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CCD ve CMOS Sensörlerin Çalışma Prensipleri ve Astronomi Alanındaki Yeri

Year 2022, Volume 2, Issue 1, 51 - 59, 30.06.2022

Abstract

Kamera teknolojisinin gelişmesine kadar, teleskoplarda fotoğraf plakaları kullanılarak gökyüzü gözlemleri yapılmıştır. 1960'larda CCD sensörlerinin geliştirilmesiyle, fotoğraf plakalarının yerini CCD ve CMOS sensörlü güçlü kameralar aldı. Bugün bile optik alanda yapılan tüm gözlemler, bu kameraların teleskoplara monte edilerek alınan verilerle yapılmaktadır. Gözlem tekniklerini anlamak için sensör teknolojisini anlamak büyük önem taşımaktadır. Bu makalede CCD ve CMOS sensörlerin özellikleri, çalışma prensipleri ve son gelişmeler hakkında bilgi verilmiş ve sensör teknolojisinin astronomide kullanımı incelenmiştir.

References

  • [1] Gourab Sen Gupta. Smart sensors and sensing technology. 1st ed. Springer; 2008
  • [2] Jorden P.R., Jordan D., Jerram P.A., Pratlong J., Swindells I. e2v new CCD and CMOS technology developments for astronomical sensors. High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy VI, ed. by Andrew D. Holland, James Beletic. 2014;9154(91540)
  • [3] Bernhard Büttgen. CCD/CMOS Lock-In Pixel for Range Imaging: Challenges, Limitations and State-of-the-Art. Researchgate; 2005
  • [4] Litwiller D. CCD vs CMOS: Facts and Fiction. (2001)
  • [5] CCD ve CMOS nedir? [Internet]. 2022 [25 February 2022]. Access Link: https://birkarefotograf.com/cmos-ve-ccd-nedir/
  • [6] Hamamatsu [Internet]. 2022 [12 March 2022]. Access Link: https://hamamatsu.magnet.fsu.edu/articles/ccdanatomy.html
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  • [12] Astrophotography [Internet]. 2022 [3 January 2022]. Access Link: https://practicalastrophotography.com/a-brief-guide-to-calibration-frames/
  • [13] Andor [Internet]. 2021 [25 December 2021]. Access Link: https://andor.oxinst.com/learning/view/article/ccd-sensor-architectures
  • [14] Observational Astronomy [Internet]. 2021 [24 February 2021]. Access Link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Observational_astronomy
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  • [16] Jorden P.R., Jordan D., Jerram P.A., Pratlong J., Swindells I. e2v new CCD and CMOS sensors and systems designed for astronomical applications. High Energy. 2016; 900-915.

Working Principles of CCD and CMOS Sensors and Their Place in Astronomy

Year 2022, Volume 2, Issue 1, 51 - 59, 30.06.2022

Abstract

In this article, information about the properties, working principles and recent developments of CCD and CMOS sensors used in astronomy are given. Until the development of camera technology, sky observations were made using photographic plates in telescopes. With the development of CCD sensors in the 1960s, photographic plates were replaced by powerful cameras with CCD and CMOS sensors. Even today, all observations made in the optical field are made with the data taken by placing these cameras in the ocular part of the telescope. It is of great importance to understand the sensor technology in order to understand the observation techniques. This article has been prepared to fill this gap.

References

  • [1] Gourab Sen Gupta. Smart sensors and sensing technology. 1st ed. Springer; 2008
  • [2] Jorden P.R., Jordan D., Jerram P.A., Pratlong J., Swindells I. e2v new CCD and CMOS technology developments for astronomical sensors. High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy VI, ed. by Andrew D. Holland, James Beletic. 2014;9154(91540)
  • [3] Bernhard Büttgen. CCD/CMOS Lock-In Pixel for Range Imaging: Challenges, Limitations and State-of-the-Art. Researchgate; 2005
  • [4] Litwiller D. CCD vs CMOS: Facts and Fiction. (2001)
  • [5] CCD ve CMOS nedir? [Internet]. 2022 [25 February 2022]. Access Link: https://birkarefotograf.com/cmos-ve-ccd-nedir/
  • [6] Hamamatsu [Internet]. 2022 [12 March 2022]. Access Link: https://hamamatsu.magnet.fsu.edu/articles/ccdanatomy.html
  • [7] Astro [Internet]. 2022 [05 February 2022]. Access Link: https://www.astro.rug.nl/~ndouglas/teaching/JAFFE/reduce.htm
  • [8] Aavso [Internet]. 2022 [2 March 2022]. Access Link: https://www.aavso.org/sites/default/files/publications_files/ccd_photometry_guide/CCDPhotometryGuide.pdf
  • [9] CCD nedir [Internet]. 2022 [1 January 2022]. Access Link: https://www.elektrikport.com/makale-detay/ccd-sensor-nedir/21967#ad-image-1
  • [10] Lesser, M. A Summary of Charge-Coupled Devices for Astronomy, Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 2015; (127)-957.
  • [11] CMOS Image Sensors, Moazalhosny [Internet] 2017. Access Link: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/316986687_basic_description_of_CMOS_camera_sensor_and_color_precnible
  • [12] Astrophotography [Internet]. 2022 [3 January 2022]. Access Link: https://practicalastrophotography.com/a-brief-guide-to-calibration-frames/
  • [13] Andor [Internet]. 2021 [25 December 2021]. Access Link: https://andor.oxinst.com/learning/view/article/ccd-sensor-architectures
  • [14] Observational Astronomy [Internet]. 2021 [24 February 2021]. Access Link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Observational_astronomy
  • [15] Petrov B. [Internet]. 2021 [16 December 2021]. Access Link: https://www.astro.bas.bg/~petrov/galaxies_files/astroinst.html
  • [16] Jorden P.R., Jordan D., Jerram P.A., Pratlong J., Swindells I. e2v new CCD and CMOS sensors and systems designed for astronomical applications. High Energy. 2016; 900-915.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Astronomy and Astrophysics
Journal Section Reviews
Authors

Ahmet POLATOĞLU> (Primary Author)
ATATÜRK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, FEN FAKÜLTESİ, ASTRONOMİ VE ASTROFİZİK BÖLÜMÜ, ASTRONOMİ VE ASTROFİZİK ANABİLİM DALI
0000-0002-6562-8566
Türkiye


İmam Can ÖZKESEN>
ATATÜRK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-3454-5442
Türkiye

Publication Date June 30, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 2, Issue 1

Cite

Vancouver Polatoğlu A. , Özkesen İ. C. Working Principles of CCD and CMOS Sensors and Their Place in Astronomy. Journal of Anatolian Physics and Astronomy. 2022; 2(1): 51-59.