Education and Culture between Years 1938 and 1946". İnönü Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi 15 (2015 ): 21-42
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Hasan Ali Yücel: A Leader Transforming Turkish Education and Culture between Years 1938 and 1946 AU - GökhanKılıçoğlu, DeryaYılmaz, SelahattinTuran Y1 - 2015 PY - 2015 N1 - doi: 10.17679/iuefd.15352657 DO - 10.17679/iuefd.15352657 T2 - İnönü Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 21 EP - 42 VL - 15 IS - 3 SN - 1300-2899-2149-9683 M3 - doi: 10.17679/iuefd.15352657 UR - https://doi.org/10.17679/iuefd.15352657 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Inonu University Journal of the Faculty of Education Hasan Ali Yücel: A Leader Transforming Turkish Education and Culture between Years 1938 and 1946 %A Gökhan Kılıçoğlu , Derya Yılmaz , Selahattin Turan %T Hasan Ali Yücel: A Leader Transforming Turkish Education and Culture between Years 1938 and 1946 %D 2015 %J İnönü Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi %P 1300-2899-2149-9683 %V 15 %N 3 %R doi: 10.17679/iuefd.15352657 %U 10.17679/iuefd.15352657
ISNAD Kılıçoğlu, Gökhan , Yılmaz, Derya , Turan, Selahattin . "Hasan Ali Yücel: A Leader Transforming Turkish Education and Culture between Years 1938 and 1946". İnönü Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi 15 / 3 (May 2015): 21-42 . https://doi.org/10.17679/iuefd.15352657
AMA Kılıçoğlu G. , Yılmaz D. , Turan S. Hasan Ali Yücel: A Leader Transforming Turkish Education and Culture between Years 1938 and 1946. INUJFE. 2015; 15(3): 21-42.
Vancouver Kılıçoğlu G. , Yılmaz D. , Turan S. Hasan Ali Yücel: A Leader Transforming Turkish Education and Culture between Years 1938 and 1946. İnönü Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi. 2015; 15(3): 21-42.
IEEE G. Kılıçoğlu , D. Yılmaz and S. Turan , "Hasan Ali Yücel: A Leader Transforming Turkish Education and Culture between Years 1938 and 1946", İnönü Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 21-42, May. 2015, doi:10.17679/iuefd.15352657

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