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Effects of Dietary Olive Pomace Oil on Growth Performance, Some Immune Parameters and Disease Resistance (Lactococcus garvieae) of Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

Year 2020, Volume 5, Issue 4, 597 - 604, 31.12.2020
https://doi.org/10.35229/jaes.798086

Abstract

The present study investigated the effects of supplementation pomace oil on growth performance, some immune parameters and disease resistance of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). In trial, 360 rainbow trout, which had average weight of 12.10 ± 0.13, was used. In the experiment, totally 4 group were formed including control group, pomace group 1 (12% fish oil + 4% olive pomace oil), pomace group 2 (8% fish oil + 8% olive pomace oil) and pomace group 3 (4% fish oil + 12% olive pomace oil). Fish were fed experimental diets for 60 days. It was observed that centaury oil in different ratios added to the diet did not cause any difference in the amount of growth parameters in fish. Olive pomace oil did not have a negative effect on serum biochemistry and immunological parameters. These results indicate that olive pomace oil supplementation significantly increased the immune responses and makes O. mykiss more resistant to infection by L. garvieae.

References

  • Ahmadifar, E., Yousefi, M., Karimi, M., Fadaei Raieni, R., Dadar, M., Yilmaz, S., ... & Abdel-Latif, H. M. (2020). Benefits of Dietary Polyphenols and Polyphenol-Rich Additives to Aquatic Animal Health: An Overview. Reviews in Fisheries Science & Aquaculture, 1-34.
  • Akinrotimi, O.A., Gabriel, U.U. & Ariweriokuma, S.V. (2012). Haematotoxicity of cypermethrin to African catfish Clarias gariepinus under laboratory conditions. Journal of Environmental Engineering and Technology, 1(2):20-25. Doi: 10.21767/1307-234X.1000129.
  • AOAC (1998). Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International. AOAC Int., Gaithersburg MD.
  • Austin, B. & Austin, D.A. (2007). Bacterial Fish Pathogens Diseases of Farmed and Wild Fish ( 4th edn). Springer‐Verlag, Praxis Publishing, UK, 552 pp.
  • Ayisi, C.L., Zhao, J. & Wu, J.-W. (2018). Replacement of fish oil with palm oil: effects on growth performance, innate immune response, antioxidant capacity and disease resistance in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). PLoS One,
  • Baba, E., Acar,Ü., Yilmaz, S.,Öntaş, C. & Kesbiç, O.S. (2017). Pre-challenge and post-challenge haemato-immunological changes in Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758) fed, argan oil against Lactococcus garvieae. Aquac. Res., 48, 4563–4572.
  • Babalola, T.O.O., Adebayo, M.A., Apata, D.F. & Omotosho, J.S. (2009). Effect of dietary alternative lipid sources on hema-tological parameters and serum constituents of Heterobranchus longifilis fingerlings. Tropical Animal Health Production, 41,371-377.
  • Bell, K.L. & Smith, V.J. (1993). In vitro superoxide production by hyaline cells of the shore crab Carcinus maenas (L.). Dev Comp Immunol, 17(3):211-9. Doi:10.1016/0145-305x(93)90040-w.
  • Bolel, B. (2010). Balık Yağı Yerine Farklı Oranlarda Prina Yağı İlave Edilen Rasyonlarla Beslemenin Tilapia Balığı (Tilapia zillii) Yavrularının Büyüme Performansı Üzerine Etkisi, Muğla Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü. Muğla, Türkiye, 90s.
  • Citarasu, T. (2010). Herbal biomedicines: a new opportunity for aquaculture industry. Aquac Int, 18(3),403–414. Doi: 10.1007/s10499-009-9253-7.
  • Folch J., Lees M. & Sloane-Stanley G.H. (1957). A Simple Method for the Isolation and Purification of Total Lipids from Animal Tissues. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 226, 497-509. Ganeshwade, RM. (2011). Biochemical Changes Induced by Dimethoate in the Liver of Fresh Water Fish Puntius ticto (HAM) Biological Forum. An International Journal, 3(2):65-68. Doi:10.5897/JENE11.134.
  • Harmantepe, F.B., Aydın, F. & Doğan, G. (2016). The potential of dry olive cake in a practical diet for juvenile hybrid tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus x Oreochromis aereus. Aquaculture Nutrition, 22; 956–965
  • Haugland, G.T., Jordal, A.E. & Wergeland, H.I. (2012). Characterization of small, mononuclear blood cells from salmon having high phagocytic capacity and ability to differentiate in to dendritic cells. PLoS One, 7(11):e49260. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0049260.
  • Hunn, J.B. & Greer, I.E. (1991). In£uence of sampling on theblood chemistry of Atlantic salmon. Program Fish Culture, 53,184-187. Doi: 10.1577/1548-8640(1991)053<0184:IOSOTB>2.3.CO;2.
  • Ighwela, K.A. (2015). The study of growth performance and some biochemical parameters of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fingerlings fed on olive mill waste, International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 5(4).
  • Iversen M., Finstad B., McKinley R.S. & Eliassen R.A. (2003). The Efficacy of Metomidate Clove Oil Aqui-S™ and Benzoak® as Anaesthetics in Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar L.) Smolts and Their Potential Stress-Reducing Capacity. Aquaculture, 221(1-4), 549-566.
  • Jeney, G., Galeotti, M., Volpatti, D., Jeney, Z. & Anderson, D.P. (1997). Prevention of stress in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fed diets containing different doses of glucan Aquaculture, 154, 1-15. Doi:10.1016/S0044-8486(97)00042-2.
  • Johnston, R.B. (1978). Oxygen metabolism and the microbicidal activity of macrophages. Federation Proceedings, 37(13), 2759-64.
  • Karantonis, H.C., Tsantila, N., Stamatakis, G., Samiotaki, M., Panayotou, G., Antonopoulou, S. & Demopoulos, C.A. (2008). Bioactive polar lipids in olive oil, pomace and waste byproducts. Journal of Food Biochemistry, 32(4), 443-459. Doi:10.1111/j.1745-4514.2008.00160.x.
  • Kaya, D. (2010). Farklı oranlarda prina yağı içeren yemlerin gökkuşağı alabalığı (Oncorhynchus mykiss w., 1792) gelişmesi ve vücut kompozisyonu üzerine etkisi, Sinop Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Sinop, Türkiye, 77s.
  • Kumari J. & Sahoo P.K. (2006). Dietary Levamisole Modulates the Immune Response and Disease Resistance of Asian Catfish Clarias batrachus (Linnaeus). Aquaculture Research, 37, 500-509.
  • Li, X.S., Cui, K., Fang, W., Chen, Q., Xu, D., Mai, K.S., Zhang, Y.J. & Ai. Q.H. (2019). High level of dietary olive oil decreased growth, increased liver lipid deposition and induced inflammation by activating the p38 MAPK and JNK pathways in large yellow croaker (Larimichthys crocea), Fish Shellfish Immunology, 94, 157-165.
  • Marigoudar, S.R., Nazeer Ahmed, R. & David, M. (2016). Impact of cypermethrin on behavioural responses in the freshwater teleost, Labeo rohita (Hamilton), World Journal of Zoology, 4(1), 19-23.
  • Massillon, D., Barzilai, N., Hawkins, M., Prus-We rtheimer, D. & Rossetti, L. (1997). Induction of hepatic glucose-6-phos-phatase gene expression by lipid infusion. Diabetes 46(1),153-157. Doi: 10.2337/diab.46.1.153.
  • Mateos, R., Sarria, B. & Bravo, L. (2019). Nutritional and other health properties of olive pomace oil. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, Doi:10.1080/10408398.2019.1698005.
  • Nasopoulou C. & Zabetakis, I. (2012). Benefits of fish oil replacement by plant originated oils in compounded fish feeds, Food Science and Technology 47(2), 217-224.
  • Nasopoulou, C. & Zabetakis, I. (2013). Agricultural and aquacultural potential of olive pomace. Journal of Agricultural Science, 5, 116–127. Doi:10.5539/jas.v5n7p116.
  • Nasopoulou, C., Gogaki, V., Stamatakis, G., Papaharisis, L., Demopoulos, C. & Zabetakis, I. (2013). Evaluation of the in Vitro Anti-Atherogenic Properties of Lipid Fractions of Olive Pomace, Olive Pomace Enriched Fish Feed and Gilthead Sea Bream (Sparus aurata) Fed with Olive Pomace Enriched Fish Feed. Marine Drugs, 30(11), 3676-88. Doi: 10.3390/md11103676.
  • Nasopoulou, C., Stamatakis, G., Demopoulos, C. A. & Zabetakis, I. (2011). Effects of olive pomace and olive pomace oil on growth performance, fatty acid composition and cardio protective properties of gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) and sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax). Food Chemistry, 129(3), 1108-1113.
  • Nudo, L.P. & Catap, E.S. (2011). Immunostimulatory Effects of Uncaria perrottetii (A. Rich.) Merr. (Rubiaceae) Vinebark Aqueous Extract in Balb/C Mice. J Ethnopharmacol. 133(2), 613-620.
  • Peters, T. (1995). All about albumin. Academic Press.
  • Quade, M.J. & Roth, J.A. (1997). A Rapid Direct Assay to Measure Degranulation of Bovine Neutrophil Primary Granules. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 58, 239-248. Doi:10.1016/j.fsi.2004.12.003.
  • Rui, M. & Zuzuki, K.T. (1997). Cooper in plasma reflect its status and subsequent toxicity in the liver of lec rats. Research Communications in Molecular Pathology and Pharmacology, 98(3), 335-346.
  • Schaperclaus, W., Kulow, H. & Schreckenbach, K. (1992). Fish Disease. AA Balkema, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
  • Seierstad, S.L. Haugland, Ø., Larsen, S., Waagbø, R. & Evensen. Ø. (2009). Pro-inflammatory cytokine expression and respiratory burst activity following replacement of fish oil with rapeseed oil in the feed for Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) Aquaculture, 289(3-4), 212-218.
  • Siwicki, A.K. & Anderson, D.P. (1993). Nonspecific Defense Mechanisms Assay in Fish: II. Potential Killing Activity of Neutrophils and Macrophages Lysozyme Activity in Serum and Organs and Total Immunoglobulin Level in Serum. Disease Diagnosis and Prevention Methods. FAO-project GCP/INT/JPA IFI Olsztyn Poland. s. 105–112.
  • Stasiak, S.A. & Baumann, P.C. (1996). Neutrophil Activity as a Potential Bioindicator for Contaminant Analysis. Fish and Shellfish Immunology, 6(7), 537-539. Doi:10.1006/fsim.1996.0050.
  • Tacon, A.G.J. & Metian, M. (2008). Global overview on the use of fish meal and fish oil in industrially compoundedaquafeeds: Trends and future prospects. Aquaculture, 285:146–158. Doi: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2008.08.015.
  • Tacon, A.G.J. (2005). Salmon aquaculture dialogue: status of information on salmon aquaculture feed and the environment. International Aqua Feed, (8), 22-37.
  • Teoh, C.Y., Turchini, G.M. & Ng, W.K. (2011). Erratum to “Genetically improved farmed Nile tilapia and red hybrid tilapia showed differences in fatty acid metabolism when fed diets with added fish oil or a vegetable oil blend. Aquaculture, 316(1-4), 144–154. Doi: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2011.03.021.
  • Tewary, A. & Patra, B.C. (2011). Oral administration of baker’s yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) acts as a growth promoter and immunomodulator in Labeo rohita (Ham.). Journal of Aquaculture Research and Development, 2(1), 1–7. Doi: 10.4172/2155-9546.1000109.
  • Turchini, G.M., Mentasti, T., Frøyland, L., Orban, E., Caprino, F., Moretti, V.M., & Valfré, F. (2003). Effects of alternative dietary lipid sources on performance, tissue chemical composition, mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation capabilities and sensory characteristics in brown trout (Salmo salar). Aquaculture, 225(1-4), 251–267. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0044-8486(03)00294-1.
  • Vineet, K., Patil, K. & David, M. (2008). Behaviour and respiratory dysfunction as an index of malathion toxicity in the freshwater fish, Labeo rohita (Hamilton), Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 8:233-237.
  • Wedemeyer, G.A. & McLeay, D.J. (1981). Methods for determining the tolerance of fishes to environmental stressors. In: A.D. Pickering (Editor). Stress in Fish. Academic Press, London, pp. 247-276.
  • Yılmaz, S. & Ergün, S. (2012). Effects of garlic and ginger oils on hematological and biochemical variables of sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax. Journal of Aquatic Animal Health, 24(4), 219-224.
  • Yilmaz, E., Naz, M. & Akyurt, I.(2004). Effect of dietary olive pomace oil and l-carnitine on growth and chemical composition of African catfish, Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822). Israel Journal of Aquaculture-Bamidgeh, 56, 14-21.
  • Yilmaz, S. (2018). Balık İmmunolojisi Analiz Yöntemleri/Methods of Fish Immunology Analysis, Paradigma Akademi Kitabevi Yayınları, İstanbul, 105 sayfa.

Prina Yağının Gökkuşağı Alabalığı (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Yemlerine İlavesinin Büyüme Performansı, Bazı Bağışıklık Parametreleri ve Hastalık Direnci (Lactococcus garvieae) Üzerine Etkileri

Year 2020, Volume 5, Issue 4, 597 - 604, 31.12.2020
https://doi.org/10.35229/jaes.798086

Abstract

Bu çalışmada, gökkuşağı alabalığı (Oncorhynchus mykiss) yemlerine prina yağı ilavesinin balıkların büyüme performansı, bazı kan parametreleri ve hastalık direnci üzerine etkileri araştırılmıştır. Denemede, ortalama ağırlığı 12,10±0,13 g olan 360 adet gökkuşağı alabalığı kullanılmıştır. Denemede kontrol grubu, prina grubu 1 (% 12 balık yağı + % 4 prina yağı), prina grubu 2 (% 8 balık yağı + % 8 prina yağı) ve prina grubu 3 (% 4 balık yağı + % 12 prina yağı) deneme grupları olmak üzere toplamda 4 grup oluşturulmuştur. Balıklar deneme yemleri ile 60 gün beslenmişlerdir. Yeme eklenen farklı oranlardaki prina yağının balıkların büyüme performansında herhangi bir farklılığa neden olmadığı görülmüştür. Prina yağı genel olarak serum biyokimyası parametreleri üzerinde olumsuz bir etki göstermemiştir. Araştırma sonuçlarımızda %4 prina yağının yemlere ilavesi ile balıkların bağışıklık parametrelerinin ve Lactococcus garvieae’ a karşı direncinin arttığı belirlenmiştir.

References

  • Ahmadifar, E., Yousefi, M., Karimi, M., Fadaei Raieni, R., Dadar, M., Yilmaz, S., ... & Abdel-Latif, H. M. (2020). Benefits of Dietary Polyphenols and Polyphenol-Rich Additives to Aquatic Animal Health: An Overview. Reviews in Fisheries Science & Aquaculture, 1-34.
  • Akinrotimi, O.A., Gabriel, U.U. & Ariweriokuma, S.V. (2012). Haematotoxicity of cypermethrin to African catfish Clarias gariepinus under laboratory conditions. Journal of Environmental Engineering and Technology, 1(2):20-25. Doi: 10.21767/1307-234X.1000129.
  • AOAC (1998). Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International. AOAC Int., Gaithersburg MD.
  • Austin, B. & Austin, D.A. (2007). Bacterial Fish Pathogens Diseases of Farmed and Wild Fish ( 4th edn). Springer‐Verlag, Praxis Publishing, UK, 552 pp.
  • Ayisi, C.L., Zhao, J. & Wu, J.-W. (2018). Replacement of fish oil with palm oil: effects on growth performance, innate immune response, antioxidant capacity and disease resistance in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). PLoS One,
  • Baba, E., Acar,Ü., Yilmaz, S.,Öntaş, C. & Kesbiç, O.S. (2017). Pre-challenge and post-challenge haemato-immunological changes in Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758) fed, argan oil against Lactococcus garvieae. Aquac. Res., 48, 4563–4572.
  • Babalola, T.O.O., Adebayo, M.A., Apata, D.F. & Omotosho, J.S. (2009). Effect of dietary alternative lipid sources on hema-tological parameters and serum constituents of Heterobranchus longifilis fingerlings. Tropical Animal Health Production, 41,371-377.
  • Bell, K.L. & Smith, V.J. (1993). In vitro superoxide production by hyaline cells of the shore crab Carcinus maenas (L.). Dev Comp Immunol, 17(3):211-9. Doi:10.1016/0145-305x(93)90040-w.
  • Bolel, B. (2010). Balık Yağı Yerine Farklı Oranlarda Prina Yağı İlave Edilen Rasyonlarla Beslemenin Tilapia Balığı (Tilapia zillii) Yavrularının Büyüme Performansı Üzerine Etkisi, Muğla Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü. Muğla, Türkiye, 90s.
  • Citarasu, T. (2010). Herbal biomedicines: a new opportunity for aquaculture industry. Aquac Int, 18(3),403–414. Doi: 10.1007/s10499-009-9253-7.
  • Folch J., Lees M. & Sloane-Stanley G.H. (1957). A Simple Method for the Isolation and Purification of Total Lipids from Animal Tissues. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 226, 497-509. Ganeshwade, RM. (2011). Biochemical Changes Induced by Dimethoate in the Liver of Fresh Water Fish Puntius ticto (HAM) Biological Forum. An International Journal, 3(2):65-68. Doi:10.5897/JENE11.134.
  • Harmantepe, F.B., Aydın, F. & Doğan, G. (2016). The potential of dry olive cake in a practical diet for juvenile hybrid tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus x Oreochromis aereus. Aquaculture Nutrition, 22; 956–965
  • Haugland, G.T., Jordal, A.E. & Wergeland, H.I. (2012). Characterization of small, mononuclear blood cells from salmon having high phagocytic capacity and ability to differentiate in to dendritic cells. PLoS One, 7(11):e49260. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0049260.
  • Hunn, J.B. & Greer, I.E. (1991). In£uence of sampling on theblood chemistry of Atlantic salmon. Program Fish Culture, 53,184-187. Doi: 10.1577/1548-8640(1991)053<0184:IOSOTB>2.3.CO;2.
  • Ighwela, K.A. (2015). The study of growth performance and some biochemical parameters of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fingerlings fed on olive mill waste, International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 5(4).
  • Iversen M., Finstad B., McKinley R.S. & Eliassen R.A. (2003). The Efficacy of Metomidate Clove Oil Aqui-S™ and Benzoak® as Anaesthetics in Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar L.) Smolts and Their Potential Stress-Reducing Capacity. Aquaculture, 221(1-4), 549-566.
  • Jeney, G., Galeotti, M., Volpatti, D., Jeney, Z. & Anderson, D.P. (1997). Prevention of stress in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fed diets containing different doses of glucan Aquaculture, 154, 1-15. Doi:10.1016/S0044-8486(97)00042-2.
  • Johnston, R.B. (1978). Oxygen metabolism and the microbicidal activity of macrophages. Federation Proceedings, 37(13), 2759-64.
  • Karantonis, H.C., Tsantila, N., Stamatakis, G., Samiotaki, M., Panayotou, G., Antonopoulou, S. & Demopoulos, C.A. (2008). Bioactive polar lipids in olive oil, pomace and waste byproducts. Journal of Food Biochemistry, 32(4), 443-459. Doi:10.1111/j.1745-4514.2008.00160.x.
  • Kaya, D. (2010). Farklı oranlarda prina yağı içeren yemlerin gökkuşağı alabalığı (Oncorhynchus mykiss w., 1792) gelişmesi ve vücut kompozisyonu üzerine etkisi, Sinop Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Sinop, Türkiye, 77s.
  • Kumari J. & Sahoo P.K. (2006). Dietary Levamisole Modulates the Immune Response and Disease Resistance of Asian Catfish Clarias batrachus (Linnaeus). Aquaculture Research, 37, 500-509.
  • Li, X.S., Cui, K., Fang, W., Chen, Q., Xu, D., Mai, K.S., Zhang, Y.J. & Ai. Q.H. (2019). High level of dietary olive oil decreased growth, increased liver lipid deposition and induced inflammation by activating the p38 MAPK and JNK pathways in large yellow croaker (Larimichthys crocea), Fish Shellfish Immunology, 94, 157-165.
  • Marigoudar, S.R., Nazeer Ahmed, R. & David, M. (2016). Impact of cypermethrin on behavioural responses in the freshwater teleost, Labeo rohita (Hamilton), World Journal of Zoology, 4(1), 19-23.
  • Massillon, D., Barzilai, N., Hawkins, M., Prus-We rtheimer, D. & Rossetti, L. (1997). Induction of hepatic glucose-6-phos-phatase gene expression by lipid infusion. Diabetes 46(1),153-157. Doi: 10.2337/diab.46.1.153.
  • Mateos, R., Sarria, B. & Bravo, L. (2019). Nutritional and other health properties of olive pomace oil. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, Doi:10.1080/10408398.2019.1698005.
  • Nasopoulou C. & Zabetakis, I. (2012). Benefits of fish oil replacement by plant originated oils in compounded fish feeds, Food Science and Technology 47(2), 217-224.
  • Nasopoulou, C. & Zabetakis, I. (2013). Agricultural and aquacultural potential of olive pomace. Journal of Agricultural Science, 5, 116–127. Doi:10.5539/jas.v5n7p116.
  • Nasopoulou, C., Gogaki, V., Stamatakis, G., Papaharisis, L., Demopoulos, C. & Zabetakis, I. (2013). Evaluation of the in Vitro Anti-Atherogenic Properties of Lipid Fractions of Olive Pomace, Olive Pomace Enriched Fish Feed and Gilthead Sea Bream (Sparus aurata) Fed with Olive Pomace Enriched Fish Feed. Marine Drugs, 30(11), 3676-88. Doi: 10.3390/md11103676.
  • Nasopoulou, C., Stamatakis, G., Demopoulos, C. A. & Zabetakis, I. (2011). Effects of olive pomace and olive pomace oil on growth performance, fatty acid composition and cardio protective properties of gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) and sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax). Food Chemistry, 129(3), 1108-1113.
  • Nudo, L.P. & Catap, E.S. (2011). Immunostimulatory Effects of Uncaria perrottetii (A. Rich.) Merr. (Rubiaceae) Vinebark Aqueous Extract in Balb/C Mice. J Ethnopharmacol. 133(2), 613-620.
  • Peters, T. (1995). All about albumin. Academic Press.
  • Quade, M.J. & Roth, J.A. (1997). A Rapid Direct Assay to Measure Degranulation of Bovine Neutrophil Primary Granules. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 58, 239-248. Doi:10.1016/j.fsi.2004.12.003.
  • Rui, M. & Zuzuki, K.T. (1997). Cooper in plasma reflect its status and subsequent toxicity in the liver of lec rats. Research Communications in Molecular Pathology and Pharmacology, 98(3), 335-346.
  • Schaperclaus, W., Kulow, H. & Schreckenbach, K. (1992). Fish Disease. AA Balkema, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
  • Seierstad, S.L. Haugland, Ø., Larsen, S., Waagbø, R. & Evensen. Ø. (2009). Pro-inflammatory cytokine expression and respiratory burst activity following replacement of fish oil with rapeseed oil in the feed for Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) Aquaculture, 289(3-4), 212-218.
  • Siwicki, A.K. & Anderson, D.P. (1993). Nonspecific Defense Mechanisms Assay in Fish: II. Potential Killing Activity of Neutrophils and Macrophages Lysozyme Activity in Serum and Organs and Total Immunoglobulin Level in Serum. Disease Diagnosis and Prevention Methods. FAO-project GCP/INT/JPA IFI Olsztyn Poland. s. 105–112.
  • Stasiak, S.A. & Baumann, P.C. (1996). Neutrophil Activity as a Potential Bioindicator for Contaminant Analysis. Fish and Shellfish Immunology, 6(7), 537-539. Doi:10.1006/fsim.1996.0050.
  • Tacon, A.G.J. & Metian, M. (2008). Global overview on the use of fish meal and fish oil in industrially compoundedaquafeeds: Trends and future prospects. Aquaculture, 285:146–158. Doi: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2008.08.015.
  • Tacon, A.G.J. (2005). Salmon aquaculture dialogue: status of information on salmon aquaculture feed and the environment. International Aqua Feed, (8), 22-37.
  • Teoh, C.Y., Turchini, G.M. & Ng, W.K. (2011). Erratum to “Genetically improved farmed Nile tilapia and red hybrid tilapia showed differences in fatty acid metabolism when fed diets with added fish oil or a vegetable oil blend. Aquaculture, 316(1-4), 144–154. Doi: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2011.03.021.
  • Tewary, A. & Patra, B.C. (2011). Oral administration of baker’s yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) acts as a growth promoter and immunomodulator in Labeo rohita (Ham.). Journal of Aquaculture Research and Development, 2(1), 1–7. Doi: 10.4172/2155-9546.1000109.
  • Turchini, G.M., Mentasti, T., Frøyland, L., Orban, E., Caprino, F., Moretti, V.M., & Valfré, F. (2003). Effects of alternative dietary lipid sources on performance, tissue chemical composition, mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation capabilities and sensory characteristics in brown trout (Salmo salar). Aquaculture, 225(1-4), 251–267. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0044-8486(03)00294-1.
  • Vineet, K., Patil, K. & David, M. (2008). Behaviour and respiratory dysfunction as an index of malathion toxicity in the freshwater fish, Labeo rohita (Hamilton), Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 8:233-237.
  • Wedemeyer, G.A. & McLeay, D.J. (1981). Methods for determining the tolerance of fishes to environmental stressors. In: A.D. Pickering (Editor). Stress in Fish. Academic Press, London, pp. 247-276.
  • Yılmaz, S. & Ergün, S. (2012). Effects of garlic and ginger oils on hematological and biochemical variables of sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax. Journal of Aquatic Animal Health, 24(4), 219-224.
  • Yilmaz, E., Naz, M. & Akyurt, I.(2004). Effect of dietary olive pomace oil and l-carnitine on growth and chemical composition of African catfish, Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822). Israel Journal of Aquaculture-Bamidgeh, 56, 14-21.
  • Yilmaz, S. (2018). Balık İmmunolojisi Analiz Yöntemleri/Methods of Fish Immunology Analysis, Paradigma Akademi Kitabevi Yayınları, İstanbul, 105 sayfa.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Ebru YILMAZ> (Primary Author)
AYDIN ADNAN MENDERES ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-1905-1265
Türkiye


Ekrem Şanver ÇELİK>
CANAKKALE ONSEKIZ MART UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AQUACULTURE
0000-0003-4514-457X
Türkiye


Sebahattin ERGÜN>
CANAKKALE ONSEKIZ MART UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AQUACULTURE
0000-0002-9077-9438
Türkiye


Sevdan YILMAZ>
CANAKKALE ONSEKIZ MART UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AQUACULTURE
0000-0002-4809-5809
Türkiye

Supporting Institution Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri Koordinasyon Birimi
Project Number Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri Koordinasyon Birimi tarafından FHD-2019-3144' nolu proje
Thanks Hazırlanan bu araştırma çalışması Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri Koordinasyon Birimi tarafından FHD-2019-3144' nolu proje ile desteklenmiştir.
Publication Date December 31, 2020
Application Date September 22, 2020
Acceptance Date November 5, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume 5, Issue 4

Cite

Bibtex @research article { jaes798086, journal = {Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences}, eissn = {2548-0006}, address = {}, publisher = {Bülent VEREP}, year = {2020}, volume = {5}, number = {4}, pages = {597 - 604}, doi = {10.35229/jaes.798086}, title = {Effects of Dietary Olive Pomace Oil on Growth Performance, Some Immune Parameters and Disease Resistance (Lactococcus garvieae) of Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)}, key = {cite}, author = {Yılmaz, Ebru and Çelik, Ekrem Şanver and Ergün, Sebahattin and Yılmaz, Sevdan} }
APA Yılmaz, E. , Çelik, E. Ş. , Ergün, S. & Yılmaz, S. (2020). Effects of Dietary Olive Pomace Oil on Growth Performance, Some Immune Parameters and Disease Resistance (Lactococcus garvieae) of Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) . Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences , 5 (4) , 597-604 . DOI: 10.35229/jaes.798086
MLA Yılmaz, E. , Çelik, E. Ş. , Ergün, S. , Yılmaz, S. "Effects of Dietary Olive Pomace Oil on Growth Performance, Some Immune Parameters and Disease Resistance (Lactococcus garvieae) of Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)" . Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences 5 (2020 ): 597-604 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jaes/issue/57983/798086>
Chicago Yılmaz, E. , Çelik, E. Ş. , Ergün, S. , Yılmaz, S. "Effects of Dietary Olive Pomace Oil on Growth Performance, Some Immune Parameters and Disease Resistance (Lactococcus garvieae) of Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)". Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences 5 (2020 ): 597-604
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of Dietary Olive Pomace Oil on Growth Performance, Some Immune Parameters and Disease Resistance (Lactococcus garvieae) of Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) AU - EbruYılmaz, Ekrem ŞanverÇelik, SebahattinErgün, SevdanYılmaz Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.35229/jaes.798086 DO - 10.35229/jaes.798086 T2 - Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 597 EP - 604 VL - 5 IS - 4 SN - -2548-0006 M3 - doi: 10.35229/jaes.798086 UR - https://doi.org/10.35229/jaes.798086 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences Effects of Dietary Olive Pomace Oil on Growth Performance, Some Immune Parameters and Disease Resistance (Lactococcus garvieae) of Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) %A Ebru Yılmaz , Ekrem Şanver Çelik , Sebahattin Ergün , Sevdan Yılmaz %T Effects of Dietary Olive Pomace Oil on Growth Performance, Some Immune Parameters and Disease Resistance (Lactococcus garvieae) of Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) %D 2020 %J Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences %P -2548-0006 %V 5 %N 4 %R doi: 10.35229/jaes.798086 %U 10.35229/jaes.798086
ISNAD Yılmaz, Ebru , Çelik, Ekrem Şanver , Ergün, Sebahattin , Yılmaz, Sevdan . "Effects of Dietary Olive Pomace Oil on Growth Performance, Some Immune Parameters and Disease Resistance (Lactococcus garvieae) of Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)". Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences 5 / 4 (December 2020): 597-604 . https://doi.org/10.35229/jaes.798086
AMA Yılmaz E. , Çelik E. Ş. , Ergün S. , Yılmaz S. Effects of Dietary Olive Pomace Oil on Growth Performance, Some Immune Parameters and Disease Resistance (Lactococcus garvieae) of Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). JAES. 2020; 5(4): 597-604.
Vancouver Yılmaz E. , Çelik E. Ş. , Ergün S. , Yılmaz S. Effects of Dietary Olive Pomace Oil on Growth Performance, Some Immune Parameters and Disease Resistance (Lactococcus garvieae) of Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences. 2020; 5(4): 597-604.
IEEE E. Yılmaz , E. Ş. Çelik , S. Ergün and S. Yılmaz , "Effects of Dietary Olive Pomace Oil on Growth Performance, Some Immune Parameters and Disease Resistance (Lactococcus garvieae) of Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)", Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 597-604, Dec. 2020, doi:10.35229/jaes.798086


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