Creativity is an elusive construct that has been examined from different perspectives by different theorists. Some have postulated that there is a creative personality, others view it as a process, and still others see it as a conglomeration of different aspects and attributes. This paper will focus primarily on creativity as it relates to intelligence and giftedness, but the paper will examine other relevant salient, tangential variables. Creativity is a construct that has been around for quite some time. It seems to have flourished in the Renaissance, and is often seen in music, art, literature, dance, theatre and other realms. There have been attempts to assess it via the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking ( Torrance,1966, 1974 ) and Paul Torrance has devoted his life to the study of creativity, writing many books about the creative person, process, and personality as well as different cognitive processes. The Torrance tests attempt to ascertain the amount or degree of elaboration, fluency, flexibility and originality. Trained observers also detect other aspects of one’s responses to the prompts given on the Torrance Tests. To assess creativity requires a good deal of training- one cannot just pick up the manual and hope to get valid, reliable results on their first administration. Supervision and feedback is needed. One cannot simply pick up a manual and attempt to procure valid, reliable results. The Realm of the Intelligence Test- and Intelligence Intelligence tests have been with us since around 1905 when Binet in Paris attempted to differentiate between those that were thought to benefit from school as opposed to those who could not seemingly benefit from education. At that time pejorative words such as “moron, idiot and imbecile” was used to describe those who apparently were of low intelligence- as measured by those primitive measures of the time. Fast forward about 100 years and today we have a wide variety of intelligence tests, based on different theories- but still attempting to measure, directly or indirectly that elusive concept called “ intelligence”. Some abhor this concept of intelligence, referring to it instead as “ cognitive processes” or “cognitive ability”. This paper will also examine the realms of convergent, and particularly divergent thinking as they relate to creativity and also flexible thinking, a construct developed by Norbert Jausovec (1994 ) of Slovenia. In his text, he explores the realms of flexible thinking, flexible strategies and the enhancement of this type of thinking and its relevance.
|Subjects||Education and Educational Research|
|Publication Date||December 30, 2021|
|Published in Issue||Year 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3|
Journal of Gifted Education and Creativity indexed in DOAJ since March 15, 2020. 3rd International Congress on Gifted Youth and Sustainability of the Education (ICGYSE) 28-29 May 2022 (Please click for attendance)
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