Year 2020, Volume 32 , Issue 3, Pages 251 - 257 2020-09-01

ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECTS OF PARMELIA SULCATA AND HYPOGYMNIA TUBULOSA ACETONE EXTRACTS AGAINST ISOLATES FROM SOAK LIQUORS

Didem BERBER [1]


Abstract

It is well known that there are halophilic or non-halophilic bacteria in salt, soak liquors, salted and soaked hides/skins in high numbers in leather industry. These bacteria have several hydrolytic enzymes which cause irreversible defects on finished leather product. However, antimicrobial agents are utilized to control bacterial population in soaking process, these agents have not sufficient efficacy due to inadequate application of these agents or the presence of antimicrobial-resistant bacterial strains in soak liquors. In this respect, alternative agents or strategies may be helpful for controlling bacterial population. For this purpose, ten isolates were obtained from different soak liquor samples and the antibacterial effects of acetone extracts of Parmelia sulcata and Hypogymnia tubulosa lichen species were evaluated on these isolates. Colony morphologies on agar plates, Gram staining, oxidase and catalase tests, bacterial growth on several selective media of these isolates were investigated. They were Gram-positive, rod-shaped and catalase positive. While bacterial growth was observed on Manntiol Salt Agar, Baird Parker agar, 5% sheep blood agar in most isolates, no growth was detected on Eosine-methylene blue agar and Cetrimide agar. Additionally, antibacterial activities for acetone extracts of Parmelia sulcata and Hypogymnia tubulosa against these isolates were tested at certain concentrations of 240, 120, 60 and 30 µg/ml. Hypogymnia tubulosa extracts were found to be more successful in comparison to the extracts of Parmelia sulcata on tested isolates. These tested lichen species can be used to control the population of bacteria in the soaking process and also to prevent potential defects on the skin that may be seen in subsequent tanning processes due to the development of these bacteria.

soak liquor, lichen, Parmelia sulcata, Hypogymnia tubulosa, acetone extract, antibacterial
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Primary Language en
Subjects Basic Sciences
Published Date 2020
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-5813-160X
Author: Didem BERBER (Primary Author)
Institution: MARMARA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Thanks I express very profound gratitude to Professor Meral Birbir for her tremendous supports and continuous encouragement throughout my academic career. I am thankful to Assoc. Prof. Nüzhet Cenk Sesal for his great guidance and valuable comments in every aspect of the study. The author is also grateful to Assoc. Prof. Gülşah Çobanoğlu Özyiğitoğlu for taxonomic identification of lichen species tested.
Dates

Publication Date : September 1, 2020

Bibtex @research article { jeps633056, journal = {International Journal of Advances in Engineering and Pure Sciences}, issn = {}, eissn = {2636-8277}, address = {fbedergi@marmara.edu.tr}, publisher = {Marmara University}, year = {2020}, volume = {32}, pages = {251 - 257}, doi = {10.7240/jeps.633056}, title = {ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECTS OF PARMELIA SULCATA AND HYPOGYMNIA TUBULOSA ACETONE EXTRACTS AGAINST ISOLATES FROM SOAK LIQUORS}, key = {cite}, author = {Berber, Didem} }
APA Berber, D . (2020). ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECTS OF PARMELIA SULCATA AND HYPOGYMNIA TUBULOSA ACETONE EXTRACTS AGAINST ISOLATES FROM SOAK LIQUORS . International Journal of Advances in Engineering and Pure Sciences , 32 (3) , 251-257 . DOI: 10.7240/jeps.633056
MLA Berber, D . "ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECTS OF PARMELIA SULCATA AND HYPOGYMNIA TUBULOSA ACETONE EXTRACTS AGAINST ISOLATES FROM SOAK LIQUORS" . International Journal of Advances in Engineering and Pure Sciences 32 (2020 ): 251-257 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jeps/issue/54738/633056>
Chicago Berber, D . "ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECTS OF PARMELIA SULCATA AND HYPOGYMNIA TUBULOSA ACETONE EXTRACTS AGAINST ISOLATES FROM SOAK LIQUORS". International Journal of Advances in Engineering and Pure Sciences 32 (2020 ): 251-257
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECTS OF PARMELIA SULCATA AND HYPOGYMNIA TUBULOSA ACETONE EXTRACTS AGAINST ISOLATES FROM SOAK LIQUORS AU - Didem Berber Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.7240/jeps.633056 DO - 10.7240/jeps.633056 T2 - International Journal of Advances in Engineering and Pure Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 251 EP - 257 VL - 32 IS - 3 SN - -2636-8277 M3 - doi: 10.7240/jeps.633056 UR - https://doi.org/10.7240/jeps.633056 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Advances in Engineering and Pure Sciences ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECTS OF PARMELIA SULCATA AND HYPOGYMNIA TUBULOSA ACETONE EXTRACTS AGAINST ISOLATES FROM SOAK LIQUORS %A Didem Berber %T ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECTS OF PARMELIA SULCATA AND HYPOGYMNIA TUBULOSA ACETONE EXTRACTS AGAINST ISOLATES FROM SOAK LIQUORS %D 2020 %J International Journal of Advances in Engineering and Pure Sciences %P -2636-8277 %V 32 %N 3 %R doi: 10.7240/jeps.633056 %U 10.7240/jeps.633056
ISNAD Berber, Didem . "ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECTS OF PARMELIA SULCATA AND HYPOGYMNIA TUBULOSA ACETONE EXTRACTS AGAINST ISOLATES FROM SOAK LIQUORS". International Journal of Advances in Engineering and Pure Sciences 32 / 3 (September 2020): 251-257 . https://doi.org/10.7240/jeps.633056
AMA Berber D . ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECTS OF PARMELIA SULCATA AND HYPOGYMNIA TUBULOSA ACETONE EXTRACTS AGAINST ISOLATES FROM SOAK LIQUORS. JEPS. 2020; 32(3): 251-257.
Vancouver Berber D . ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECTS OF PARMELIA SULCATA AND HYPOGYMNIA TUBULOSA ACETONE EXTRACTS AGAINST ISOLATES FROM SOAK LIQUORS. International Journal of Advances in Engineering and Pure Sciences. 2020; 32(3): 251-257.
IEEE D. Berber , "ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECTS OF PARMELIA SULCATA AND HYPOGYMNIA TUBULOSA ACETONE EXTRACTS AGAINST ISOLATES FROM SOAK LIQUORS", International Journal of Advances in Engineering and Pure Sciences, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 251-257, Sep. 2020, doi:10.7240/jeps.633056