Research Article
PDF EndNote BibTex RIS Cite

DC Beslemeli Raylı Sistemlerde Cer Gücü için Doğrultucu Parametrelerinin Araştırılması

Year 2020, Volume 2, Issue 1, 7 - 13, 30.04.2020

Abstract

Şehiriçi raylı sistemlerde EN standartları ve iş güvenliği kısıtlamalarından dolayı DC gerilim tercih edilmektedir. Şehiriçi enerji şebekesinden elde edilen gerilim sinusoidal dalga şekline sahip olduğu için DC gerilim elektrifikasyon sisteminde bulunan doğrultucu sistemi ile ayrıca elde edilmektedir. Enerji hattından gelen gerilim orta gerilim seviyesinde olduğu için istasyon trafo merkezlerinde kurulu transformatörler yardımıyla doğrultucu sisteminin ihtiyacı olan seviyeye dönüşüm gerçekleştirilmektedir. Doğrultucu sisteminden elde edilen DC gerilim yardımıyla katener hattına gerekli olan enerji iletimi sağlanarak araçlara güç temin edilmektedir. Bu çalışmada DC beslemeli bir raylı sistem hattında kullanılan doğrultucu parametrelerinin cer gücü sistemine etkisi araştırılarak sistem analiz edilmiştir. Çalışma için 12 km uzunluğa sahip ve 10 istasyondan oluşan bir raylı sistem hattı kullanılmıştır. Elde edilen sonuçlar üzerinden karşılaştırma yapılarak doğrultucu sistemi için optimal tasarım esasları ile ilgili önerilerde bulunulmuştur.

References

  • Kaya, Z. Control applications for 12 pulse three phase uninterruptable power supply. MSc, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey, 2005.
  • Şehirli, E., Altınay, M. Simulation of Three-phase Voltage Source Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) Rectifier Based on Vector Control. Symposium of Electric-Electronic-Computer Engineering (ELECO 2008), November 2008, Bursa, Turkey, 341-345.
  • Bakan, A. F., , Zengince H., Girgin Ö. Çok Darbeli Doğrultucularda Çok Seviyeli Akım Enjeksiyonu ile Harmonik Eliminasyonu, EVK 2011, May 2011, Kocaeli, Turkey, 69-73.
  • Sefa, İ., Altın, N. 30 Pulse Rectifıer Design For Grid Interfaces Of The Variable Speed Drives. Gazi Üniv. Müh. Mim. Fak. Der., 2009, 24, 675-685. Sefa, İ., Altın, N. An 18 Pulse Rectifier for Uninterruptible Power Supplies. Journal of Polytechnic , 2006, 9, 147-152.
  • Hava, A., M., Zubi, H. Üç Fazlı Doğrultucularda Güç Kalitesini Düzeltici Filtrelerin Başarımlarının Karşılaştırılması. 11. Elektrik Elektronik Bilgisayar Muhendisligi Ulusal Kongresi, Eylül 2005, İstanbul, Turkey, 1-4.
  • Hızarcıoğlu, H. Harmonic analysis in three phase static uninterruptible power supply with IGBT rectifier . MSc, Halic University, Istanbul, Turkey, 2005.
  • Lian, Y., Yang, S., Ben, H., Yang, W. A 36-Pulse Diode Rectifier With An Unconventional Interphase Reactor. Energies, 2019, 12, 820-838.
  • Davari, P., Zare, F., Blaabjerg, F. A Smart Current Modulation Scheme For Harmonic Reduction İn Three-Phase Motor Drive Applications. 17th European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications (EPE'15 ECCE-Europe), September 2015, Geneva, Switzerland, 1-10.
  • Dixon, J. Three-Phase Controlled Rectifıers. Power Electronics Handbook: Devices, Circuits and Applications. Chapter 12, 2018.
  • Gao, L., Tong, W., Meng, F. Analytical Model Of 12-Pulse AC-DC Converter Based On Switch Function. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 2012, 143, 223-227.
  • Naing, T., L., Analysis of 12-pulse Controlled Rectifier Performance and its Impacts on Power System, Mandalay Technological University, 2018, 1-8
  • Gong, G., Drofenik, U., Kolar, J.W. 12-Pulse Rectifier for More Electric Aircraft Applications. IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology, December 2003, Maribor, Slovenia, Slovenia, 1-6.
  • Vitoi, L., A. Analysis of 12 and 24-pulse diode rectifiers operating in aircraft systems with constant and variable frequency. MSc, University of Campinas, Campinas, R. da Reitoria, Brasil, 2018.
  • Hernadi, A., Taufik, Anwari, M. Modeling and Simulation of 6-Pulse and 12-Pulse Rectifiers under Balanced and Unbalanced Conditions with Impacts to Input Current Harmonics. Second Asia International Conference on Modelling & Simulation , May 2008, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 1034-1038.
  • Truong, L., V., Birchenough, A., G. Simulation and Analysis of Three-Phase Rectifiers for Aerospace Power Applications. Second International Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, August 2004, Providence, Rhode Island,1-15.
  • Setlak, L., Kowalik, R. Comparative characteristics, analysis, mathematical model and simulation of selected energy-electronic converters of modern aircraft in line with the concept of a more electric aircraft MEA/ AEA. International Journal of Energy, 2017, 11, 7-18.
  • Freitası, L., C., G., Coelho, E., A., A., Parreira, E., F., Oliveira, M., A., G., Freitası, L., C. Multipulse power rectifier without using multiphase transformers. 31st Annual Conference of IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, November 2005, Raleigh, NC, USA, 519-524.
  • Kocaarslan, İ., Akçay, M., T., Akgündoğdu, A., Tiryaki, H. The comparison of the ANN and ANFIS methods for the prediction of voltage drop on an electric railway line. Journal of Electrical & Electronics Engineering (IUJEEE), 2017, 18, 26-35.
  • Kocaarslan, İ., Akçay, M., T., Akgündoğdu, A., Tiryaki, H. The comparison of the ANN and SVM Methods for the Prediction of Voltage Drop on a Subway Line, International Journal of Engineering Research and Advanced Development (IJERAD) , 2017, 10, 57-65 .

Investigation of Rectifier Parameters for Traction Power in DC Feed Rail Systems

Year 2020, Volume 2, Issue 1, 7 - 13, 30.04.2020

Abstract

DC voltage is preferred in urban rail systems due to EN standards and occupational safety restrictions. Since the voltage obtained from the urban energy network has a sinusoidal waveform, the DC voltage is also obtained by the rectifier system in the electrification system. Since the voltage coming from the power line is at medium voltage level, the transformer is transformed to the level required by the rectifier system with the help of transformers installed in the substation substations. With the help of the DC voltage obtained from the rectifier system, the vehicles are supplied with the necessary energy transmission to the catenary line. In this study, the effect of rectifier parameters used in a DC feed rail system on traction power system was investigated and the system was analyzed. For the study, a rail system line with a length of 12 km and consisting of 10 stations was used. By comparing the results obtained, suggestions for optimal design principles for rectifier system were made.

References

  • Kaya, Z. Control applications for 12 pulse three phase uninterruptable power supply. MSc, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey, 2005.
  • Şehirli, E., Altınay, M. Simulation of Three-phase Voltage Source Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) Rectifier Based on Vector Control. Symposium of Electric-Electronic-Computer Engineering (ELECO 2008), November 2008, Bursa, Turkey, 341-345.
  • Bakan, A. F., , Zengince H., Girgin Ö. Çok Darbeli Doğrultucularda Çok Seviyeli Akım Enjeksiyonu ile Harmonik Eliminasyonu, EVK 2011, May 2011, Kocaeli, Turkey, 69-73.
  • Sefa, İ., Altın, N. 30 Pulse Rectifıer Design For Grid Interfaces Of The Variable Speed Drives. Gazi Üniv. Müh. Mim. Fak. Der., 2009, 24, 675-685. Sefa, İ., Altın, N. An 18 Pulse Rectifier for Uninterruptible Power Supplies. Journal of Polytechnic , 2006, 9, 147-152.
  • Hava, A., M., Zubi, H. Üç Fazlı Doğrultucularda Güç Kalitesini Düzeltici Filtrelerin Başarımlarının Karşılaştırılması. 11. Elektrik Elektronik Bilgisayar Muhendisligi Ulusal Kongresi, Eylül 2005, İstanbul, Turkey, 1-4.
  • Hızarcıoğlu, H. Harmonic analysis in three phase static uninterruptible power supply with IGBT rectifier . MSc, Halic University, Istanbul, Turkey, 2005.
  • Lian, Y., Yang, S., Ben, H., Yang, W. A 36-Pulse Diode Rectifier With An Unconventional Interphase Reactor. Energies, 2019, 12, 820-838.
  • Davari, P., Zare, F., Blaabjerg, F. A Smart Current Modulation Scheme For Harmonic Reduction İn Three-Phase Motor Drive Applications. 17th European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications (EPE'15 ECCE-Europe), September 2015, Geneva, Switzerland, 1-10.
  • Dixon, J. Three-Phase Controlled Rectifıers. Power Electronics Handbook: Devices, Circuits and Applications. Chapter 12, 2018.
  • Gao, L., Tong, W., Meng, F. Analytical Model Of 12-Pulse AC-DC Converter Based On Switch Function. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 2012, 143, 223-227.
  • Naing, T., L., Analysis of 12-pulse Controlled Rectifier Performance and its Impacts on Power System, Mandalay Technological University, 2018, 1-8
  • Gong, G., Drofenik, U., Kolar, J.W. 12-Pulse Rectifier for More Electric Aircraft Applications. IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology, December 2003, Maribor, Slovenia, Slovenia, 1-6.
  • Vitoi, L., A. Analysis of 12 and 24-pulse diode rectifiers operating in aircraft systems with constant and variable frequency. MSc, University of Campinas, Campinas, R. da Reitoria, Brasil, 2018.
  • Hernadi, A., Taufik, Anwari, M. Modeling and Simulation of 6-Pulse and 12-Pulse Rectifiers under Balanced and Unbalanced Conditions with Impacts to Input Current Harmonics. Second Asia International Conference on Modelling & Simulation , May 2008, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 1034-1038.
  • Truong, L., V., Birchenough, A., G. Simulation and Analysis of Three-Phase Rectifiers for Aerospace Power Applications. Second International Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, August 2004, Providence, Rhode Island,1-15.
  • Setlak, L., Kowalik, R. Comparative characteristics, analysis, mathematical model and simulation of selected energy-electronic converters of modern aircraft in line with the concept of a more electric aircraft MEA/ AEA. International Journal of Energy, 2017, 11, 7-18.
  • Freitası, L., C., G., Coelho, E., A., A., Parreira, E., F., Oliveira, M., A., G., Freitası, L., C. Multipulse power rectifier without using multiphase transformers. 31st Annual Conference of IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, November 2005, Raleigh, NC, USA, 519-524.
  • Kocaarslan, İ., Akçay, M., T., Akgündoğdu, A., Tiryaki, H. The comparison of the ANN and ANFIS methods for the prediction of voltage drop on an electric railway line. Journal of Electrical & Electronics Engineering (IUJEEE), 2017, 18, 26-35.
  • Kocaarslan, İ., Akçay, M., T., Akgündoğdu, A., Tiryaki, H. The comparison of the ANN and SVM Methods for the Prediction of Voltage Drop on a Subway Line, International Journal of Engineering Research and Advanced Development (IJERAD) , 2017, 10, 57-65 .

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Mehmet Taciddin AKÇAY> (Primary Author)
İstanbul Büyükşehir Belediyesi, Raylı Sistem Daire Başkanlığı
0000-0002-1050-4566
Türkiye


İlhan KOCAARSLAN>
ISTANBUL UNIVERSITY
0000-0003-2591-4047
Türkiye

Publication Date April 30, 2020
Application Date December 11, 2019
Acceptance Date March 12, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume 2, Issue 1

Cite

APA Akçay, M. T. & Kocaarslan, İ. (2020). DC Beslemeli Raylı Sistemlerde Cer Gücü için Doğrultucu Parametrelerinin Araştırılması . İstanbul Sabahattin Zaim Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi , 2 (1) , 7-13 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/izufbed/issue/52553/658257

20503

This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.