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ULUSLARARASI HUKUK SAVAŞ HALİNDE: TRUMP YÖNETİMİNİN ULUSLARARASI HUKUK YAKLAŞIMI ÜZERİNE BİR İNCELEME

Year 2021, Volume 12, Issue 1, 148 - 164, 30.06.2021
https://doi.org/10.21492/inuhfd.795535

Abstract

Donald Trump, ABD başkanı olarak görev yaptığı ile günden son güne kadar sansasyonel açıklamaları ve düzen karşıtı tutumu ile dikkat çekmiştir. Bu düzen karşıtı tutum sadece kendi ülkesi ile sınırlı kalmamış, aynı zamanda uluslararası ilişkiler ve hukukun yerleşik pratik ve kurallarına savaş açacak bir noktaya varmıştır. “Önce Amerika” sloganında hayat bulan Amerikanizm, Trump yönetiminin politikaları ile çok taraflılık karşısında güçlü bir zemin kazanmıştır. Bu çalışmada, Trump yönetiminin uluslararası hukuk sistemine yönelik düzen karşıtı eylemleri ele alınmaktadır. Bu itibarla çalışma iki ana bölüme ayrılmıştır. Birinci bölümde, Trump yönetiminin ABD’nin menfaatlerine uymayan antlaşmalardan veya örgütlerden rahatlıkla çekilebildiği, çekilme tehdidi ile kendi lehine düzenlemeleri zorunlu kıldığı, bu örgütlere yaptığı finansal katkıları bir silah olarak kullandığı ve uluslararası katılım ve “soft law” araçlarını kendi menfaatine aykırı olan her durumda reddettiği örneklerle gösterilmektedir. İkinci bölümde ise, Trump yönetiminin uluslararası hukukun temel kurallarından bazılarını doğrudan ihlal ettiği, ihlal edilmesine göz yumduğu ve uluslararası kurumlara yönelik söylem ve eylem düzeyinde saldırılar gerçekleştirdiği örneklerle ele alınmaktadır. Çalışmada üç temel iddia ileri sürülmektedir. Birincisi, Trump yönetimi, uluslararası hukukun temel ilkelerini ihlal etmekle ABD’nin üzerine kurulu olduğu çok taraflılık ve enternasyonalizm düşüncelerine ciddi şekilde zarar vermiştir. İkincisi, Trump’ın yaklaşımı modern uluslararası hukukun temelini oluşturan evrensel haklara değil, kendi ulusal çıkarlarına dayanmaktadır. Üçüncüsü, Trump yönetimi ABD’nin çıkarları gerektirdiğinde sadece uluslararası hukuku ihlal etmekle kalmayıp, uluslararası hukuka ve kurumlarına meydan okuyarak onu zayıflatmaktadır.

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INTERNATIONAL LAW IS AT WAR: A STUDY OF THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION’S APPROACH TO INTERNATIONAL LAW

Year 2021, Volume 12, Issue 1, 148 - 164, 30.06.2021
https://doi.org/10.21492/inuhfd.795535

Abstract

Donald Trump attracted attention with his sensational statements and anti-establishment attitude during his tenure as president of the United States. This anti-establishment attitude was not limited to its own country, but also reached a point where it would wage war on the established practices and rules of international relations and law. Americanism, which comes to life in the slogan of “America First”, has gained a strong ground against multilateralism with the policies of the Trump administration. In this study, the anti-establishment actions of the Trump administration against the international legal system are discussed. In this respect, the study is divided into two main parts. In the first one, it is shown with examples that the Trump administration easily withdrew from international agreements and organizations that apparently did not comply with the interests of the U.S., it mandated arrangements in its favor with the threat of withdrawal, it used its financial contributions to international organizations as a weapon, and it refused international participation and “soft law” tools in any situation which was against its interests. In the second part, it is also shown with examples that the Trump administration either directly violated some of the basic rules of international law or condoned the violation of them and carried out attacks on international institutions at the level of rhetoric and action. Three main claims are made in the study. First, by violating the fundamental principles of international law, the Trump administration has seriously damaged the US’s notions of multilateralism and internationalism. Second, Trump’s approach was based on his own national interests, not the universal rights that form the basis of modern international law. Third, the Trump administration not only violated international law, but weakened it by challenging international legal norms and institutions when U.S. interests demanded so.

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Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Law
Published Date Bahar 2021
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Şahin Eray KIRDIM (Primary Author)
AFYON KOCATEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-4207-6559
Türkiye

Publication Date June 30, 2021
Application Date September 15, 2020
Acceptance Date March 19, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 12, Issue 1

Cite

APA Kırdım, Ş. E. (2021). ULUSLARARASI HUKUK SAVAŞ HALİNDE: TRUMP YÖNETİMİNİN ULUSLARARASI HUKUK YAKLAŞIMI ÜZERİNE BİR İNCELEME . İnönü Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi Dergisi , 12 (1) , 148-164 . DOI: 10.21492/inuhfd.795535