Year 2020, Volume 8 , Issue 4, Pages 1397 - 1409 2020-12-15

Comparison of gifted and non-gifted students’ executive functions and high capabilities

Alberto ROCHA [1] , Leandro ALMEİ̇DA [2] , Ramón PERALES [3]


In recent years, the analysis of the relationship between cognitive skills and student learning has focused mainly on research into the impact of executive functions on academic performance and success. This study seeks to compare the cognitive performance of gifted or high-capacity students to students with a typical development in the performance of psychological tests aimed at the evaluation of executive functions. Two groups of students were considered (gifted and regular) with the intention of matching them in terms of school level and age (ages included are 10-15). The results indicate marginally significant differences in the cognitive flexibility function and statistically significant differences in working memory, as well as in the higher cognitive functions of problem solving and reasoning, with no statistically significant differences in the tests that evaluate inhibitory control and planning. These data suggest that psychological tests centred on the assessment of cognitive functions may complement the more traditional use of IQ tests for signalling and evaluating students with traits of giftedness.
Intelligence, Executive Functions, Giftedness, Academic Performance
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Primary Language en
Subjects Psychology
Published Date December 2020
Journal Section Gifted Education
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-5570-9872
Author: Alberto ROCHA (Primary Author)
Institution: Centro de Investigação em Educação - Instituto de Educação - Universidade do Minho
Country: Portugal


Orcid: 0000-0002-0651-7014
Author: Leandro ALMEİ̇DA
Institution: University of Minho
Country: Portugal


Author: Ramón PERALES
Institution: University of Castilla-La Mancha (UCLM)
Country: Spain


Thanks A word of thanks to ANÉIS - Associação Nacional para o Estudo e Intervenção na Sobredotação (National Association for the Study and Intervention in Giftedness) for signaling the students who participated in its enrichment program for gifted students and who formed group 1. A big appreciation to Colégio Paulo VI for the facilities created in the access to the students who formed group 2.
Dates

Publication Date : December 15, 2020

Bibtex @research article { jegys808796, journal = {Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists}, issn = {}, eissn = {2149-360X}, address = {editorjegys@gmail.com}, publisher = {Genç Bilge Yayıncılık}, year = {2020}, volume = {8}, pages = {1397 - 1409}, doi = {10.17478/jegys.808796}, title = {Comparison of gifted and non-gifted students’ executive functions and high capabilities}, key = {cite}, author = {Rocha, Alberto and Almei̇̇da, Leandro and Perales, Ramón} }
APA Rocha, A , Almei̇̇da, L , Perales, R . (2020). Comparison of gifted and non-gifted students’ executive functions and high capabilities . Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists , 8 (4) , 1397-1409 . DOI: 10.17478/jegys.808796
MLA Rocha, A , Almei̇̇da, L , Perales, R . "Comparison of gifted and non-gifted students’ executive functions and high capabilities" . Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists 8 (2020 ): 1397-1409 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jegys/issue/56816/808796>
Chicago Rocha, A , Almei̇̇da, L , Perales, R . "Comparison of gifted and non-gifted students’ executive functions and high capabilities". Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists 8 (2020 ): 1397-1409
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Comparison of gifted and non-gifted students’ executive functions and high capabilities AU - Alberto Rocha , Leandro Almei̇̇da , Ramón Perales Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.17478/jegys.808796 DO - 10.17478/jegys.808796 T2 - Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1397 EP - 1409 VL - 8 IS - 4 SN - -2149-360X M3 - doi: 10.17478/jegys.808796 UR - https://doi.org/10.17478/jegys.808796 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists Comparison of gifted and non-gifted students’ executive functions and high capabilities %A Alberto Rocha , Leandro Almei̇̇da , Ramón Perales %T Comparison of gifted and non-gifted students’ executive functions and high capabilities %D 2020 %J Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists %P -2149-360X %V 8 %N 4 %R doi: 10.17478/jegys.808796 %U 10.17478/jegys.808796
ISNAD Rocha, Alberto , Almei̇̇da, Leandro , Perales, Ramón . "Comparison of gifted and non-gifted students’ executive functions and high capabilities". Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists 8 / 4 (December 2020): 1397-1409 . https://doi.org/10.17478/jegys.808796
AMA Rocha A , Almei̇̇da L , Perales R . Comparison of gifted and non-gifted students’ executive functions and high capabilities. JEGYS. 2020; 8(4): 1397-1409.
Vancouver Rocha A , Almei̇̇da L , Perales R . Comparison of gifted and non-gifted students’ executive functions and high capabilities. Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists. 2020; 8(4): 1397-1409.
IEEE A. Rocha , L. Almei̇̇da and R. Perales , "Comparison of gifted and non-gifted students’ executive functions and high capabilities", Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 1397-1409, Dec. 2020, doi:10.17478/jegys.808796