Year 2020, Volume 10 , Issue 1, Pages 636 - 647 2020-03-01

Restructuring Efforts in the Turkish Agriculture, Availability of Resources and Developments in Rural: An Overall Analysis from 2001 to 2016
Türk Tarımında Yeniden Yapılanma Çalışmaları, Kaynakların Kullanılabilirliği ve Kırsal Kesimdeki Gelişmeler: 2001’den 2016’ya Kadar Kapsamlı Bir Analiz

Nizamettin ERBAŞ [1]


In this research, since transition to its restructuring, developments in agricultural sector were analysed with outlines. Because of the fact that this transition was in 2001, 2001 year was regarded as year of start. The reasons for the transition have been to increase the farmer registration system, subsidize the agricultural sector, and sustain the importance of the agriculture for economy. In the study, 2001-2016 period were examined, and it was observed that there were important developments in rural in 16 years. These were decrease of the agricultural areas, decline of the field farming, too much migration mobility from rural towards urban, and significantly diminishing of the rural population and the number of agricultural enterprises. Because agricultural lands were not sufficiently utilized, some crops’ production potential dropped off. Even if animal products’ production increased, that was not enough to satisfy the domestic demand and to export. Thus, it was determined that most of agricultural products was imported. By regression analysis, agricultural area size was estimated and it was seen that decrease of the agricultural areas could continue in the following years. In the study, some constructive proposals were also brought forward regarding improvement the agriculture and the rurals.

Bu çalışmada, tarımda yeniden yapılanma sürecinde tarım kesiminde görülen tüm gelişmeler ana hatlarıyla ele alınmıştır. Yeniden yapılanmaya geçiş nedeniyle, 2001 yılı çalışmada baz olarak alınmıştır. Geçişin nedenleri, çiftçi kayıt sisteminin oluşturulması, tarımın sübvanse edilmesi ve tarımın ekonomideki ağırlığının korunmasıdır. Çalışmada, 2001-2016 dönemi incelenmiş ve 16 yılda kırsal kesimde önemli gelişmelerin olduğu görülmüştür. Tarım yapılabilir alanlar azalmış, tarla tarımı gerilemiş, kırsal kesimden kentlere göç hareketliliği hızlanmış ve kırsal nüfus ile tarımsal işletme sayısında önemli ölçüde düşüş yaşanmıştır. Tarım arazileri yeterince kullanılmadığından, bazı bitkisel ürünlerin üretim potansiyeli azalmıştır. Hayvansal üretimde artış görülse de, bu artış iç talebi karşılamak ve dışsatım yapmak için yeterli olmamıştır. Böylece, pek çok tarım ürününün ithal edildiği belirlenmiştir. Regresyon analizi ile gelecekte tarım alanı miktarı tahmin edilmiş ve tarım alanlarındaki düşüşün önümüzdeki yıllarda da devam edeceği görülmüştür. Çalışmada, ayrıca, tarım ve kırsal alanların iyileştirilmesine ilişkin bazı yapıcı öneriler de sunulmuştur.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Agricultural Economics And Policy
Published Date Mart-2020
Journal Section Tarım Ekonomisi / Agricultural Economy
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-6379-3023
Author: Nizamettin ERBAŞ (Primary Author)
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : June 21, 2019
Acceptance Date : October 15, 2019
Publication Date : March 1, 2020

Bibtex @research article { jist580763, journal = {Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology}, issn = {2146-0574}, eissn = {2536-4618}, address = {}, publisher = {Igdir University}, year = {2020}, volume = {10}, pages = {636 - 647}, doi = {10.21597/jist.580763}, title = {Restructuring Efforts in the Turkish Agriculture, Availability of Resources and Developments in Rural: An Overall Analysis from 2001 to 2016}, key = {cite}, author = {ERBAŞ, Nizamettin} }
APA ERBAŞ, N . (2020). Restructuring Efforts in the Turkish Agriculture, Availability of Resources and Developments in Rural: An Overall Analysis from 2001 to 2016. Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology , 10 (1) , 636-647 . DOI: 10.21597/jist.580763
MLA ERBAŞ, N . "Restructuring Efforts in the Turkish Agriculture, Availability of Resources and Developments in Rural: An Overall Analysis from 2001 to 2016". Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology 10 (2020 ): 636-647 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jist/issue/52503/580763>
Chicago ERBAŞ, N . "Restructuring Efforts in the Turkish Agriculture, Availability of Resources and Developments in Rural: An Overall Analysis from 2001 to 2016". Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology 10 (2020 ): 636-647
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Restructuring Efforts in the Turkish Agriculture, Availability of Resources and Developments in Rural: An Overall Analysis from 2001 to 2016 AU - Nizamettin ERBAŞ Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.21597/jist.580763 DO - 10.21597/jist.580763 T2 - Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 636 EP - 647 VL - 10 IS - 1 SN - 2146-0574-2536-4618 M3 - doi: 10.21597/jist.580763 UR - https://doi.org/10.21597/jist.580763 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Iğdır Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi Restructuring Efforts in the Turkish Agriculture, Availability of Resources and Developments in Rural: An Overall Analysis from 2001 to 2016 %A Nizamettin ERBAŞ %T Restructuring Efforts in the Turkish Agriculture, Availability of Resources and Developments in Rural: An Overall Analysis from 2001 to 2016 %D 2020 %J Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology %P 2146-0574-2536-4618 %V 10 %N 1 %R doi: 10.21597/jist.580763 %U 10.21597/jist.580763
ISNAD ERBAŞ, Nizamettin . "Restructuring Efforts in the Turkish Agriculture, Availability of Resources and Developments in Rural: An Overall Analysis from 2001 to 2016". Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology 10 / 1 (March 2020): 636-647 . https://doi.org/10.21597/jist.580763
AMA ERBAŞ N . Restructuring Efforts in the Turkish Agriculture, Availability of Resources and Developments in Rural: An Overall Analysis from 2001 to 2016. Iğdır Üniv. Fen Bil Enst. Der.. 2020; 10(1): 636-647.
Vancouver ERBAŞ N . Restructuring Efforts in the Turkish Agriculture, Availability of Resources and Developments in Rural: An Overall Analysis from 2001 to 2016. Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology. 2020; 10(1): 647-636.