Research Article
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The political nature of education and political placements in the struggle of hegemony in education

Year 2022, Volume 10, Issue 4, 591 - 597, 30.12.2022
https://doi.org/10.17478/jegys.1219312

Abstract

The modern political understanding defines politics only within the boundaries of a political society immanent to the state, such as parliament and political parties. Within the framework of this understanding, it is discussed whether education is included in the political field. In this direction, although formal education is planned under the control of political powers, they are trying to define it outside the political field and turn it into a unilateral hegemony device. As this limited definition of the political, the importance of civil society in politics began to increase, the political struggle first expanded to the field of hegemony between civil society structures such as Trade Unions, and then the borders of the political expanded from the field of the state to the entire social field, especially within the framework of Foucaultian biopolitics and understanding of power. As a matter of fact, Foucault draws attention to the emergence contingency of the power relation wherever there is a mode of subjectivity in a relationality while revealing himself in the subject, instead of positioning the power in the field of the state alone. Thus, wherever the power is, there is the opportunity for resistance to emerge and the boundaries of the political to expand (Foucault, 2016). In this framework, the expansion of the borders of the political sphere towards the social sphere destroyed the one-sided perception of the concept of hegemony under the control of the state or the ruling class, and with the influence of Gramsci (1999), the concept of counter-hegemony and the struggle for hegemony emerged. The field of education should be understood as a field of political struggle as it contains many political confrontations that conflict with each other, such as power, education trade unions, education policies, educational designs such as teachers, students and families. Thus, the field of education appears, on the one hand, in the structural political struggle between the political power and "Education Trade Unions", and on the other hand, as a field of hegemony that includes particular subject movements and political subject positions, such as students and teachers.

References

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  • Aksoy, H.H. & Eren, E. (2017), "Teacher authority, autonomy and authoritarianism in Turkish vocational high schools". In A Language of Freedom and Teacher's Authority: Case Comparisons from Turkey and the United States (p.111-128) F. Mızıkacı & G. Senese (Eds.), London: Lexington Books.
  • Cohen, J. & Arato, A. (2013). Sivil Toplum ve Siyasal Teori, (Civil society and political theory), ed. A. Argunakdoğan, Efil yay. Ank.
  • Bobbio, N. &Texier, J. (1982). Gramsci ve Sivil Toplum, (Gramsci and Civil Society), (Çev. Arda İpek/ Kenan Somer). Ankara: SavaşYayınları.
  • Butler, J &Laclau, E. & Zizek, S. (2009). Olumsallık, Hegemonya, Evrensellik (Contingency, Hegemony, Universality) çev. Ahmet Fethi, Hil yay, ist.
  • Derrida, J. (1999). "Differance", Toplumbilim, Jacques Derrida Özel Sayısı, çev. Önay Sözer, Sayı :10, ss. 49-61, Bağlam Yay., ist.
  • Derrida, J. (2010). Gramatoloji, (Of Grammatology), (İsmet Birkan, çev.), İstanbul: BilgeSu yay.
  • Foucault, M. (2014), Özne ve İktidar. (Subject and Power), çev. I. Ergüden ve O. Akınhay, İstanbul: Ayrıntı.
  • Foucault, M. (2015), Cinselliğin Tarihi. (History of Sexuality). çev. H.U. Tanrıöver, İstanbul: Ayrıntı.
  • Freire, P. (2003). Ezilenlerin Pedagojisi, (Pedagogy of the Oppressed). Çev. Dilek Hattaoglu- Erol Özbek, Ayrıntı Yay. İst.
  • Gramsci, A.(1999). Selection from Prison Notebook, Essential Classics in Politics: Antonio Gramsci, edited and translated by Quentin Hoare and Geoffrey Nowell Smith, London: ElecBook
  • Hanisch, C. (1969). The Personal is Political. http://www.carolhanisch.org/CHwritings/PIP.html (01.03.2019).
  • Hardt, M. & Negri, A. (2011). Çokluk, (Multitude: War and Democracy in the Age of Empire), çev. Barış Yıldırım, Ayrıntı yay. İst.
  • Keane, J. (1993), Sivil toplum ve devlet, (Civil Society and the State) (Akın, E. E diğ. Çev.), İstanbul: Ayrıntı.
  • Kızıltepe, Z. (2015). "Alanyazın Derlemesi" (Literature Review), içinde. Nitel Araştırma: Yöntem, teknik, analiz ve yaklaşımları, (ed. Seggie, F.N. &Bayyurt, Y.), Ankara:Anı
  • Kükürt, R. O. (2020). "Türkiye'de Eğitim Politikaları Üzerine Hegemonya Mücadelesinde İktidar, Sendikalar ve Eğitimcilerin Siyasal Konumlanışları", (The Political Placement of the Political Power, Trade Unions and Educators in The Struggle of Hegemony Over the Creation of the Educational Policies), Yayımlanmamış Doktora Tezi, Ankara Üniversitesi, Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ankara
  • Laclau, E. &Mouffe, C. (2008). Hegemonya ve Sosyalist Strateji, (Hegemony and Socialist Strategy) çev. Ahmet Kardam, İletişim, ist.
  • Laclau, E. (2003), Evrensellik, Kimlik ve Özgürleşme, (Emancipation(s)), (çev. E. Başer), İstanbul: Birikim.
  • Laclau, E. (2007), Popülist Akıl Üzerine, (on Populist Reason), (çev. Nur Betül Çelik), Epos, Ankara.
  • Mouffe, C. (2010), Siyasal Üzerine, (on the Political),çev. Mehmet Ratip, iletişim, ist.
  • Ranciere, J. (2007), Siyasalın Kıyısında, (on the Shore of Politics), çev. A.U. Kılıç, İstanbul: Metis.
  • Ranciere, J. (2019). Cahil Hoca: Zihinsel Özgürleşme Üzerine Beş Ders, (The Ignorant Schoolmaster), Çev. S. Kılıç, İstanbul: Metis.
  • Samuel, J. & Mantel, J.R, (1956). Education in the Political Process, Peabody Journal of Education, vol. 34, No. 1(Jul, 1956), Published by Taylor&Francis.
  • Schmitt, C. (2006), Siyasal Kavramı, (The concept of the Political) çev. EceGöztepe, Metis, İst.
  • Schmitter, P. (1974). "Still the century of corporatism?", Rev. Polit. (36):85–131
  • Thomas, P. D. (2010). Gramsci Çağı: Felsefe-Hegemonya-Marksizm. (The Gramscian Moment), (Çev. İlker Akçay ve Ekrem Ekici). Ankara: Dipnot Yay.

Year 2022, Volume 10, Issue 4, 591 - 597, 30.12.2022
https://doi.org/10.17478/jegys.1219312

Abstract

References

  • Agamben, G. (2013), Kutsa linsan, (Homo Sacer) çev. İsmail Türkmen, Ayrıntı yay. İst.
  • Aksoy, H.H. & Eren, E. (2017), "Teacher authority, autonomy and authoritarianism in Turkish vocational high schools". In A Language of Freedom and Teacher's Authority: Case Comparisons from Turkey and the United States (p.111-128) F. Mızıkacı & G. Senese (Eds.), London: Lexington Books.
  • Cohen, J. & Arato, A. (2013). Sivil Toplum ve Siyasal Teori, (Civil society and political theory), ed. A. Argunakdoğan, Efil yay. Ank.
  • Bobbio, N. &Texier, J. (1982). Gramsci ve Sivil Toplum, (Gramsci and Civil Society), (Çev. Arda İpek/ Kenan Somer). Ankara: SavaşYayınları.
  • Butler, J &Laclau, E. & Zizek, S. (2009). Olumsallık, Hegemonya, Evrensellik (Contingency, Hegemony, Universality) çev. Ahmet Fethi, Hil yay, ist.
  • Derrida, J. (1999). "Differance", Toplumbilim, Jacques Derrida Özel Sayısı, çev. Önay Sözer, Sayı :10, ss. 49-61, Bağlam Yay., ist.
  • Derrida, J. (2010). Gramatoloji, (Of Grammatology), (İsmet Birkan, çev.), İstanbul: BilgeSu yay.
  • Foucault, M. (2014), Özne ve İktidar. (Subject and Power), çev. I. Ergüden ve O. Akınhay, İstanbul: Ayrıntı.
  • Foucault, M. (2015), Cinselliğin Tarihi. (History of Sexuality). çev. H.U. Tanrıöver, İstanbul: Ayrıntı.
  • Freire, P. (2003). Ezilenlerin Pedagojisi, (Pedagogy of the Oppressed). Çev. Dilek Hattaoglu- Erol Özbek, Ayrıntı Yay. İst.
  • Gramsci, A.(1999). Selection from Prison Notebook, Essential Classics in Politics: Antonio Gramsci, edited and translated by Quentin Hoare and Geoffrey Nowell Smith, London: ElecBook
  • Hanisch, C. (1969). The Personal is Political. http://www.carolhanisch.org/CHwritings/PIP.html (01.03.2019).
  • Hardt, M. & Negri, A. (2011). Çokluk, (Multitude: War and Democracy in the Age of Empire), çev. Barış Yıldırım, Ayrıntı yay. İst.
  • Keane, J. (1993), Sivil toplum ve devlet, (Civil Society and the State) (Akın, E. E diğ. Çev.), İstanbul: Ayrıntı.
  • Kızıltepe, Z. (2015). "Alanyazın Derlemesi" (Literature Review), içinde. Nitel Araştırma: Yöntem, teknik, analiz ve yaklaşımları, (ed. Seggie, F.N. &Bayyurt, Y.), Ankara:Anı
  • Kükürt, R. O. (2020). "Türkiye'de Eğitim Politikaları Üzerine Hegemonya Mücadelesinde İktidar, Sendikalar ve Eğitimcilerin Siyasal Konumlanışları", (The Political Placement of the Political Power, Trade Unions and Educators in The Struggle of Hegemony Over the Creation of the Educational Policies), Yayımlanmamış Doktora Tezi, Ankara Üniversitesi, Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ankara
  • Laclau, E. &Mouffe, C. (2008). Hegemonya ve Sosyalist Strateji, (Hegemony and Socialist Strategy) çev. Ahmet Kardam, İletişim, ist.
  • Laclau, E. (2003), Evrensellik, Kimlik ve Özgürleşme, (Emancipation(s)), (çev. E. Başer), İstanbul: Birikim.
  • Laclau, E. (2007), Popülist Akıl Üzerine, (on Populist Reason), (çev. Nur Betül Çelik), Epos, Ankara.
  • Mouffe, C. (2010), Siyasal Üzerine, (on the Political),çev. Mehmet Ratip, iletişim, ist.
  • Ranciere, J. (2007), Siyasalın Kıyısında, (on the Shore of Politics), çev. A.U. Kılıç, İstanbul: Metis.
  • Ranciere, J. (2019). Cahil Hoca: Zihinsel Özgürleşme Üzerine Beş Ders, (The Ignorant Schoolmaster), Çev. S. Kılıç, İstanbul: Metis.
  • Samuel, J. & Mantel, J.R, (1956). Education in the Political Process, Peabody Journal of Education, vol. 34, No. 1(Jul, 1956), Published by Taylor&Francis.
  • Schmitt, C. (2006), Siyasal Kavramı, (The concept of the Political) çev. EceGöztepe, Metis, İst.
  • Schmitter, P. (1974). "Still the century of corporatism?", Rev. Polit. (36):85–131
  • Thomas, P. D. (2010). Gramsci Çağı: Felsefe-Hegemonya-Marksizm. (The Gramscian Moment), (Çev. İlker Akçay ve Ekrem Ekici). Ankara: Dipnot Yay.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Education and Educational Research
Journal Section Sustainability of Education
Authors

Remzi Onur KÜKÜRT> (Primary Author)
ANKARA UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-3048-9359
Türkiye

Publication Date December 30, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 10, Issue 4

Cite

Bibtex @research article { jegys1219312, journal = {Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists}, eissn = {2149-360X}, address = {editorjegys@gmail.com}, publisher = {Genç Bilge Yayıncılık}, year = {2022}, volume = {10}, number = {4}, pages = {591 - 597}, doi = {10.17478/jegys.1219312}, title = {The political nature of education and political placements in the struggle of hegemony in education}, key = {cite}, author = {Kükürt, Remzi Onur} }
APA Kükürt, R. O. (2022). The political nature of education and political placements in the struggle of hegemony in education . Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists , 10 (4) , 591-597 . DOI: 10.17478/jegys.1219312
MLA Kükürt, R. O. "The political nature of education and political placements in the struggle of hegemony in education" . Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists 10 (2022 ): 591-597 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jegys/issue/73113/1219312>
Chicago Kükürt, R. O. "The political nature of education and political placements in the struggle of hegemony in education". Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists 10 (2022 ): 591-597
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The political nature of education and political placements in the struggle of hegemony in education AU - Remzi OnurKükürt Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.17478/jegys.1219312 DO - 10.17478/jegys.1219312 T2 - Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 591 EP - 597 VL - 10 IS - 4 SN - -2149-360X M3 - doi: 10.17478/jegys.1219312 UR - https://doi.org/10.17478/jegys.1219312 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists The political nature of education and political placements in the struggle of hegemony in education %A Remzi Onur Kükürt %T The political nature of education and political placements in the struggle of hegemony in education %D 2022 %J Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists %P -2149-360X %V 10 %N 4 %R doi: 10.17478/jegys.1219312 %U 10.17478/jegys.1219312
ISNAD Kükürt, Remzi Onur . "The political nature of education and political placements in the struggle of hegemony in education". Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists 10 / 4 (December 2022): 591-597 . https://doi.org/10.17478/jegys.1219312
AMA Kükürt R. O. The political nature of education and political placements in the struggle of hegemony in education. JEGYS. 2022; 10(4): 591-597.
Vancouver Kükürt R. O. The political nature of education and political placements in the struggle of hegemony in education. Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists. 2022; 10(4): 591-597.
IEEE R. O. Kükürt , "The political nature of education and political placements in the struggle of hegemony in education", Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 591-597, Dec. 2022, doi:10.17478/jegys.1219312

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