Year 2020, Volume 8 , Issue 4, Pages 1373 - 1385 2020-12-15

Female top performers in higher education STEM and humanities: socio-emotional perceptions and digital learning-related characteristics during COVID-19

Albert ZİEGLER [1] , Svenja BEDENLİER [2] , Michaela GLÄSER - ZİKUDA [3] , Bärbel KOPP [4] , Marion HÄNDEL [5]


In Germany, the 2020 summer semester was substantially influenced by the COVID-19 pandemic. In an empirical study, we focus on female top performing students in STEM and the humanities. Of particular interest was whether the measures associated with the pandemic constitute a risk-factor for a re-traditionalization of gender roles. Before lectures or courses began, students at a full-scale university were invited to participate in an online survey. We investigated four research questions: 1) Are women underrepresented in our sample among the top performers in STEM and the humanities? Are there gender differences among top performers with regard to (2) digital readiness, (3) socio-emotional and (4) learning related variables? The sample of the study consisted of 2,849 higher education STEM and humanities students. The study took place as an online survey. In the week before the start of the official lecture period, all students enrolled at the university were invited to take part via an e-mail correspondence from the Vice President of Education (survey access link). Participation in the survey took place via the Questback platform and was activated for 10 days. The cut-off point for the ability level was set at the 95th percentile of previous university achievements. To test Q1, we performed a hierarchical loglinear analysis with posthoc Chi² tests. In research questions Q2 - Q4 two-way ANOVAs were used to test the effects of gender and subject. Results indicate equal shares of female and male students among the top performers, with women overrepresented in the humanities and men overrepresented in STEM relative to their proportion of the student population. The analysis of socio-emotional and learning-related factors showed risk factors for high performing female students such as lower self-efficacy, but no major emotional vulnerability. Overall, the data suggest that at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, female top performers had still been able to compensate for the risk factors.
Gender, STEM, Humanities, Higher Education, High Ability, COVID-19, Digital Learning, Socio-emotional perceptions
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Primary Language en
Subjects Education and Educational Research
Published Date December 2020
Journal Section Gifted Education
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-9884-4185
Author: Albert ZİEGLER (Primary Author)
Institution: University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
Country: Germany


Author: Svenja BEDENLİER
Institution: University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
Country: Germany


Author: Michaela GLÄSER - ZİKUDA
Institution: University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
Country: Germany


Author: Bärbel KOPP
Institution: University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
Country: Germany


Orcid: 0000-0002-3069-5582
Author: Marion HÄNDEL
Institution: University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
Country: Germany


Thanks Albert Ziegler suggested the topic of the article to his co-authors. All researchers in this study have the same contributions.
Dates

Publication Date : December 15, 2020

Bibtex @research article { jegys811344, journal = {Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists}, issn = {}, eissn = {2149-360X}, address = {editorjegys@gmail.com}, publisher = {Genç Bilge Yayıncılık}, year = {2020}, volume = {8}, pages = {1373 - 1385}, doi = {10.17478/jegys.811344}, title = {Female top performers in higher education STEM and humanities: socio-emotional perceptions and digital learning-related characteristics during COVID-19}, key = {cite}, author = {Zi̇egler, Albert and Bedenli̇er, Svenja and Gläser - Zi̇kuda, Michaela and Kopp, Bärbel and Händel, Marion} }
APA Zi̇egler, A , Bedenli̇er, S , Gläser - Zi̇kuda, M , Kopp, B , Händel, M . (2020). Female top performers in higher education STEM and humanities: socio-emotional perceptions and digital learning-related characteristics during COVID-19 . Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists , 8 (4) , 1373-1385 . DOI: 10.17478/jegys.811344
MLA Zi̇egler, A , Bedenli̇er, S , Gläser - Zi̇kuda, M , Kopp, B , Händel, M . "Female top performers in higher education STEM and humanities: socio-emotional perceptions and digital learning-related characteristics during COVID-19" . Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists 8 (2020 ): 1373-1385 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jegys/issue/56816/811344>
Chicago Zi̇egler, A , Bedenli̇er, S , Gläser - Zi̇kuda, M , Kopp, B , Händel, M . "Female top performers in higher education STEM and humanities: socio-emotional perceptions and digital learning-related characteristics during COVID-19". Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists 8 (2020 ): 1373-1385
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Female top performers in higher education STEM and humanities: socio-emotional perceptions and digital learning-related characteristics during COVID-19 AU - Albert Zi̇egler , Svenja Bedenli̇er , Michaela Gläser - Zi̇kuda , Bärbel Kopp , Marion Händel Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.17478/jegys.811344 DO - 10.17478/jegys.811344 T2 - Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1373 EP - 1385 VL - 8 IS - 4 SN - -2149-360X M3 - doi: 10.17478/jegys.811344 UR - https://doi.org/10.17478/jegys.811344 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists Female top performers in higher education STEM and humanities: socio-emotional perceptions and digital learning-related characteristics during COVID-19 %A Albert Zi̇egler , Svenja Bedenli̇er , Michaela Gläser - Zi̇kuda , Bärbel Kopp , Marion Händel %T Female top performers in higher education STEM and humanities: socio-emotional perceptions and digital learning-related characteristics during COVID-19 %D 2020 %J Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists %P -2149-360X %V 8 %N 4 %R doi: 10.17478/jegys.811344 %U 10.17478/jegys.811344
ISNAD Zi̇egler, Albert , Bedenli̇er, Svenja , Gläser - Zi̇kuda, Michaela , Kopp, Bärbel , Händel, Marion . "Female top performers in higher education STEM and humanities: socio-emotional perceptions and digital learning-related characteristics during COVID-19". Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists 8 / 4 (December 2020): 1373-1385 . https://doi.org/10.17478/jegys.811344
AMA Zi̇egler A , Bedenli̇er S , Gläser - Zi̇kuda M , Kopp B , Händel M . Female top performers in higher education STEM and humanities: socio-emotional perceptions and digital learning-related characteristics during COVID-19. JEGYS. 2020; 8(4): 1373-1385.
Vancouver Zi̇egler A , Bedenli̇er S , Gläser - Zi̇kuda M , Kopp B , Händel M . Female top performers in higher education STEM and humanities: socio-emotional perceptions and digital learning-related characteristics during COVID-19. Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists. 2020; 8(4): 1373-1385.
IEEE A. Zi̇egler , S. Bedenli̇er , M. Gläser - Zi̇kuda , B. Kopp and M. Händel , "Female top performers in higher education STEM and humanities: socio-emotional perceptions and digital learning-related characteristics during COVID-19", Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 1373-1385, Dec. 2020, doi:10.17478/jegys.811344