Year 2017, Volume 75 , Issue 2, Pages 741 - 764 2017-12-31

The New Act to Promote Transparency of Pay Structures In Germany
Almanya’da Yürürlüğe Giren Ücrette Şeffaflık Kanunu

İrem Yayvak Namlı [1]


In Germany, “Act to Promote Transparency of Pay Structures (Entgelttransparenzgesetz)” entered into force on 06.07.2017. The purpose of this Act is an achievement of the pay equity between men and women, who perform the same work or work of equal value. According to this new Act individual employees are able to claim for information about pay structures and the remuneration of other employees within one comparison group, if the company regularly employs more than 200 employees. Companies with more than 500 employees is obligated to generate regular reports on their efforts to promote equality between men and women. On the other hand, works council (Betriebsrat) are obliged to take the necessary measures to protect workers from discrimination of pay on grounds of sex. But it is uncertain whether the Act will improve gender equality between men and women. Despite all the negative discourses, it is also stated that the Act may contribute to reaching the goal of ensuring equality between men and women after a while. In this study aimed to be examined of the scope of the Act, individual information right on the criteria and procedures for the remuneration of the employees, obligations and rights of the employers and works council. For this purpose, assessments and suggestions in the German doctrine were examined. 

Almanya’da 06.07.2017 tarihinde “Ücrette Şeffaflık Kanunu (Entgelttransparenzgesetz)” yürürlüğe girmiştir. Bu kanunun amacı, aynı veya aynı değerdeki işte çalışan kadın ve erkekler arasında ücret eşitliğinin sağlanmasıdır. Yeni Kanuna göre, eğer işyerinde 200’den fazla çalışan varsa, çalışanlar ücret yapıları ve karşılaştırma yapılan gruptaki çalışanların ücretleri hakkında bilgi edinme hakkını kullanabileceklerdir. 500’den fazla çalışanı olan işyerlerinin işverenleri ise kadın ve erkek çalışanlar arasında eşitliğin sağlanması çabalarına ilişkin düzenli rapor vermekle yükümlü tutulmuşlardır. Öte yandan işyeri kurulu (Betriebsrat) da çalışanları cinsiyete dayanan nedenlerle yapılan ücret ayrımcılığından korumak için gerekli önlemleri almakla yükümlüdür. Fakat Kanunun, kadın ve erkek çalışanlar arasında ücrete dayalı cinsiyet eşitliğini gerçekten geliştirip geliştiremeyeceği henüz belirsizdir. Tüm olumsuz eleştirilere rağmen, söz konusu kanunun ilerleyen zamanda, ücrette kadın ve erkek eşitliğinin sağlanması amacına ulaşmada katkı sağlayabileceği de ifade edilmektedir. Bu çalışmada, kanunun kapsamı, çalışanın ücret şartları ve usulü hakkında bireysel bilgi edinme hakkı ve işveren ile işyeri kurulunun hak ve yükümlülüklerinin incelenmesi amaçlanmaktadır. Bu amaç doğrultusunda Alman doktrininde ileri sürülen değerlendirmeler ve öneriler incelenmiştir. 

  • BAUER, Jobst Hubertus/ROMERO, Sibylle: “Der individuelle Auskunftsanspruch nach dem Entgelttransparenzgesetz”, NZA, 7/2017, s.409-413.
  • BAUER, Jobst-Hubertus/GÜNTHER, Jens/ROMERO, Sibylle: “Offene Fragen des Entgelttransparenzgesetzes-was Arbeitgeber beachten sollten”, NZA, 13/2017, s.809-814.
  • BENKERT, Daniel: “Entgelttransparenzgesetz: gezähmtes ‘Bürokratiemonster’?” NJW-Spezial, Heft 14, 2017, s.434-435.
  • BOECKEN, Winfried/DÜWELL, Franz Josef/DİLLER, Martin/HANAU, Hans: Nomos Kommentar: Gesamtes Arbetsrecht, Baden Baden, Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, 2016 (NK-GA/v. Steinau-Steinrück/Schneider).
  • FRANZEN, Martin: “Anwendungsfragen des Auskunftsanspruchs nach dem Entgelttransparenzgesetz (EntgTranpG)”, NZA, 13/2017, s.814-819.
  • GAUL, Björn: “Das geplante Gesetz zur Förderung der Transparenz von Entgeltstrukturen: Auf welchen Aufwand sich die Praxis schon jetzt einstellen sollte”, ArbRB, 2/2017, s.47-50.
  • HENSSLER, Martin/WILLEMSEN, Heinz Josef/KALB, Heinz-Jürgen: Arbeitsrecht Kommentar, 7. Auflage, Köln, Verlag Dr. Otto Schmidt, 2016 (HWK/Rupp, 7. Aufl.).
  • HOLLER, Daniel H.: “§14/1 EntgTranspG - Ein durchsetzbarer Arbeitnehmeranspruch gegen den Betriebsrat?”, NZA, 13/2017, s.822-828.
  • KANIA, Thomas: “Betriebsratsbeteiligung bei der Durchsetzung von Entgelttransparenz”, NZA, 13/2017, s.819-822.
  • KUHN, Anke/SCHWİNDLİNG, Jan: “Eine Chance auf Lohngerechtigkeit?!-Was durch das neue Entgelttransparenzgesetz auf die unternehmerische Praxis zukommt-”, Der Betrieb, 14/2017, s.785-789.
  • LANGEMANN, Moritz/WİLKİNG, Felix: “Mehr Entgeltgerechtigkeit zwischen Frauen und Männern?-Bundeskabinett beschlieβt Entwurf des Entgelttransparenzgesetzes”, BetriebsBerater (BB), 9/2017, s.501-506.
  • MÜLLER-GLÖGE, Rudi/PREIS, Ulrich/SCHMİDT, Ingrid: Erfurter Kommentar zum Arbeitsrecht, 17. Auflage, München, Verlag C.H. Beck, 2017 (ErfK/Schlachter).
  • OBERTHÜR, Nathalie: “Das Gesetz zur Förderung der Transparenz von Engeltstrukturen: Ein Beitrag zu mehr Entgeltgerechtigkeit oder bürokratische Riesenkrake?”, NJW, 31/2017, s.2228-2234.
  • THÜSING, Gregor: “Fünf Schritte zu einem besseren Entgelttransparenzgesetz”, BetriebsBerater (BB), 10/2017, s.565-568.
  • VON STEINAU-STEİNRÜCK, Robert: “Mehr Transparenz bei den Gehältern ab Juli 2017?”, NJW-Spezial, Heft 10, 2017, s.306-307.
Primary Language en
Journal Section Private Law
Authors

Author: İrem Yayvak Namlı (Primary Author)
Institution: İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : December 31, 2017

Bibtex @research article { iuhfm422650, journal = {Journal of Istanbul University Law Faculty}, issn = {1303-4375}, address = {}, publisher = {Istanbul University}, year = {2017}, volume = {75}, pages = {741 - 764}, doi = {}, title = {The New Act to Promote Transparency of Pay Structures In Germany}, key = {cite}, author = {Yayvak Namlı, İrem} }
APA Yayvak Namlı, İ . (2017). The New Act to Promote Transparency of Pay Structures In Germany . Journal of Istanbul University Law Faculty , 75 (2) , 741-764 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/iuhfm/issue/36734/422650
MLA Yayvak Namlı, İ . "The New Act to Promote Transparency of Pay Structures In Germany" . Journal of Istanbul University Law Faculty 75 (2017 ): 741-764 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/iuhfm/issue/36734/422650>
Chicago Yayvak Namlı, İ . "The New Act to Promote Transparency of Pay Structures In Germany". Journal of Istanbul University Law Faculty 75 (2017 ): 741-764
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The New Act to Promote Transparency of Pay Structures In Germany AU - İrem Yayvak Namlı Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - DO - T2 - Journal of Istanbul University Law Faculty JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 741 EP - 764 VL - 75 IS - 2 SN - 1303-4375- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 İstanbul Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi Mecmuası The New Act to Promote Transparency of Pay Structures In Germany %A İrem Yayvak Namlı %T The New Act to Promote Transparency of Pay Structures In Germany %D 2017 %J Journal of Istanbul University Law Faculty %P 1303-4375- %V 75 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Yayvak Namlı, İrem . "The New Act to Promote Transparency of Pay Structures In Germany". Journal of Istanbul University Law Faculty 75 / 2 (December 2018): 741-764 .
AMA Yayvak Namlı İ . The New Act to Promote Transparency of Pay Structures In Germany. Journal of Istanbul University Law Faculty. 2017; 75(2): 741-764.
Vancouver Yayvak Namlı İ . The New Act to Promote Transparency of Pay Structures In Germany. Journal of Istanbul University Law Faculty. 2017; 75(2): 741-764.