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Creative activity as a coping mechanism for the COVID-19 pandemic

Year 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, 138 - 142, 30.06.2022

Abstract

This study explored the use of creative activities as a coping mechanism for the COVID-19 pandemic. Students, as well as social media participants, were asked to describe some of the activities they undertook during the months of quarantine from February to August of 2020. It was expected that individuals who actively participated in creative tasks, such as painting, yoga, or writing, would exhibit greater resilience to the negative effects of social isolation. An online survey was administered to participants both at a university and in the community. Participants assessed their emotional state two weeks prior to participating in the study, described a creative activity they did, the motivation behind choosing it, how it made them feel, as well as their attitudes toward the pandemic. Participants feeling the most adverse effects of COVID-19 turned to creative activities as an outlet for their negative emotions. This finding indicates that creativity may have therapeutic effects for individuals struggling with the COVID-19 pandemic. A positive correlation was found between a positive outlook towards the pandemic and both intrinsic and extrinsic motivations for choosing the activity, resulting in greater commitment to the activity.

References

  • References Caddy, L., Crawford, F., & Page. A. C. (2012). ‘Painting a path to wellness’: Correlations between participating in a creative activity group and improved measured mental health outcome. Journal of Psychiatry and Mental Health Nursing, 19(4), 327-333. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2850.2011.01785.x.
  • CDC. (2018). Past pandemics. https://www.cdc.gov/flu/pandemic-resources/basics/past-pandemics.html Centre for Addiction and Mental Health. (2020). Mental health in Canada: COVID-19 and beyond. https://www.camh.ca/-/media/files/pdfs---public-policy-submissions/covid-and-mh-policy-paper-pdf.pdf
  • Corry, D. A., Mallett, J., Lewis, C. A., & Abdel-Khalek, A. M. (2013). The creativity-spirituality construct and its role in transformative coping. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 16(10). https://doi.org/10.1080/13674676.2013.834492
  • Crone, D. (2007). Walking back to health: A qualitative investigation into service users’ experiences of a walking project. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 28(2), 167-183. https:// doi.org/10.1080/01612840601096453
  • Cupchik, G. C., Kiosses, E. (2020). Taking the PULSE of the UTSC student community during the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2009). The “what” and “why” of goal pursuits: Human needs and self-determination of behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 11(4), 227-268. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327965PLI1104_01
  • Darongkamas, J., Scott, H., & Taylor, E. (2011). Kick-starting men’s mental health: An evaluatin of the effect of playing football on mental health service users’ well-being. International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, 13(11), 14-21. https://doi.org/10.1080/14623730.2011.9715658
  • GoodTherapy. (2018). Isolation. https://www.goodtherapy.org/learn-about-therapy/issues/isolation Griffiths, S. (2009). The experience of creative activity as a treatment medium. Journal of Mental Health, 17(1), 49-63. https://doi.org/10.1080/09638230701506242
  • Holt-Lunstad, J., Smith, T. B., Baker, M., Harris, T., & Stephenson, D. (2015). Loneliness and social isolation as a risk factor for mortality: A meta-analytic view. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 10(2), 227-237. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691614568352
  • Leckey, J. (2011). The therapeutic effectiveness of creative activities on mental well-being: A systematic review of the literature. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 18(6), 501-509. https://doi.org/10.111/j.1365-2850.2011.01693.x
  • Leventhal, H., Brissette, I., & Leventhal, E. A. (2003). The common-sense model of self-regulation of health and illness: The self-regulation of health and illness behavior. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 39(6), 935-946. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-016-9782-2
  • Leventhal, H., Phillips, L. A., & Burns, E. (2016). The common-sense model of self-regulation (CSM): A dynamic framework for understanding illness self-management. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 39(6), 935-946. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-016-9782-2
  • Leventhal, H., Singer, R., & Jones, S. (1965). Effects of fear and specificity of recommendation upon attitudes and behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2(1), 20-29. https://doi.org/1037/h0022089
  • Mcdonald, K. (2020, March 27). How Isaac Newton turned isolation from the Great Plague into a “year of wonders.” Foundation for Economic Education. https://fee.org/articles/how-isaac-newton-turned-isolation-from-the-great-plague-into-a-year-of-wonders/
  • Minney, J. A. (2016). Isolation: The optimum environment for creativity? The relationship between the experience of ostracism and creativity. [Doctoral dissertation, The University of Alabama]. ProQuest Dissertation Publishing. https://www.proquest.com/docview/1876938609/%20fulltextPDF/23C0E8352E184943PQ/1?accountid=14771.%20doi:10188512
  • Mushtaq, R., Shoib, S., Shah, T., & Mushtaq, S. (2014). The relationship between loneliness, psychiatric disorders and physical health? A review of the psychological aspects of loneliness. Journal of Clinical & Diagnostic Research, 8(9), 01-04. https://doi.org/ 10.7860/JCDR/2014/10077.4828
  • Pringle, Z. I. Creativity at home in the time of the pandemic: 3 ways to enable children’s creativity while isolating at home. [Editorial]. (2020, March 24). Psychology Today. https://www.psychologytoday.com/ca/blog/creativity-the-art-and-science/202003/creativity-home-in-the-time-pandemic
  • Reynaert, C., Janne, P., Bosly, A., Staquet, P., & Zdabowiez, N. (1995). From health locus of control to immune control: Internal locus of control has a buffering effect on natural killer cell activity decrease in major depression. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 92(4), 294-300. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0447.1995.tb09585.x.
  • Reynolds, F. (2000). Managing depression through needlecraft creative activities: A qualitative study. The Arts in Psycotherapy, 72(2), 107-114. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0197-4556(99)00033-7
  • Schall, A., Tesky, V. A., Adams, A., & Pantel, J. (2018). Art museum-based intervention to promote emotional well-being and improve quality of life in people with dementia: The ARTEMIS project. Dementia (London), 17(6), 728-743. https://doi.org/10.1177/1471301217730451
  • Seifert, T., Hedderson, C. (2010). Intrinsic motivation and flow in skateboarding: An ethnographic study. Journal of Happiness Studies: An Interdisciplinary Forum on Subjective Well-Being, 11(3), 277-292. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-009-9140-y
  • Spandler, H., Seckler, J., Kent, L., Hacking, S., & Shenton, J. (2007). Catching life: The contribution of arts initiatives to recovery approaches in mental health. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 14(8), 791-799. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2850.2007.01174.x.
  • Usher, K., N. B., & Jackson, D. (2020). Life in the pandemic: Social isolation and mental health. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 29(15-16), 2756-2757. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.15290
  • Yuan, Y., Wu, M., Hu, M., & Lin, I. (2019). Teacher’s encouragement on creativity, intrinsic motivation, and creativity: The mediating role of creative process engagement. Journal of Creative Behavior, 53(3), 312-324. https://doi.org/10.1002/jocb.181

Year 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, 138 - 142, 30.06.2022

Abstract

References

  • References Caddy, L., Crawford, F., & Page. A. C. (2012). ‘Painting a path to wellness’: Correlations between participating in a creative activity group and improved measured mental health outcome. Journal of Psychiatry and Mental Health Nursing, 19(4), 327-333. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2850.2011.01785.x.
  • CDC. (2018). Past pandemics. https://www.cdc.gov/flu/pandemic-resources/basics/past-pandemics.html Centre for Addiction and Mental Health. (2020). Mental health in Canada: COVID-19 and beyond. https://www.camh.ca/-/media/files/pdfs---public-policy-submissions/covid-and-mh-policy-paper-pdf.pdf
  • Corry, D. A., Mallett, J., Lewis, C. A., & Abdel-Khalek, A. M. (2013). The creativity-spirituality construct and its role in transformative coping. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 16(10). https://doi.org/10.1080/13674676.2013.834492
  • Crone, D. (2007). Walking back to health: A qualitative investigation into service users’ experiences of a walking project. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 28(2), 167-183. https:// doi.org/10.1080/01612840601096453
  • Cupchik, G. C., Kiosses, E. (2020). Taking the PULSE of the UTSC student community during the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2009). The “what” and “why” of goal pursuits: Human needs and self-determination of behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 11(4), 227-268. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327965PLI1104_01
  • Darongkamas, J., Scott, H., & Taylor, E. (2011). Kick-starting men’s mental health: An evaluatin of the effect of playing football on mental health service users’ well-being. International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, 13(11), 14-21. https://doi.org/10.1080/14623730.2011.9715658
  • GoodTherapy. (2018). Isolation. https://www.goodtherapy.org/learn-about-therapy/issues/isolation Griffiths, S. (2009). The experience of creative activity as a treatment medium. Journal of Mental Health, 17(1), 49-63. https://doi.org/10.1080/09638230701506242
  • Holt-Lunstad, J., Smith, T. B., Baker, M., Harris, T., & Stephenson, D. (2015). Loneliness and social isolation as a risk factor for mortality: A meta-analytic view. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 10(2), 227-237. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691614568352
  • Leckey, J. (2011). The therapeutic effectiveness of creative activities on mental well-being: A systematic review of the literature. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 18(6), 501-509. https://doi.org/10.111/j.1365-2850.2011.01693.x
  • Leventhal, H., Brissette, I., & Leventhal, E. A. (2003). The common-sense model of self-regulation of health and illness: The self-regulation of health and illness behavior. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 39(6), 935-946. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-016-9782-2
  • Leventhal, H., Phillips, L. A., & Burns, E. (2016). The common-sense model of self-regulation (CSM): A dynamic framework for understanding illness self-management. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 39(6), 935-946. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-016-9782-2
  • Leventhal, H., Singer, R., & Jones, S. (1965). Effects of fear and specificity of recommendation upon attitudes and behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2(1), 20-29. https://doi.org/1037/h0022089
  • Mcdonald, K. (2020, March 27). How Isaac Newton turned isolation from the Great Plague into a “year of wonders.” Foundation for Economic Education. https://fee.org/articles/how-isaac-newton-turned-isolation-from-the-great-plague-into-a-year-of-wonders/
  • Minney, J. A. (2016). Isolation: The optimum environment for creativity? The relationship between the experience of ostracism and creativity. [Doctoral dissertation, The University of Alabama]. ProQuest Dissertation Publishing. https://www.proquest.com/docview/1876938609/%20fulltextPDF/23C0E8352E184943PQ/1?accountid=14771.%20doi:10188512
  • Mushtaq, R., Shoib, S., Shah, T., & Mushtaq, S. (2014). The relationship between loneliness, psychiatric disorders and physical health? A review of the psychological aspects of loneliness. Journal of Clinical & Diagnostic Research, 8(9), 01-04. https://doi.org/ 10.7860/JCDR/2014/10077.4828
  • Pringle, Z. I. Creativity at home in the time of the pandemic: 3 ways to enable children’s creativity while isolating at home. [Editorial]. (2020, March 24). Psychology Today. https://www.psychologytoday.com/ca/blog/creativity-the-art-and-science/202003/creativity-home-in-the-time-pandemic
  • Reynaert, C., Janne, P., Bosly, A., Staquet, P., & Zdabowiez, N. (1995). From health locus of control to immune control: Internal locus of control has a buffering effect on natural killer cell activity decrease in major depression. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 92(4), 294-300. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0447.1995.tb09585.x.
  • Reynolds, F. (2000). Managing depression through needlecraft creative activities: A qualitative study. The Arts in Psycotherapy, 72(2), 107-114. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0197-4556(99)00033-7
  • Schall, A., Tesky, V. A., Adams, A., & Pantel, J. (2018). Art museum-based intervention to promote emotional well-being and improve quality of life in people with dementia: The ARTEMIS project. Dementia (London), 17(6), 728-743. https://doi.org/10.1177/1471301217730451
  • Seifert, T., Hedderson, C. (2010). Intrinsic motivation and flow in skateboarding: An ethnographic study. Journal of Happiness Studies: An Interdisciplinary Forum on Subjective Well-Being, 11(3), 277-292. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-009-9140-y
  • Spandler, H., Seckler, J., Kent, L., Hacking, S., & Shenton, J. (2007). Catching life: The contribution of arts initiatives to recovery approaches in mental health. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 14(8), 791-799. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2850.2007.01174.x.
  • Usher, K., N. B., & Jackson, D. (2020). Life in the pandemic: Social isolation and mental health. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 29(15-16), 2756-2757. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.15290
  • Yuan, Y., Wu, M., Hu, M., & Lin, I. (2019). Teacher’s encouragement on creativity, intrinsic motivation, and creativity: The mediating role of creative process engagement. Journal of Creative Behavior, 53(3), 312-324. https://doi.org/10.1002/jocb.181

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Education, Special
Published Date June 2022
Journal Section Creativity
Authors

Julinda SEYDİNİ
University of Toronto
0000-0003-0777-8563
Canada


Gerald CUPCHİK (Primary Author)
University of Toronto
0000-0002-1407-6503
Canada

Publication Date June 30, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2

Cite

APA Seydini, J. & Cupchik, G. (2022). Creative activity as a coping mechanism for the COVID-19 pandemic . Journal of Gifted Education and Creativity , 9 (2) , 138-142 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jgedc/issue/69844/1091380

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