Year 2019, Volume 4 , Issue 3, Pages 59 - 68 2019-09-30

Investigation of hospital-acquired infections in units other than the intensive care unit

Şebnem ÇALIK [1] , Alpay ARI [2] , Bengisu AY [3] , Özlem Yüksel ERGİN [4] , Selma TOSUN [5]


Backround: Hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) are issues for not only patients who get treatment in the intensive care unit but also for patients who are being treated in internal medicine and surgical departments. HAIs cause functional disorders, less life quality or even death. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of HAIs, distribution of the infections, and isolated microorganisms in units other than the intensive care units (ICU).

Materials and Methods: Data of the patients who developed hospital infections between January 2014 and December 2017 were evaluated retrospectively. The McCabe score was used for categorical evaluation.

Results: The overall HAI rate was 0.17%. Of these, 619 (53.1%) occurred in departments other than the intensive care units. The most common HAI was surgical site infection (n: 223, 36%) followed by urinary tract infection (n: 176, 28.4%) and pneumonia (n: 125, 20.2%). According to patients' comorbid disease status, 48% (n: 297) was McCabe class 1, 30% (n: 186) was McCabe class 2, and 22% (n:136) was McCabe is class 3. In 85 (13.7%) of 619 HAI cases, the agent could not be isolated, and the diagnosis of HAI was based on clinical findings. Four-hundred-ninety-two bacteria were isolated and 409 (83.1%) were gram-negative whereas 83 (16.9%) were gram-positive.

Conclusions: HAIs are important health problems not only for patients in intensive care units, but also for patients who are treated in services. It was thought that the characteristics of the concomitant diseases need to be taken into consideration in preventing hospital infections.

Hospital-acquired infections, prevalence, McCabe score
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Primary Language en
Subjects General and Internal Medicine
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-3798-4819
Author: Şebnem ÇALIK (Primary Author)
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-9990-1882
Author: Alpay ARI
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-4295-027X
Author: Bengisu AY
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-5392-9345
Author: Özlem Yüksel ERGİN
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-9844-9399
Author: Selma TOSUN
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : September 30, 2019

Bibtex @research article { jicm614541, journal = {Journal of Immunology and Clinical Microbiology}, issn = {}, eissn = {2528-9470}, address = {Adalet mh. 1643/18 Sk. bina no:6 smyrnapark evleri b blok daire 16, Bayraklı, İzmir}, publisher = {Erkan YULA}, year = {2019}, volume = {4}, pages = {59 - 68}, doi = {}, title = {Investigation of hospital-acquired infections in units other than the intensive care unit}, key = {cite}, author = {Çalık, Şebnem and Arı, Alpay and Ay, Bengisu and Ergi̇n, Özlem Yüksel and Tosun, Selma} }
APA Çalık, Ş , Arı, A , Ay, B , Ergi̇n, Ö , Tosun, S . (2019). Investigation of hospital-acquired infections in units other than the intensive care unit . Journal of Immunology and Clinical Microbiology , 4 (3) , 59-68 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jicm/issue/48968/614541
MLA Çalık, Ş , Arı, A , Ay, B , Ergi̇n, Ö , Tosun, S . "Investigation of hospital-acquired infections in units other than the intensive care unit" . Journal of Immunology and Clinical Microbiology 4 (2019 ): 59-68 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jicm/issue/48968/614541>
Chicago Çalık, Ş , Arı, A , Ay, B , Ergi̇n, Ö , Tosun, S . "Investigation of hospital-acquired infections in units other than the intensive care unit". Journal of Immunology and Clinical Microbiology 4 (2019 ): 59-68
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Investigation of hospital-acquired infections in units other than the intensive care unit AU - Şebnem Çalık , Alpay Arı , Bengisu Ay , Özlem Yüksel Ergi̇n , Selma Tosun Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - Journal of Immunology and Clinical Microbiology JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 59 EP - 68 VL - 4 IS - 3 SN - -2528-9470 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Immunology and Clinical Microbiology Investigation of hospital-acquired infections in units other than the intensive care unit %A Şebnem Çalık , Alpay Arı , Bengisu Ay , Özlem Yüksel Ergi̇n , Selma Tosun %T Investigation of hospital-acquired infections in units other than the intensive care unit %D 2019 %J Journal of Immunology and Clinical Microbiology %P -2528-9470 %V 4 %N 3 %R %U
ISNAD Çalık, Şebnem , Arı, Alpay , Ay, Bengisu , Ergi̇n, Özlem Yüksel , Tosun, Selma . "Investigation of hospital-acquired infections in units other than the intensive care unit". Journal of Immunology and Clinical Microbiology 4 / 3 (September 2019): 59-68 .
AMA Çalık Ş , Arı A , Ay B , Ergi̇n Ö , Tosun S . Investigation of hospital-acquired infections in units other than the intensive care unit. J Immunol Clin Microbiol. 2019; 4(3): 59-68.
Vancouver Çalık Ş , Arı A , Ay B , Ergi̇n Ö , Tosun S . Investigation of hospital-acquired infections in units other than the intensive care unit. Journal of Immunology and Clinical Microbiology. 2019; 4(3): 59-68.
IEEE Ş. Çalık , A. Arı , B. Ay , Ö. Ergi̇n and S. Tosun , "Investigation of hospital-acquired infections in units other than the intensive care unit", Journal of Immunology and Clinical Microbiology, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 59-68, Sep. 2019